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Dependence in Medical News

Nicotine dependence remains prevalent despite recent declines in cigarette use

June 24, 2009 Despite recent declines in cigarette use in the U.S., nicotine dependence has remained steady among adults and has actually increased among some groups. The finding by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health suggests that public health initiatives have bee...

Here to Help(TM): Unique Program Combines Direct Personal Assistance With Web-Based Resources to Improve Opioid Dependence Treatment Outcomes

-Here to Help(TM), a new support program designed to improve treatment outcomes for patients dependent on prescription painkillers or heroin, from Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals- RICHMOND, Va. , May 18 /PRNewswire/ -- Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals has launched Here to Help(TM), an u...

Association for the Treatment of Tobacco Use and Dependence Supports the FDA Ban of 'Electronic' Cigarettes

BURLINGTON, Vt. and ROCHESTER, Minn., May 13 /PRNewswire/ -- The Association for the Treatment of Tobacco Use and Dependence (ATTUD), the premier professional organization of tobacco treatment specialists, today announced its support of the FDA ban on so-called "electronic" or e-cigarettes. The le...

Initiating drinking at younger age heightens women's risk for alcohol dependence

June 4, 2008 -- Women born after 1944 began drinking alcohol at younger ages than their elders, and that appears to have put them at greater risk for alcoholism, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. On average, women born before 1944 began drinking a...

New study reveals brain cell mechanism of alcohol dependence

A study released today reveals a cellular mechanism involved in alcohol dependence. The study, in the May 28 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience, shows that gabapentin, a drug used to treat chronic pain and epilepsy, reduces alcohol intake in alcohol-dependent rats by normalizing chemical communi...

AAPA Endorses 2008 Public Health Service Guidelines for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence

ALEXANDRIA, Va., May 7 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA), representing nearly 70,000 physician assistants (PAs) practicing in the U.S., is pleased to join other national organizations in endorsing the Public Health Service-sponsored guidelines on Tr...

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Dependence in Medical Technology

2,500 Cases Completed With the Magnetic Irrigated Catheter

...t limited to, continued acceptance for the Company's products in the marketplace, competitive factors, changes in government reimbursement procedures, dependence upon third-party vendors, and other risks discussed in the Company's periodic and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. By making...

European Division of Global Top 20 Pharmaceutical Company Awards Phase III Trial to DATATRAK

...y stage of development; the timing of clinical trial sponsor decisions to conduct new clinical trials or cancel or delay ongoing trials; the Company's dependence on major customers; government regulation associated with clinical trials and the approval of new drugs; the ability of the Company to compete in the ...

Poniard Pharmaceuticals Announces Positive Cardiac Safety Data From Picoplatin Phase 1 Trial Supporting NDA Filing

...ty to obtain future funding; competition from third parties; the Company's ability to preserve and protect intellectual property rights; the Company's dependence on third-party manufacturers and suppliers; the Company's lack of sales and marketing experience; the Company's ability to attract and retain key pers...

Idenix Pharmaceuticals Successfully Completes Proof-of-Concept Study of IDX184 for the Treatment of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)

...ates; the company's ability to obtain additional funding required to conduct its research, development and commercialization activities; the company's dependence on its collaboration with Novartis Pharma AG and GlaxoSmithKline, respectively; changes in the company's business plan or objectives; the ability of t...

Exenatide Once Weekly Provided Superior Glucose Control Compared to Lantus(R) in Head-to-Head DURATION-3 Study

...r issues and risks inherent in the development and commercialization of pharmaceutical products including those inherent in the collaboration with and dependence upon Amylin, Lilly and/or Alkermes. These and additional risks and uncertainties are described more fully in Amylin's, Lilly's and Alkermes' most rece...

Prospective Clinical Advantages of Trabecular Metal(TM) Technology Highlighted in Comparative Study

... October 2007; price and product competition; changes in customer demand for our products and services caused by demographic changes or other factors; dependence on new product development, technological advances and innovation; shifts in the product category or regional sales mix of our products and services; ...
Dependence in Medical Products

Leptin IRMA Test

Description:...next few years to understand its physiology. Blum WF., Englaro P., Hanitsch s., et. al.: Plasma Leptin Levels in Healthy Children and Adolescents: dependence on Body Mass Index, Body Fat Mass, Gender, Pubertal Stage, and Testosterone. J Clin Endoc and Metab. 82: 2904, 1997. Harigaya A., Nagashima K., Nak...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

Leptin ELISA Test

Description:...next few years to understand its physiology. Blum WF., Englaro P., Hanitsch s., et. al.: Plasma Leptin Levels in Healthy Children and Adolescents: dependence on Body Mass Index, Body Fat Mass, Gender, Pubertal Stage, and Testosterone. J Clin Endoc and Metab. 82: 2904, 1997. Harigaya A., Nagashima K., Nak...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

Array Multifocal IOL

Features:...irst to offer patients a full range of functional visionnear, intermediate, and far. In a recent study, the ARRAY has been shown to reduce patients dependence on glasses. The ARRAY offers patients a higher quality of life. ARRAY subjects expressed significantly higher overall satisfaction with their ab...
Company:Advanced Medical Optics, Inc.

Array®

Features:...t to offer patients a full range of functional visionnear, intermediate, and far. In a recent study, the ARRAY® has been shown to reduce patients dependence on glasses. The ARRAY® offers patients a higher quality of life. ARRAY® subjects expressed significantly higher overall satisfaction with th...
Company:Advanced Medical Optics, Inc.

Zeon Illuminator

Features:... provides maximum visualization in hard-to-view areas of the oral cavity. Line-of-sight illumination produces brilliant, shadowless light, eliminating dependence on overhead lighting. Virtually unnoticeable in size and weight. Smaller, lighter source with recessed handle for ease of movement. Adjustable voltage...
Company:Orascoptic Corporation
Dependence in Medical Dictionary

Dependence

Drug addiction is a pathological condition. The disorder of addiction involves the progression of acute drug use to the development of drug-seeking behavior, the vulnerability to relapse, and the decreased, slowed ability to... The term "addiction" is used in many contexts to ...

Chemical dependence

Physical dependence refers to a state resulting from chronic use of a drug that has produced tolerance and where negative physical symptoms of withdrawal result from abrupt discontinuation or dosage reduction. Physical dependence can develop from low-dose therapeutic... According to the...

Tobacco use

...this time should be ... In summary, the treatment of tobacco use and dependence presents the best ... Reported rates of smokeless tobacco use have...categories of risk associated with the use of tobacco products, namely dependence and ... The use of tobacco is not normally thought of in terms of dru...

Substance Abuse

...matter, substance abuse has come to refer to the overindulgence in and dependence on a chemical leading to effects that are detrimental to the individual...s show it impacts ... substance abuse n. The overindulgence in and dependence on an addictive substance , especially ... Substance abuse in the wor...

Recovery

... The Recovery Model is an approach to mental disorder or substance dependence that emphasizes and supports each individual's potential for recovery . Recovery is seen within the model as a personal journey, that may invo...

Pathological Gambling

...aptive ... Diagnoses of pathological gambling are often. coupled with co ... The relationship between pathological gambling and substance dependence is one of ... If pathological gambling is similar to alcoholism then doctors can treat it in a ... Pathological gambling often involves...
Dependence in Biological News

Discovery may provide new treatments for alcohol dependence

Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have discovered a new brain mechanism involved in alcohol addiction involving the stomach hormone ghrelin. When ghrelin's actions in the brain are blocked, alcohol's effects on the reward system are reduced. It is an importa...

Skin color clue to nicotine dependence

Higher concentrations of melanin -- the color pigment in skin and hair -- may be placing darker pigmented smokers at increased susceptibility to nicotine dependence and tobacco-related carcinogens than lighter skinned smokers, according to scientists. "We have found that the concentration of mel...

Biofuels can provide viable, sustainable solution to reducing petroleum dependence

LIVERMORE, Calif. An in-depth study by Sandia National Laboratories and General Motors Corp. has found that plant and forestry waste and dedicated energy crops could sustainably replace nearly a third of gasoline use by the year 2030. The goal of the "90-Billion Gallon Biofuel Deployment Stud...

Survey of Hispanics and alcohol dependence

HOUSTON(July 28, 2008)A large survey conducted by researchers at The University of Texas School of Public Health Dallas Regional Campus, which examined alcohol abuse and dependence among Hispanic male populations in the United States, will be expanded to Mexican males living along the U.S.-Mexico ...

Mayo researchers discover HIV dependence on a human protein

Mayo Clinic virologists have discovered that a specific human protein is essential for HIV to integrate into the human genome. Their findings show that when HIV inserts itself into a chromosome, a key step that enables it to establish a "safe haven," it requires a specific protein -- LEDGF/p75 (p75...

Successful lung cancer surgery not enough to break nicotine dependence in many smokers

A new study has found that close to half of 154 smokers who had surgery to remove early stage lung cancer picked up a cigarette again within 12 months of their potentially curative operation, and more than one-third were smoking at the one year mark. Sixty percent of patients who started smoking a...
Dependence in Biological Technology

Bioamber announces world's first bio-based succinic acid plant: helping to reduce dependence on fossil fuels

PRINCETON, NJ, Dec. 16 /PRNewswire/ - DNP Green Technology and ARD are pleased to announce that their Bioamber joint venture has obtained the necessary permits and begun construction of the world's first production plant for bio-based succinic acid. The succinic acid plant will have an annual prod...

A Smoking Gene: deCODE Shows How a Single Variant in the Sequence of the Genome Confers Nicotine Dependence and Risk of Lung Cancer and Other Disease

Findings will be applied to diagnostic efforts and will be integrated into the deCODEme(TM) service REYKJAVIK, Iceland, April 2, 2008 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Cigarette smoking is a major public health problem that contributes to millions of deaths around the world each ...

DNA Predicts Reaction to Drug That Fights Alcohol Dependence

MUSC researcher heads study, finds patients with gene variant drink less CHARLESTON, S.C., Feb. 7 /PRNewswire/ -- Inherited genetic makeup often plays a role in determining the risk level for certain diseases, including alcoholism. Now new evidence-based research also shows a correlation betwe...

DOE awards $377 million in funding for 46 energy frontier research centers

... "As global energy demand grows, there is an urgent need to reduce our dependence on imported oil and curtail greenhouse gas emissions," said Secretary Chu. "Meeting the challenge to reduce our dependence on imported oil and curtail greenhouse gas emissions will require significa...

Kensey Nash Announces Agreement to Acquire Rights to OsseoFit Product

...selling the ThromCat(TM) and SafeCross(TM) products, as well as the Company's success in distributing its products into the marketplace, the Company's dependence on four major customers (St. Jude Medical, Arthrex, Orthovita and Spectranetics) and their success in selling Kensey Nash related products in the mark...

Catalyst Pharmaceutical Partners Reports Second Quarter 2009 Financial Results

...ding peer-reviewed medical journal. The paper, entitled "Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Vigabatrin for the Treatment of Cocaine dependence in Mexican Parolees," was authored by Jonathan D. Brodie, M.D., Ph.D., Brady G. Case, M.D., Emilia Figueroa, M.D., Stephen L. Dewey, Ph.D., James A. R...
Dependence in Biological Products

MasterAmp 10X PCR Enhancer from EPICENTRE Biotechnologies

Description:...ed sensitivity and specificity for amplification of many DNA templates. Using MasterAmp™ PCR Enhancer in PCR eliminates the base-pair composition dependence of DNA melting, increases enzyme?s thermal stability, suppresses pauses of DNA polymerase, and reduces secondary DNA structure. As a result, long DNA ...
Company:EPICENTRE Biotechnologies

MasterAmp 10X PCR Enhancer from EPICENTRE Biotechnologies

Description:...improved sensitivity and specificity for amplification of many DNA templates. Using MasterAmp PCR Enhancer in PCR eliminates the base-pair composition dependence of DNA melting, increases enzyme?s thermal stability, suppresses pauses of DNA polymerase, and reduces secondary DNA structure. As a result, long DNA ...
Company:EPICENTRE Biotechnologies

PDS-1000 He System from Bio-Rad

Description:... accelerate micron-size nucleic acid-coated gold or tungsten microparticles to velocities necessary to transfect cells, tissues, or organelles without dependence or interaction with the cell surface. The system includes helium pressure regulator, solenoid, spacer rods, microcarrier launch assembly, target shelf...
Company:Bio-Rad
Dependence in Biological Definition

Barbiturate

... impaired judgment. Depending on the dose, frequency, and duration of use, one can rapidly develop tolerance , physical dependence, and psychological dependence to barbiturates. With the development of tolerance, the margin of safety between the effective dose and the lethal dose becomes very narrow. That is, ...

Endosymbiotic theory

...o the organelle, and both mitochondria and chloroplasts have unusually small genomes compared to other organisms. This is consistent with an increased dependence on the eukaryotic host after forming an endosymbiosis. Chloroplasts appear in very different groups of protists , which are in general more closel...

Marine biology

...telidae , which includes weasels and badgers . Finally, Polar Bears (Family Ursidae ) are sometimes considered marine mammals because of their dependence on the sea. In the USA they are protected under marine mammal protection laws. Reefs Reefs comprise some of the densest bio habitats in the ...

Muscle

...trophy is a large group of diseases, many of them hereditary, where the muscle integrity is disrupted. It leads to progressive loss of strength, high dependence and decreased life span. Inflammatory muscle disorders: Polymyalgia rheumatica (or "muscle rheumatism") is an inflammatory condition that mai...

Symbiosis

...win's notion of evolution, driven by competition , as incomplete, and claims evolution is strongly based on co-operation , interaction , and mutual dependence among organisms. According to Margulis and Sagan (1986), "Life did not take over the globe by combat, but by networking". As in humans, organisms th...

Synapse

... a synapse may in effect diminish as a train of action potentials arrive in rapid succession--a phenomenon that gives rise to the so-called frequency dependence of synapses. The nervous system exploits this property for computational purposes, and apparently tunes its synapses through such means as phosphory...
Dependence in Biological Dictionary

Satellite RNA

...o as a... The sequence of WL1 satellite (WL1-sat) RNA , which attenuates CMV symptoms on ... Survival of a satellite RNA in vivo and its dependence on cucumber mosaic ... ... RNA polymerase II dependant transcripts of abundant centromeric ... This alpha satellite RNA is required for the...

Heterotroph

... single or multi-celled organisms. Many bacteria as well as all fungi and animals are heterotrophs . ... All heterotrophs have an absolute dependence on the biological products of ... All animals are heterotrophs , as are most microorganisms (the major exceptions ... This article is an orphan,...

Coding sequence

...els of coding sequence evolution. Wayne Delport, Konrad Scheffler and Cathal Seoighe ... Phylogenetic Models of Coding Sequence Evolution with dependence ... ...

Barbiturate

... computing dictionary. ... Treatment of barbiturate and hypnosedative withdrawal by a multiple oral ... Wikler A. Diagnosis and treatment of drug dependence of the barbiturate type. ... ...
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