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Deoxyribose in Biological Technology

Glossary for The BioPharm Guide to Fermentation and Cell Culture

...eeded to obtain the required drug product at the necessary level of purity. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) The nucleic acid based on deoxyribose (a sugar) and the nucleotides G, A, T, and C. Occurring in a corkscrew-ladder shape, it is the primary component of chromosomes, w...
Deoxyribose in Biological Definition

Carbohydrate

...oms , in a 1:2:1 molar ratio , giving the general formula C n H 2n O n . However, many important carbohydrates deviate from this, such as deoxyribose . Sometimes compounds containing other elements are also counted as carbohydrates (e.g. chitin , which contains nitrogen ). The simplest carbohyd...

Genetic code

...r a single amino acid. Each nucleotide sub-unit consists of a phosphate , deoxyribose sugar and one of the 4 nitrogenous nucleotide bases grouped into 2 categ...ing. In RNA however, thymine ( T ) is substituted by uracil ( U ) and the deoxyribose is substituted by ribose . Overall, there are 4 3 = 64 different codon ...

DNA

... two types--one containing ribose and the other deoxyribose . It was this subsequent discovery that led to the...nt on February 28 . Their paper 'A Structure for deoxyribose Nucleic Acid' was published on April 25 . In an ...cular structure of nucleic acids , A structure for deoxyribose Nucleic Acid ". April 2, 1953. (paper on the struc...

Genetic code

...r a single amino acid. Each nucleotide sub-unit consists of a phosphate , deoxyribose sugar and one of the 4 nitrogenous nucleotide bases grouped into 2 categ...ing. In RNA however, thymine ( T ) is substituted by uracil ( U ) and the deoxyribose is substituted by ribose . Overall, there are 4 3 = 64 different codon ...

Nucleotide

...nd NAD+/NADH ), and in enzyme regulation (see for example, protein kinase ). The nucleobase can be a purines or pyrimidines , the sugar can be deoxyribose in DNA or ribose in RNA, and the phosphate chain can be a monophosphate, diphosphate, or triphosphate. A nucleotide that lacks the phosphate group ...
Deoxyribose in Biological Dictionary

Deoxyribose

Deoxyribose , also known as D- Deoxyribose and 2- deoxyribose , is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group in its linear structure. It is a deoxy sugar derived... The Molecular structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxy...

Thymine

...pyrimidine ... Thymine is a pyrimidine base, occurring condensed with deoxyribose to form the ... Thymine (C5H6N2O2, 2-oxy-4-oxy-5-methyl pyrimidine, 2,4-dioxy-5-methyl ... Thymine combined with deoxyribose ... In RNA thymine is replaced with uracil. ... Definition of thymin...

Ribonucleotides

... Nucleotides. Ribonucleotides and deoxyribonucleotides (collectively called nucleotides) are ... a 'd') differ from ribonucleotides in containing deoxyribose as ... CALCIUM 5'- RIBONUCLEOTIDES . Prepared at the 18th JECFA (1974), published in NMRS ... Calcium ribonucleotides , INS No. 634. DEFINITION. ...

Nitrogenous base

... covalently bound to the 1' carbon of a ribose or ... Base pairing in DNA Double Helix (shows specific hydrogen bonds) v • d • e ... ... deoxyribose (a five carbon sugar), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base . There are four different nitrogenous bases that might be present: thymine, ...

Histone

... Nonpolar interactions between the histone and deoxyribose sugars on DNA ... For an example of histone modifications in transcri...t commonly found in association with the DNA ... between the histone and deoxyribose sugars ... Histone H3 This article does not cite any references or so...

Guanine

... DNA, guanine is paired with cytosine. ... (Click to enlarge) DNA double-helix DNA model A. adenine T. thymine C. cytosine G. guanine D. deoxyribose P ... adenine, cytosine, guanine , and thymine (A, ... Guanine , a two-ring molecular structure, is one of the five defining components ... G...

Double helix

...orm a spiral configuration, with the two (Click to enlarge) DNA double - helix DNA model A. adenine T. thymine C. cytosine G. guanine D. deoxyribose P ... form a double -stranded helix , with the bases ... Download Double Helix Drum & Bass / / music singles, watch music videos, list...

Dideoxy Sequencing

... or ddNTPs, are nucleotides lacking a 3'-hydroxyl (-OH) group on their deoxyribose sugar. Since deoxyribose already lacks a 2'-OH, dideoxyribose lacks hydroxyl groups at both its...

Deoxyribonucleotide

...d. Each deoxyribonucleotide comprises three parts: A nitrogenous base, a deoxyribose sugar, and one or more phosphate groups. The nitrogenous base is always ...Day, and word games. deoxyribonucleotide n. A nucleotide containing deoxyribose that is a constituent ... Why the new deoxyribonucleotide is not added t...

Cytosine

... RNA involved in base pairing with guanine (Click to enlarge) DNA double-helix DNA model A. adenine T. thymine C. cytosine G. guanine D. deoxyribose P ... bases—adenine, cytosine , guanine, and thymine ... Prebiotic cytosine synthesis: A critical analysis and implications for the ... Nucle...
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