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deficits in Medical News

Heightened level of amygdala activity may cause social deficits in autism

Something strange is going on in the amygdala an almond-shaped structure deep in the human brain among people with autism. Researchers at the University of Washington have discovered an increased pattern of brain activity in the amygdalas of adults with autism that may be linked to the socia...

Adult-onset diabetes slows mental functioning in several ways, with deficits appearing early

WASHINGTON Adults with diabetes experience a slowdown in several types of mental processing, which appears early in the disease and persists into old age, according to new research. Given the sharp rise in new cases of diabetes, this finding means that more adults may soon be living with mild but...

Scans Show Sound-Processing Deficits in Autistic Kids

Difficulty may underpin language, listening impairments found in disorder, study says MONDAY, Dec. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Children with autism spectrum disorder process sounds a fraction of a second slower than other children, an abnormality that offers insight into listening and langu...

Compound Tied to Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia

High kynurenic acid levels like 'gasoline on the fire' of affected neurotransmitters WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Elevated brain levels of a compound called kynurenic acid are associated with problem-solving deficits in people with schizophrenia, according to U.S. researchers...

Nicotine Replacement Therapy Is Safe, Effective and Can Help Reverse Mental Acuity Deficits in Smokers Who Are Quitting, Including Commercial and Private Pilots

Commit 4 mg Lozenge helps reverse symptoms associated with nicotine withdrawal including difficulty concentrating, attention deficit, memory deficit and selective attention deficit PITTSBURGH, May 22 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- In light of today's announcement by the Federal A...

Brain region that can be stimulated to reduce the cognitive deficits of sleep deprivation identified

NEW YORK A Columbia University Medical Center research team has uncovered how stimulation of a particular brain region can help stave off the deficits in working memory, associated with an extended sleep deprivation. Working memory is a specific form of short-term memory that relates to the a...

Study examines decision-making deficits in older adults

We often read or hear stories about older adults being conned out of their life savings, but are older individuals really more susceptible to fraud than younger adults? And, if so, how exactly does aging affect judgment and decision-making abilities? Recent work led by University of Iowa neuros...

Cognitive deficits lead to 'loss of self' among cancer patients

CONCORD, Mass. - For some cancer patients, side effects impacting cognition don't end with the last dose of chemotherapy. According to a new survey, the cognitive impairment experienced by 14 to 45 percent of cancer patients can be long-lasting and severely affect their personal and professiona...

CDC Study Links Thimerosal in Vaccines to Motor/Phonic Tics and Deficits in Attention, Behavior Control, Verbal IQ

Study's conclusion of no causal link disputes its own data while several authors' ties to vaccine/pharma defendants spotlight conflicts of interest NIXA, Mo., Sept. 26 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The National Autism Association (NAA) says that a CDC study of only 1047 participants, low complia...

Pedophilia patients are found to have deficits in brain activation

Philadelphia, PA, September 20, 2007 Pedophilia, the sexual attraction of adults to children, is a significant public health concern and it does not respond well to treatment. Additionally, the brain mechanisms underlying pedophilia are not well understood. A new study being published in the Se...

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deficits in Medical Technology

Cognition Therapeutics Closes Series A Financing to Advance Drug Candidates for Alzheimer's Disease

...orm of Abeta protein that interferes with normal learning and memory. Studies from the world's leading academic laboratories indicate that the memory deficits caused by the oligomeric protein are among the earliest changes seen in Alzheimer's disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment, the precursor to Alzheimer'...

Paloma Pharmaceuticals Presents at the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology 2009 Meeting

...occur following trauma or as part of certain diseases of the eye resulting in blindness in the affected area. In some cases, blindness or other visual deficits may be permanent, and related to the death of photoreceptor cells, the cells responsible for capturing light in the retina. We have presented data at ...

Intra-Cellular Therapies Announces Successful Outcome of a Phase II Clinical Trial with ITI-007 in Patients with Sleep Maintenance Insomnia

...al to treat a wide range of diseases associated with the CNS, including schizophrenia, sleep disorders, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, cognitive deficits in schizophrenia, depression and female sexual dysfunction, and other disorders pertaining to Women's Health. To aid in the development process, ITI ...

Memory Pharmaceuticals Achieves Enrollment Goal for Phase 2 Study of MEM 3454 in Cognitive Impairment Associated With Schizophrenia

...re focused on completing this trial and look forward to releasing the study results regarding the potential of R3487/MEM 3454 to address the cognitive deficits associated with the disorder." The trial is designed to include approximately 212 patients with stable schizophrenia who are receiving atypi...

Michael J. Fox Foundation Awards $2 Million for Research on Cognitive and Mood Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease

... the most difficult aspects of living with PD. The funding will support pre-clinical and clinical research projects under the Foundation's Cognitive deficits and Mood Disorders in Parkinson's Disease initiative, made possible by generous leadership funding from Merck Serono, a division of Merck KGaA, Darmst...

deCODE Files IND for DG071, a Novel PDE4 Modulator Being Developed for Alzheimer's and Other Cognitive Disorders

... Drug Administration (FDA). The compound is being developed as a new and potentially safer means of targeting PDE4 to combat memory loss and cognitive deficits associated with Alzheimer's disease and other disorders in which neural signaling is reduced or impaired. In animal models, DG071 has been shown to si...

PTC Therapeutics Announces Data Showing Six-Minute Walk Test Consistently Measures Ambulatory Function in Patients With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

... with DMD as young as five years old can complete the 6MWT safely and reliably with minimal interruption from falls. The study found that the muscular deficits that are characteristic of boys with DMD impair their stride length and cadence, resulting in shorter 6-minute walk distances than healthy boys. The d...

New Data Presented at WCTRIMS* Supports the Importance of Early and Sustained Treatment with Betaseron(R)

...udy, called CogniMS, also presented at WCTRIMS, demonstrated that cognitive deficits can be measured early in the course of MS. (ii) The investigators suggested that such cognitive deficits may be clinically important for MS management decisions. "Studies are now...

Journal of the American Dental Association Publishes Key Clinical Data for the Use of OraVerse(TM) a Local Anesthetic Reversal Agent

...ce procedures. OraVerse is indicated for the reversal of soft-tissue anesthesia, i.e., anesthesia of the lip and tongue, and the associated functional deficits resulting from an intraoral submucosal injection of a local anesthetic containing a vasoconstrictor. OraVerse is not recommended for use in children l...

Vision Problems Affect How Children Learn Math Skills

...rams which reported on his research in the area of deficits in vision and eye movement control, as well as his...w the importance of brain research in the field of deficits in vision function, academic performance and eye m...to teach reading or math skills to someone who has deficits in basic sensory, visual and/or optomotor processi...
deficits in Medical Products

Cardiff Pediatric Contrast Test

Description:...rast sensitivity. Tests for the two functions are therefore complementary and obtaining a measure of both will give a fuller description of visual deficits than will one alone. A child with visual impairment who retains good contrast sensitivity will benefit from enlargement of tasks he or she sees ...
Company:Richmond Products, Inc.
deficits in Medical Definition

Episodic memory

...autism is the ability to form semantic, but not episodic, memories ( Ben Shalom, 1993 ). The label " Amnesia " is most often given to patients with deficits in episodic memory. Alzheimer's Disease tends to damage the hippocampus before other brain areas. This means that AD patients are often classe...

Neuropsychiatry

...sue is actually healthy it may be the disturbed information-processing that should be studied. E.g. Bell, Halligan and Ellis' (2006) work on cognitive deficits in delusions . Pragmatic issues The extent to which neuropsychiatry is practically possible has been questioned. As Sachdev (2005) has noted ps...
deficits in Medical Dictionary

Retardation

... Mental retardation is a generalized disorder, characterized by sub average cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18. Once focused almost entirely on cognition, the definition now includes both a compo...

Partial seizure

... or ... Generalized- partial seizures are only seen as a form of idiopathic epilepsy in ... partial seizure disorder) and no neurologic deficits on examination, the ... In a simple partial seizure , the person will remain conscious but may experience ... People having a complex partia...

Neurologic deficit

...rint. Images (1) Nervous ... neurologic ... How often do neurologic deficits occur, what is their pattern, and how might ... a series of cases of neuro...ficit following percutaneous vertebral ... How often do neurologic deficits occur, what is their pattern, and how might ... 5 patients awoke from gener...

Mononeuritis multiplex

... Mononeuritis multiplex : (Health Library) Definition: Mononeuritis multiplex is a ... Diagnosis of mononeuritis multiplex usually involves deficits of two or more ... This is a discussion on MedHelp about Mononeuritis Multiplex . ... In Reply to: Mononeuritis Multiplex posted by Jenny S...

Mental retardation

... Mental retardation is a generalized disorder, characterized by sub average cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18. Once focused almost entirely on cognition, the definition now includes both a compo...

Limb

...to individual amputees, ... Have a paralysed or severely paretic upper limb as measured by a score of 61/100 ... Visible upper limb movement deficits attributable to pathology other than stroke ... limb . Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary. Jump to: navigation, search ... Retriev...

Hypochondriasis

...ear of serious illness which lasts for six ... Overview: Hypochondriasis and the other somatoform disorders are among the most ... Neurochemical deficits associated with hypochondriasis and some other somatoform ... Find videos about Dermatitis Herpetiformis and hundreds of other health-related to...

Cocaine abuse

... Official website of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) ... Cocaine Abuse and Addiction. Cocaine Abuse May Lead To Strokes and Mental deficits ... The level of cocaine abuse in the state is relatively high. ... for cocaine abuse in 2000, according to the Arrestee Drug Abuse Moni...
deficits in Biological News

Green tea compounds beat OSA-related brain deficits

Chemicals found in green tea may be able to stave off the cognitive deficits that occur with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to a new study published in the second issue for May of the American Thoracic Societys American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. Researchers ex...

Angelman syndrome deficits rescued in mice

Children with Angelman syndrome are often seen laughing and smiling, but this cheerful demeanor masks serious neurological problems ?mental retardation, movement problems and seizures. ew research in mice, however, suggests that many of these deficits could be alleviated. Edwin Weeber, Ph...

Gene predicts how brain responds to fatigue, human study shows

...tion. However, those with the long PER3 variant are vulnerable they show deficits in cognitive performance after sleep deprivation. Now the new study explain... a basis for the development of measures to counteract individual cognitive deficits associated with sleep loss," he said. "This study and others like it cou...

Specific genetic cause of fetal alcohol-related developmental disorders found

...se neurodevelopmental disorders, such as emotional behavioral disorders and deficits in learning, memory and speech. There is currently no treatment for these p...id. "When given to the mother or newborn, this might correct the imprinting deficits induced by alcohol." "This is a promising avenue to improve the prognosi...

Protein linked to mental retardation controls synapse maturation, plasticity, CSHL team finds

...y of neurons communicate. The discovery is important, in part, because deficits of the signaling protein in question, called oligophrenin-1 (OPHN1), have b... cellular mechanism by which mutations in OPHN1 can contribute to cognitive deficits observed in patients who have the mutations," Van Aelst says. Future wor...

Preclinical work shows how one gene causes severe mental retardation

...anizes the visual cortex, for example, during the same time period when the deficits are becoming obvious in Angelman syndrome, part of the autism spectrum of d...lus and study the mice in the light or the dark. We speculated that similar deficits may be happening in areas of the cortex that are important for language, co...

Tiny but toxic: MBL researchers discover a mechanism of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease

...ery late event but with the loss of functional connections. It's when the neuron is no longer talking to its targets that you start to get the memory deficits and dementia associated with the disease," Brady says. The amyloid beta particles activate an enzyme, CK2, which in turn disrupts the "fast axonal ...

Fetal alcohol syndrome testing expands

...nancy, FASD is believed to affect approximately one per cent of children in Canada. FASD is associated with hyperactivity, difficulty in learning, and deficits in memory, understanding and reasoning, as well as problems dealing with stress. In the absence of confirmed maternal alcohol consumption during p...

USC researchers identify gene variant associated with both autism and gastrointestinal dysfunction

...e study will appear in the March Issue of the journal Pediatrics and is now available online. Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by deficits in communication abilities, social behavior disruption and inflexible behavior. While gastrointestinal conditions are common among individuals with au...

Many middle-aged and older Americans not getting adequate nutrition

...otassium and vitamin C play essential roles in maintaining health. As older adults tend to reduce their food intake as they age, there is concern that deficits in these micronutrients lead to medical problems. In a study published in the March 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association , ...
deficits in Biological Technology

EnVivo Pharmaceuticals Announces Reversal of Cognitive Deficits in Alzheimer's Disease Transgenic Mouse Model With Gamma-Secretase Modulator

VIENNA, July 14 /PRNewswire/ -- EnVivo Pharmaceuticals today announced at the Alzheimer's Association 2009 International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease (ICAD) the reversal of behavioral deficits observed in an Alzheimer's disease transgenic animal model after chronic oral dosing of a propr...

Michael J. Fox Foundation Awards $2 Million Grant From EMD Serono to Research Projects on Cognitive Deficits in Parkinson's Disease

- Five research teams selected to receive funding for preclinical and clinical research projects in Parkinson's disease-related cognitive deficits and mood disorders ROCKLAND, Mass., Oct. 14 /PRNewswire/ -- The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research (MJFF) aw...

Scientists identify gene vital to early embryonic cells forming a normal heart and skull

...ins, Ph.D., co-director of the Heart Institute at Cincinnati Children's and senior investigator of the study. "This leads to anatomical and functional deficits so severe that it precludes viability of the developing fetus." SHP2 is a tyrosine phosphatase an enzyme that helps trigger a cascade of biochemic...

Ocera Therapeutics Presents Data on AST-120 in Patients With Hepatic Encephalopathy at the European Association for the Study of Liver Disease Annual Meeting

...h AST-120. The improvement seen in neurocognitive measures is consistent with reports that neuropsychometric testing is required to truly measure deficits and detect changes in neurocognitive functioning in the MHE patient population. "Patients with mild hepatic encephalopathy often don't comply wi...

Intra-Cellular Therapies Reports Positive Final Results of a Phase II Clinical Trial with ITI-007 in Patients with Sleep Maintenance Insomnia

...al to treat a wide range of diseases associated with the CNS, including schizophrenia, sleep disorders, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, cognitive deficits in schizophrenia, depression and female sexual dysfunction, and other disorders pertaining to Women's Health. To aid in the development process, ITI ...

Addiction Treatment Finds Success Treating Brain Deficiencies through the Belly

...nitive functioning and mental health and increased effectiveness in counseling and exercise interventions. "Many programs look at nutritional deficits in the brain, but few if any examine the malfunctions in the mechanism that fuels the brain where the deficiency actually starts - in the gut," s...

Mouse study reveals genetic component of empathy

...athy in mice may lead to important discoveries about the social interaction deficits seen in many human psychosocial disorders, including autism, schizophrenia,...ould bring the field closer to understanding what causes social interaction deficits and how they may be treated. "Deficits in empathy are frequently discussed ...

deCODE genetics Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results

... cognitive disorders. The compound is being developed as a new and potentially safer means of targeting PDE4 to combat memory loss and cognitive deficits associated with Alzheimer's disease and other disorders in which neural signaling is reduced or impaired. First and second generation PDE4 inhib...

Jellyfish Protein Shows Potential to Help With Memory

...bel study (10 mg/day). The findings suggest that supplementation with apoaequorin, a well-known calcium-binding protein, might address the age-related deficits in memory that are often affiliated with decreasing calcium homeostasis. Quincy Bioscience has been researching the jellyfish protein for the past t...

John Grisham Joins Focused Ultrasound Surgery Foundation Board, Citing Novel Technology's Potential to Help 'Millions of Patients'

... tumors; to convert metastatic cancer from a lethal disease to a manageable, chronic disorder; reverse the disabling and life threatening neurological deficits from stroke; to alleviate the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, and chronic pain; and to address a host of other disorders ranging from heart...
deficits in Biological Definition

Brain

... of function in this organ fufills some definitions of death . Injuries to the brain tend to affect large areas of the brain, sometimes causing major deficits in intelligence , memory and control of the body. Head trauma, caused by automobile accidents or other blows to the skull, is a leading cause of deat...
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