Navigation Links
Cytoplasm in Medical News

Food additive may one day help control blood lipids and reduce disease risk

...lasm. "The neighborhoods where PPAR-alpha and fatty acid synthase live aren't very close together," says Semenkovich. "The synthase is way out in the cytoplasm that's like being in the suburbs whereas the PPAR-alpha lives right in the middle of the 'city.' These are all microscopic distances, but to the cel...

Neuronal survival and axonal regrowth obtained in vitro

...In order to do so, they used gene therapy based on use of interfering RNA. The short RNA sequences, which were made to measure, were inserted into the cytoplasm of cultured astrocytes using a viral therapeutic vector. Once in the cell, the RNA activates mechanisms which block the synthesis of the two proteins ...

Protein Branded As Culprit in Mad Cow Disease

...ice done by the researchers had found that brain deterioration follows when cytoplasm contains too much PrP. To further solidify this finding, a subsequent st... Syndrome -- a rare neurodegenerative disease in which PrP is found in cell cytoplasm -- found that some brain cells lacked Mahogunin in these mice. A similar Ma...

Jefferson researchers identify critical marker of response to gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer

...search , published by researchers at Thomas Jefferson University. The protein, called Hu antigen R (HuR), is a stress response protein found in the cytoplasm of pancreatic tumor cells. In certain experimental settings, pancreatic cancer cells that overexpressed HuR were up to 30-fold more sensitive to gemci...

The future of personalized cancer treatment: An entirely new direction for RNAi delivery

..., termed PTD-DRBD, which masks the siRNA's negative charge. This allows the resultant fusion protein to enter the cell and deliver the siRNA into the cytoplasm where it specifically targets mRNAs from cancer-promoting genes and silences them. To determine the ability of this PTD-DRBD fusion protein to de...

Extreme makeover: Stanford scientists explore new way to change cell's identity

...fic fate." Although the precise molecular regulators of such a switch have not yet been identified, Blau speculates that proteins or small RNAs in the cytoplasm of the predominant cell modify the gene expression program of the minority nuclei. In addition to homing in on these regulators, the researchers ar...
Cytoplasm in Medical Technology

New Clinical Studies Confirm Mauna Kea Technologies' Cellvizio(R) GI in Range of Procedures

...characteristics in 93% of sites; resolution was sufficient in 91%. Epithelial width could be measured in 94% and villous width in 88%. Epithelial cell cytoplasm and basal cell layer regularity could only be assessed in 30% and 26%, respectively. Investigators conclude that Cellvizio(R) GI can identify histolog...
Cytoplasm in Medical Products

Chagatest ELISA

Description:... With membrane parasite soluble lysate (epimastigote phase) and cytoplasm as antigen. Since this kit employs different antigens than the recombinant kit, it is possible to use two ELISA techniques as screening, ensuring a hi...
Company:Wiener Lab

Anti-MPO ANCA EIA Auto-Immune Markers 013-MPO-48 Myeloperoxidase

Description:...a finely granular, diffuse staining pattern of the cytoplasm of human neutrophils. At the 2nd International Wor...gainst an antigen in the azurophil granules of the cytoplasm of human neutrophils (8) and later that the princi...PO), also present in the azurophil granules in the cytoplasm of neutrophils (6,12). These antibodies were terme...
Company:ALPCO Diagnostics

Giemsa Stain

Description:...ght, pale pink. Leukocyte nuclear chromatin stains magenta-purple, monocyte cytoplasm stains the classical "ground glass" blue and lymphocyte cytoplasm stains clear, sky blue....
Company:Richard-Allan Scientific
Cytoplasm in Medical Dictionary

Vesicles

... Membrane Vesicles . Brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) from human kidney cortex were prepared as ... Vesicles or other bodies in the cytoplasm move macromolecules or large particles ... Vesicles often migrate to and merge with the plasma membrane, releasing their ... Learn about the c...

Rickettsia

... fleas, and lice, that cause The Rickettsia are Gram-negative, obligate intracellular bacteria that infect ... Rickettsia replicate in the cytoplasm and nucleus of their host cell; Coxiella ... Todar's Online Textbook of Bacteriology chapter on Rickettsia bacteria that cause typhus and ...

Neutrophil

...tation ... neutrophil 1. one of the three granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm neutrophil adj. Not stained strongly or definitely by either acid or basic dyes but stained readily by neutral dyes ... Why would your ne...

Monocyte

... ... monocyte ( ) n. A large, circulating, phagocytic white blood cell, having a single well-defined nucleus and very fine granulation in the cytoplasm monocyte a type of granular leukocyte that functions in the ingestion of bacteria ... What does a low monocyte number indicate? ... Mon...

Membrane

...faces or separating or connecting regions, structures, or organs of an animal or cell membrane n. The semipermeable membrane that encloses the cytoplasm of a cell. ... During endocytosis the membrane maintains its orientation, with its cytoplasmic ... The increased knowledge of the molecular basi...

Lipid

...etry ... History of the JLR and Lipid Classification. Special Feature. Enzymology. Metabolism ... Large lipid droplets are also present in the cytoplasm of the alveolar ... The large lipid droplets, which were present at day 18 of pregnancy, are not ... The intracellular lipid droplet that fo...
Cytoplasm in Biological News

Got zinc? New zinc research suggests novel therapeutic targets

...the placebo group. Specifically, cell activation stimulated the zinc transporter in T cells called "ZIP8," which transports stored zinc into the cell cytoplasm where it then alters the expression of a T cell protein in a way needed to fight infections. "As the debate over zinc supplementation in healthy in...

Study by NTU professors provides important insight into apoptosis or programmed cell death

...ly stages of apoptosis. Under normal circumstances, there is a high distribution of RanGTP in the nucleus and a low concentration of RanGTP in the cytoplasm (the body enveloping the cell's nucleus). It is this gradient of RanGTP that exist across the nuclear-cytoplasmic boundaries that serves as a track an...

Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona researchers first to clone mice in Spain

...unding cumulus cells from several female mice. The chromosomes were extracted from each of the oocytes and substituted with a cell from the cumulus by cytoplasm injection. Once the oocytes had been reconstructed, they were activated by simulating the stimuli occurring during fecundation so as to induce embryon...

Sugarcoating fruit fly development

...the nucleus of a cell is vital for normal development in fruit flies. Over 25 years ago scientists discovered that many proteins in the nucleus and cytoplasm have a small sugar molecule, called GlcNAc, attached to them. The enzyme that adds this sugar is called Ogt but since its discovery it has remained el...

Nanoneedle is small in size, but huge in applications

...argeted delivery of one or more molecules into the cytoplasm or the nucleus of living cells. In addition to fer...ck individual fluorescent quantum dots in a cell's cytoplasm and nucleus. The quantum dots can be used for stud...ce via "linker" molecules. When placed in a cell's cytoplasm or nucleus, the bonds with the linker molecules br...

New study overturns orthodoxy on how macrophages kill bacteria

...oxygen species kill the bacteria by going into the cytoplasm and causing DNA damage," said medical microbiology...nse against ROS. There are two such enzymes in the cytoplasm of S. typhimurium , called SodA and SodB, and ano...st that the superoxide dismutases in the bacterial cytoplasm are most likely protecting the bacterium from its ...
Cytoplasm in Biological Technology

Tigris Pharmaceuticals Presents Results of Breast Cancer Research at AACR Annual Meeting

...s believed to be that treatment with AF results in translocation of the arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR; a transcriptional regulator of CYP1A1) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, and its subsequent interaction with the xenobiotic-response element (XRE) sequence on the CYP1A1 promoter region, causing induction of...

Researchers develop new way to see single RNA molecules inside living cells

...es inside a cell, but the current study demonstrated that individual probes without cellular targets could be observed homogenously distributed in the cytoplasm with no localization or aggregation. With single-molecule sensitivity accomplished, the researchers investigated whether they could visualize indiv...

Genetic pathway critical to disease, aging found

... molecules that carry genetic information from the nucleus of a cell to the cytoplasm where proteins are made. Star-PAP is responsible for adding a critical bioc...mp that enables messenger RNA to exit the nucleus of the cell and enter the cytoplasm where the genetic message is translated into protein." The Star-PAP enzy...

Researchers outline structure of largest nonvirus particle ever crystallized

...al Institute and the UCLAU.S. Department of Energy Institute for Genomics and Proteomics. Vaults are large, barrel-shaped particles found in the cytoplasm of all mammalian cells; they may function in innate immunity. As naturally occurring nanoscale capsules, vaults may be useful to engineer as therapeut...

Sigma-Aldrich Introduces N-TER Nanoparticle siRNA Transfection System for Delivery of siRNA Into Difficult-to-Transfect Cell Types

...sed transfection reagents by relying on a stable nanoparticle, formed by the blending of siRNA and the N-TER peptide, to quickly enter into the cell's cytoplasm to deliver its siRNA cargo. In addition, due to the reagent's stability, stocks of N-TER/siRNA Nanoparticles can be stored for long periods of time a...

Team demos safety of RNA therapy

...a precursor to siRNA. Once the gene is incorporated into the cell's DNA, short hairpin RNA is synthesized and transported from the cell nucleus to the cytoplasm for further processing. The earlier study showed that large amounts of short hairpin RNA blocked the cell's ability to export microRNA, which uses ...
Cytoplasm in Biological Products

Autofluorescence Eliminator Reagent from CHEMICON

Description:... With increasing age, the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin accumulates in the cytoplasm of many cell types, including neurons. The presence of lipofuscin granules can complicate the use of fluorescence microscopy in the central nervous sy...
Company:CHEMICON

PULSin Protein & Antibody Delivery Reagent from Polyplus Transfection

Description:...with many proteins including antibodies. Complexes are internalized via anionic cell-adhesion receptors present on all cells and are released into the cytoplasm where they disassemble. The process is general, nontoxic and delivers unmodified, functional proteins....
Company:Polyplus Transfection

PULSin Protein & Antibody Delivery Reagent from Polyplus Transfection

Description:...with many proteins including antibodies. Complexes are internalized via anionic cell-adhesion receptors present on all cells and are released into the cytoplasm where they disassemble. The process is general, nontoxic and delivers unmodified, functional proteins....
Company:Polyplus Transfection

PULSin Protein & Antibody Delivery Reagent from Polyplus Transfection

Description:...ovative reagent for highly efficient transfer of functional proteins to the cytoplasm of living cells. Unlike DNA transfection, with PULSin Protein & Antibody De... cells in culture. Advantages: Effective and robust delivery into the cytoplasm Delivery to a wide variety of cells including primary cells Highly...
Company:Polyplus Transfection

Rabbit Anti-HDAC4 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated from GeneTex

Description:... Its C-terminal sequence is highly similar to the deacetylase domain of yeast HDA1. HDAC4, unlike other deacetylases, shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm in a process involving active nuclear export. Association of HDAC4 with 14-3-3 results in sequestration of HDAC 4 protein in the cytoplasm. In the nuc...
Company:GeneTex

BL21 Competent Cell Set* from Novagen

Description:...e the yield and activity of your target proteins, including stringent control over basal expression levels, the ability to form disulfide bonds in the cytoplasm for proper folding and activity, and alleviating codon usage incompatibilities. Every strain of Novagen’s competent cells is verified for phenot...
Company:Novagen
Cytoplasm in Biological Definition

Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm is the colloidal , semi-fluid matter contained within the cell 's plasma membrane , in which organelles are suspended. In contrast to the protoplasm , the cytoplasm does not include the cell nucleus , the interior of which is made up of nucleoplasm . Components of the cyto...

Alga

...in creating Earth's oxygen atmosphere. They have a prokaryotic cell structure typical of bacteria and conduct photosynthesis directly within the cytoplasm , rather than in specialized organelles. Eukaryotic algae All other algae are eukaryotes and conduct photosynthesis within membrane-bound s...

Cell biology

... Movement of proteins Proteins are synthesized by ribosomes in the cytoplasm . This process is also known as protein biosynthesis or simply protein t... See also Active transport Adhesion Chloroplast Cilia cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Endoplasmic reticulum Flagella Glycolysis ...

Cell nucleus

...tions: to control chemical reactions within the cytoplasm and to store information needed for cellular d... separating the chemical reactions taking place in cytoplasm from reactions happening within the nucleus. The o...-like consistency (similar in this respect to the cytoplasm ), in which many substances are dissolved. These s...

Cell growth

...ental cell. Typical stem cells reproduce, double in size, then reproduce again. Most Cytosolic contents such as the endomembrane system and the cytoplasm easily scale to larger sizes in larger cells. If a cell becomes too large, the normal cellular amount of DNA may not be adequate to keep the cell s...

Cellular respiration

...rts one molecule of glucose into two molecules of pyruvate , and makes energy in the form of two molecules of ATP . Glycolysis takes place in the cytoplasm of the cell . The overall reaction can be expressed this way: Glucose + 2 NAD + + 2 ADP + 2 P i → 2 NADH + 2 pyruvate + 2 ATP + 2 H 2 O ...
Cytoplasm in Biological Dictionary

Cytoplasm

The cytoplasm is the part of a cell that is enclosed within the plasma membrane. In eukaryotic cells, the cytoplasm contains organelles, such as mitochondria, which are filled with liquid that is kept separate from the rest... cytoplasm n. The protoplasm outside the nucleus of a cell...

Vacuoles

...elle found in certain protists that pumps fluid in a cyclical manner from within the cell to the outside vacuole ( ) n. A small cavity in the cytoplasm of a cell, bound by a single membrane and containing water, food, or metabolic waste Plant cells have very large vacuoles , but they are non-ex...

Vacuole

...t structural role for the plant. vacuole ( ) n. A small cavity in the cytoplasm of a cell, bound by a single membrane and containing water, food, or metab...The vacuole is a large organelle found in prokaryotes and within the cytoplasm ... Like most organelles, the vacuole is membrane-bound compartment, and...

Ubiquitin

...ent attachment of one or more... ubiquitin ( yü′bikwə′tin ) ( biochemistry ) A small, 76-amino-acid, highly conserved protein present in the cytoplasm and nucleus of all eukaryotes Ubiquitin ligase A ubiquitin ligase (also called an E3 ubiquitin ligase) is a protein that covalently ...

Tubulin

...α/β- Tubulin ... 1032 β- Tubulin Blocking Peptide ... These straight, hollow cylinders, composed of tubulin proteins, are found throughout the cytoplasm of all eukaryotic cells and perform a number of functions. FUNCTION: Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. ... This tubulin does...

Synergid

...sh the competence of the ... two synergid cells left intact were still ca- pable of attracting the pollen tubes. ... To follow the transfer of cytoplasm into the synergid , 1 µl of 0.01% DIOC 6 (3,4 ... DIOC staining of the synergid cells containing pollen tube cytoplasm. ... ...
Other Tags
(Date:12/19/2014)... (HealthDay News) -- Potentially illness-causing E. coli bacteria were ... markets, according to a new study. Researchers checked ... 13 farmers markets in Los Angeles and Orange counties ... almost 150 samples tested, 24 percent were positive for ... to the researchers. Both types of bacteria can ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Dense bunches of ... and cancers, a new study finds. The researchers ... of the colon. The presence of these biofilms may ... a new way to predict a person,s risk for the ... on pond stones, these biofilms may coat the mucus layer ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who ... and walking ability than people who still have at least ... findings suggest that total tooth loss could provide an early ... older people, the British researchers said. However, the findings ... decline. The study included more than 3,100 participants 60 ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Diet Doc strives to continue to ... weight loss by combining scientific fast weight ... the company understand that remaining committed to a diet ... carbohydrates and sugars from the diet can cause patients ... weight loss goals. , For this reason, Diet ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... December 19, 2014 B. E. Smith, ... healthcare providers, has been retained to lead a national ... Medical Center in Estes Park, Colo. The top executive ... has recently placed more than 900 healthcare executives into ... a 25-bed, not-for-profit critical access hospital and level IV ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:E. Coli Germs Found on Farmers Market Herbs 2Health News:Could Bacteria Play a Role in Colon Cancer? 2Health News:Loss of Teeth Linked to Physical, Mental Decline in Study 2Health News:Diet Doc Incorporates Appetite Zap into their Already Impressive Collection of Diet Products to Jump Start the Metabolism and Burn Fat 4X Faster 2Health News:Diet Doc Incorporates Appetite Zap into their Already Impressive Collection of Diet Products to Jump Start the Metabolism and Burn Fat 4X Faster 3Health News:Diet Doc Incorporates Appetite Zap into their Already Impressive Collection of Diet Products to Jump Start the Metabolism and Burn Fat 4X Faster 4Health News:Estes Park Medical Center Retains B. E. Smith to Recruit New Chief Financial Officer 2Health News:Estes Park Medical Center Retains B. E. Smith to Recruit New Chief Financial Officer 3
(Date:12/15/2014)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/87pph8/global_facial ... "Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019" report to ... Facial recognition is a technology ... system measures the overall facial feature of a ... the distance between eyes. Facial recognition is used ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 2014 You,ve been here before: you desperately need ... your password, site key or the answer to your secret ... teacher? Today, Hoyos Labs , a ... will finally put an end to the frustration that comes ... . 1U leverages a user,s smartphone to acquire his or ...
(Date:12/10/2014)...     Jifflenow ...   Jifflenow, a leading provider ... business-to-business (B2B) events, today announced a partnership with ... communication (NFC), Bluetooth low energy (BLE), and cloud-based ... Jifflenow will integrate its meeting scheduling ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, Cognitec Systems, NEC and Safran Group 2Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, Cognitec Systems, NEC and Safran Group 3The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 2Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 3
Other Contents