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US Hospitals Increasingly Colonized by Drug-resistant Germs

Concern is rising in the US over increasing lack of hygiene in hospitals, resulting in a virtual invasion by the drug-resistant staph bacteria, also called the superbugs. At least 30,000 U.S. hospital patients may be carrying in them the superbugs at any given time, according to a survey rele...

Econiche(TM) Vaccine Efficacy Summarized in July Issue of Foodborne Pathogens and Disease

...ly has the vaccine substantially reduced the amount of E. coli O157 shed by cattle into the environment, it has reduced the likelihood that cattle are colonized by the organism, thus reducing the reproduction of new bacteria and thereby lowering overall bacterial load in a feedyard environment." The Company'...

Bioniche Represented at House of Commons Sub-Committee on Food Safety

...H7 colonization of the terminal rectal mucosa (TRM) of commercially fed cattle at harvest. In this study, vaccinated cattle were 92% less likely to be colonized with E. coli O157:H7 than non-vaccinated cattle. This was the second published study demonstrating more than 90% effectiveness of the Bioniche vaccine...

AdvanDx Receives FDA 510(k) Clearance for GBS PNA FISH(R) for Rapid Detection of Group B Strep from Lim Broths

...ase Control and Prevention (CDC), Group B Strep is the most common cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Approximately 1 in 4 pregnant women are colonized with Group B Strep and can transmit the bacterium to the newborn during delivery. To prevent the transmission and subsequent infection, women are rou...

Cepheid Announces European Release of First On-Demand Molecular Pre-Surgical Screening Test for Simultaneous Detection of Methicillin-Sensitive and Resistant S. aureus

... aureus , enabling clinicians to determine the best course of treatment for colonized patients. "Determining pre-operative carrier status of S. aureus, in...-acquired S. aureus infections are caused by the patients' own flora, and colonized patients are up to nine times more likely to develop surgical site infectio...

Environmental Cleaning Intervention Reduces Transmission of Multidrug-Resistant Organisms in ICUs

...rchers found that following an enhanced cleaning protocol reduced the spread of MRSA to patients exposed to rooms in which the prior occupant had been colonized or infected. The multi-modal cleaning intervention consists of three parts: a change from use of a pour bottle to bucket immersion for applying d...

Econiche(TM) Vaccine Shows 92% Reduction in Colonization of E. coli O157 in Vaccinated Cattle

...nd 57 of 336 (17.0%) non-vaccinated cattle were TRM culture positive. From the multilevel logistic model, vaccinated cattle were 92% less likely to be colonized with E. coli O157:H7 than non-vaccinated cattle (odds ratio (OR)=0.07, p=0.0008). This is the second published study demonstrating more than 90% effec...

Supplement of probiotics provides a new therapy for ulcerative colitis

...ess of E.faecalis was better than the other three strains. Compare with the study that the Germ-free IL-10-/- mice developed IBD after they were colonized with a pure culture of E. faecalis , this study showed that E. faecalis had different effects on experimental colitis in wild-type mice. The experi...

APIC 2009 'Targeting Zero' Initiative Offers Practical Tools, Evidence-Based Elimination Strategies to Prevent the Deadliest Healthcare-Associated Infections

...late the true magnitude of this infection in the nation's hospitals. The study indicated that 13 out of every 1,000 inpatients were either infected or colonized with C. difficile , a rate 6.5 to 20 times greater than previous incidence estimates. C. difficile is a bacterium that causes diarrhea and more s...

Intestinal Infection Afflicts 13 of 1,000 Hospital Patients, Infection Rates 6.5 - 20 Times Greater Than Previous Estimates, New Study Says

...ional Prevalence Study of Clostridium difficile in U.S. Healthcare Facilities" indicates that 13 out of every 1,000 inpatients were either infected or colonized with C. difficile. Based on this rate, it is estimated that there are at least 7,178 inpatients on any one given day in American healthcare institutio...
Colonized in Medical Technology

Arpida Comments on FDA's Anti-infective Drugs Advisory Committee Outcome

...stance to vancomycin is on the rise.(iii), (iv) Approximately 2.3 million people in the United States acquire MRSA and 89.4 million people are colonized with S. aureus annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).(i), (v) An estimated 292,000 hospitalizations with a diagn...

Pivotal Phase III Data Confirm the Efficacy and Safety of Arpida's Intravenous Iclaprim in Treating Patients With Complicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections

...ggests resistance to vancomycin is on the rise.(v,vi) Approximately 2.3 million people in the United States acquire MRSA and 89.4 million people are colonized with S. aureus annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).(i,vii) An estimated 292,000 hospitalizations with a diagno...

Cepheid Announces CE IVD Release of First On-Demand Test for van A/van B Genes Most Associated With Hospital-Acquired VRE Infection

...ecessary use of antibiotics -- leading to dramatically higher costs for healthcare institutions. Healthcare workers, after contact with asymptomatic colonized patients, may spread VRE to other patients within hospitals. VRE can also be spread directly to people after contacting surfaces that are contaminated...

Cepheid GeneXpert(R) System and Xpert(TM) MRSA Selected for up to 11 Victoria, Australia Hospitals in Rollout of 'Start Clean' Strategy

...elines published in the infection control strategy. On-demand Xpert MRSA results enable Australian healthcare professionals to rapidly identify MRSA colonized patients entering the hospital population, thereby reducing risk of potential transmission. As quoted from the Start Clean Victorian Infection Control...

Innocoll Announces Dosing of First Patient in US Phase 2 Clinical Trial to Investigate CollaRx(R) GENTAMICIN TOPICAL for the Prevention of Diabetic Foot Infections

...lines. This third and final phase 2 trial will investigate the product for the prevention of diabetic foot infections. Chronic ulcerations are often colonized or contaminated with bacterial pathogens that can prevent ulcers from healing. Many such wounds become clinically infected and require treatment with ...

Innocoll Announces Dosing of First Patient in US Phase 2 Clinical Trial to Investigate CollaRx(R) GENTAMICIN TOPICAL for the Treatment of Moderately Infected Diabetic Foot Ulcers

...port its effectiveness for such clinical applications, particularly in the treatment of infected diabetic foot ulcers. Chronic ulcerations are often colonized or contaminated with bacterial pathogens that can prevent ulcers from healing. A high proportion of such wounds becomes clinically infected and requir...

BD Announces FDA 510(k) Clearance of Two-Hour Test to Identify Superbug in Patients with Positive Blood Cultures

... will result in decreased mortality, length of stay and variable costs. Currently, the BD GeneOhm(TM) MRSA assay rapidly identifies patients who are colonized with MRSA and allows infection control professionals to break the chain of MRSA transmission. BD has recently submitted subsequent applications to the...

Innocoll Announces Dosing of First Patient in US Phase 2 Clinical Trial to Investigate CollaRx(R) GENTAMICIN TOPICAL for the Treatment of Mildly Infected Diabetic Foot Ulcers

...orts its effectiveness for such clinical applications, particularly in the treatment of infected diabetic foot ulcers. Chronic ulcerations are often colonized or contaminated with bacterial pathogens that can prevent ulcers from healing. A high proportion of such wounds will become clinically infected and re...

Survey Finds U.S. Healthcare Facilities Not Doing Enough to Curb MRSA

...e over $231 million annually if all elective surgery patients were screened for MRSA upon admission and proper precautions were taken with those found colonized with MRSA. "We know how to prevent MRSA infections, but most hospitals aren't stepping up to use these effective infection control practices," sai...

BD Announces FDA 510(K) Submission of Rapid Molecular Test to Identify Patients Carrying Staph Superbug Prior to Surgery

...s (SA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from patients colonized in the nasal passage. The BD GeneOhm StaphSR assay is a simple test that p...orithms, which can take two days to generate results. Identifying patients colonized with MRSA or SA bacteria in advance of surgery helps ensure patients have a...
Colonized in Medical Products

IDI-Strep B Test

Description:... The IDI-Strep B test can lower healthcare costs with better newborn care and reduced patient hospital stays. By identifying mothers colonized with group B streptococcus (GBS), the test enables more targeted and effective antibiotic prophylaxis. This can prevent illness in a greater number of...
Company:Cepheid
Colonized in Biological News

Zebra mussels hang on while quagga mussels take over

...nates in either calm or fast-moving waters. "Zebra mussels quite rapidly colonized rivers close to the Great Lakes right after their introduction, within a ye...hips from the Caspian and Black Seas. Within a few years, zebra mussels had colonized shallow water, beaches, and water intake pipes in layers up to eight inches...

Voyages of discovery or necessity?

... ciguatera victim. But is this common toxin poisoning also the key to a larger mystery? That is, the storied migrations of the Polynesian natives who colonized New Zealand, Easter Island and, possibly, Hawaii in the 11th to 15th centuries? Could ciguatera be the reason masses of people left paradise? Tein...

Managing Douglas-fir forests for diversity

...here some hardwoods were retained. The disease is known to be spread during precommercial thinning operations because the fresh slash from thinning is colonized by insects, which carry the disease. It is unknown how long these stand structures will persist given future competitive interactions; however, diffe...

Genes from tiny algae shed light on big role managing carbon in world's oceans

...rden said, will go a long way towards understanding their biology and ecology. Algae were blazing the pathway of photosynthesis long before plants colonized landso the results bear significantly on terrestrial plant research as well. "Genome sequencing of Micromonas and the subsequent comparative anal...

Two innovative University of Texas at Austin biologists become HHMI Early Career Scientists

...ancouver Island, British Columbia. Thousands of lakes and streams that were created when the giant glaciers melted at the end of the last Ice Age were colonized by the stickleback's marine ancestors, which were remarkably successful in adapting to various niches in their new habitats. Today, the environment...

Environmental cleaning intervention reduces transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms in ICUs

...rchers found that following an enhanced cleaning protocol reduced the spread of MRSA to patients exposed to rooms in which the prior occupant had been colonized or infected. The multi-modal cleaning intervention consists of three parts: a change from use of a pour bottle to bucket immersion for applying dis...

Swimmers at public beaches show increased risk of exposure to contagious staph bacteria

...dicine, who collaborated in the study, the first large epidemiologic survey of its kind. "This exposure might lead to staph infection since people colonized with the bacteria carry it into the water with them. Those with open wounds or who are immune compromised are at greatest risk of infection." The goo...

Single gene lets bacteria jump from host to host

...tory gene that sets the other biofilm genes in motion is absent in the strain that lives in the pinecone fish, the animal scientists believe was first colonized by V. fischeri before it moved in to the squid light organ when the squid family came onto the scene in the Pacific Ocean at least 30 million years ag...

Study finds MRSA in Midwestern swine, workers

...imals, including horses, cattle, dogs, cats and swine. Previous studies have shown that many swine and swine farmers in Canada and the Netherlands are colonized with MRSA. However, the University of Iowa study was the first to investigate carriage of MRSA among swine and swine farmers in the United States. ...

Bacterial biofilms as fossil makers

...he bacterial species present. The researchers learned low-oxygen conditions block autolysis, and that embryos prevented from autolyzing are quickly colonized by marine bacteria. Once inside, the bacteria form biofilms that fill the embryo cells. Sturdy cell membranes and the embryo's fertilization envelope ...
Colonized in Biological Technology

New England Journal of Medicine Study Highlights Need for Rapid, PCR-based Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Testing at Time of Admission for Labor and Delivery

...h and is a leading cause of infant mortality and serious neonatal infections such as sepsis, pneumonia and meningitis. Transmission of GBS occurs from colonized women to their babies during childbirth. The new article points out that current U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines for preventin...

Innocoll Announces Provisional Findings From Its Three Phase 2 Clinical Trials Investigating CollaRx(R) GENTAMICIN TOPICAL for the Treatment and Prevention of Diabetic Foot Infections

...TAMICIN TOPICAL for the treatment and prevention of infection in diabetic foot ulcers. Chronic ulcerations such as diabetic foot ulcers are often colonized or contaminated with bacterial pathogens that can prevent ulcers from healing. A high proportion of such wounds become clinically infected and require...

Cepheid Announces Symposium Speakers and Program Highlights for 19th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID)

...s Dr. Paolo Cavallerio, Ospedale Molinette, Torino, Italy: Molecular assay for the rapid screening of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) colonized patients in an Intensive Care Unit Dr. Martin Jones, Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA: Rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and rifampicin-re...

Derma Sciences Announces Multiple Clinical Posters Featuring MEDIHONEY(R) and ALGICELL Ag(R) to be Presented at Upcoming Wound Care Conference

...ey C. Vlahovic, DPM, associate professor, Eric Roberts, BS Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine, Philadelphia, PA "Management of an MRSA colonized wound using Active Leptospermum Honey impregnated calcium alginate." (MEDIHONEY(R) & XTRASORB(TM)) Mary Webb, RN, BSN, MA, CIC, Infection Control Pr...

Cepheid Signs Group Purchasing Contract with Novation, the Nation's Largest Healthcare Contracting Organization

...easures, leading to lower HAI rates and improved patient care. On-demand Xpert MRSA results enable healthcare professionals to rapidly identify MRSA colonized patients entering the hospital population, thereby reducing risk of potential transmission. As recent studies published in both the Journal of the Ame...

960-Patient Study Demonstrates Zero Blood Stream Infection In Patients Treated With Angiotech's Novel 5-FU Central Venous Catheter

... and only with S. epidermis and common skin contaminants. In addition to S. epidermis and common skin contaminants, the catheters with CH-SS were also colonized with methicillin-resistant S. aureus, E. coli, K. pneumoniae, P. mirabilis, S. marcescens, and A. baumannii. Both of the blood stream infections in th...
Colonized in Biological Definition

Adaptive radiation

... of mammalian species after the extinction of the dinosaurs. Archipelagoes . Isolated ecosystems , such as islands and mountain areas, can be colonized by a new species which upon establishing itself undergoes rapid divergent evolution. Darwin's finches are examples of adaptive radiation occurring i...

Biodiversity

...versity is the diversity of populations of organisms and species, but also the way these organisms function. Organisms appear and disappear; sites are colonized by organisms of the same species or by another. Some species develop social organisations to improve their reproduction goals or use neighbor speci...

Evolution

...at the Burgess Shale ) saw the creation of all the major body plans, or phyla , of modern animals. About 500 million years ago, plants and fungi colonized the land, and were soon followed by arthropods and other animals, leading to the development of land ecosystems with which we are familiar. T...

Human

...s are thought to have evolved in Africa over 150,000 years ago; modern humans began to move out of Africa less than 100,000 years ago. Australia was colonized 70,000 years ago; Europe 40,000 years ago with later waves 22,000 and 9,000 years ago, according to Ornello Semino of the University of Pavia and Pe...

Mitochondrion

...otic endosymbionts . Essentially this widely accepted hypothesis postulates that the ancestors of modern mitochondria were independent bacteria that colonized the interior of the ancient precursor of all eukaryotic life. External links Mitochondrion Reconstructed by Electron Tomography See...

Mitochondrion

...otic endosymbionts . Essentially this widely accepted hypothesis postulates that the ancestors of modern mitochondria were independent bacteria that colonized the interior of the ancient precursor of all eukaryotic life. External links Mitochondrion Reconstructed by Electron Tomography See...
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