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Clefts in Medical News

Certain Drug Treatment Associated With Orofacial Clefts

A new study has confirmed the orofacial cleft (OFC) inducing effect of phenytoin, carbamazepine, oxytetracycline, and thiethylperazine//. A possible association was also suggested between OFCs and oxprenolol and amoxicillin. The study is published in the latest issue of Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Jo...

Moms' Smoking Linked to Increased Risk of Birth Defects

...annually with an oral-facial cleft in the United States. Children with oral clefts often have difficulty feeding, frequent ear infections, hearing loss, speec...ife," Dr. Howse continued. "Mid-Pregnancy Cotinine and Risks of Orofacial clefts and Neural Tube Defects" by Shaw's California group along with colleagues f...

New evidence strengthens link between cigarette smoke exposure and poor infant health

...nd that women who smoked during pregnancy were nearly 2.5 times more likely to have babies with oral clefts. According to Dr. Shaw, "Babies with oral clefts require significant medical careoften four surgeries by age twoand may have speech, hearing, and feeding problems." In a related study, Dr. Laura S...

Moms' smoking linked to increased risk of birth defects

...and Research Institute in Oakland, Calif. Nearly 7,000 babies are born annually with an oral-facial cleft in the United States. Children with oral clefts often have difficulty feeding, frequent ear infections, hearing loss, speech difficulties, and dental problems. Surgery often can repair these birth ...

Research shows timing improves cleft palate surgery

...se the cleft at the alveolus (gum) in patients with either one or two sided clefts is at eight or nine years of age prior to canine tooth eruption. We close t... two of the study looked at bone production and facial growth in unilateral clefts and was presented in 2006 and 2007 to the American Cleft Palate Association...

Folic Acid Reduces Risk Of Cleft Lip

...ts in Norway, which has the highest rate of facial clefts in Europe. In this study, the scientists fr...IEHS) have examined the association between facial clefts and mothers' intake of folic acid supplements, mul...by 25%. "Folic acid deficiency causes facial clefts in laboratory animals, so we had a good reason to ...

New Benefits for Folic Acid, Say Experts

...lso more common in Asians. Surgery is often carried out to repair the condition. The researchers examined the effects of folic acid on facial clefts in Norway, which has one of the highest rates in Europe. They studied babies born between 1996 and 2001, of whom 377 had a harelip, 196 had a clef...

Oral Hygiene Can Prevent Tooth Decay for Patients With Cleft Conditions

...ifficulty in achieving adequate plaque control associated with dental anomalies and defects. Therefore, it is key that parents and their children with clefts learn and practice effective oral hygiene. The study’s researchers presented eight strategies for early prevention. They are: 1. Assess mother’...

Learning the Value of Prevention and Treatment in Oral Clefting

...g is one of the most common birth defects. The impact of oral clefting can be substantial and can vary by age and type of clefting. Children born with clefts can experience challenging psychological adjustment because of low satisfaction with facial appearance as well as the lack of social skills acquired t...

Cleft Lip And Cleft Palate Can Now Be Predicted Before Birth

...predict if a couple will have a child born with a cleft lip and palate one of the world’s most common birth defects. According to researchers isolated clefts happen during early fetal development. Researchers identified the gene IRF6 that has involvement with cleft lip and palate. After tremendous testi...
Clefts in Medical Dictionary

Soft palate

..., the horse is able to replace the soft palate when swallowing. ... clefts of the soft palate can usually be repaired early (8 to 10 months of age). clefts of the hard and soft palate are best repaired later (10 to 12 months of...
Clefts in Biological News

First trimester smoking linked to oral clefts

Smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy is clearly linked with an increased risk of cleft lip in newborns. Genes that play a role in detoxification of cigarette smoke do not appear to be involved. This is shown in a new study published in the journal Epidemiology . Oral clefts are one...

Alcohol binges early in pregnancy increase risk of infant oral clefts

A new study by researchers at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health, shows that pregnant women who binge drink early in their pregnancy increase the likelihood that their babies will be born with oral clefts. The researchers f...

Cleft lip and palate: Genes more important than thought?

...y that several factors have to add up in order for clefts to form. Both environmental influences which have ...ying a far more important role in the formation of clefts than was previously thought. The long arm of c...robability of a child in our population of getting clefts would be significantly less than 1 in 700,' Elisab...

Study finds genetic variant plays role in cleft lip

...0 families those with cleft lip only were far more likely to have the genetic variant. "It was most striking that this variant was associated with clefts of the lip only," Rahimov said. "We always thought that cleft lip alone and cleft lip with cleft palate were the same disease. Now we see a difference...

USC researchers identify alternate pathway that leads to palate development

...ss that leads to palate formation. Cleft palate is one of the most common congenital birth defects, occurring in one out of every 700 live births. clefts are more common in children of American Indian, Hispanic or Asian descent. While males are twice as likely to have a cleft lip, females are twice as l...

Stem cells from muscles can repair cartilage

...eriod of time can enhance articular cartilage healing," the authors state. They note that using fibrin glue enabled the cells to settle even in narrow clefts and has no adverse effects on cell viability. The study also included culturing MDSC and MDSC-B4 in vitro in three different types of media and fou...
Clefts in Biological Dictionary

Secondary palate

...y, ... The secondary palate develops at ... clefts of the secondary palate are due to lack of fus...growth of the lateral maxillae with ... Complete clefts of the secondary palate involve both the hard ...r ... reversing Z-plasty typically used for narrow clefts of the secondary palate . ... ... of fistula...

Active site

...is of the substrate occurs. ... The active site is usually a big pocket or cleft surrounded by amino acid- and ... Active Sites Folds and clefts on the surface of an enzyme that enable attach ment to its particular ... How do sites in an active directory allow the ... Information about...
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