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Cilia in Medical News

New advances in cancer research to be highlighted at University of Leicester

...Professor Fry added that the group's research falls into three broad areas: Study of a family of proteins that play a role in cell division and cilia organization which makes them attractive targets for the development of new anti-cancer drugs Research on a particular structure that lies at the ...

Can you hear me now? How the inner ear's sensors are made

...nsors inside the inner ear. Located at the ends of cilia tiny cellular hairs in the ear that move and tran...rom common hearing and balance problems related to cilia disorders. "People have known for a long time about the importance of cilia for propelling sperm up the uterus and moving mucu...

St. Jude finds 'dancing' hair cells are key to humans' acute hearing

... Sound entering the cochlea is detected by the vibration of tiny, hair-like cilia that extend from cochlear hair cells. While the cochleas inner hair cells a...ds that amplification is produced by intricate vibrations of the bundles of cilia extending from the outer hair cells. The somatic motility theory proposes t...

Stop Allergies: Stop Snoring - Naturally!

...hairs found in the mucous membrane. Dr. Grossan discovered that slow-moving cilia are directly responsible for many sinus problems such as sinusitis and allergies -- even snoring and sleep apnea; by stimulating sluggish cilia through natural means, they return to a healthy, mobile state. The gentle...

Genetic research unveils common origins for distinct clinical diagnoses

...e projections found on almost every cell of the body. Recently they started looking at another disease, Meckel-Gruber syndrome (MKS), which also shows cilia dysfunction but is clinically distinct from BBS and generally associated with prenatal or newborn death. While these two groups of patients exhibit...

Exercising our immune system

...ith overlapping components in the event of any one protective mechanism failing. So we also have mechanical barriers against infection such as the cilia in our nose, and immunity led by cells such as lymphocytes. ...

Spraying Saline Water into Nose may Reduce Nasal Passage Infections

...ocess (cilia) that cover the surfaces of cells in the nose often fail to function properly and cant beat to remove mucus, so the saline may help these cilia to work more efficiently. In addition, saline may simply help wash bacteria, viruses and allergic materials out of the nose. Doctors should co...

Genetic Cause of Inherited Eye Diseases Identified

... the retina to detect light. While the proteins of cilia in single-celled organisms have been studied, this...been determined. We want to understand how cilia work normally and how their function is disrupted ...hat mutations in genes that encode the proteins of cilia are common causes of a host of genetic diseases, i...

Loss of Antenna Leads to Cancer in Insects

...g an embryo develop into a normal baby. Defects in cilia can produce a range of disorders, including kidney...role in controlling the temporary disappearance of cilia during normal cell division, by turning on a third...a to be dismantled in an untimely way. Why cilia come and go on normal cells is not entirely unders...

New Gene Discovery Raises Hope for Childhood Blindness Cure

...nes which, when mutated, cause LCA. This new gene is the thirteenth and adds a substantial new piece to a growing body of evidence that defects of the cilia are a major cause of inherited blindness. In that sense, we can consider this a 'lucky thirteenth' as we are building a much clearer picture of what c...
Cilia in Medical Technology

St. Jude Finds 'Dancing' Hair Cells Are Key to Humans' Acute Hearing

... Sound entering the cochlea is detected by the vibration of tiny, hair-like cilia that extend from cochlear hair cells. While the cochlea's "inner hair cells...ds that amplification is produced by intricate vibrations of the bundles of cilia extending from the outer hair cells. The somatic motility theory proposes t...
Cilia in Medical Products

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Cilia in Medical Dictionary

Cilia

A cilium (plural cilia ) is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Cilia are tail-like projections extending approximately 5–10 micrometers from the cell body. Flagella also tend to be longer than cilia but are otherwise similar in construction. ... Cilia and flagella move liquid past...
Cilia in Biological News

NYU scientists identify critical protein complex in formation of cell cilia

NEW YORK, August 19, 2008 An international team led by NYU Cancer Institute have identified a protein complex that regulates the formation of cilia, which are found on virtually all mature human cells and are essential to normal cell function. The new report, published this week by Developm...

Airway cells use 'tasting' mechanism to detect and clear harmful substances

...gs. The study is the first to show that motile cilia on airway cells not only have this "clearing" func...at when the receptors detect bitter compounds, the cilia beat faster, suggesting that the sensing and the m... elicit a response -- the increased beating of the cilia -- designed to eliminate the offending material." ...

Why the thumb of the right hand is on the left hand side

...e renowned journal Nature, in which they showed that Smo is concentrated at cilia (cellular projections) and also functions at the cilium. "By using high-res...tion at the extracellular part of this protein inhibits localization in the cilia and that while the cells identify the Hedgehog signals, they interpret the ...

Superglue from the sea

...e dozens of tentacles they stick out one end of the tube, which is how they gather food and particles to build their shells with." Tiny, hair-like cilia brush the sand grains and shell pieces down the tentacles so they can be grabbed by the worm's fleshy, pincer-like "building organ" and glued onto the...

Uncovering secrets of life in the ocean

...ion with a band of cells endowed with cilia. These cilia - thin, hair-like projections - beat to displace w...ion of the light source and is communicated to the cilia through the signal of the photoreceptor. "Plat... likely that the close coupling of light sensor to cilia marks an important, early landmark in the evolutio...

August LabBits: A media tip sheet from the MBL in Woods Hole

...are at the MBL this summer to determine who and how much M. ledyi eats. Comb jellies are unique in how they process food. Eight rows of brush-like cilia beat against the water, creating a current that brings prey closer to the mouth. Using high-speed video, the team is observing their feeding behavior,...

Rong Li Lab identifies new role of inflammatory protein in PKD and a possible treatment

...ecrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) disrupts the localization of polycystin 2 the product of a gene mutated in ADPKD) to the plasma membrane and primary cilia in kidney epithelial cells, thus promoting the formation of cysts. "The interaction between TNF-alpha and polycystin in the development of cysts ...

WUSTL researchers spearhead key genome initiative

...ns in these genes develop kidney and eye disease as well as diabetes. Comparative genomics with Physcomitrella suggests that these genes are needed in cilia in people for sensing intracellular environment. As we continue to analyze the Physcomitrella genome by comparative genomics, we are likely to be able...

Green algae -- the nexus of plant/animal ancestry

... evolutionary split of the two lineages. The flagella are equivalent to the cilia and centrioles in animal cells. Centrioles are structures involved in cell ...s, which helps separate genetic material into two new cells during mitosis. cilia are important to many animal functions. The study identified many new pr...

Green alga genome project catalogs carbon capture machinery

...ain human diseases." This resource may inform possible therapeutic strategies for human diseases associated with the fine hair structures of the cilia and flagella--for instance, the neurological movement disorder dyskinesia; polycystic kidney disease (PKD); and some forms of liver, respiratory and r...
Cilia in Biological Technology

Scientists discover 'dancing' algae

...ms promises to elucidate key evolutionary steps toward greater biological complexity. Moreover, the flagella of Volvox are nearly identical to the cilia in the human body, whose coordinated action is central to many processes in embryonic development, reproduction, and the respiratory system. For this...

Microrobots dance on something smaller than a pin's head

... could "move objects such as microchips on top of them in the same way that a singer in a rock band will crowd surf," he said. "We made 15,000 silicon cilia in a square inch." A February 2006 report in the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems by Donald, Paprotny, Levey and others detailed the bas...

Biomoda and Medical Acoustics Partner in Study for Early Detection of Lung Cancer in Veterans

...natural mucus clearing system. When a patient exhales through the mouthpiece of the device, the exhalation generates specific sound waves that vibrate cilia and the airways, causing deep lung secretions to thin and be expelled by coughing. The FDA-cleared technology produces sputum samples without the need...
Cilia in Biological Definition

Animal

...erences between the two phyla. The Lophotrochozoa also include the Nemertea or ribbon worms, the Sipuncula , and several phyla that have a fan of cilia around the mouth, called a lophophore . These were traditionally grouped together as the lophophorates, but it now appears they are paraphyletic , ...

Cell biology

...trifugation . Proteins extracted from membranes by detergents and salts . See also Active transport Adhesion Chloroplast cilia Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Endoplasmic reticulum Flagella Glycolysis Golgi apparatus Lipid bilayer Membrane Mitochondr...

Cilium

...owing the "9+2" structure A cilium (plural cilia ) is a fine projection from a eukaryotic cell ....ch cannot beat and usually serves as a sensor. cilia are structurally identical to eukaryotic flagella...sed interchangeably. In general, though, the term cilia is used when they are numerous, short and coordina...

Cytoskeleton

...l shape, enables some cell motion (using structures such as flagella and cilia ), and plays important roles in both intra-cellular transport (the movement...nsport organelles like mitochondria or vesicles .) the axoneme of cilia and flagella the mitotic spindle synthesis of the cell wall in pl...

Dynein

...ereas the cytoplasmic dynein is implicated in moving toward the negative end of a microtubule. See also: Kinesin External links How cilia and Flagella Work (axonemal dynein) Microtubule Based Movement (cytoplasmic dynein) ...

Endosymbiotic theory

...aryotic cells originated as communities of interacting entities, including endosymbiotic spirochaetes that developed into eukaryotic flagella and cilia . This last idea has not received much acceptance, since flagella lack DNA and do not show ultrastrucural similarities to prokaryotes. According to ...

Eukaryote

...with cellular reproduction. Cytoskeletal structures Many eukaryotes have slender motile projections, usually called flagella when long and cilia when short, that are variously involved in movement, feeding, and sensation. These are entirely distinct from prokaryotic flagella. They are suppor...

Flagellum

...ic flagella - those of animal, plant, and protist cells - are complex cellular projections that lash back and forth. Sometimes the last are called cilia or undulipodia to emphasize their distinctiveness. Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Bacterial flagellum 2 Archaeal fla...

Fungus

...y acid content of the skin . pH of the skin, mucosal surfaces and body fluids Epithelial turnover Normal flora Transferrin cilia of respiratory tract . When fungi do pass the resistance barriers of the human body and establish infections, the infections are classified acco...

Animal

...erences between the two phyla. The Lophotrochozoa also include the Nemertea or ribbon worms, the Sipuncula , and several phyla that have a fan of cilia around the mouth, called a lophophore . These were traditionally grouped together as the lophophorates, but it now appears they are paraphyletic , ...
Cilia in Biological Dictionary

Protist cell

... the great diversity of protists, and to show ... protist ... cell ... A pseudopod is a "false foot" that slowly moves the protist . ... The cilia help the Paramecium push the food and water into the cell body. ... ... the large red oval in the center of the cell . ... like Amoeba, is a sin...

Oviduct

...r ... The oviduct provides the proper environment for the final preparations gametes ... Basic Histology -- Ciliated Epithelium of Oviduct . cilia are a surface adaptation ... Oviduct epithelium features occasional cells with large slender nuclei and very ... The oviduct is an exquisit...

Oral groove

...check out the band at http://www.crossrecords.com. ... ... on the video: cilia, oral groove , food vacuoles, and contractile vacuoles. ... The cilia along the oral groove move food substances to its base where they are ... Cilia- help paramecium move and sweep food into the oral groov...

Flame cell

...lateral excretory ducts. ... Once in the ducts, the wastes move toward the flame cells . ... flame cell an excretory cell with a bunch of cilia that expel wastes to the ... flame cell . flame cell ... resemble a flickering flame , as in certain flatworms ... Flame Cell . Lifestyl...

Cilium

... A cilium (plural cilia) is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. cilia are tail-like projections extending approximately 5–10 micrometers from the.... Try AmiGO Labs. GO database release 2009-07-23 ... A cilium (plural cilia ) is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. ... Although the primary ci...

Ciliophora

...computing dictionary. ciliophora phylum Information about Ciliophora in the free online English ... Ciliophora - class of protozoa having cilia or hairlike ... Ciliata, class Ciliophora ... Online Shopping at DirectTextBook.com - Save up to 80%, buy or rent. New and used books like Mono...

Centrioles

...rioles , arranged perpendicularly and surrounded by an ... Centrioles . cilia and Flagella. Primary cilia ... Centrioles appear to be needed to organize the centrosome in which ...

Centriole

...riole . Theodor Heinrich Boveri (German zoologist) cilia and ... A centriole is a small, barrel-shaped... Word of the Day, and word games. Centrioles . cilia and Flagella. Primary cilia ... Thus centriole replication — like DNA rep...

Alternative splicing

.... analyses on those alternative splicing events that are conserved ... Alternative Splicing . Solving Big Questions. The Importance of Being cilia ... The ability of alternative splicing to exploit limited genetic information to ... Alternative splicing can produce variant proteins a...
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