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Cholera in Medical News

USAID Sends Additional Assistance for Zimbabwe Cholera Outbreak

WASHINGTON, Jan. 28 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) continues to provide assistance to the people of Zimbabwe in the aftermath of a widespread cholera outbreak that began in August 2008. USAID is consigning nearly 440,000 bars of soap --- valued ...

USAID Provides Additional $6.2M for Zimbabwe Cholera Outbreak

WASHINGTON, Dec 11 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The U.S. government, through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), is providing an additional $6.2 million and has deployed a Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) to help combat the cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe. This assistance i...

USAID Increases Assistance for Zimbabwe Cholera Outbreak

WASHINGTON, Dec. 4 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The U.S. Government, through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), is providing an additional $600,000 to help combat the cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe. This assistance is in addition to the $4 million water, sanitation, and hygiene em...

Study Shows Cholera Can be Controlled With Oral Vaccines

SEATTLE, Nov. 26 /PRNewswire/ -- Endemic cholera, a potentially fatal diarrheal disease found in the world's most impoverished countries, could be effectively controlled by orally vaccinating half of the affected populations once every two years for only pennies per dose, according to new find...

AmeriCares and International Medical Corps Airlift Relief for Cholera Outbreak In Iraq

STAMFORD, Conn., Oct. 4 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- AmeriCares and International Medical Corps (IMC) are delivering critical medicines to Iraq in an emergency airlift responding to the cholera outbreak in that country. Cholera and other forms of dehydrating watery diarrhea have spread through ...

Climatic variations influence the emergence of cholera in Africa

In studies aiming to understand better the emergence and persistence of cholera in Africa, IRD and CNRS researchers showed the strong correlation that exists between outbreaks and the different parameters linked to climate changes in West Africa. This research (1) should provide the scientists wit...

Procter & Gamble and World Vision Equip and Empower Zimbabweans in Fight Against Cholera

SEATTLE, Feb. 24, 2009 /PRNewswire/ -- As Zimbabwe continues to confront a cholera epidemic tied to failing water and sanitation infrastructure, a new World Vision project supported by the Procter & Gamble (NYSE: PG ) Children's Safe Drinking Water Program is underway, providing Zimbabwe...

USAID Sends Emergency Assistance to Djibouti for Cholera

WASHINGTON, Nov. 23 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The American people through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) are providing $100,000 in emergency funding to the U.N. Children's Fund (UNICEF) for medical supplies and to facilitate an intensive health, sanitation and hygiene c...

Mathematical Model Predicts Cholera Outbreaks

A mathematical model of disease cycles developed at the University of Michigan shows promise for predicting cholera outbreaks.// Speaking in a symposium titled "New Vistas in the Mathematics of Ecology and Evolution" at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Sci...

18 fall Victim to Cholera in Niger

The Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) have reported that cholera has claimed eighteen lives in Niger following intense flooding from heavy rains// since July. The floods have affected 43,000 persons in five regions, posing serious health risks to them. Over 200 cases o...

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Cholera in Medical Technology

Napo Announces Positive Clinical Data Indicating Crofelemer, Could Effectively Treat Cholera

SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 22 /PRNewswire/ -- Napo Pharmaceuticals (LSE: NAPL/NAPU) today announces positive clinical data on the effectiveness of crofelemer from a study for CRO-ID in treating severely ill cholera patients in conjunction with an antibiotic and rehydration therapy. A double-blind ...

USAID Provides Malaria Assistance to Zimbabwe

...s to provide assistance to the people of Zimbabwe, who are in the midst of an expanding humanitarian crisis. An ailing economy, food shortages and the cholera epidemic have left the people of Zimbabwe in danger of other health risks. USAID, through the President's Malaria Initiative, is supporting eme...

Aeras, Crucell and South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative Announce Encouraging Preliminary Results of Tuberculosis Vaccine Clinical Trial in South Africa

...seases, and a virosome-adjuvanted vaccine against influenza. Crucell also markets travel vaccines, such as the only oral anti-typhoid vaccine, an oral cholera vaccine and the only aluminum-free hepatitis A vaccine on the market. The Company has a broad development pipeline, with several Crucell products base...

Apollo develops needle-free topical vaccine

...he introduction of needle-less vaccines would significantly reduce the risk to health care workers[7] * Some progress has been made with oral polio, cholera and rotavirus vaccines. But diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, varicella, measles, mumps, rubella, tuberculosis and yellow fever are all still injectable...

Phase 2a Diarrhea Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome Results from 2006 Presented at Digestive Disease Week in Washington, D.C.

...xperimental studies have shown that crofelemer inhibits chloride secretion across the CFTR transporter in various animal models of diarrhea, including cholera toxin treatment. Napo also plans to develop a clinical stage product, NP-500, for the treatment of insulin resistant diseases of Type II diabetes and ...
Cholera in Medical Dictionary

Cholera

Cholera , sometimes known as Asiatic or epidemic cholera , is an infectious gastroenteritis caused by enterotoxin-producing strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Transmission to humans occurs through eating food or drinking... Covers the transmission, treatment, and control of the...

Whitehead

... convey the bulk of Whitehead's metaphysical contribution. ... Along with Dr. John Snow, studied the impact of contaminated water on the deadly cholera outbreak of ... Reverend Henry Whitehead (1825-96), shown here in 1884 ... Whitehead , Alfred North (1861-1947), British mathematician and met...

Toxin

...ul condition in which a cut or tear ... The toxin is injected into the external sphincter, the internal sphincter, the ... V. cholerae produces cholera toxin , the model for enterotoxins, whose action on ... Thus, the net effect of the toxin is to cause cAMP to be produced at an ... Wound bot...

Ebola Virus

...lth to control Ebola . Doctors seeking source of virus . March 10, 1996 ... Ebola virus kills 13 in Gabon. WHO says suspected Ebola cases are cholera ... ...
Cholera in Biological News

Climate and cholera

Cholera outbreaks may soon be predicted using satellite sensors, paving the way for preemptive medicine in countries that suffer epidemics, says Distinguished University Professor Rita Colwell, speaking today (Wednesday 2 April 2008) at the Society for General Microbiologys 162nd meeting being hel...

Small molecule inhibitor of cholera discovered

Study appears in ScienceJust as hurricanes in the Gulf states and Guatemala have raised the risks of cholera outbreaks, researchers at Harvard Medical School have identified a new type of antibiotic against the cholera bacteria. While traditional antibiotics kill bacteria outright by interfering wi...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...e is more commonly known as the causative agent of cholera that spread in Europe until the 20th century. Inte...Only those strains cause severe diarrhoea known as cholera that produce a certain bacterial toxin which attac...cies may also gain importance in Europe. As in the cholera bacterium, various Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...e is more commonly known as the causative agent of cholera that spread in Europe until the 20th century. Inte...Only those strains cause severe diarrhoea known as cholera that produce a certain bacterial toxin which attac...cies may also gain importance in Europe. As in the cholera bacterium, various Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains...

Seventy-three scientists elected to the American Academy of Microbiology

...niversity, Yamagata, Japan Anne Moscona, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York City Gopinath Balakrish Nair, National Institute of cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India Ann C. Palmenberg, University of Wisconsin, Madison Yvonne Paterson, University of Pennsylvania School of Med...

Scripps research scientists identify blood component that turns bacteria virulent

... This finding also is significant because other pathogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Vibrio cholera have bicarbonate transport pathways similar to B. anthracis and thus are likely to have similar virulence triggering mechanisms. Gram-positive bact...

Polarized light guides cholera-carrying midges that contaminate water supplies

... cholera is a major killer and since the first pandemic in ...est start in life to the midges' larvae, and their cholera bacteria hitchhikers. The team are also keen to...very could help control midge numbers and minimise cholera transmission. They suggest that by reducing the pr...

New antibiotic candidates from Braunschweig

...ir results in the distinguished journal "Cell". Antibiotics are an essential tool of medicine. We owe the antibiotics that diseases such as plague, cholera or tuberculosis are a thing of the past, at least in the industrialised world. However, more and more bacteria are becoming resistant to medicatio...

Hidden infections crucial to understanding, controlling disease outbreaks

...ould explain puzzling patterns seen in 50 years of cholera death records from 26 districts in Bengal, cholera...s "native habitat." "In that region, we see two cholera seasons per year, with peaks in spring and fall," ...een over periods of three to five years, with many cholera cases reported during some periods and few during ...

Scientists use remote satellite imaging to predict outbreaks of infectious disease

...tbreaks of other important infectious diseases. cholera is a serious, ancient water-borne infectious disea...d) which lives on zooplankton, a type of plankton. cholera outbreaks have been linked with environmental fact... collected now can be used to predict outbreaks of cholera before they occur. ...
Cholera in Biological Technology

Vi typhoid vaccine proves highly effective in young children

...ccinated neighbors of vaccinees. The study, conducted by the International Vaccine Institute (IVI) in collaboration with the National Institute of cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED) in Kolkata, India, was published in the July 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). The IVI, based in ...

DSM and Crucell Sign Agreement with Bioceros to Serve as Pre-Approved Cell Line Generation Partner of PER.C6(R) Cell Line Proteins

...iseases and a virosome-adjuvanted vaccine against influenza. Crucell also markets travel vaccines, such as the only oral anti-typhoid vaccine, an oral cholera vaccine and the only aluminum-free hepatitis A vaccine on the market. The Company has a broad development pipeline, with several product candidates ba...

DSM Biologics and Crucell Announce Commercial PER.C6(R) Licensing Agreement with Gedeon Richter

...iseases and a virosome-adjuvanted vaccine against influenza. Crucell also markets travel vaccines, such as the only oral anti-typhoid vaccine, an oral cholera vaccine and the only aluminum-free hepatitis A vaccine on the market. The Company has a broad development pipeline, with several product candidates ba...

DSM and Crucell Announce Another Key Achievement for PER.C6(R) Technology; Scale Up of High-Titer Fed-Batch Process to 250 Liters

...iseases and a virosome-adjuvanted vaccine against influenza. Crucell also markets travel vaccines, such as the only oral anti-typhoid vaccine, an oral cholera vaccine and the only aluminum-free hepatitis A vaccine on the market. The Company has a broad development pipeline, with several product candidates ba...

Novel compound may treat acute diarrhea

...nd death. There are many causes of secretory diarrhea. The most common, by far, is infestation of the small intestine by certain bacteria, such as cholera or certain strains of E. coli, following ingestion of contaminated water or food. These bacteria multiply in the intestinal tract and produce toxins t...

Baxter and Its Foundation Contribute Nearly $53 Million in 2007 to Address Critical Needs Locally and Globally

...axter's partnership with AmeriCares helped to provide product support and emergency aid after an earthquake devastated the central coast of Peru and a cholera outbreak affected northern Iraq. Also through AmeriCares, Baxter helped support a summer camp in Bazna, Romania, where children with hemophilia learn ...

UW-Madison Gets Federal Biodefense Funds

... Research to be conducted at all eight centers the RCE program includes: Developing new approaches to blocking the action of anthrax, botulinum and cholera toxins Developing new vaccines against anthrax, plague, tularemia, smallpox and Ebola Developing new antibiotics and other therapeutic strategies...

Laser Capture Microdissection (LCM) and Expression Profiling of Long-Range Projection Neurons

...; Anesthesia: Ketalar (Monarch Pharmaceuticals), Rompun (Bayer) ◊ cholera toxin conjugated to Alexa-fluor dyes (Molecular Probes, Cat. #C-22841, C-22...eparation for surgery, and placed in the stereotaxic apparatus. Fluorescent cholera toxin B (CTB) labeled in red or green was injected into nucleus RA or Area ...

Quantitative Measurement of Cell Proliferation Using the BrdU ELISA: A Comparison Between Colorimetric and Chemiluminescent Detection

... with EGF (10 ng/ml), hydrocortisone (10 ng/ml), cholera toxin (CT, 10 ng/ml), and insulin (4 g/ml). To e...mpared with that in a medium containing 10 ng/ml cholera toxin (Sigma) for inhibition of fibroblast growt... increase of only about 20 %. Growth inhibition by cholera toxin in fibroblast cultures results in a signif...

Enzyme Immunoassay for Studying Intracellular Levels of cAMP

...lving cAMP. Modulators currently available for examining the effects of cAMP on intracellular signaling include dibutyryl cAMP 2 or 8-bromo-cAMP, cholera toxin (CT), 2 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) 3 and forskolin. 4 AC toxin has been shown to elevate intracellular cAMP in cultured cells 5 ...
Cholera in Biological Definition

Bacterium

...le of bacteria in disease and infection is important. Some bacteria act as pathogens and cause tetanus , typhoid fever , pneumonia , syphilis , cholera , foodborne illness and tuberculosis . Sepsis , a systemic infectious syndrome characterized by shock and massive vasodilation, or localized infe...

Bacterium

...le of bacteria in disease and infection is important. Some bacteria act as pathogens and cause tetanus , typhoid fever , pneumonia , syphilis , cholera , foodborne illness and tuberculosis . Sepsis , a systemic infectious syndrome characterized by shock and massive vasodilation, or localized infe...

Louis Pasteur

...en . Immunology His later work on diseases included work on chicken cholera . During this work, a culture of the responsible bacteria had spoiled and...use of actual smallpox material in inoculation. The difference with chicken cholera and anthrax was that the weakened form of the disease organism had been ge...

Phage

...led lysogenic conversion . A famous example is the harmless Vibrio bacteria strain, which is turned into Vibrio cholerae by a phage, causing cholera . Phages play an important role in molecular biology as cloning vectors to insert DNA into bacteria. Phage therapy has been used since the 194...

Robert Koch

...came famous for the discovery of the tubercle bacillus ( 1882 ) and the cholera bacillus ( 1883 ) and for his development of Koch's postulates . He was ...Koch worked with a French research team in Alexandria , Egypt , studying cholera . Koch identified the vibrio bacterium that caused cholera, though he ne...

Vaccine

...: Inactivated - these are previously virulent micro-organisms that have been killed with chemicals or heat. Examples are vaccines against flu , cholera , plague , and hepatitis A . Most such vaccines may have incomplete or short-lived immune responses and are likely to require booster shots. Live...
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