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Chimpanzee in Medical News

Why Chimps, Monkeys Don't Develop Alzheimer's

...vastating neurological disorder known as Alzheimer's disease, but their closest evolutionary cousins don't. Even more inexplicable is the fact that chimpanzee and other non-human primate brains do get clogged with the same protein plaques that are believed by many to cause the disease in humans. The an...

Thinking Man's Chimp Shows 1st Animal 'Planning'

...sure around mid-morning. He stored the items at various sites around the chimpanzee island, where zookeepers were unlikely to find them and where they could be...eadlines last month when a Stamford, Conn., woman was mauled by a 200-pound chimpanzee that belonged to her friend. Charla Nash, 55, remains sedated at the Cl...

New Animal Book on Veterinary Medicine Features Patients That Don't Play by the Rules

... to Declaw What?" is a new animal book that takes a humorous look at the field of veterinary medicine. From a rampaging bull to an out-of-control chimpanzee and a goose named Gary Dr. Matt Toia has seen it all, and now he is sharing his experiences in a book of short stories. (PR...

Virginia Tech researchers find human virus in chimpanzees

... The Mahale Mountains National Park's free-ranging, "human-habituated" chimpanzee population provides excellent opportunities for scientists and tourists ali...scientists and tourists and the viruses that are threatening the endangered chimpanzee population. Scientific establishment of that linkage could affect the ...

Surgeon operates to rescue chimp with rare deformity

... Janet was rescued from the Cameroon pet trade last year and now lives in a chimpanzee reserve supported by the Cameroon Wildlife Aid Fund. Janet was unable to cl...mps are then taken away and sold as pets. Rachel Hogan, manager of the chimpanzee reserve in Cameroon, said: Janet is recovering well and has now rejoined he...

Researchers find first conclusive evidence of Alzheimer's-like brain tangles in nonhuman primates

...ch professor at Yerkes, in collaboration with colleagues at UCLA, made the unanticipated finding during a routine post-mortem study of an aged, female chimpanzee that died of natural causes. The researchers also discovered deposits of beta-amyloid protein in plaques and blood vessels of the chimp's brain tissue...

AVMA Urges Outlawing Trafficking of Chimps, Monkeys and Nonhuman Primates and Pets

... were formerly pets, and sanctuaries are overburdened," Dr. Golab said. Renowned primatologist Jane Goodall, also spoke. "They don't make good pets. chimpanzee at a certain age, 5 or 6, are stronger than a man," Goodall said. "They have no business being kept as pets." For more information, please visit ht...

Scientists explore factors contributing to DNA mutations

...'s research team investigated the rate of evolution of microsatellites by contrasting those in the human genome with comparable microsatellites in the chimpanzee genome. Microsatellites that differed between the two species were considered to have undergone evolutionary changes brought about by mutations. The...

Menopause May Be Unique to Humans

... Thompson, of Harvard University, said in a prepared statement. "The oldest chimpanzee known to give birth in the wild is estimated to have been 55. She began rep...rse of evolution, the study authors said. However, unlike humans, female chimpanzee fertility tends to decline along with their survival odds. Healthy females ...

Walking Upright Saves Humans 75 Pc More Energy Compared to Apes

... used treadmill trials to analyze walking energetics and biomechanics for adult chimpanzees and humans. The only other research study on chimpanzee locomotor cost, conducted in 1973, used juvenile chimpanzees, which have different locomotor mechanics and costs than adults. The team ...
Chimpanzee in Medical Technology

Scientists Discover Origin of Malaria

...inant human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum , most scientists assumed incorrectly that these parasites had co-existed separately in human and chimpanzee ancestors for the last 5 million years. The newly discovered parasites not only demonstrate how malaria originated, but represent potentially ...

Anadys Pharmaceuticals Announces Single Dose Safety and Pharmacokinetics Results for ANA598 in Healthy Volunteers

... agents approved or under investigation for hepatitis C. -- In a poster titled "Antiviral Efficacy of the HCV RNA Polymerase Inhibitor ANA598 in the chimpanzee Model of HCV Infection", Anadys will present data showing that ANA598 exhibits a substantial antiviral effect against both genotype 1a and 1b. In two ...

Research Attributes Lack of HIV/AIDS Vaccine to Use of Chimpanzees

...nfinement. Almost all of these vaccines protected chimpanzees from HIV infection, but none has worked in humans. Claims of the continued importance of chimpanzee use are therefore misleading. For the millions of people at risk of AIDS, as well as the chimpanzees, we must move toward more humane and scientifical...

Anadys Pharmaceuticals Announces Successful Outcome of ANA598 Healthy Volunteer Study and Finalization of Study Design for Phase Ib Trial in HCV Patients

... posters will be presented on Tuesday, November 4, 2008: -- In a poster titled "Antiviral Efficacy of the HCV RNA Polymerase Inhibitor ANA598 in the chimpanzee Model of HCV Infection", Anadys will present data showing that ANA598 exhibits a substantial antiviral effect against both genotype 1a and 1b virus in...
Chimpanzee in Medical Dictionary

Pinworms

... Information from Wikipedia on this parasitic nematode, Enterobius vermicularis, ... MORPHOLOGY OF chimpanzee PINWORMS , ENTEROBIUS (ENTEROBIUS) ANTHROPOPITHECI ... Information for parents about pinworms from the American Academy of Family Physicians....
Chimpanzee in Biological News

The chimpanzee stone age

Researchers have found evidence that chimpanzees from West Africa were cracking nuts with stone tools before the advent of agriculture, thousands of years ago. The result suggests chimpanzees developed this behaviour on their own, or even that stone tool use was a trait inherited from our common an...

Use of stone hammers sheds light on geographic patterns of chimpanzee tool use

In a finding that challenges a long-held belief regarding the cultural spread of tool use among chimpanzees, researchers report that chimpanzees in the Ebo forest, Cameroon, use stone hammers to crack open hard-shelled nuts to access the nutrient-rich seeds. The findings are significant because thi...

Scientists narrow the time limits for the human and chimpanzee split

A team of researchers has proposed new limits on the time when the most recent common ancestor of humans and their closest ape relatives -- the chimpanzees -- lived. Scientists at Arizona State and Penn State Universities have placed the time of this split between 5 and 7 million years ago -- a sh...

Mouse model provides clues to human language development

...d and analyzed a mouse model in which parts of the human Foxp2 gene were introduced. Foxp2 is known to be a key gene for language. Since the human and chimpanzee lineages diverged, only minimal genetic alterations have occurred, even with reference to the mouse: The alterations, as scientists surmised, are clos...

Humans related to orangutans, not chimps, says new Pitt, Buffalo Museum of Science study

...lone. The occurrence of orangutan features in Australopithecus contradicts the expectation generated by DNA analysis that ancestral humans should have chimpanzee similarities, Schwartz and Grehan write. Chimpanzees and gorillas were found to share only those features found in all great apes. Schwartz and Gre...

The secret to chimp strength

... February's brutal chimpanzee attack, during which a pet chimp inflicted devastating injuries on a Connecticut woman, was a stark reminder that chimps are much stronger than humans...

Lincoln Park Zoo scientists awarded National Institutes of Health grant

.... Chimpanzees can provide researchers insight into humans because of a shared evolutionary history and similar social patterns. Additionally, both chimpanzee and human mothers provide the majority of infant care throughout a long period of infant development. In most mammals, including humans, the mother-of...

Small male chimps use politics, rather than aggression, to lead the pack, U of Minnesota study says

...findings are reported in the February issue of the American Journal of Primatology . While it's widely known that grooming plays an important role in chimpanzee social interaction, this study is the first to show that it can be a strategy for achieving dominance. Mark Foster, who was an undergraduate pursui...

African thicket rat malaria linked to virulent human form

..., P. falciparum seemed to not be closely related to anything else but the chimpanzee parasite. But this study places it in a sister group of parasites from rode... chabaudi , P. berghei ,, and P. yoelii ,, as a sister group of human and chimpanzee P. falciparum , and P. reichenowi ,. This is interesting and surprising b...

In a last 'stronghold' for endangered chimpanzees, survey finds drastic decline

... Evolutionary Anthropology. "Since most threats to chimpanzee populations are derived from human activities such...n, this has contributed to the dramatic decline in chimpanzee populations. Furthermore, the situation has deteri...d of the 1980s, when the first and last nationwide chimpanzee survey was carried out, the total population of ch...

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Chimpanzee in Biological Technology

Organon Extends MetaCore License and Adds MetaLink

...ble through their new product 1-2-3 workflow which is a "pay as you go" business model. GeneGo also covers human, mouse, rat, dog, worm, chicken, fly, chimpanzee and yeast which is very important for our customers. "GeneGo has demonstrated the capability to develop a good pharma oriented bioinformatics tool in...

SPRINTPREP SINGLE STEP PLASMID PURIFICATION

...esults. Plasmid DNA purified using SprintPrep routinely produces Phred20 read lengths greater than 650bp. Figure 4 summarizes results for a chimpanzee sequencing project conducted at Agencourt. The average Phred20 read length for over 11,000 reads was 624bp. The high quality and...
Chimpanzee in Biological Definition

Carolus Linnaeus

...are Homo sapiens (see sapience ), but he also described a second human species, Homo troglodytes ("cave-dwelling man", by which he meant the chimpanzee currently most often placed in a different genus as Pan troglodytes ). The group " mammalia " are named for their mammary glands because one of ...

Ebola

...came ill, but not the humans (Draper 40). Ebola–Cte d'Ivoire In 1994, a scientist became ill after conducting an autopsy on a wild chimpanzee . The scientist recovered 6 . Not much is known about this form of Ebola since only one case of it has been discovered. Ebola hemorrhagic feve...

Evolution

... For example, neutral human DNA sequences are approximately 1.2% divergent (based on substitutions) from those of their nearest genetic relative, the chimpanzee , 1.6% from gorillas [4] , and 6.6% from baboons [5] . Sequence comparison is considered such a robust measure that it is sometimes used to corre...

Genomics

...d by President Clinton, Jan 2000, State of the Union address; also Human Genome Project 100% identical twins chimpanzee 98.4% sources: Americans for Medical Progress ; Jon Entine in the San Francisco Examiner 98.7% Richard Mural of Cel...

Human

...f their DNA with their closest living evolutionary relatives, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo , or pygmy chimpanzee. [7] Humans have an XY sex determ... itself, which is typically 1,400 cm³ in volume, over twice that of a chimpanzee or gorilla, although physical anthropologists argue that a reorganization...

Retrovirus

...type species: Human immunodeficiency virus 1 ; others include Simian , Feline immunodeficiency viruses Genus Spumavirus ; type species: chimpanzee foamy virus These were previously divided into three subfamilies ( Oncovirinae , Lentivirinae , and Spumavirinae ), but with our current knowl...
Chimpanzee in Biological Dictionary

Intergenic DNA

...ences called introns or intergenic DNA . ... Interestingly, a large portion of intron DNA consists of repeated segments. ... Dot Plots ... chimpanzee hemoglobin intergenic DNA against spider monkey. ... Further more, this is intergenic DNA with no known function to selectively ... ...

Human Genome Project

...000-25,000... The Human Genome Project (HGP) produced a reference sequence of the euchromatic ... See also: Human evolution and chimpanzee Genome Project ... A summary of informational resources to support human genome research ... being generated through the Human Genom...
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