E-Cigarettes Pose a Health Hazard, FDA Warns
...e-cigarettes are sold in the United States, they are manufactured overseas, mostly in China.
In one sample, analyses detected diethylene glycol, an antifreeze
component. In several other samples, analysts found carcinogens, including nitrosamines, Westenberger noted.
"All of these results indicate an over...
A Season of Responsibility for New Pet Owners
weather and holiday hazards that exist for household pets.
ingestion is a common winter hazard because of its sweet smell
and taste. Many times, antifreeze
can be spilled on the driveway or the
garage floor giving easy access to pe...
Veterinary Pet Insurance Data Reveals Well-Intended Pet Owners Unknowingly Poisoning Their Pets
...after 1982, vitamins, soil contamination, or water pollutants.
(36 claims) -- The sweet taste of antifreeze
appeals to pets. While most people are aware of the poisonous potenti...
Hibernation-like behavior in Antarctic fish -- on ice for winter
...ature driven and presumably provides seasonal energetic benefits. Scientists already know that Antarctic fish have very low metabolic rates and blood antifreeze
proteins that allow them to live in near-freezing waters. This study demonstrates that Antarctic fish - which already live in the slow lane with extre...
Winter Brings Pet Hazards
...irritate pet's skin, especially the pads of their feet -- Clean up any antifreeze
spills and store in a secure location -- antifreeze
has a sweet taste, but even the smallest amount can be fatal to dogs an...
Protect Pets From Winter's Hidden Dangers
...ng their pets from a cold environment:
o Keep antifreeze
away from pets. Dogs and cats like the sweet tast... smell of the chemical, but ethanol glycol-based antifreeze
is highly poisonous. That's why some states h...ve required that a bittering agent be added to antifreeze
to make it taste unpleasant. o Bang on your car ...
Spain Withdraws Contaminated Chinese Toothpaste
...inese brands are Spearmint and Trileaf Spearmint. Spanish laboratory tests have detected the presence of DEG (diethylene glycol) - a substance used in antifreeze
and as a solvent - in them, reported news agency INEPNEXT.
The European Union's executive body Tuesday said it was alerting other EU member ...
FDA Advises Manufacturers to Test Glycerin for Possible Contamination
...d worldwide in liquid over-the-counter and prescription drug products, is not contaminated with diethylene glycol (DEG). DEG is a known poison used in antifreeze
and as a solvent. Today, the agency is issuing guidance to industry recommending methods of testing glycerin and other controls to identify any contam...
US Halts Import of Chinese Toothpaste
... of Chinese toothpaste till the Food and Drug Administration decides whether the product contains diethylene glycol, a toxic chemical commonly used in antifreeze
and brake fluid.
The imports will be released only if they test negative for the chemical.
The FDA began the tests following reports that ta...
US Consumers Warned Against Toxic Chinese Fish
...n hold all imports of Chinese toothpaste till the FDA comes out with its finding on whether it contains diethylene glycol, a chemical commonly used in antifreeze
and brake fluid.
Now the agency is warning that packages of fish imported from China into the United States and labelled as monkfish intended ...
Antifreeze in Medical Technology
FDA Advises Manufacturers to Test Glycerin for Possible
...d worldwide in liquid over-the-counter and
prescription drug products, is not contaminated with diethylene
glycol (DEG). DEG is a known poison used in antifreeze
and as a
solvent. Today, the agency is issuing guidance to industry
recommending methods of testing glycerin and other controls to
identify any contam...
ProtoKinetix's AAGP Dramatically Increases Recovery Rate of
Cryopreserved Stem Cells
...icated to the
development of a family of synthetic antifreeze
(AAGP(TM)) for human and veterinary ...ies. Using previously published research on
proteins and antifreeze
glycoproteins as a guide,
and coordinating a vast ...
Refrigerated Stem Cells Survive 12 Times Longer with ProtoKinetix's
... Biotechnical Company dedicated to the
development of a family of synthetic antifreeze
(AAGP(TM)) for human and veterinary medicine, the biotechnolo...ries. Using previously published research on native
antifreeze proteins and antifreeze
glycoproteins as a guide, and
coordinating a vast pool of world recognized ...
Antifreeze in Medical Definition
Cryostasis (clathrate hydrates)
^ Graham L.A., Liou Y.-C., Walker V. K., Davies P. L. Hyperactive antifreeze
protein from beetles. Nature 1997;388:727–728 . Retrieved on 2007 - 01-03 .
^ Fletcher G.L., Hew C.L., Davies P.L. antifreeze
Proteins of Teleost Fishes. Annu. Rev. Physiol. 2001;63; 359–390 . Retrieve...
Antifreeze in Medical Dictionary
is a cryoprotectant used in internal combustion engines, and for many other heat transfer applications, such as HVAC chillers and solar water heaters. The purpose of antifreeze
is to prevent a rigid enclosure from... The Humane Society of the United States ... Recognizing antifr...
...n organic compound widely used as an automotive antifreeze
and a precursor to polymers. In its pure form, it...y found as the primary ingredient of automobile antifreeze
and hydraulic brake fluids. It is a toxic, colorl...orless syrupy alcohol, HOCH 2 CH 2 OH, used as an antifreeze
in cooling and heating ... Ethylene glycol wa...
Antifreeze in Biological News
Evolutionary scrap-heap challenge: Antifreeze fish make sense out of junk DNA
Scientists at the University of Illinois have discovered an antifreeze-protein gene in cod that has evolved from non-coding or 'junk' DNA. Since the creation of these antifreeze
proteins is directly driven by polar glaciation, by studying their evolutionary history the scientists hope to pinpoint t...
New antifreeze protein found in fleas may allow longer storage of transplant organs
A new antifreeze
protein discovered in tiny snow fleas by Queen's University researchers may lengthen the shelf life of human organs for transplantation.
Drs. Laurie Graham and Peter Davies, from the Department of Biochemistry, found that the potent protein produced by the fleas to protect themse...
Global warming threatens Antarctic sea life
... sea spiders and marine pillbugs share the ocean bottom with fish that have antifreeze
proteins in their blood," says Rich Aronson, professor of biological scienc...erate in the icy waters of Antarctica. The only fish therethe ones with the antifreeze
proteinseat small, shrimp-like crustaceans and other soft foods. The main b...
American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Dec. 17, 2008
... new approach for producing more effective medical antifreeze
fluids for preserving kidneys, hearts, and other o...his challenge, the researchers developed synthetic antifreeze
materials, called C-linked antifreeze
glycoprotein analogues (C-AFGP). These proteins c...
American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 16, 2008
... ARTICLE #1 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
"Snow flea antifreeze
protein" could help improve organ preservation
J...nia are reporting development of a way to make the antifreeze
protein that enables billions of Canadian snow fle...chemicals in a laboratory the so-called "snow flea antifreeze
protein (sfAFP)." Those steps are critical for obt...
American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- Jan. 9, 2008
ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
prevents unwanted ice crystals in ice cream and fr...sin reports development of an edible and tasteless antifreeze
that prevents the formation of ice crystals that c...t the non-toxic compound, ice cream containing the antifreeze
developed significantly smaller and fewer ice crys...
Ground spider diversity studied in research project
... been identified in Texas; 280 of these are found in Brazos County.
Henderson set out pitfall traps ?made of plastic cups, funnels and animal-safe antifreeze
?to collect the spiders. A variety of sites ?including upland woods, post oak woodlands and an area disturbed by a high level of human activity ?were ...
Researchers discover which organs in Antarctic fish produce antifreeze
...y of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign first documented antifreeze
glycoproteins (AFGPs) in Antarctic notothenioid fi...are produced.
"Ever since the discovery of these antifreeze
proteins, it was assumed they had to be produced i...ing avoidance in these fishes at all."
glycoproteins (AFGP) originate primarily from the ...
Thin tough skin, slow-growing gills protect larval Antarctic fish
... fish whose adults thrive in icy waters because of antifreeze
proteins (AFPs) in their blood.
Such adaptations...nd and Terra Nova Bay surprisingly lack sufficient antifreeze
to protect them through their first three months o...ishes survive has been based on their use of these antifreeze
proteins to lower the freezing point of their inte...
Antifreeze in Biological Technology
Virent lands $2M grant for chemical production
...emical Co., a former subsidiary of Eastman Chemical Co. , to maximize yields of propylene glycol, a component in personal care products, de-icing and antifreeze
products, and liquid detergents. Propylene glycol is a high-value chemical that usually is made from fossil fuels.
FutureFuel will supply the glyce...
Antifreeze in Biological Definition
...-ol, 2-propanol) H 3 C-CH(OH)-CH 3 , or "rubbing alcohol".
Ethylene glycol (ethane-1,2-diol) HO-CH 2 -CH 2 -OH, which is the primary component in antifreeze
Glycerin (or glycerol , propane-1,2,3-triol) HO-CH 2 -CH(OH)-CH 2 -OH bound in natural fats and oils, which are triglycerides (triacylglycer...
... toxic denatured ethanol has UN 1986.
Ethanol is used as a fuel and in a wide variety of industrial processes. Ethanol is also used in antifreeze
products for its low melting point.
It is easily soluble in water and is itself a good solvent , used in perfumes , paints and tinctures . Alc...
...fishes are ectotherms some have developed the ability to remain functional even when the water temperature is below freezing and some even use natural antifreeze
to resist ice crystal formation in their tissues; amphibians (also ectotherms) must cope with the loss of heat through their moist skins by evaporativ...