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Acetyl in Medical News

Wistar Institute team finds key target of aging regulator

...of this class, Sir2, in regulation of aging in yeast cells. Sir2 removes an acetyl group attached to a specific site (lysine at position 16 or K16) on histone...ulators in turning genes on and off. The study reveals that removal of this acetyl group by Sir2 near the chromosome endsthe telomeresis important for yeast c...

Dr. Wilhelm, DMD MSD, Makes Clients Smile with New Easy Smile Dental Appliance

...atient to instantly experience the benefits of a new smile without undergoing permanent tooth reconstruction. Easy Smiles are made out of acetyl resin, an extremely strong material that is also flexible and comes in a variety of natural tooth colors. The interior surfaces of the Easy Smile dent...

Study Links Sugar Production in Yeast Cells to Longevity

...ole in DNA repair. Acetylation occurs when an acetyl group -- a molecule that is made of oxygen, carbon...ed thousands of yeast proteins to see which had an acetyl group stuck to them after NuA4 was added. During t...direction of Sir2, another enzyme that removes the acetyl group and which other studies have strongly link t...

Cardiologist Praises Latest Resveratrol/Red Wine Research

...ation, and reduced mitochondrial energy. "I prefer alpha lipoic acid and oligomeric proanthocyanins (OPCs) from grape skin and seed as antioxidants; acetyl L-carnitine as a mitochondrial energy booster; and quercetin to reduce inflammation. Resveratrol is obviously the first choice for genetic support as ...

Traditional herbal medicine kills pancreatic cancer cells, Jefferson researchers report

...s, modifying the cells DNA. She explains that these changes involve adding acetyl groups to the DNA structure, specifically to blocks of proteins called hist...d activity of enzymes called histone deacetylases (HDACs), which remove the acetyl groups from the histone proteins, halting the gene transcription process. D...

Brain DNA 'remodeled' in alcoholism

...e wound up together. Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) are enzymes that add acetyl groups to histones and loosen the packing, promoting gene expression. On the other hand, histone deacetylases (HDACs) remove acetyl groups from histones, causing them to wrap with DNA more tightly, decreasin...

Enzyme structure reveals new drug targets for cancer and other diseases

... p300/CBP that belongs to a family of enzymes known as histone acetyltransferases, or HATs. These enzymes activate genes by attaching chemicals called acetyl groups to histones, the spool-like proteins that hold DNA in a tightly wound form. Mutations in p300/CBP are linked to a variety of cancers, incl...

Scientists solve structure of gene regulator that plays key role in cancer

... acetylates itself. Thompson found a way to prevent this self-acetylation using a chemical trick to produce the protein in a form that contained no acetyl groups. By employing a few additional tricks to counteract the enzymes flexible and floppy nature, the scientists were then able to crystallize it. ...

Researchers Discover New Molecular Path to Fight Autoimmune Diseases

...the FOXP3 protein in association with another set of enzymes called histone acetyl transferases that modify the FOXP3 proteins. Li found that when the histone acetyl transferases are turned on, or when the histone deacetylases are turned off...

Cell Survival Depends on Chromosome Integrity

...s,” says Boeke. “Once the breaks are repaired, the acetyl groups no longer are needed and are removed in nor...ove these specific chemical “decorations” — called acetyl groups — from specific sites on histones. The acetyl groups are added to lysine-56, an amino acid in th...
Acetyl in Biological News

The downside of microtubule stability

...nually extending and shrinking. But microtubules from cells that made the faulty version of dynamin 2 were abnormally stable, as measured by how many acetyl groups were attached to them. The researchers also found that blocking normal dynamin 2 with RNAi had the same effect as the mutation, confirming that...

SIRT1 takes down tumors

...r work indicates that the protein aids tumors. For example, SIRT1 chops off acetyl groups, which can inactivate the tumor suppressor p53. Yuan et al. deter...promoter, spurring cells to manufacture more SIRT1. In turn, SIRT1 detached acetyl groups from c-Myc, hastening its breakdown. To test SIRT1's effects on tumo...

Scientists discover key patterns in the packaging of genes

...research, published in the July 2008 issue of Nature Genetics, maps the DNA locations that bind to histones containing molecular configurations called acetyl groups at 18 different positions in the "tails" of the histone proteins. The scientists combined this information with earlier maps for 19 different c...

Controlling embryonic fate by association

...ctures or chromatins, acting as spools around which the genetic material winds in the nucleus. The DNA wraps more tightly when deacetylase removes the acetyl tails from the histones. The tight wrapping makes it hard for genes to be transcribed into the message that allows them to carry out their roles in th...

Pitt and University of Chicago researchers uncover process behind heart muscle contraction

...art muscle proteins, a process wherein a radical cluster of atoms called an acetyl group attach to a protein and change its function. HATs facilitate acetylation, and HDACs remove the acetyl group. The team discovered that acetylation renders the muscle fiber more s...

Queen's develops safe 'green' decontamination method

...very result seen in our testing of this method over the past five years. Phosphorus-based chemical weapons, pesticides and related compounds act as acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors, meaning they block nerve impulses, leading to paralysis, respiratory failure and eventually death. The Queens scientist...

Workman Lab characterizes novel regulator of chromosome function

...s Workman Lab has shed new light on a novel histone acetyltransferase protein complex called ATAC. Acetyltransferases are enzymes that introduce a new acetyl functional group into histone proteins, a process by which all chromosome functions are controlled. The findings were posted to the Web site of N...

Kilogram quantities at last!

...flower oil, a renewable starting material. Isocitric acid and its derivatives thus become accessible on a kilogram scale. In the citric acid cycle, acetyl CoA, formed in the breakdown of lipids, sugars, and amino acids, is used to produce energy that is biochemically available to an organism. Carbon diox...

HATS off to combat asthma

...his colleagues Prof Peter Fischer and Prof David Heery will explore histone acetyl transferase (HAT) inhibitors in asthma and COPD. This study will investigat...mined by the balance between two competing groups of enzymes called histone acetyl transferase (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs). In asthma and COPD suf...

Single molecule extends fat mice lives by reversing gene pathways associated with disease in obese

...o that it can turn on certain genes that generate mitochondria and turn muscle into the type suited for endurance. The only enzyme known to remove the acetyl chemical groups on PGC-1alpha is SIRT1, and therefore the activity of PGC-1alpha is one of the most reliable and specific markers of SIRT1 activity in...
Acetyl in Biological Technology

Fluorometric Protease Assays in the SpectraMax Gemini Microplate Spectrofluorometer: Example Using Caspase3 (MaxLine Application Note #35)

... Several coumarinlabelled DEVD substrates have been used to measure caspase3 activity. Typically AMC 4 or AFC 7,8 is attached to the Cterminus, and acetyl (Ac) or benzyloxycarbonyl (Z) is attached to the amino terminus. Enzymatic activity results in the release of free AMC (or AFC) product. There are sev...

Transgenic Zebrafish by Electroporation

... 79 , 6777-6781, 1982). This plasmid uses the Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) promoter to effectively drive expression of chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) in numerous eukaryotic cell types. Methods Fish Maintenance and Egg Collection ...

Genetic Reporter Systems

...s enzyme comes from microorganisms and catalyzes the transfer of acetyl groups from acetyl coenzyme A to chloramphenicol. With the CAT assay, the CAT-conta...

Genetic Reporter Systems

...s enzyme comes from microorganisms and catalyzes the transfer of acetyl groups from acetyl coenzyme A to chloramphenicol. With the CAT assay, the CAT-conta...
Acetyl in Biological Definition

Coenzyme A

...s main function is to carry acyl groups such as acetyl as thioesters . A molecule of coenzyme A carrying an acetyl group is also referred to as acetyl-CoA . Acety...etone synthesis. Furthermore, it contributes the acetyl group to acetylcholine ; the addition of the ...

Citric acid cycle

...aryotes , and within the cytoplasm in prokaryotes . Fuel molecule catabolism (including glycolysis ) produces acetyl-CoA , a two- carbon acetyl group bound to coenzyme A . Acetyl-CoA is the main input to the citric acid cycle. Citrate is both the first and the last product of the cycle (F...

Citric acid cycle

...aryotes , and within the cytoplasm in prokaryotes . Fuel molecule catabolism (including glycolysis ) produces acetyl-CoA , a two- carbon acetyl group bound to coenzyme A . Acetyl-CoA is the main input to the citric acid cycle. Citrate is both the first and the last product of the cycle (F...

Mitochondrion

...al membrane, and into the matrix where it is combined coenzyme A to form acetyl CoA . Once formed, acetyl CoA is fed into the Krebs cycle , also known as the tricarboxylic acid ...

Mitochondrion

...al membrane, and into the matrix where it is combined coenzyme A to form acetyl CoA . Once formed, acetyl CoA is fed into the Krebs cycle , also known as the tricarboxylic acid ...

Peroxisome

...phospholipids , which are later used to build membranes. Peroxisomes are responsible for oxidation of long-chain fatty acids and thereby generating acetyl groups. See Also Zellweger syndrome , a peroxisomal disease ...
Acetyl in Biological Dictionary

Pyruvic acid

...nd other additional information on Pyruvic acid from Biology-Online.org dictionary. ... If oxygen is available, pyruvic acid is converted to acetyl ... pyruvic acid can be found in large quantities, especially in dark beers. ... concentration of pyruvic acid in blood and urine is a us...

Krebs cycle

...bic organisms involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl units and producing high-energy Brief and Strai... not restricted to animals, but rather ... Once acetyl CoA is formed, the Krebs cycle begins. ... Dia...Krebs cycle and the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA produce 2 ATP's, 8 ... Other Uses for Molecule...

Glycolysis

.... So central is glycolysis to life that its sequence of reactions differs among ... The pyruvate formed by glycolysis is oxidized to form the acetyl group of ... Glycolysis Pathway ... A short summary of Glycolysis . This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Glycolysis . .....

FADH2

..... FADH2 is reoxidized to FAD, which produces enough of a proton gradient across ... Describe the structure of the mitochondrion and know where acetyl ... FAD, FADH2 . terminal oxidase. Lecture Outline: ... 2 ATP's made per oxidation of FADH2 ... ... are then passed to FAD FADH2 . The Citric...

Citric acid cycle

...nd certain other species, the major pathway for the complete oxidation of acetyl coenzyme A (the Citric Acid Cycle . Carbohydrate Metabolism Overv... know about in order to understand The Citric Acid Cycle , including acetyl Coenzyme A , Acontinase , Adenisine ... Information about citric acid...

CAT assay

...ecific ... A direct assay for chloramphenicol acetyl transferase ( CAT ) has been presented ... Promega.... CAT assay . CAT assay . Chloramphenicol acetyl Transferase ( CAT ) is a bacterial enzyme which ...ts, lipids, and ... Assay for chloramphenicol acetyl transferase in amoebal lysates ... Spot solution o...

Carboxyl Terminus

...nd Efficiency to ... Effects on conjugation of a deletion in the carboxyl terminus of protein TraD. ... ... acids in length and have an acetyl amino terminus and an Amide carboxyl terminus . ... acids in length and have a free amino terminus and a free carboxyl terminus . ... P...

Amino Terminus

...t B2 ... Natural Amino Acids: This is a list of some of the natural amino acid peptide ... are all nine amino acids in length and have an acetyl amine terminus and a free ... In other helicases, the amino terminus can recruit the helicase to its site of ... Additionally, the ami...
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