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AZT in Medical News

Computational Model Reveals Working of AZT in Body

A computational model has been developed by researchers at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute (VBI) at Virginia Tech which would allow scientists to have a better //understanding of the metabolism and toxicity of the HIV/AIDS drug zidovudine (azidothymidine, AZT). AZT is used successfully as...

amfAR announces inaugural Mathilde Krim Fellowship Awards for AIDS research

...o the development of protease inhibitors, the powerful drugs that revolutionized the treatment of HIV/AIDS; pioneering research that led to the use of azt to block mother-to-child transmission of HIV, resulting in the virtual elimination of this form of HIV transmission in the industrialized world; and s...

HIV Eradication Unlikely Following Bone Marrow Transplantation

...gested that utilising more potent anti-HIV drugs alongside pre-transplant chemo- or radiation therapy might provide a more satisfactory outcome, since azt monotherapy had been used in most cases (Huzicka 1999). Since then, however, other less toxic and/or invasive methods of HIV eradication have b...

Drug Used to Prevent HIV Transmission from Mother to Child Damages DNA

...roviral drug combinations, which typically include azt (zidovudine), a nucleoside reverse transcriptase i...ncer-causing effects of transplacental exposure to azt in mice and rats and found increased rates of tumo...athology Laboratories in Herndon, VA, administered azt in varying doses to female mice and rats during th...

Drug Used to Prevent HIV Transmission from Mother to Child Damages DNA

...roviral drug combinations, which typically include azt (zidovudine), a nucleoside reverse transcriptase i...ncer-causing effects of transplacental exposure to azt in mice and rats and found increased rates of tumo...athology Laboratories in Herndon, VA, administered azt in varying doses to female mice and rats during th...

Triple ARV Prophylaxis Reduces Viral Load in Breast Milk

...iral load at delivery and day 7, the median concentrations of NVP, 3TC, and azt were 0.6, 1.8, and 1.1 times higher in breast milk than in plasma. Individu...ad and similarly, there was a lack of correlation between concentrations of azt and 3TC and plasma/milk viral loads. In 10% of cases, NVP drug concen...

Health-Care Workers Exposed to HIV on Job Need Preventive Treatment

...s, found that the odds of becoming infected with HIV were reduced by about 81 percent among those who took zidovudine — an anti-HIV drug also known as azt or Retrovir — after exposure. The study also reported that the odds of HIV infection were higher if a health-care worker had a deep injury, if there w...

Molecular Mechanism Of HIV Infecting The Healthy Cells Discovered.

... attack the virus. Protease process viral proteins and plays an important role in the making of infectious virus. There are various drugs like azt and other combination drugs to inhibit Reverse Transcriptase and Protease proteins but no single drug to act on Integrase. Fluorescence Resonance...

AIDS Generic Drugs Approved by FDA for Sale in US

...ailable in US market due to strict patent laws, so the people can use only branded Zidovudine drugs, as branded drugs are very costly, treatment using azt has been very costly in the US. Due to expiry of the patents in the US for Zidovudine, now generic drugs can be sold and brought in US, though generic...

Drugs to stop burgeon of HIV

...are eaten up by macrophages," he explained. At present there are two types of anti-HIV drugs available – reverse transcriptase inhibitors such as azt and protease inhibitors. These work by targeting the reproduction of the virus within the host cell."The problem is HIV can mutate to escape the drugs...
AZT in Biological News

Computational model simulates AZT metabolism in mitochondria

Researchers at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute (VBI) at Virginia Tech have developed a computational model that allows scientists to better understand the metabolism and toxicity of the HIV/AIDS drug zidovudine (azidothymidine, AZT). AZT is used successfully as part of Highly Active Anti-...

Feline virus, antiviral drug studied to understand drug resistance

...phetamine. We know how long it normally takes the mutation to appear in the virus. We predict that it will appear earlier in cells exposed to both azt and methamphetamine, he said. Mathes said that the first year of the project is focused on continued in vitro studies using both FIV and cat cell ...

SLU researchers uncover direct evidence on how HIV invades healthy cells

...g it a permanent part of the cell. The third protein, protease, processes viral proteins and is essential to make infectious virus. Drugs such as azt and drug combinations (cocktails) exist to inhibit reverse transcriptase and protease. As of yet, there are no drugs to counter integrase. By using...

Hepatitis C responds best to combo of ribavirin and interferon, study concludes

...copies of themselves and proliferate. Ribavirin belongs to a class of drugs called nucleoside analogues, which includes some anti-HIV drugs such as azt (zidovudine). Ribavirin used alone does not have any effect on HCV but in combination with interferon it appears to boost the immune system and help s...

Supercomputers to focus brains on AIDS dilemma

...the only HIV enzyme for which no effective drugs have previously been discovered." The other two HIV enzymes are reverse transcriptase, the target for azt and other drugs, and protease, the target for the protease inhibitors that had proven so effective until the recent emergence of drug-resistant mutant...
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