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K-State Researcher Finds That the 1918 Spanish Flu Virus Can Infect Swine and Resulted in Current Lineage of H1N1 Swine Influenza Viruses

MANHATTAN, Kan., April 30 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In 1918 a human influenza virus known as the Spanish flu spread through the central United States while a swine respiratory disease occurred concurrently. A Kansas State University researcher has found that the virus causing the pandemic was a...

Chemical liberated by leaky gut may allow HIV to infect the brain, Einstein scientists find

In up to 20 percent of people infected with HIV, the virus manages to escape from the bloodstream and cross into the brain, resulting in HIV-associated dementia and other cognitive disorders. Now, scientists at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have found strong evidenc...

Penn scientists find a protein that inhibits Ebola from reaching out to infect neighboring cells

PHILADELPHIA - Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine have identified a protein, ISG15, that inhibits the Ebola virus from budding, the process by which viruses escape from cells and spread to infect neighboring cells. This study shows for the first time how ISG...

Bird Flu Virus Can Infect Fetus

H5N1 also migrates to organs other than lungs, autopsy study shows FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The deadly H5N1 bird flu virus can pass through the placenta of pregnant women and into the fetus, Chinese scientists report. They also discovered that the virus infects organs other than l...

Mutant Parasites, Unable to Infect Hosts, Highlight Virulence Genes

MADISON - With a single approach, microbiologists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have identified dozens of clues to how human parasites may infect their hosts . The researchers identified nearly 40 genes that, when mutated in the common parasite Toxoplasma gondii, prevented the para...

Bird Flu Most Likely to Infect and Kill Young People

Ninety percent of the people infected with bird flu have been under the age of 40, and 60 percent of them have died, according// to the latest analysis from the World Health Organization. But the WHO researchers stressed their analysis did not suggest why this might be and noted there are sev...

Reversal of Roles – Humans to Infect Mosquitoes to Mitigate Malari

A novel strategy to combat malaria is abuzz, and the main action plan of this strategy will use humans to infect mosquitoes. // The researchers from the National Institutes of Health have come out with a vaccine that when tested on mice, instigated them to produce antibodies against the parasi...

Hepatitis C Could Infect 800,000 Australians By 2020

It has been proposed by the federal Government to distribute subsidized life-saving hepatitis C drugs, that would benefit nearly 200,000 hepatitis C infected patients in Australia. // A small percentage of the infected individuals (2000) currently receive treatment for their condition. If appropri...

K-State Researcher, Collaborators Study Virulence of Pandemic H1N1 Virus; Work at K-State Would Protect Pig Industry If the Virus Jumps to Swine Populations

...side collaborators is testing the virulence of pandemic H1N1 in animal models. In pigs, Richt and his fellow researchers found that pandemic H1N1 does infect pigs and transmits between the animals but is not fatal. "Its important to know the clinical and pathological effects this virus has on pigs," ...

Eliminating Cell Receptor Prevents Infections in Animal Study

... the heart) and viral meningitis (in the lining of the brain). CVB may also infect the pancreas, causing pancreatitis, and is suspected to contribute to child... The results indicate that CAR is the receptor used by coxsackieviruses to infect the heart and pancreas and to cause direct injury to tissues. In some patie...

ConvaTec Launches Hydrofiber(R) Technology Web Site

... Fraeman K, Hutchins V, Murphy D, Song D, Vaughn BB. Surgical site infection: incidence and impact on hospital utilization and treatment costs. Am J infect Control . 2009;37(5):387-397. Waring MJ, Parsons D. Physico-chemical characterisation of carboxymethylated spun cellulose fibres. Biomaterials. ...

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...in the August 2009 issue of the Journal of Virology . As the highly infectious H5N1 influenza A virus continues to persist in bird populations and infect humans through poultry, concerns of a pandemic outbreak remain high. Although human-to-human transmission has remained limited, the fatality rate amo...

Researchers consider herd movements to help eradicate bovine TB

...st cough. It usually is transmitted through contact with respiratory secretions from an infected animal. Mostly found in cattle, bovine TB can also infect other domesticated and wild animals. The U.S. State and Federal Cooperative Bovine TB Eradication program, which began in 1917, has made significant p...

Dove and Early Canada Goose Seasons to Begin Sept. 1; Game Commission Posts Avian Influenza Information on Website

...severe outbreaks in poultry on record in Asia, Africa and Europe. At present, the highly pathogenic H5N1 strain of the bird flu virus does not easily infect people and only very rarely spreads from person to person. In cases where this strain has infected humans, it is a serious disease. Most human cases...

Swine Flu Summit Focuses on Preparedness

...1 swine flu "preparedness summit" at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Md. The summit comes amid reports that the H1N1 virus continues to infect people in the United States and at least 100 other countries. Infections are becoming increasingly widespread in the Southern Hemisphere, where flu se...

Experts Keep Wary Eye on Tamiflu-Resistant Swine Flu

...t seasonal viruses are resistant to Tamiflu," Treanor said. "We could see a get-together resulting in a hybrid which…potentially could be able to infect people more easily." But it's also possible that changes in the genetic structure of the H1N1 swine flu virus could reduce the likelihood of tran...

Charlotte Cowan MD Honored by Obama Administration for Innovative 'Doctor Hippo' Series of Children's Books

...lth care across America," said Charlotte Cowan, M.D. The illnesses Dr. Cowan has chosen for her first series of stories are those that affect and infect children everywhere. Facts about these illnesses--responsible for the vast majority of pediatric sick visits nationally--are below. (Their references ...

World-renowned nanotechnology expert proves there is big potential in the smallest of matter

...urization, and how structures including individual viruses behave at the single particle level. This knowledge is important for learning how viruses infect cells, understanding the chemical and physical differences between healthy and cancerous cells, or discovering the genetic code associated with a new ...

Forest Laboratories Announces Positive Top-line Data from Two Pivotal Phase III Trials of Ceftaroline for the Treatment of Community-acquired Bacterial Pneumonia (CABP) Requiring Hospitalization

...es Society of America/American Thoracic Society consensus guidelines on the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Clin infect Dis 2007; 44:(Suppl. 2)S27-S72. ...

K-State Veterinarian Says Although Exotic Pets Can Be Great Companions, There Are Health Factors That Can Affect Both the Animal and Humans

... West said typically there are no signs or symptoms to tell if an exotic animal is a carrier of salmonella or other diseases, though the animal could infect other pets. To keep other pets from getting the diseases, West said the same principles for humans apply. Other animals should not come into direct co...

Coming Soon: Lung-Cancer Spray?

...ers numerous advantages over more invasive modes of delivery." In the study, researchers used a lentiviral vector derived from a retrovirus able to infect non-dividing cells, causing lasting genetic changes. The lentiviral vector included a carboxyl-terminal modulator protein (CTMP), which inhibits Akt s...

Immune Defense - the Earlier, the Better: Expert Cites Supplement from Pure Research Products

... BOULDER, Colo., June 12 /PRNewswire/ -- Viruses infect all forms of life, are found in almost every ecosystem on Earth, and are among the most abundant types of pathologic entities on the planet, according...

Researchers at Case Western Reserve discover a new way the body fights fungal infection

... by a variety of cells in the human immune system to protect the body from oral colonization by Candida albicans and preventing it from spreading to infect host tissue and blood. The study defines the precise mechanism by which the body's immune cells produce IL-1β following contact with Candida alb...

Fast pandemic detection tool ready to fight flu

...e useful in research mode for monitoring animal populations for the emergence of new and potentially deadly pathogens before the pathogens are able to infect humans. The UCLA Global Bio Lab will become part of the High Throughput Laboratory Network (HTLN), which, when built out, will provide an internationa...

Vaporized viral vector shows promise in anti-cancer gene therapy

...re associated with the activation of the Akt signaling pathway. They chose a lentiviral vector, derived from a retrovirus and known for its ability to infect nondividing cells and effect persistent genetic changes. They transfected the lentiviral vector with a negative regulator of Akt signaling, carboxyl-t...

World first: Chinese scientists create pig stem cells

...e could knock out this receptor in the pig via gene targeting in the pig induced pluripotent stem cell. If the receptor is missing, the virus will not infect the pig." In addition to medical applications for pigs and humans, Dr Xiao said his discovery could be used to improve animal farming, not only by ...

The vulnerable cancer cell

...ting about 1,000 human genes in a panel of eight human cancer cell lines. The shRNAs were carried in lentiviral vectors, which the researchers used to infect four cell lines carrying KRAS mutations and four lines carrying KRAS-wild-type genes. At the top of the "hits" identified in the screen was the se...

Research suggests new cellular targets for HIV drug development

...amily Foundation. The researchers set out to see if HIV populations that infect abnormal tissues are different from those that infect normal ones, and whether particular strains are associated with certain typ...

Pandemic passenger screening

...ng symptoms on arrival should be tested for the pandemic influenza virus and potential quarantine. The authorities should be aware that passengers may infect each other before and during their flight and that any screening program is likely to increase delays and queues. Finally, the team suggests that a...

Researchers gain ground in efforts to fight parasite infection

... the necessary signals for the worms to mature from the stage in which they infect a host to the stage in which they start feeding on the host, which is what ...is lacking. According to the World Health Organization, parasitic nematodes infect about 2 billion people worldwide and severely sicken some 300 million, at l...

Sexually Transmitted HPV Linked to Certain Head & Neck Cancers

...e common cold. In some cases, the person may continue to be infected for decades without any symptoms. During that time, the infected person can infect others without knowing it. Over time, this "silent," chronic HPV infection increases the risk of developing certain cancers. In 2006, the FDA app...

Bacteria with a built-in thermometer

...The Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis species cause an inflammation of the intestines following food poisoning: the bacteria infect the cells of the intestines, leading to heavy bouts of diarrhoea. The Yersinia bacteria contain invasin as a surface protein to help them penetrate ...

Many Companies Preparing on Global Scale for A(H1N1) 'Swine Flu' Pandemic, According to Global Survey by Councils of The Conference Board

...and blogs) to accomplish this. Eighty-one percent of those surveyed have actively encouraged employees who do not feel well to stay home so they don't infect co-workers. Most companies have policies like this that can be helpful in managing through the current outbreak. An overwhelming 93 percent of survey ...

GlaxoSmithKline Travel Health: 55 percent of travellers needlessly put themselves at risk from a potentially fatal virus

...us disease. The virus can survive for up to a week in dried blood and body fluids and just a tiny cut or scratch can let it into the body where it can infect the liver.(7) Hepatitis B can be easily prevented by getting vaccinated well before the departure date. Vaccination is very effective in preventing he...

Experts to Discuss Worksite Preparedness Measures During May 19th Pandemic Flu Webinars

...ounder of Health Advocate. "Pandemics come in waves, each lasting anywhere from four to twelve weeks, continuing up to two years. The first wave could infect 20-30 percent of the population. Businesses need plans in place to protect themselves." Pandemic Flu Planning W...

AdvanDx Receives FDA 510(k) Clearance for GBS PNA FISH(R) for Rapid Detection of Group B Strep from Lim Broths

...it www.AdvanDx.com References: (1) J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Oct;46(10):3470-2 . (2) http://www.cdc.gov/groupBstrep/ (3) Clin infect Dis. 2004 Oct 15;39(8):1129-35 . PN1624A ...

Veterinarians at high risk for viral, bacterial infections from animals

...of Iowa College of Public Health researchers, are at markedly increased risk of infection with zoonotic pathogens -- the viruses and bacteria that can infect both animals and humans. While there is no evidence that veterinarians played a direct role in the current H1N1 epidemic, the review found that ve...

Pandemic warning system keys on 'human factors'

...hallenges is that the way influenza spreads, you don't know that someone's sick until several days later, and by then they have had the opportunity to infect other people. At that point you have to project backward to see where people have first been sick and where certain flu-related events have happened. ...

TypeAMom.net on Disinfecting Your Home

...its H1N1 form, people are increasingly concerned about the germs that could infect them with a virus or disease. While most people right now fear the hum...e flu virus not only survives on everyday surfaces but has the potential to infect a person for up to 2-8 hours after landing on that surface. Unruh's post fe...

Swine Flu Appears Mild And Schools Should Stay Open, U.S. Officials Say

... officials reported that the virus had been detected in sick pigs on a farm in Alberta, Canada. Until now, it was not known whether the virus could infect pigs, even though its genetic makeup clearly points to pigs as the source of the pathogen. However, in this case a human appears to have infected the ...
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