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bias in Medical News

Obituary photos suggest growing bias against aging faces

COLUMBUS, Ohio A new study that looked at obituary photographs published in one metropolitan newspaper suggests that Americans may have become more biased toward youthful appearance, particularly for women. The study found that the number of obituary photographs showing the deceased at a much ...

People With Schizophrenia Say Bias Is Part of Their Lives

Study documents expected and actual discrimination,, WEDNESDAY, Jan. 21 (HealthDay News) -- People with schizophrenia often expect to be discriminated against, and are, in various aspects of their life, new research finds. The study, which included 732 people with schizophrenia in ...

Treatment Bias Can Skew Results of Observational Studies

Researchers suggest cancer studies like this should be viewed with caution MONDAY, April 21 (HealthDay News) -- Certain biases may compromise the findings of observational studies that compare the outcomes of different cancer treatments, a new study shows. Researchers at the Univers...

Yale study shows weight bias is as prevalent as racial discrimination

New Haven, Conn.Discrimination against overweight peopleparticularly womenis as common as racial discrimination, according to a study by the Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity at Yale University. These results show the need to treat weight discrimination as a legitimate form of prejudice,...

Gender bias may affect care of people with osteoarthritis, study finds

Toronto, ON. - Unconscious prejudices among doctors may explain why women complaining of knee pain are less likely than men to be recommended for total knee replacement surgery, a study in today's issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal suggests. Toronto researchers used two standard...

Gender Bias at Play in Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis

Study finds doctors twice as likely to recommend replacement surgery for men as women MONDAY, March 10 (HealthDay News) -- Women with knee pain are less likely than men to be recommended for total knee replacement surgery, says a Canadian study that suggests gender bias may be a facto...

Parents show bias in sibling rivalry, says study

Most parents would hotly deny favouring one child over another but new research suggests they may have little choice in the matter. Biologists studying a unique species of beetle that raises and cares for its young have found that parents instinctively favour the oldest offspring. The Univer...

Subliminal smells bias perception about a person's likeability

EVANSTON, Ill. --- Anyone who has bonded with a puppy madly sniffing with affection gets an idea of how scents, most not apparent to humans, are critical to a dogs appreciation of her two-legged friends. Now new research from Northwestern University suggests that humans also pick up infinitesimal ...

Study supports validity of test that indicates widespread unconscious bias

In the decade since the Implicit Association Test was introduced, its most surprising and controversial finding is its indication that about 70 percent of those who took a version of the test that measures racial attitudes have an unconscious, or implicit, preference for white people compared to ...

Complementary medicines training provides balance, not bias

Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) training for students in the health professions improves their ability to provide balanced, evidence-based advice to patients. Dr Evelin Tiralongo, a lecturer in Griffith Universitys School of Pharmacy, has found CAM education integrated into the p...

Cultural Bias Against Women Hampering Fight Against AIDS in Africa

Africa is a region already ravaged by poverty and inter-tribal tensions. The cultural bias against women is making the fight against HIV/AIDS there terribly exhausting, almost fruitless, yet another report shows. "If we are to reduce the continuing, extraordinary HIV prevalence in Botswana a...

AIDS bias successfully overcome by Indian Muslims in South Africa

Indian Muslims in South Africa who displayed stigmatization and discrimination against AIDS victims, are now becoming open minded about supporting HIV/AIDS patients despite their traditional religious beliefs. // This was clear when a number of Muslim organisations joined the local branch of ...

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Sex Bias

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder, characterized by inflammation of synovial tissue leading //to erosions of cartilage and bone, ultimately causing destruction of joints. Investigations made on laboratory rats prove that women are three times more prone to this disorder. Researche...

Minority and Women's Advocacy Groups Send Letter to California Attorney General Jerry Brown Requesting Investigation Into Discrimination by Health Insurance Companies

...rldwide in the assessment and treatment of their pain. For Grace provides the foundation for women to have their pain managed effectively and without bias through self-empowerment, public awareness, healthcare professional education, and legislative advocacy. www.forgrace.org ...

Do the Swiss Have the Answer to America's Health Care Dilemma?

...ter-century ago in the District of Columbia. The group furnishes information of interest and importance to the American consumer without any political bias or hidden agenda. "We urge everyone who has a particular viewpoint concerning this or any consumer-related issue to share it with us," says Rolens. "W...

Ex- White House Drug Spokesman Urges 'Double Drug Treatment'; Bob Weiner and Policy Analyst Zoe Pagonis Highlight 'Drug War's Wrong Focus'

...en higher percentage of its anti-drug resources on law enforcement. The 3.3 percent reduction in treatment and prevention initiatives exacerbates the bias toward enforcement, which now represents 65.6 percent of the budget -- even higher than the last administration's 62.3 percent." "Treatment i...

St. Jude Scientists Discover a New Mechanism Controlling Neuronal Migration

... "However, the automated analysis enabled those data to be analyzed in a matter of hours. Also, the automated analysis was free of the kind of natural bias that can occur when humans analyze such images." In further experiments, the researchers also showed that Par6 alpha regulates Myosin II moto...

LA BioMed President and CEO will be named president of the American Judicature Society

... on Access and Fairness in the Courts and is a past member of the Jury Improvement Task Force and the Council's Advisory Committees on Race and Ethics bias in the Courts and Private Judging. Wagner Vallianos also is a Fellow of the California First Amendment Coalition and a former advisory board membe...

Kids of Parents Who Value Exercise Are More Active

...chores, such as heavy yard work, more than they encouraged these activities for their daughters." Anderson said this shows there is still a "gender bias on encouraging boys to participate in certain sports and strenuous activities more than girls." For the study, vigorous team sports included soccer...

Your Surroundings Mirror Your Beliefs

... other opinions. "The more dogmatic and close-minded you are, the worse the bias is," Albarracin said. Michael Young, an associate professor of psycholo...bondale, noted that the study itself is revealing: it points to examples of bias toward conservatism -- including mentions of Rush Limbaugh and Dick Cheney ...

Messages Heard Better in the Right Ear

... Noisy nightclub experiments show a bias against left-side listening FRIDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Next time you want to get your message across in a noisy club, aim for the...

Health care outcome boost needs better studies

...king. "The impact of QI changes may be overstated," says Alexander. "Our review highlights issues of inadequate study duration, potential selection bias of study participants, and difficulty making generalizations to other organizations due to unique study contexts or variation in intervention characte...

For Kids With Leukemia, Radiation May Be Safe to Skip

... the division of pediatric hematology/oncology at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, said that the study "may not be the final answer, but my personal bias has always been to decrease radiation as much as possible." "The treatment of leukemia has become more and more individualized, and high-risk patie...

Need something? Talk to my right ear!

...ner. These results are consistent with the right ear preference found in both laboratory studies and questionnaires and they demonstrate that the side bias is spontaneously displayed outside the laboratory. In the second study, the researchers approached 160 clubbers and mumbled an inaudible, meaningle...

Vets Who Repress Traumatic Memories May Not Be Worse Off

... emotional distress. "The urban legend, if you will, has emerged, that you have to get this out and talk about it," noted Boscarino. "There is this bias to bring it out. But that may not the best situation in all cases. Managing these issues may be different by patient. So, of course, you don't want to...

Statins don't lower risk of pneumonia in elderly

...e an ill-advised use of limited research funds at this time," she added. Why the discrepancy between this new study and earlier ones? "Healthy-user bias is one reason," said Dublin. In other words, compared to people who don't take statins, those who do may be healthier and have healthier habits that l...

Kids With Eye Condition at Risk for Poor Mental Health

...e found children with intermittent exotropia aren't judged more harshly by adults, but they can have a harder time with other children. "A negative bias toward people with strabismus has been demonstrated in children," the researchers wrote. "Although this study focused on mental illness that was diagn...

What are the risk factors of sporadic colorectal cancer?

...r in southern Chinese. Their findings may contribute to the prevention and control of sporadic colorectal cancer. However, because of the uncontrolled bias in selection participants and retrospective design, their findings need to be further evaluated in well-designed larger epidemiological studies with d...

Naps with rapid eye movement sleep increase receptiveness to positive emotion

...ESTER, Ill. Naps with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep refresh the brain's empathetic sensitivity for evaluating human emotions by decreasing a negative bias and amplifying recognition of positive emotions, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Wednesday, June 10, at SLEEP 2009, the 23r...

Evidence-Based Analysis of Aspartame Research

...y evaluates relevant human studies that fall within specific, pre-determined parameters. Factors such as size and quality of each study and potential bias are taken into account. After each study is analyzed by registered dietitians (RD), a separate expert group of RD's applies that research to the ques...

Study Finds Multitude of Bacteria on Human Skin

...f the scalp) was a surprise, she said. "All our knowledge had been based on what we could culture in the laboratory," Segre said. "Culturing puts a bias on what you can study. You're limited to what you can grow at a certain temperature in enriched media. In culture, you can find what you are looking f...

Chemotherapy Superior to New Drug for Early Breast Cancer

...py and capecitabine were pretty similar," Muss said. "It would be reasonable for these women to select capecitabine over standard chemotherapy, but my bias would still be to pick the standard right now." Other studies with women younger than 70 have also found standard chemotherapy provided better out...

Clarient Reports 41% Revenue Increase for First Quarter 2009

...ese new advanced tests. In executing this phase of our strategy, we will maintain a focus on profitability by applying an investment discipline with a bias for accretive growth." The Company's operating income for the first quarter of 2009 was $0.8 million compared with an operating loss of $0.1 mill...

Kessler Foundation Research Center Presented Two Studies on Post-stroke Spatial Neglect at American Academy of Neurology

...es: Effect of Prism Adaptation on "Aiming" Spatial bias and Functional Abilities. April 30, 2009: 7 am -...y, Effect of Prism Adaptation on "Aiming" Spatial bias and Functional Abilities, by Fortis and colleague...tation on two aspects of spatial neglect: 'aiming' bias (the ability to act in the environment) and 'where...

Obama Judicial Nominee Opposed By Coalition of Disability Rights Organizations

... Judge Andre Davis' Record Reveals bias Against Workers with Disabilities WASHINGTON, April 29 /PRNewswire-USN...ng Davis because his record as a district court judge in Maryland reveals a bias against workers with disabilities. The group stated that the Americans with...

New Analyses from 16-Year Follow-up Trial with Betaseron(R) Demonstrated that Early and Sustained Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis Patients Enrolled in the Trial Affected Their Long-term Outcomes

...ups into "high" or "low" exposure and to determine the relationship between length of drug exposure and long-term outcomes. The use of MPR reduces the bias introduced in long-term trials by the tendency of patients who are doing well on therapy stay on therapy and for patients who are doing poorly to stop...

2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Meeting to Be Webcast April 29th and 30th

...n open and transparent process, and the use of live streaming technology will assure the public that the new 2010 Dietary Guidelines will be free of bias and will be based on the latest, evidence-based science available." Written comments by individuals or organizations for the Committee cont...

Non-drug treatment of Alzheimer's disease: Long-term benefit not proven

...linesterase inhibitors, ginkgo compounds, memantine). IQWiG categorized the reporting quality of 29 of the 33 studies as "poor". They are prone to bias and the data cannot be interpreted reliably. Overall, the long-term benefit of the treatment approaches investigated is thus not proven. Caregive...

Weight discrimination could contribute to the glass ceiling effect for women, study finds

...d among top CEOs. The different results for women and men suggest weight bias may contribute to the glass ceiling on the advancement of women to the top ...neral negative stereotypes about the competencies of women, but also weight bias that results in the application of stricter appearance standards to women."...

Patient preferences play role in racial disparities in rheumatoid arthritis treatment

... because research on health care disparities has largely focused on access to care, lack of insurance, quality of care due to unconscious practitioner bias and social factors. Although the Institute of Medicine's model of health disparities includes an acknowledgement that these may be due in part to ...
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