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Species in Medical News

Cancer Endangers Some Wildlife Species

Effective conservation can help reduce threat, expert says THURSDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer is a major threat to certain species of wildlife, which need to be protected through health monitoring, researchers say. "Cancer is one of the leading health concerns for humans, ...

How new species evolve is focus of public lecture at UC Riverside

RIVERSIDE, Calif. What is a species and how does speciation the evolutionary process that results in the formation of new species come about? How have Charles Darwin's ideas contributed to our understanding of speciation? Evolutionary biologist David Reznick will address these questions in...

Ten new amphibian species discovered in Colombia

Bogot, Colombia, February 2, 2009 -- Scientists today announced the discovery of 10 amphibians believed to be new to science, including a spiky-skinned, orange-legged rain frog, three poison dart frogs and three glass frogs, so called because their transparent skin can reveal internal organs. ...

NC State researchers find new bartonella species that infects humans

Researchers at North Carolina State University and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have produced the first link between a species of bacteria most commonly found in sheep and human illness. Dr. Edward Breitschwerdt, professor of internal medicine at NC State's College of Veterina...

Unique Holiday Gift for Animal Lovers: A Donation to Fund Animal Health Research; Pick a Favorite Animal - Dog, Cat, Horse, All Species of Wildlife

DENVER, Nov. 11 /PRNewswire/ -- Looking for a unique, customized gift for the animal lover on your Christmas, Hanukkah or other holiday list? A donation to Morris Animal Foundation (MAF) that benefits a favorite animal -- dog, cat, horse or species of wildlife -- makes for a special gift for a...

Crossing the species line

Amsterdam, January 31, 2008 A recent article published in Developmental and Comparative Immunology ( www.elsevier.com/locate/devcompimm ), the official journal of the International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology (ISDCI), draws attention to the fact that the plant immune syste...

Corals added to IUCN Red List of Threatened Species for first time

Arlington, Virginia (Sept. 12, 2007) For the first time in history, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species includes ocean corals in its annual report of wildlife going extinct. A comprehensive study of marine life sponsored by Conservation International (CI) and implemented jointly with the I...

ZyGEM Releases Data Confirming Its prepGEM(R) Bacteria Kit Is a Simple, Universal Method for Extracting DNA from Different Bacteria Species

SOLANA BEACH, Calif. and HAMILTON, New Zealand, July 9 /PRNewswire/ -- ZyGEM Corp. Ltd., a provider of innovative enzyme-based products for DNA extraction and other life sciences applications, today announced the availability of a new application note documenting that its prep GEM(R) Bacteria DNA...

IPA Now Supports Affymetrix Exon Arrays and Additional Species

REDWOOD CITY, Calif., June 17 /PRNewswire/ -- Ingenuity Systems, the leading provider of information solutions for life science researchers, today released IPA 6.3, the newest version of its pathway analysis and life sciences knowledge software. IPA now supports Affymetrix GeneChip(R) Exon Arr...

First Bacterial Genome Transplantation Changing One Species to Another

Researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) today announced the results of work on genome transplantation methods allowing them to transform one type of bacteria into another type dictated by the transplanted chromosome. The work, published online in the journal Science, by JCVI's Car...

Unknown Species of Bacteria Among a ‘zoo’ of Them on the Human Boy

Scientists have found more than 250 species of bacteria dwelling on the human forearm, around the number of animal //species in a zoo, which prompts lead researcher Martin Blaser to conclude it’s a ‘zoo’ of bacteria out there on the human body. Stating that he wanted to explore the skin as a s...

Viruses Can Cross Species Barrier

A report in the September issue of the American Journal of Primatology says that viruses that can cross the species barrier and jump from monkeys to humans //are a danger to human health. A primate expert at the University of Washington has edited this special report on disease risk analysis. ...

Humans force yet another species to extinction

Humans are known to damage. And a new study says just that. Due to deforestation and genetic evidence the study points to a catastrophic collapse in orangutan populations// living in the fragmented forests of the Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary in Sabah, Malaysia. Benoit Goossens, Lounès Chikhi, ...

Endangered species may be successfully cloned in another animal's womb

Scientists for the first time have found a way for the survival of endangered animal species of the world. In a major breakthrough a Massachusetts scientists who engineered the feat has managed to clone cells from an endangered animal (Asian Gaur) and successfully impregnated an Iowa cow with t...

'Expedition Everest' Finds New Species

In a two month expedition to remote areas in the shadow of Mt Everest, researchers from Conservation International (CI) and Disney's Animal Kingdom found a huge// treasure of species, both plant and animal, that were previously unknown to science. The discoveries and observations announced toda...

Yerkes researchers propose ambitious new strategies for AIDS vaccine research

...ective AIDS vaccine. SIVs are found exclusively in African nonhuman primate species and represent the original source of human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV-1 and HIV-2). More than 40 species of African monkeys are infected in the wild with SIVs. Yet, virtually none ...

Fish Oils May Prevent and Treat Heart Disease

...have a family history of heart disease. I eat a lot of fish and take a supplement just to be sure." It's got to be the right kind of fish, the oily species that have a lot of omega-3 fatty acids, Lavie added. "Redfish, trout, salmon," he said. "Salmon is my favorite." Not much effort is needed for most...

Bionovo Presents Positive Results from Phase 1B Trial of Bezielle for Metastatic Breast Cancer

...r energy production. Cancer cells depend largely on glycolysis (>85%) for energy production. Bezielle induces greater production of reactive oxygen species in cancer cells. This results in high levels of DNA damage and the hyperactivation of PARP. The resulting depletion of NAD and ATP (PARP substrates), ...

Unlocking the key to human fertility

...s enables fertilisation and may even explain how a species develops its own unique genetic identity. Dr I...hat is sterile, but it also explains how different species evolve and retain their own identity. Says Dr ...arely successful. Where the locks and keys of two species do not match, however similar their DNA is, no via...

Researchers Discover the Tale Behind Short Dogs

...elease from the U.S. National Institutes of Health. "We were surprised to find that just one retrogene inserted at one point during the evolution of a species could yield such a dramatic physical trait that has been conserved over time." Retrogenes occur when a transcription error in the creation of DNA ...

Paper Highlights Antimicrobial Effectiveness of Medical-Grade Honey in Topical Wound Care

...nt strains (VRS) and that its use at sub-lethal levels (levels too low to kill bacteria) does not induce resistance. The activity that this particular species of honey demonstrates against typically resistant virulent pathogens, makes medical-grade active Leptospermum honey a compelling option for clinicia...

Pinpointing cause of colic: UT Houston researchers identify organism

...t the babies that didn't have colic had more types of bacteria in their intestines. The presence of more bacteria may indicate that specific bacterial species (phylotypes) are beneficial to humans," Rhoads said. The study was funded by the Gerber Foundation. A larger study is needed to examine Klebsiel...

AIDS-like Illness Found in African Chimps

... Finding could shed light on how the disease affects humans WEDNESDAY, July 22 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have discovered that a species of African chimp can develop the equivalent of AIDS when infected with an HIV-like virus, a finding that could shed light on how the disease wreaks ha...

Study aims to induce recovery from ankylosing spondylitis

...pact of these microbes, many of which have yet to be characterized and identified. Estimated to number in the billions, the accumulation of different species of pathogenic bacteria has been implicated in dozens of chronic disease states. ARF has discovered how to restore nuclear receptor homeostasis so tha...

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...hwater, brackish water and seawater, as well as hot tubs and Jacuzzis. The species is associated with many different human diseases such as central nervous sy...ll require contact lens solutions that are effective against Acanthamoeba species and continued emphasis on proper lens care hygiene," say the researchers. ...

Orlando Regional Medical Center (ORMC) Implements PNA FISH(R) Tests to Help Provide Better Care for Patients with Bloodstream Infections

...an easy-to-use and highly sensitive and specific fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay that uses PNA (peptide nucleic acid) probes to target species specific ribosomal RNA (rRNA) in live bacteria and yeast. PNA FISH tests enable microbiology labs to provide rapid and accurate identification of bloo...

VIVIMIND(TM) granted certificate of free sale as food supplement in Italy - Premarket notification filed in the U.S.

...o pursue marketing and sales authorization in the other member states of the European Union. VIVIMIND(TM) is a patented, amino acid, present in some species of algae, to support cognitive function and memory. VIVIMIND(TM) is now available in Canada. Recently published data in a peer-reviewed journal show t...

Elsevier launches official version of BrainNavigator

... found at www.brainnav.com/info . This version includes complete information for the rat brain and the mouse brain, and ongoing releases of other species are planned. "The 3D features of BrainNavigator allow students and scientists to appreciate the neighborhood relation of structures. Importantly, f...

Dove and Early Canada Goose Seasons to Begin Sept. 1; Game Commission Posts Avian Influenza Information on Website

... migratory game birds and shooting hours for these species will continue to close at sunset. The only except...ted to provide information on where, when and what species of waterfowl were taken, in addition to the band n...ther dabbling ducks statewide, as well as scaup (a species of diving duck) taken by hunters on Lake Erie, to ...

Lighter Meals May Bring Longer Life

...ns. "The big question in aging research is, 'Will caloric restriction in species closely related to humans slow aging?'" said Richard Weindruch, senior auth... from proven. "The idea that dietary restriction extends lifespan in all species is not true. Many strains of rats and mice do not respond. In some strains,...

Reduced diet thwarts aging, disease in monkeys

...e been intrigued by evidence that reducing calories can effectively extend lifespan. Such studies have been undertaken in a number of different animal species ranging from spiders to humans The Wisconsin rhesus macaque study, however, is likely to provide the most detailed insight into the phenomenon and ...

Is obesity an oral bacterial disease?

...percentage difference of seven of the 40 bacterial species measured was greater than 2 percent in the saliva ...e identified by the presence of a single bacterial species (Selenomonas noxia) at levels greater than 1.05 pe...ght women. It seems likely that these bacterial species could serve as biological indicators of a developi...

Cardinal Rigali Criticizes Final NIH Guidelines for Destructive Stem Cell Research

...idelines were not addressed. For example, federally funded researchers will be allowed to insert human embryonic stem cells into the embryos of animal species other than primates; federal grants will be available even to researchers who themselves destroyed human embryos to obtain the stem cells for their re...

Ancient fossils shed light on anatomical changes accompanying evolution of first land vertebrates

...es over evolutionary time, that can generate changes in body shape from one species to another." Moreover, some changes are consistent with an evolutionary quirk known as paedomorphosis, in which species retain in adulthood the youthful dimensions that their ancestors had as juv...

Rocky Mountain Hospital for Children & Denver Zoo Announce Mascot Contest Winner

...for Children at P/SL. River otter Jack was elected from a list of five species finalists represented at the zoo: a mountain lion, a grizzly bear, a red pa...nver Zoo: Denver Zoo is home to 3,500 animals representing more than 650 species and is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). AZA is a ...

Daily sex helps to reduce sperm DNA damage and improve fertility

...perm quality improved with frequent ejaculation was because the sperm had a shorter exposure in the testicular ducts and epididymis to reactive oxygen species very small molecules, high levels of which can damage cells. "The remainder of the men who had an increase in DFI might have a different explanation ...

Messages Heard Better in the Right Ear

...ar more of what they wanted when they addressed the right ear directly. "Our studies corroborate the idea of a common ancestry in humans and other species of lateralized behavior during social interactions, not only for species-specific vocal communication, but also for affective responses," the study a...

Humans Weren't Always 'So Special,' Expert Says

...News) -- A 54-million-year-old skull has yielded the first detailed images of a primitive primate brain. The 1.5-inch-long skull was from an animal species called Ignacius graybullianus , part of a group of primates known as plesiadapiforms. They evolved in the 10 million years after dinosaurs disappeare...

Wildlife faces cancer threat

...ntact (primarily fighting and biting). To save the species from this fatal disease, conservationists are relo...to geographically isolated areas or zoos. Many species living within polluted aquatic environments suffer...eyesight of wildlife. Green sea turtlesa migratory species in oceans across the globesuffer from fibropapillo...

Need something? Talk to my right ear!

...halves of the brain for approach and avoidance behavior. They conclude: "Our studies corroborate the idea of a common ancestry in humans and other species of lateralized behavior during social interactions, not only for species-specific vocal communication, but also for affective responses." ...
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