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Yerkes researchers propose ambitious new strategies for AIDS vaccine research

Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, believe conventional vaccine strategies should not be the only avenue explored in the development of an effective AIDS vaccine. Based on studying simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) in African nonhuman primates, they ...

Fox Chase researchers identify differences in treatments and outcomes of patients with second primary lung cancers versus those with one primary lung cancer

SAN FRANCISCO (August 1, 2009)Patients with second primary lung cancers (SPLC), when compared to those with one primary lung cancer (OPLC), are more likely to have localized disease at the time of diagnosis and are more likely to receive surgical treatment rather than radiation treatment. However,...

Higher drug doses needed to defeat tuberculosis, UT Southwestern researchers report

DALLAS July 30, 2009 The typical dose of a medication considered pivotal in treating tuberculosis effectively is much too low to account for modern-day physiques, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers said. The finding, reported online and in the August edition of Antimicrobial Agents...

Mayo researchers find anesthesia not harmful for babies during birth process

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Mayo Clinic researchers have found that children exposed to anesthesia during Cesarean section are not at any higher risk for learning disabilities later in life than children not delivered by C-section. These findings are reported in the current issue of the journal Anesthes...

Mayo Researchers Find Anesthesia Not Harmful for Babies During Birth Process

ROCHESTER, Minn., July 27 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Mayo Clinic researchers have found that children exposed to anesthesia during Cesarean section are not at any higher risk for learning disabilities later in life than children not delivered by C-section. These findings are reported in ...

Pinpointing cause of colic: UT Houston researchers identify organism

Researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston say one organism discovered during their study may unlock the key to what causes colic, inconsolable crying in an otherwise healthy baby. "Right now, pediatric gastroenterologists can treat just about anything that comes t...

Zucker Hillside Researchers to Receive Large Federal Grant to Test for the Early Treatment of Schizophrenia

People with schizophrenia have long received an inconsistent mix of treatments depending on where they lived and what doctors they saw. Now, the federal government has announced an innovative study to test the impact of the best available treatments and whether the interventions will reduce futur...

Ben-Gurion U. researchers identify how stressed fat tissue malfunctions

BEER-SHEVA, ISRAEL, July 14, 2009 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers, in a collaboration with colleagues from the University of Leipzig, Germany, have identified a signaling pathway that is operational in intra-abdominal fat, the fat depot that is most strongly tied to obesity-r...

U of M researchers find childhood cancer risk rises with mother's age

Research from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota indicates that a baby born to an older mother may have a slightly increased risk for many of the cancers that occur during childhood. "Our finding shows that although the absolute risk is low, advancing maternal age may be a fact...

Arizona researchers to sequence West African rice strain

A $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation will allow University of Arizona researchers to unlock the genetic code of West African cultivated rice and along the way to gain knowledge that could help commercial rice strains to better withstand dwindling resources, a changing climate...

Six Researchers to Receive Prestigious Awards from the American Society of Hematology

WASHINGTON, July 13 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The American Society of Hematology (ASH), the world's largest professional society of blood specialists, will honor six scientists who have made significant contributions to the understanding of hematologic diseases. These awards, including ...

Mount Sinai researchers find new Alzheimer's disease treatment promising

(New York, NY July 12, 2009) Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that a compound called NIC5-15, might be a safe and effective treatment to stabilize cognitive performance in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease. The two investigators, Giulio Maria Pasinetti, ...

Pre-cessation patch doubles quit success rate: Researchers call for labeling changes

DURHAM, N.C. -- Using a nicotine patch before quitting smoking can double success rates, according to Duke University Medical Center researchers. They say their latest data suggest changes should be made to nicotine patch labeling. "Right now, the nicotine patch is only recommended for use afte...

Purdue researchers create prostate cancer 'homing device' for drug delivery

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - A new prostate cancer "homing device" could improve detection and allow for the first targeted treatment of the disease. A team of Purdue University researchers has synthesized a molecule that finds and penetrates prostate cancer cells and has created imaging agents and t...

Moles and melanoma -- researchers find genetic links to skin cancer

New research has shown why people with the greatest number of moles are at increased risk of the most dangerous form of skin cancer. The study, led by Professors Julia Newton Bishop and Tim Bishop of the Melanoma Genetics Consortium (GenoMEL) at the University of Leeds, looked at more than 10,00...

Australian researchers identify genes that cause melanoma

Scientists from the Queensland Institute of Medical Research (QIMR) have found two new genes that together double a person's risk of developing melanoma. As part of an international study, a team at QIMR, led by Professors Nick Hayward and Grant Montgomery, studied the genes of almost 6,000 pe...

IU researchers find vibrator use to be common, linked to sexual health

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- Two Indiana University studies conducted among nationally representative samples of adult American men and women show that vibrator use during sexual interactions is common, with use being reported by approximately 53 percent of women and 45 percent of men ages 18 to 60. Not o...

Veterans Affairs Researchers Study Benefits of Robot for Ankle Rehabilitation

Researchers at the Baltimore Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center and the University of Maryland School of Medicine are conducting research using a novel ankle robot ("Anklebot"), invented by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and sponsored by the Department of Vet...

Cancer Researchers Link DICER1 Gene Mutation to Rare Childhood Cancer

Finding may have implications for gene's role in other cancers Washington, DC (Vocus) June 25, 2009 -- Research published today in Science Express from the journal Science demonstrates the first definitive link between mutations in the gene DICER1and cancer. By studying...

European researchers look for new ways to fight multi-drug-resistant bacterial infections

The Institute of Biotechnology and Biomedicine (IBB) belonging to Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona (UAB) is directing the AntiPathoGN European research project aimed at looking for new drug targets in pathogenic bacteria resistant to multiple antibiotics. To do so a consortium was created by six i...

UAB researchers draft 3-D protein map to aid stroke, cancer research

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. A new three-dimensional computer protein map is helping researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) unravel the biological pathways that control brain-cell death after a stroke. The new map will help identify new drug targets and test compounds to slow brain-c...

UT School of Public Health researchers develop game for HIV+ youth

HOUSTON (June 22, 2009) Researchers at The University of Texas School of Public Health have developed a game for HIV-positive youth, +CLICK, designed to reduce secondary transmission of the virus. +CLICK was developed by Christine Markham, Ph.D., and Ross Shegog, Ph.D., assistant professors ...

Emory researchers announce Phase III study of progesterone for traumatic brain injury

Emory University officials this week announced the third phase of a groundbreaking study to evaluate the effectiveness of the hormone progesterone on acute traumatic-brain-injured patients. Backed by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Emory-led, multicenter, randomized, ...

UGA researchers achieve breakthrough in effort to develop tiny biological fuel cells

University of Georgia researchers have developed a successful way to grow molecular wire brushes that conduct electrical charges, a first step in developing biological fuel cells that could power pacemakers, cochlear implants and prosthetic limbs. The journal Chemical Science calls the technique...

Jackson, Rockefeller obesity researchers share Shaw Prize

Jackson Laboratory Professor Emeritus Douglas Coleman, Ph.D., a pioneer in obesity and diabetes research, will share the prestigious Shaw Prize in Life Science and Medicine with Dr. Jeffrey Friedman of Rockefeller University and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. The prize, issued by the Shaw Pr...

TGen and USC researchers find genetic markers to help fight diabetes

PHOENIX, Ariz. June 16, 2009 Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) scientists have identified five genetic biomarkers that could help lead to improved treatments, with fewer side-effects, for patients with diabetes. TGen Senior Investigator Dr. Johanna DiStefano presented the findi...

Vanderbilt researchers pioneer an advanced sepsis detection and management system

When Jason Martin gives a talk about his research, he begins with the dramatic story of Mariana Bridi da Costa: The young Brazilian supermodel died from severe sepsis in January after amputation of both her hands and feet failed to stop its spread. Martin, who is a fellow in allergy, pulmonary ...

USC researchers identify DNA mutation that occurs at beginning point of T-cell lymphoma

Researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) have identified a key mechanism that causes chromosomes within blood cells to breakan occurrence that marks the first step in the development of human lymphoma. The study provides researchers with the clea...

VBI researchers develop new method for breast cancer biomarker discovery

Blacksburg, Va. -- Three researchers from the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute (VBI) at Virginia Tech have developed and evaluated a new one-step bioanalytical approach that allows them to profile in detail complex cellular extracts of proteins. The method has allowed the scientists to look at ho...

LSUHSC researchers first to document early signs for diabetes in kids as young as 7

Research conducted under the direction of Melinda Sothern, PhD, Professor and Director of Health Promotion at the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Public Health, showing early signs of diabetes in healthy children as young as seven years old will be presented at the American Diabet...

Jefferson researchers identify critical marker of response to gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer

(PHILADELPHIA) A protein related to aggressive cancers can actually improve the efficacy of gemcitabine at treating pancreatic cancer, according to a Priority Report in Cancer Research , published by researchers at Thomas Jefferson University. The protein, called Hu antigen R (HuR), is a stres...

QIO Support Accelerates Hospital Improvement in Heart Care, Researchers Find

WASHINGTON, June 3 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The following is being issued by The American Health Quality Association (AHQA): Technical support provided by federally funded organizations operating in every state has had a substantial role in upgrading hospital care in the U.S. during a perio...

Oxygen + MRI might help determine cancer therapy success, researchers find

DALLAS June 3, 2009 A simple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test involving breathing oxygen might help oncologists determine the best treatment for some cancer patients, report researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center. Prior research has shown that the amount of oxygen present in a tu...

U-M researchers link pathway to breast cancer stem cells

ANN ARBOR, Mich. A gene well known to stop or suppress cancer plays a role in cancer stem cells, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center. The researchers found that several pathways linked to the gene, called PTEN, also affected the growth of breast ca...

UCLA cancer researchers first to link intestinal inflammation with systemic chromosome damage

UCLA scientists have linked for the first time intestinal inflammation with systemic chromosome damage in mice, a finding that may lead to the early identification and treatment of human inflammatory disorders, some of which increase risk for several types of cancer. Researchers found that lo...

Pitt melanoma researchers present novel findings at ASCO

PITTSBURGH, May 30 Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) have identified eight genes that help predict a melanoma patient's response to treatment. The new findings are being presented at the 45th annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), M...

MU researchers offer insights for advancing health communication through digital media

COLUMBIA, Mo. Digital media are changing the environment for communicating health information. In a new book, "Health Communication and the New Media Landscape," University of Missouri researchers examine how the digital media revolution is affecting health and health care in the United States. E...

Mayo researchers help discover genetic cause for primary biliary cirrhosis

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Researchers have discovered a novel molecular path that predisposes patients to develop primary biliary cirrhosis, a disease that mainly affects women and slowly destroys their livers. Primary biliary cirrhosis has no known cause. The finding, significant because it is a fir...

BUSM researchers find no adjustment method fully resolves confounding by indication

(Boston) - Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and Boston University School of Public Health have found that no adjustment method fully resolves confounding by indication in observational studies, meaning when the validity of a study is threatened by unmeasured confounding, ...

Poor attention in kindergarten predicts lower high school test scores, UC Davis researchers find

(SACRAMENTO, Calif.) As thousands of students nationwide prepare to leave high school, a UC Davis study appearing online today in the June issue of the medical journal Pediatrics shows a clear link between attention problems early in school as early as kindergarten and lower high school test...
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