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Molecule plays early role in nonsmoking lung cancer

COLUMBUS, Ohio The cause of lung cancer in never-smokers is poorly understood, but a study led by investigators at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center and at the National Cancer Institute has identified a molecule believed to play an early and important role in its development. ...

Penn State plays integral role in $35 million stress project

How employees manage stress at work and in their homes is the focus of Penn State's portion of a $35 million National Institutes of Health grant that will also test the efficacy of a workplace intervention designed to reduce employee stress and promote well-being. "We're seeing that stress in th...

Wayne State University and Children's Hospital of Michigan Research Team Discover Chemical That Plays a Major Role in Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Faculty from the University of Michigan , University of Toronto and Hospital for Sick Kids in Toronto key collaborators in study DETROIT, April 30 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Wayne State University medical researchers recently discovered a chemical that plays a major role in children wi...

Family History Plays Key Role in Blood Clot Risk

Study finds odds more than doubled, especially if kin was diagnosed at young age MONDAY, March 23 (HealthDay News) -- Children and siblings of people who develop blood clots in the veins may be more than twice as likely as those without a family history to develop the condition, Dutch ...

Exercise plays large role in recovery from knee replacement and the occurrence of osteoarthritis

Two new studies found that exercise may be a factor in recovering from a total knee replacement (total knee arthroplasty or TKA) and knee osteoarthritis (OA). One study involving a progressive quadriceps strengthening program after total knee replacement found that it enhanced clinical improvement...

Gene plays dual role in breast cancers with poor prognosis

A new study reveals that the metadherin gene (MTDH) plays a role in both cancer metastasis and resistance to chemotherapy. The research, published by Cell Press in the January 6th issue of the journal Cancer Cell , identifies MTDH as a promising therapeutic target for high risk breast cancers. ...

Parkinson's Disease Plays Havoc With Common Orthopaedic Conditions

ROSEMONT, Ill., Jan. 2 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Although Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder, according to an article in the January 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons , the disease also increases a person's risk of experienci...

Land Rover America's Polo Cup Team Plays in USPA World Snow Polo Championships, Aspen, Colorado

Team Sponsored by Land Rover, St. Regis Resort Aspen, National Polo League & American Airlines ASPEN, Colo., Dec. 26 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Land Rover America's Polo Cup Team participated in the prestigious USPA World Snow Polo Championships, in Aspen Colorado in a weekend filled ...

Gene Plays Key Role in Clubfoot

Finding could lead to tests, therapies, experts say MONDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The first gene linked to clubfoot has been identified by researchers at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, who analyzed the DNA of 35 extended family members of a male infant...

Circadian Rhythm Plays Role in Memory

Hamsters deprived of body's sleep-wake system 'can't remember anything,' study says MONDAY, Oct. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Your body clock may do more than help guide your daily sleep/wake cycle -- it may also play a vital role in learning and memory, say Stanford University researchers. ...

Risk assessment plays key role in long-term treatment of breast cancer

HOUSTON - Breast cancer patients and their physicians may make more informed, long-term treatment decisions using risk assessment strategies to help determine probability of recurrence, a research team led by scientists at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center reported in the Aug. 1...

'Convenience' of screening mammography facilities plays major role in patient retention

Patients cite "convenience to home or work" as the main reason they changed mammography facilities, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center and The Barrett Center in Cincinnati, OH. The study included 303 current mammography patients ...

Gender Plays Role in Post-Concussion Healing

Females scored worse than males on neurocognitive tests; reason remains elusive THURSDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Being female and having a history of concussions both slow recovery from a concussion among young athletes, according to a new study done on soccer players. The rese...

Gender Plays Role in Kidney Transplant Outcomes

Increased rate of graft failure when male organs donated to females, study finds FRIDAY, July 4 (HealthDay News) -- Women who receive kidneys from males have a higher rate of graft failure than other donor-recipient combinations, and gender should be considered when choosing donor mat...

Immune molecule that plays a powerful role in avoiding organ rejection identified

When a mouse's immune system is deciding whether to reject a skin graft, one powerful member of a molecular family designed to provoke such a response can effectively reduce the visibility of the mouse's own cells and help the graft survive, researchers say. "This is a molecule with huge poten...

Family History Plays Role in Black Colon Screen Rates

Reason unclear, but study says doctor recommendation key to higher participation MONDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks with a family history of colorectal cancer are less likely to be screened than either their white counterparts or other blacks at average risk for the disease, a...

Protein plays key role in transmitting deadly malaria parasite

Tampa, FL (May 28, 2008) -- The protein MAEBL is critical for completing the life cycle of malaria parasites in mosquitoes, allowing the insects to transmit the potentially deadly infection to humans, a University of South Florida study has shown. The research may ultimately help provide a way to ...

Ethnicity Plays Role in Parents' Treatment of Childhood Fever

Hispanics had the highest 'fever phobia,' study finds MONDAY, May 5 (HealthDay News) -- Most parents have some misconceptions about their children's fever and overtreat mild cases, a Johns Hopkins Children's Center study shows. Parents' ethnicity may also play a role in how they vie...

Social Status Plays Role in Brain's Control of Health

Imaging shows where you are in pecking order affects performance, motivation THURSDAY, April 24 (HealthDay News) -- New information about how the brain processes social status is outlined in a study by researchers at the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Using funct...

Enzyme Beneficial to Alzheimer's Plays Darker Role in Other Dementia

Finding could mean changing animal models used for future research WEDNESDAY, April 23 (HealthDay News) -- An enzyme shown to help suppress development of Alzheimer's disease appears to hasten progress of a related but far less common type of dementia, according to a new study. The ...

Exercise Plays Role in Recovery From Sports Injuries

Expert says goal is to maintain strength, not gain it, while you mend WEDNESDAY, April 23 (HealthDay News) -- If you're an athlete or fitness enthusiast who suffers a strained muscle, sprained ankle or foot injury, you don't necessarily have to stop exercising. "Exercise can defini...

3T MRI plays significant role in detecting prostate cancer, study says

The use of MRI without endorectal coil can detect prostate cancer and provide undistorted images with diagnostic image quality and accurate tumor localization, according to a recent study conducted by researchers from The Ohio State University in Columbus, OH. The 3T MRI datasets were acquired...

Humor plays an important role in healthcare even when patients are terminally ill

Humour can play an essential role in the most serious healthcare settings, even when patients are receiving intensive or end of life care, according to research in the April issue of the UK-based Journal of Clinical Nursing. Canadian researchers spent nearly 300 hours observing and carrying ou...

Family Discussion Plays Role in Breast Cancer Awareness

Openness has major impact on counseling and genetic testing, study shows FRIDAY, March 21 (HealthDay News) -- The willingness of relatives to discuss a family's cancer history has a major impact on the awareness of genetic counseling and testing among women at moderate risk for breast...

Price Plays Part in Perceived Power of Medication

People report cheap drugs are less effective, researchers find TUESDAY, March 4 (HealthDay News) -- When people think that a medication is expensive, they tend to report more benefit than when they think the drug is cheap, a new study finds. In fact, 85 percent of people given wha...

Rare Gene Mutation Plays Role in Longevity

Study found it restricts growth factor, leads to shorter stature but longer life TUESDAY, March 4 (HealthDay News) -- A rare gene mutation that restricts a particular growth factor may be one of the keys to living to 100 and beyond, a new study suggests. This mutation, which seems t...

Scientists solve structure of gene regulator that plays key role in cancer

(PHILADELPHIA) Scientists at The Wistar Institute have collaborated on a major advance in understanding a gene regulator that contributes to some of the deadliest cancers in humans. The culmination of 10 years work, their research paves the way for the development of new cancer therapies. Dur...

Gene Plays 'Jekyll-and-Hyde' Role in Deadly Brain Cancer

Study finds STAT3 can act as tumor suppressor, keeping bad cells in check THURSDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- A gene called STAT3 acts like "Jekyll and Hyde" in glioblastoma brain cancer, according to a study led by Harvard Medical School researchers. The finding may help improve...

Gene plays 'Jekyll and Hyde' in brain cancer

BOSTON, Mass. (February 6, 2008)Perhaps the only positive spin one can put on the brain cancer glioblastoma is that its relatively uncommon. Other than that, the news is bad. It is nearly always fatal, it tends to strike people in the prime of their lives, and the limited treatment options have ch...

Study Spots Gene That Plays Role in Infertility

Deleting PTEN in mice led to premature ovarian failure, researchers report THURSDAY, Jan. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists think they have discovered a mechanism that prompts early menopause and might account for some infertility problems in women. PTEN -- a gene that's known for s...

Gene Plays Role in Risk of Autism

Three research teams found same gene raised chances of developing the disorder THURSDAY, Jan. 10 (HealthDay News) -- A gene that appears to play a key role in the development of autism has been identified by three different teams of researchers. UCLA scientists found that the gene -...

Environment plays key role in children's readiness for school

Early school success seems to depend largely on children entering school ready to learn, and many policy initiatives have highlighted the importance of preparing children for school entry. A new study finds that childrens environment plays a major role in their readiness for school, suggesting tha...

Laboratory at UI plays major role in diagnosing cancer

The unique laboratory of Dr. David R. Soll at the University of Iowa is making a big footprint in the field of cancer research, thanks to a new agreement reached between Soll and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health. The NCI and its $104 million Clinica...

Womens Mood Plays a Key Role in Infertility Treatment

A study of womens moods during IVF has found a strong relationship between negative mood and multiple embryo transfer.Dr Christopher Newton of the University Hospital at London Health Sciences Centre , London, Canada, said that his work could lead to better understanding of the importance of couple...

Size and Position of Floral Anther Plays a Vital Role in Pollination

In their work, Dr. Endress and his colleagues found that the sizes and positioning of the anthers facilitates pollen collection by buzz-pollinating bees . The male floral structures, anthers, release the pollen gradually, like tiny gumball dispensers. Unlike moths and butterflies that are ...

Cutting Calories, Not Exercise, Plays Bigger Role In Maintaining Weight Loss

The weight loss mantra of UABs (University of Alabama at Birmingham) EatRight Weight Management system is reduce calories and increase exercise. But new research from EatRight suggests that for those who have been successful at losing weight, reducing calories is an effective way to keep weight of...

Deforestation Plays a Critical Role in Climate Change: Study

Avoiding deforestation in the tropics can play a key role in reducing future greenhouse gas concentrations, a new study by the Global Carbon Project and CSIRO has revealed. Deforestation in the tropics accounts for nearly 20 per cent of carbon emissions due to human activities. This will r...

Clock Gene Plays Role in Weight Gain, Study Finds

Scientists at the University of Virginia and the Medical College of Wisconsin have discovered that a gene that participates in the regulation of the bodys biological rhythms may also be a major control in regulating metabolism. Their finding shows that mice lacking the gene Nocturnin, whic...

Researchers Identify Gene That Plays Key Role in Size of Dogs -- and Probably in Humans

An international team of scientists, including researchers from Cornell University, has found a mutation in a single gene that plays a key role in determining// body-size differences within and among dog breeds and probably is important in determining the size of humans as well. The research, ...

Weed Killer Plays a Pivotal Role in Those With Genetic Vulnerability to Parkinson’

Scientists have come out with a find that may make people even more wary of using agricultural chemicals in their gardens or farms//. Paraquat, a common chemical weed killer could be the hidden hand behind those suffering with Parkinson’s disease, at least those with certain genes that render t...
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