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Parasite in Medical News

Schmidt & Clark, LLP: FDA Reports Show Abbott Labs Subsidiary Failed to Disclose Parasite Eye Infections Tied to Contact Lens Solution

WASHINGTON, June 22 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- The Washington, D.C.-based law firm of Schmidt & Clark, LLP , is announcing the results of an inspection conducted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration where investigators determined that a subsidiary of Abbott Park, Ill.-based Abbott La...

Researchers gain ground in efforts to fight parasite infection

DALLAS May 26, 2009 New findings by researchers UT Southwestern Medical Center are accelerating efforts to eradicate worm infections that afflict a third of the world's population. The new findings, available online and in an upcoming issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Scien...

Study: Delaying evolution of drug resistance in malaria parasite possible

GAINESVILLE, Fla. --- There's no magic bullet for wiping out malaria, but a new study offers strong support for a method that effectively delays the evolution of drug resistance in malaria parasites, a University of Florida researcher says. David Smith, associate director of disease ecology at ...

The onchocerciasis parasite showing signs of resistance

Onchocerciasis is an infection caused by Onchocerca volvulus, a parasite nematode worm transmitted to humans by a species of black fly of the Simulium genus whose larvae develop in fast-flowing rivers. Infected subjects suffer not only from severe skin lesions but also eye damage that can lead to ...

Infection With Common Parasite Raises Schizophrenia Risk

Findings show toxoplasma, carried by cats and farm animals, precedes mental illness THURSDAY, Jan. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Infection with the common Toxoplasma gondii parasite -- carried by cats and farm animals -- may increase a person's risk of schizophrenia, a U.S. study suggests....

Discovery of key malaria proteins could mean sticky end for parasite

Scientists funded by the Wellcome Trust have identified a key mechanism that enables malaria-infected red blood cells to stick to the walls of blood vessels and avoid being destroyed by the body's immune system. The research, published today in the journal Cell , highlights an important potential...

Protein plays key role in transmitting deadly malaria parasite

Tampa, FL (May 28, 2008) -- The protein MAEBL is critical for completing the life cycle of malaria parasites in mosquitoes, allowing the insects to transmit the potentially deadly infection to humans, a University of South Florida study has shown. The research may ultimately help provide a way to ...

Manipulating the immune system like a parasite

One day it may be possible to mimic the tactics used by parasites to trick the body into accepting transplanted tissues or organs. That is the hope of Dr Shane Grey from the Garvan Institute for Medical Research and Professor John Dalton from the Institute for the Biotechnology of Infectious Di...

Why Malaria Parasite Affects Red Blood Cells Deformability Revealed

A study led by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has found out why red blood cells start to lose their ability to deform, and squeeze through tiny blood vessels during the first 24 hours of invasion by the malaria-inducing parasite Plasmodium falciparum. The rese...

Malaria Parasite can Cause Severe Lymphatic Cancer

Researchers have found that a cancer of the lymphatic system, Burkitt's lymphoma, can be initiated by CIDR1, a protein produced by a malaria parasite. The study was conducted by a team of researchers including Arnaud Chene and Qijun Chen at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. ...

STD Trichomoniasis-Gene of Parasite Decoded

A team of researchers led by Jane Carlton, Ph.D., a parasite specialist and an associate professor in the department of Medical Parasitology at New York University// School of Medicine, have successfully decoded the genome of the parasite causing Trichomoniasis, one of the world's most common STD t...

Malaria Vaccine - Render Powerless, the Parasite Behind the Host of Disease!

A disease that wipes out above one million people worldwide, of whom most are children- Malaria,// needs no introduction. The scourge, that has given sleepless nights to sufferers, health experts, and strategists worldwide, seems to have met its nemesis in the development of a novel vaccine that s...

Mushroom Extract Protects Poultry From Parasite Diseases

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientist and her South Korean colleagues have found out that a wide use of mushroom extracts //will protect poultry against a major parasitic disease. The researchers, led by immunologist Hyun Lillehoj at the ARS (U.S. Department of Agriculture's chief sci...

Malarial Parasite Hides In Placenta

A study by Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Makerere University in Uganda finds that the malarial parasite hides in the placenta of pregnant women// and this is the reason for pregnant women and children to suffer severe malaria. Plasmodium falciparium is the worst of the four malaria para...

Malaria Parasite Kills Liver Cells Before Infecting Red Blood Cells

A new study led by Volker Heussler of the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine in Hamburg, Germany, has found that the malarial //parasite avoids the immune system by killing the liver cell occupied by them. Till now it was known that after infecting man, malarial parasites head to t...

Metabolism cycle of Kala-Azar parasite revealed

Researchers have found that Leishmania parasite utilizes mannose for their metabolism// and growth different from human metabolism which requires glucose. Associate Professor Malcolm McConville and his research team from Bio21 Institute at the University of Melbourne have found a break thorou...

Albendazole Effective In Reducing Seizures Caused By A Common Parasite

New research shows an antiparasitic drug appears to help people avoid seizures caused by a common parasite Taenia solium.// Researchers speculated treatment with the antiparasitic drug albendazole which they thought might help these patients reduce the number of seizures they experience. They r...

Feeding channel created by malaria parasite - a new target for malaria treatments

Researchers have found pore-like holes in the membranes of red blood cells infected by the deadliest form of the malaria parasite. The parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, apparently uses these holes to supply itself with the nutrients it needs to grow and reproduce. The discovery may lead to...

PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative and Crucell to test new malaria vaccine approach

...e company's AdVac technology and PER.C6 manufacturing platform. The vaccine candidate is made by inserting the CSP gene from the P. falciparum malaria parasite into adenoviral vectors, which act as a 'vehicle' for vaccination delivery. This prime vaccine candidate is currently being tested in a Phase 1 study ...

Breakthrough in combating the side effects of quinine

...of treatment for millions of malaria sufferers. It also highlights the benefits of collaborative research, in this case between my yeast group and the parasite immunology group of Dr. Richard Pleass." The body uses tryptophan to make the brain chemical serotonin which is thought to produce healthy sleep a...

Fears About Pregnancy and cats Should not stop Those who want to Adopt a cat

...ions in her veterinary neurology practice when the parasite attacks the brain, spinal cord or muscles. A t...tion is caused by toxoplasma gondii, a microscopic parasite that is transformed into its infective form (sporozoites) in the feces of cats. The parasite sheds microscopic eggs (oocysts) in a cat's feces,...

Nonprofit Goes RVing to Promote Pet and Human Health

... The Companion Animal parasite Council heads West, driving home the importance of year-round parasite prevention to protect pets and people BEL AIR...on for the upcoming second annual Companion Animal parasite Council (CAPC) Education Road Show, June 27 - July...

New Study: Keep Kids With Diarrhea Out of Pool - Swim Diapers Not Best Solution

...ains Dr. James Amburgey, the lead scientist in the study. "Swimmers only need to ingest about ten Crypto oocysts to become infected." Crypto is a parasite that causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. This germ is highly resistant to chlorine used in pools. As infected bathers visit other pools, the outbr...

IDRI and Chembio Collaborate to Develop a Low-Cost Test for Visceral Leishmaniasis

...e and complex diagnostic procedures -- invasive removal of bone marrow, spleen and lymph node tissues for microscopic examination and isolation of the parasite by culture -- are neither feasible nor field-friendly. "We are actively working to develop a rapid and simple test that could be used in the fie...

MiP Consortium awarded €11 million by EDCTP

...ide treated nets to prevent malaria in pregnancy. Project coordinator Dr. Clara Menendez stressed the complexities of treating malaria: "the spread of parasite resistance to SP, particularly in Eastern Africa and the significant overlap in some regions of malaria transmission together with a high prevalence o...

Simple blood test proves powerful ally in the fight against malaria

...th confirmed malaria infection." Malaria RDT is a relatively new diagnostic method which measures the presence of a protein produced by the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in a sample of blood taken from the finger. The test requires no advanced laboratory equipment or training, and is already in cl...

Discovery of variations in resistance to sulfadoxine across Africa

...each country. Plasmodium falciparum ( P. falciparum ) a mosquito-borne parasite that causes malaria, kills nearly one million people a year, mostly in sub-...ic and transport infrastructures may have played a role in governing recent parasite dispersal across the continent through their influence on the volume of hum...

Super micro-surgery offers new hope for breast cancer patients with lymphedema

...od. Secondary lymphedema can develop as a result of surgery, radiation, infection or trauma. In developing countries, a form of lymphedema caused by a parasite called Filariasis affects as many as 200 million people worldwide. "As we begin to refine our technique and learn more about the efficacy of this surg...

Tools for more accurate dosage of drugs against HIV/AIDS and malaria

...cientists to estimate that the levels of piperaquine that remain in the body are too low to be effective, and this increases the risk that the malaria parasite will develop resistance. "Research shows that pharmacometric models can be adapted to patient data in order to understand the relationships between...

Hookworms in MS trial

...Research at the MS Society said: "It sounds like science fiction, but it has been shown in a previous small study that people with MS who also had gut parasite infections had fewer relapses. "Over time, parasitic worms have evolved to be able to survive an immune system attack and have been linked to a red...

AOA Doctors of Optometry Partner With FDA and Other Industry Leaders to Develop New Measures to Better Protect Contact Lens Wearers

...ter and soil. Current FDA testing fails to include the Acanthamoeba parasite as part of its standard testing process, despite numerous Acanthamoeba an...cifically, the working group found agreement on the particular Acanthamoeba parasite species and strains to test as well as an acceptable threshold for disinfec...

Case Western Reserve professor helps control infectious diseases with models and math

... on a mass scale. For a while the strategy has worked; they were able to reduce malaria incidence to small numbers," he said. "It all lasted until the parasite developed resistance to drugs and mosquitoes to insecticides, which reversed most of earlier progress. Today we see a dramatic upsurge of the disease...

Watching water from space could aid disease prevention in China

...serve as hosts during part of the life cycle of schistosomes, the family of parasite species that cause schistosomiasis infections in warm climates around the w...are infected through contact with water contaminated with the parasite. The parasite burrows into human skin within seconds, eventually matures to adulthood and...

UIC researchers hunting drugs for devastating parasitic disease

...-infected with HIV. The UIC researchers are attempting to develop an antiparasitic agent that is less toxic than miltefosine and that can kill the parasite inside blood cells. In addition, the researchers are investigating the mechanism of action of the new candidate compounds through a collaboration with...

Persistent bacterial infection exploits killing machinery of immune cells

...hat the mice had fewer bacteria and higher levels of NO in their lungs. The researchers then infected arginase knockout mice with an intracellular parasite that causes toxoplasmosis, a disease that also is controlled by NO. They observed that mice lacking arginase had higher survival rates than mice that ...

Fight begins to eradicate fatal parasite; first vaccines delivered following major funding award

...ble thanks to multi-million dollar funding. The parasite Taenia solium causes 50 million tapeworm infecti...e world's population living in countries where the parasite is endemic. Professor Marshall Lightowlers at t...cle of re-infection. Pigs contract the tapeworm parasite from contact with human faeces, it is then passed ...

Genetic Research Offers Insights Into Form of Malaria

...ay News) -- The genetic structure of the malaria-causing Plasmodium vivax parasite has been described by an international team of researchers, who said the in...may have unique routes of invasion for penetrating blood cells in which the parasite resides and multiples during its life cycle. These alternative routes of in...

Marathon and Partners Announce $28 Million, 5-Year Extension of Life Saving Malaria Control Project in Equatorial Guinea

...t reduction in reported malaria cases in government health facilities, -- 95 percent reduction in the number of mosquitoes infected with the malaria parasite based on specimens collected from window traps, and -- 73 percent of children aged 2 to 15 reported sleeping under an insecticide treated bed net th...

White blood cell uses DNA 'catapult' to fight infection

...A is contained in the nucleus, mitochondria have their own DNA. Previous research has shown that eosinophils secrete toxic granule proteins during parasite infections and that these granule proteins kill bacteria. Simon, Gleich, and their colleagues found that when eosinophils are stimulated by infection,...

Key to virulence protein entry into host cells discovered

...lar targeting sequences found in effector proteins produced by the malarial parasite Plasmodium. This hints that the targets of the effectors in the soybean and...marked: "The finding that virulence proteins from oomycetes and the malaria parasite Plasmodium use the same entry mechanism means that we may be able to use th...
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