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Newborns in Medical News

Screen All Newborns for Hip Dysplasia, Study Urges

Experts say early treatment helps avoid arthritis in adolescence WEDNESDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- All infants should be screened for hip dysplasia to reduce their risk of developing early arthritis, says a new study. Developmental hip dysplasia -- the most common congenital def...

All Fifty States to Screen Newborns for Cystic Fibrosis by 2010

BETHESDA, Md., July 7 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation announced today that all 50 states plus the District of Columbia have passed legislation requiring that all newborns be screened for cystic fibrosis (CF) by the year 2010. Early diagnosis of cystic fibrosis, a li...

Programs to Prevent HIV in Newborns Failing in the Developing World - Over 900 Avoidable HIV Infections Every Day

New multi-country research study finds neither newborns nor their mothers are receiving appropriate treatment and care to end this needless tragedy NEW YORK and GENEVA, May 21 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Global and national programs to prevent vertical (mother-to-child) transmission are in dis...

Resuscitated Newborns at Risk for Lower IQs

Even infants without neurological symptoms have higher chance of problems, researchers say,,,, MONDAY, April 20 (HealthDay News) -- Newborns who were not breathing at birth and had to be resuscitated have an increased risk of having a low IQ, even if they showed no signs of mental prob...

Mothers, Newborns at High Risk in Developing World

UNICEF report finds 500,000 new mothers dying each year THURSDAY, Jan. 15 (HealthDay News) -- A pregnant woman living in one of the world's poorest countries is 300 times more likely to die during pregnancy or childbirth than women living in more affluent nations, a UNICEF annual repor...

All Newborns Should Have Ears Screened, Task Force Says

Up to 3 of every 1,000 U.S. babies born with hearing loss, experts note FRIDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- A national task force is recommending that all newborns be screened for congenital hearing loss. "Screening for hearing loss should be part of every newborn infant's health ca...

Five States Step Up Efforts to Screen Newborns for Cystic Fibrosis

More Than 40 States Now Provide Routine Testing for Life-Threatening Disease WASHINGTON, July 11 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Four states -- Arkansas, Kansas, Maine, and West Virginia -- have joined 40 others and the District of Columbia in requiring that all newborns be screened for cystic fi...

Do Underweight Newborns Make for Shy Adults?

New research suggests a potential connection WEDNESDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- Being born extremely underweight may be a risk factor for a shy, cautious personality as an adult. A study published in the July issue of Pediatrics finds that young adults who were born at extremel...

Seizures in newborns can be detected with small, portable brain activity monitors

July 2, 2008 -- Compact, bedside brain-activity monitors detected most seizures in at-risk infants, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis showed. That means the compact units could assist clinicians in monitoring for electrical seizures until confirmation with conven...

Genetic testing in newborns and children: Ethical issues affecting families and physicians

The Treuman Katz Center for Pediatric Bioethics at Seattle Children's Hospital will host its fourth annual international bioethics conference on July 25-26, 2008 in Seattle. Conference participants will discuss the ethical implications of genetic testing including newborn screening for risk of fut...

New research shows overheating newborns can increase the risk of SIDS

New research at the University of Calgary shows that smoking while pregnant, as well as thermal stress, can lead to an increased risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Increased ambient temperature such as over-wrapping a baby at night time or increasing the room temperature can affect the b...

Alabama Begins Mandatory Screening of Newborns for Cystic Fibrosis

State Joins 40 Others in Screening for Life-Threatening, Genetic Disease WASHINGTON, May 13 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Alabama has joined 39 other states and the District of Columbia in requiring that all newborns be screened for cystic fibrosis at birth. "We congratulate Alabama for i...

Three New States Join Efforts to Screen Newborns for Cystic Fibrosis

Alabama, Vermont and Nevada Join 37 Others in Screening for Life-Threatening, Genetic Disease WASHINGTON, April 9, 2008 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Illinois and Vermont have joined 37 other states and the District of Columbia in requiring that all newborns be screened for cystic fibrosis at...

Unintended Errors Leave Many Newborns Vulnerable

Study finds they're all too frequent, but preventable, and urges better pediatric controls FRIDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Iatrogenic events (IEs) -- unintended harm or suffering caused by health care -- occur frequently in newborn babies in hospitals, according to new French resear...

Wisconsin First State in Nation to Screen Newborns for 'Bubble Boy Disease'

The Jeffrey Modell Foundation drives initiative for SCID screening MILWAUKEE, Jan. 3 /PRNewswire/ -- On Jan. 1, Wisconsin became the first state in the nation to screen all newborns for Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (SCID). Sometimes known as "Bubble Boy Disease," SCID is a genetic diso...

Survival of newborns with abdominal holes differs according to hospital, Hopkins research shows

A newborns chance for surviving a low-risk version of a condition called gastroschisis varies greatly by hospital, according to a study by Johns Hopkins surgeons. Babies with the condition have a hole in their abdomen near the umbilical cord. The uncomplicated variant of the condition, where the h...

Group B Strep: A Threat to Newborns That Doesn't Have to Be

Antibiotics during delivery protect against potentially deadly infection FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- One in four women carries the bacterium Group B streptococcus, the most common cause of life-threatening infections in newborns. Yet most women don't know it. That same germ ...

Group B Strep Screening Guidelines Sparing Newborns

More expectant moms being checked, treated so babies aren't infected, study finds WEDNESDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations implemented in 2002 to screen all pregnant women for group B streptococcal disease have largely been successful, a new report shows. Eighty-five ...

AIDS Treatment Activists Push UNAIDS and WHO to Meet Commitments to Reduce HIV in Women and Newborns

UNAIDS Executive Director Calls for Action to Improve Delivery of PMTCT GENEVA, May 21 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In a dramatic meeting today at the UNAIDS headquarters in Geneva, members of the International Treatment Preparedness Coalition (ITPC) and AIDS-Free World met with the leaders and...

Influenza pandemic planning needed to assure adequate care for pregnant women and newborns

PITTSBURGH, May 13 Pregnant women and newborns are at greatest risk in a flu epidemic, but more planning must be done to ensure that they receive priority treatment should an outbreak occur, according to a University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) and University of Pittsburgh study. The find...

Don't rely on jaundiced eye for assessing newborns

For hundreds of years, doctors, nurses and midwives have visually examined newborn babies for the yellowish skin tones that signify jaundice, judging that more extensive jaundice carried a greater risk of illness. The yellowness comes from a blood byproduct, bilirubin, and a child that develops...

Don't Rely on Jaundiced Eye for Assessing Newborns

Study Challenges Common Medical Practice PHILADELPHIA, March 23 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- For hundreds of years, doctors, nurses and midwives have visually examined newborn babies for the yellowish skin tones that signify jaundice, judging that more extensive jaundice carried a greater risk ...

Late preterm births present serious risks to newborns

Cincinnati, OH, December 11, 2008 -- More than half a million babies are born preterm in the United States each year, and preterm births are on the rise. Late preterm births, or births that occur between 34 and 36 weeks (approximately 4 to 6 weeks before the mother's due date), account for more t...

Limit sucrose as painkiller for newborns

Using sucrose to reduce pain in newborns undergoing painful procedures should be limited to babies having blood taken (venipuncture) for the newborn screening test but not for intramuscular injections, write Dr. Anna Taddio and co-authors. In this double-blind, randomized controlled trial of 2...

Simple test accurately predicts risk of serious jaundice in newborns

Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 10, 2008 A simple test can accurately identify which newborn babies are at risk for developing dangerous levels of jaundice, according to researchers at The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia. While neonatal jaundice, a yellowing of the skin caused by a buildup of a blo...

Better access to cool caps improves outcomes, lowers cost of treating asphyxia in newborns

BOSTON, Jan. 7, 2008 When newborns suffering from a form of asphyxia at birth have better access to head cooling devices, fewer will face a lifetime of debilitating and costly health complications, according to researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC). The findings, which ap...

Elective Caesareans Raise Risk of Breathing Problems in Newborns

Chance of trouble was 2 to 4 times greater than with vaginal delivery, emergency C-sections WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Infants delivered by elective Caesarean section are up to four times more likely to have breathing problems than babies born vaginally or by emergency C-section, sa...

Lack of Medical Facilities Have Claimed Lives of Newborns at Chhattisgarh Hospital

As many as 178 newborn babies died at a government-run district hospital in Chhattisgarh during January-May 2007, Health Minister Amar Agrawal told the state assembly Tuesday . Amid protests and allegations by the opposition Congress members about the lack of basic medical facilities at the ...

Low Weight Newborns at Greater Risk in Community Hospitals

A research team at Stanford University School of Medicine and the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System states that more than 20 percent of low weight new- born deaths between 1991 and 2000 in California, could have been prevented. The babies would have survived if they had been bo...

Harmful Effects Of Glucocorticoids On Newborns Owing To Prenatal Exposure

It has been found by the scientists from the University of Edinburgh in UK that when nonhuman primate African vervet monkeys (Chloroceus aethiops) //in their prenatal stage were exposed to glucocorticoids it had a life long destabilizing effect on cardiovascular, metabolic, and neuroendocrine funct...

Cooling Can Reduce The Risk Of Brain Damage In Oxygen Deprived Newborns

Newborns deprived of oxygen can have a reduced risk of brain damage and cerebral palsy by having their brains cooled // for 72 hours after birth according to a recent study. Babies that received an inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain during delivery showed signs of being at a high risk for...

Screening Newborns Questioned

New research shows screening newborns for biochemical genetic disorders may improve a child’s outcome //and reduce stress in parents. However, researchers say false-positive screening results may increase stress levels in parents. Previously, screening for genetic disorders required a separate ...

Exposure to Epilepsy Drug During Pregnancy Can Increase Risk of Mental Defects in Newborns

Women with epilepsy who took the seizure drug valporate, which is marketed by Abbott Laboratories under the brand name Depakote, while pregnant increased their risk of having an infant with mental defects, according to a study presented Thursday at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Neu...

Researcher Studying Disease That Cripples Newborns

Each year, the parents of an estimated one in 20,000 newborns are shocked to learn their child has type 1 congenital myotonic dystrophy (CDM1), a progressive and crippling genetic disorder. Although doctors know that babies inherit CDM1 from their mother and prenatal tests are available, many chil...

PFOA and PFOS Detected in Newborns

An analysis of nearly 300 umbilical cord blood samples led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health shows that //newborn babies are exposed to perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) while in the womb. PFOS and PFOA are polyfluoroalkyl compounds (...

Pre-gestational Diabetes in Mothers enhances the Risk of Hypocalcaemia in Newborns

The American Academy of Pediatrics, at its annual meeting in Atlanta has offered an insight into the calcium levels of infants born to diabetic mothers//. Hypocalcaemia or low calcium in new borns is an outcome of high blood sugar levels in pregnant women, and can lead to certain difficulties...

Exposure To Solvents May Harm Pregnant Women And Newborns

Pregnant women and newborns should avoid exposure to the fumes of solvents used in house renovations.Contact with such materials, which contain dyes and lacquers//, could give rise to allergies in young children, said Norbert Englert, an environmental medical specialist at Germany's environmental a...

Use Of Alcohol During Pregnancy Affects Newborns

A new study in Australia has found that babies born to women, who are hospitalized for alcohol-related reasons during pregnancy, have poor birth weight and lower APGAR scores and are more likely to be put under special care. // These women have a higher number of previous pregnancies, smoke m...

New Portable Helmet Scanner To Examine Newborns

A new portable helmet scanner has been developed for premature and newborn babies that helps doctors save them by generating images showing // how the baby brain is working. Currently, there are two main ways of performing brain scans on small babies. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can pro...

Gene linked to 'Missing Eye' condition in newborns

Bilateral Anophthalmia is a devastating condition, which is very rare, affecting approximately one in every 100,000 births. In this condition, babies are born without eyes i.e. they are born with empty eye sockets. This condition occurs due to the foetus not developing eyes in the normal way in the...
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