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Potential New Cancer Gene Identified

A Johns Hopkins University research team has discovered a new family of genes that contributes to the process of malignancy, shedding new light on the abnormalities that give rise to the aggressive childhood cancer, Burkitt's lymphoma - as well as lymphoma, leukemia, prostate, ovarian, lung, and breast cancer. Characterized by rapidly growing abdominal tumors, Burkitt's lymp...

Special proteins to fight TB identified

Heat-shock proteins, which are protective substances, produced by the body in stressful situations may help the immune system kill the TB bacteria, researchers in the UK report. According to a report in the June issue of the journal Nature Medicine, these heat-shock proteins, which are special proteins produced by the body help cells survive stressful times and bolster the immune system...

A new growth factor identified

Scientists have identified a growth factor that triggers blood vessel formation within the endocrine glands. In California, Dr. Jennifer of Genentech Inc. and colleagues reported their discovery of endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor, or EG-VEGF. The finding could lead the way toward treatment for illnesses affecting these glands. The endocrine glands produce variou...

Cervicogenic headache can be identified with a fibromyalgia test

Findings from a new study presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Pain Medicine by the Medical Director, John McFadden, MD, of the Tupelo Pain Clinic, Mississippi stated that patients with severe headache could benefit from an upper-body fibromyalgia examination to determine if the headache is potentially cervicogenic. According to Dr. McFadden many headaches of ce...

More Causes of Bladder Cancer Identified

Smoking is a well known risk factor for bladder cancer but researchers now say they have uncovered even more factors // that could lead to the disease. For the study researchers studied 298 patients with bladder cancer and 308 people who served as controls. The participants were surveyed about their smoking habits and their exposure to other environmental factors believed to be related t...

Special proteins to fight TB identified

Heat-shock proteins, which are protective substances, produced by the body in stressful situations may help the immune system kill the TB bacteria, researchers in the UK report. According to a report in the June issue of the journal Nature Medicine,// these heat-shock proteins, which are special proteins produced by the body help cells survive stressful times and bolster the immune system...

New cholera strain identified

A group scientists have recently helped the Communicable Diseases Centre (CDC) at Atlanta identify a rare strain of cholera, which wreaked havoc in coastal US and Japan early this year. The new cholera pathogen, transmitted through sea food, has become a major cause of concern for scientists across the world. // The reason behind its spread through sea food was unknown and unexplained...

Life anticipation differences identified

According to researchers, high blood pressure is a major factor accounting for differences in life expectancy between blacks and whites. It's well known that black people live, on average, six years less than white people. And those who did not complete //high school are at a similar disadvantage compared to high school graduates. Now, for the first time, a study has identified the major...

Osteoporosis and kidney stones gene marker identified

A new study by researchers at the University of Texas has found a gene mutation in people with a family history of kidney stones, which makes them absorb too much calcium. They reported on six gene mutations which increase the risk of kidney stones, because they cause too much calcium absorption - a condition known as absorptive hypercalciuria (AH). They also added that people with kidney...

New Gene Identification Help Asthma Treatments

Scientists have discovered a gene that might be responsible for asthma. Scientists believe that this might lead to new understanding of the disease, hence leading to bettertreatments. There are about 10 genes that have a significant effect on a person's susceptibilityto asthma. With combined efforts internationally, doctors have identified about half of these genes. This new gene, PHF11,...

New target for antidiabetic agents identified

U.S. researchers have identified a protein that could serve as a new target for drugs designed to treat type II diabetes. The protein, known as TRB3, is actually a homolog of a protein found in the fruit fly Drosophila tribbles, senior author Dr. Marc Montminy, from the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, and colleagues note. The focus on TRB3 was the result of...

Alcohol Dependence Gene Identified

Scientists believe they have found a gene that predisposes people to become alcoholics. According to results from a study // involving 262 families with alcoholic members all were assessed for three genes in an area on chromosome 15 that had previously been linked to alcoholism. Results showed one of the genes -- GABRG3 -- did appear to influence alcoholism risk. Researchers aren’t sure...

Dyslexia Gene Identified and Called "KIAA0319"

Researchers led by Professor Julie Williams and Professor Michael O'Donovan at Cardiff University// have discovered the gene which is likely to be the cause of dyslexia in children. An analysis of 300 families where at least one child suffered from dyslexia was done to identify the gene. The gene has been called "KIAA0319". "This is a major breakthrough and the first study to ident...

New Enzyme Identified For Arthritis

Scientists of Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and University of Melbourne, Australia have identified a new enzyme // that causes arthritis. The enzyme called ADAMTS5 destroys the cartilage by degrading the aggrecan in the joints. The cartilage destruction leads to inflammations and the severe joint pains that are the symptoms of the disease called arthritis. Arthritis i...

Early identification of autism possible

Scientists of Canada have been able to successfully diagnose autism in infants below one years of age.// In a process to systematically document early signs of autism in children researchers had been able to diagnose high-risk infants and confirmed the diagnosis in a follow up study, till about the age of 24 months. The study had involved development of computerized visual orienting...

Target of diabetes type 1 identified

Researchers have identified a set of cells in the pancreas that are targeted by the white blood cells// and cause diabetes type 1. The researchers from University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center says their research is likely to change the study of diabetes autoimmunity and may also change the way other autoimmune diseases are studied. Diabetes type 1 is a m...

15 Anti-SARS Drugs Identified By China-Europe Team of Researchers

SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) has been a major killer in the last two years in July 2003; SARS had killed // 774 people worldwide and infected a further 8,000. A collaborative group of researchers from China, Germany, Denmark and Poland have spent the past year screening more than 8,000 existing drugs to find those that could combat SARS and now have identified 15 existing dru...

Research identifies trigger that sets of Huntingtons disease

Researchers have discovered the key molecule that gets over activated by the protein of the Huntingtons disease// and sets way for the condition to be expressed. Huntingtons disease is a genetic disorder that slowly destroys the ability of the person to think or move by himself. Early symptoms of the disease may be depression, mood swings, forgetfulness, and inability to concentrate or r...

Molecule responsible for muscle repair identified

Skeletal muscles repair by themselves from injuries. However at times due to age or disease these muscles are not able to heal itself.// Researchers have identified a molecule that when is deficient, is actually helpful to muscle regeneration. Researchers from University of Illinois-Chicago had reported in their findings that deficient plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) promote...

Gene mutation identified for inherited pain syndrome

Researchers have identified the single mutation of the gene involved in causing// the condition of inherited pain syndrome or primary erythromelalgia. Investigators from Yale School of Medicine have reported in their research findings that the single mutation of the gene for sodium channel Nav1.7 is responsible for people to suffer from the chronic condition of primary erythromelalgia....

The Use of Radio Frequency Identification ( RFID) to tackle the growing menace of counterfeit drugs

Manufacturers across the world have been constantly coming up with new strategies// and technologies to curb the proliferation of counterfeit drugs in the market. Deputy director BK Karna of Indian Institute of Packaging says although pharma companies are trying to bring in novel features to prevent proliferation of duplicated drugs with new package designs such as child resistant closu...

Identified Protein To Inhibit Cell Migration

Researchers from the University of North Carolina have identified a protein that may inhibit cellular movement, or migration. // The protein, CIB1, or calcium and integrin-binding protein 1, was originally discovered at UNC in 1997 as a blood platelet protein that may play a role in clotting. Cell migration belongs to the most rudimentary of cellular functions that allow processes su...

Toxin Identified For Alzheimer’s Diseas

Researchers from University of New South Wales have identified a toxin that plays// an important role in the progress of the disease of Alzheimer’s in the elderly population. Researchers had found that there is existence of quinolinic acid neurotoxicity in the brains of patients with Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. This acid kills the nerve cells of the brain that leads to brain dysf...

Protein causing spread of colon cancer identified

Researchers at the Georgetown University Lombardi cancer center, New Orleans have identified and isolated a protein that they say, is responsible for the spread of colon cancer to the liver. The protein, called Pa 28 alpha, can also cause the spread of other cancers, according to lead investigator Justinian Ngaiza, a clinical fellow in hematology/oncology at Georgetown's Lombardi Cancer C...

Disease chromosomes identified

Scientists working on the 10-year international Human Genome Project (HGP) have identified chromosomes which are believed to carry the highest concentration of disease genes.Out of 23 pairs of human chromosomes, 3 are believed to be associated with genetic disease. Over the next 20 years the research at the Wellcome Trust's Sanger Centre, near Cambridge, eastern England will have a la...

Testicular cancer identified

Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men at the age of 40 and is of high prevalence in India.Dr Kathy Tucker of the Prince of Wales Hospital and Dr Jenny Donald of Macquarie University in Sydney, have located a gene which increases men's risk of testicular cancer and state that it is inherited from their mothers. The newly located gene, called TGCT1, was located in a partic...

Identification of gene

The mystery of what causes the fatal autoimmune disease Systemic Lupus Erythematosis has been solved by the identification of a possible genetic link. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine (UCSD) uncovered the possible genetic link to SLE. Their report in a nationa journal say that a gene has been identified in mice which, if absent, causes symptoms...

Disease chromosomes identified

Scientists working on the 10-year international Human Genome Project (HGP) have identified chromosomes which are believed to carry the highest concentration of disease genes.Out of 23 pairs of human chromosomes, 3 are believed to be associated with genetic disease.Over the next 20 years the research at the Wellcome Trust's Sanger Centre, near Cambridge, eastern England will have a large i...

Researchers Identified Process That Aids Spread Of Alzheimer’s’ Diseae

Scientists from UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a step that encourages buildup of the key protein called beta-amyloid that encourages the spread of the disease// . In Alzheimer’s disease, an enzyme that has many other essential roles produces too much beta-amyloid. As a result, simply blocking the whole enzyme knocks out many of its other functions – which is fatal to th...

Research Identifies The Causes Of Snoring

Researchers from Slovenia had been able to unravel the mysteries behind snoring in humans. The study appears in the August issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians//. In a study of 40 patients, researchers used CT scan imaging of the head and neck region to identify the structures responsible for snoring. Based on questionnaires...

Gene Target For Tuberculosis Identified

For the first time, a gene linked to the disease tuberculosis has been identified which, is held to control the onset of the disease. The gene NRAMP1 is known to be involved in a number of other diseases like leprosy // and rheumatoid arthritis. Different forms of the gene are held to control the speed at which tuberculosis develops. Certain factors are already known to increase the spee...

Brain Chemical Identified For Drug Dependent Behavior

Researchers from University of Pennsylvania had identified a brain chemical responsible for some drug seeking behaviors associated with substance abuse. The chemical called orexin is also involved in feeding, arousal and sleep behaviors in human beings. // Research showed that the activation of orexin-secreting brain cells in the hypothalamus, a brain region that controls many vital fu...

Molecule That Aids Bacterial Infections Identified

Researchers from University of California, San Diego, had discovered that a single molecule is responsible for helping bacterial infections like bacterial meningitis etc., in the body. // By blocking the molecule’s anchoring ability, researchers may be able to find a way to stave off the most common serious infection of the central nervous system and a major cause of childhood death a...

Gene linked to colorectal cancer identified

Researchers from the University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston have found a gene, which on mutation or damage leads to development of colorectal cancer. They have found that mutation or defect in this gene leads to // development of colorectal cancer. The researchers have found that the gene, 06-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), is responsible for development of...

Computer aided cancer identification in young women

Eversince the introduction of computers to the health care delivery system, the electronic marvel has been only expanding its potential in improving diagnosis and treatment modalities. // A computer-aided detection system not only helps radiologists detect more breast cancers, but also helps detect smaller tumors in younger women. The study included 27,274 screening mammo...

Chest Pain Can Be Identified By New Tracer Chemical 30 Hours After Pain Relief

Nuclear medicine combines computers, detectors and radioactive substances called radioisotopes to produce images of blood flow and biochemical functions in the heart and other organs//. What makes the procedure so valuable is that it is possible to obtain the required information without disturbing the normal bodily functions. Ever since the introduction of nuclear medicine in diagnosis...

New Hereditary Bone Joint Disorder Identified

Researchers from Case Western Reserve University and University of California have found evidence for a new hereditary joint disorder which has been reported in Journal of Arthritis & Rheumatism//. The disease is found to cause extensive bubbling of the cartilage leading to tear off from the bone. This results was from a case study in which the father and all his three children were suff...

Evoprinter, a multigenomic comparative tool for rapid identification of functionally important DNA

Deciphering the regulatory mechanisms that control coordinate gene expression is a long-standing goal of biology. The comparison of orthologous DNA sequences from multiple vertebrate or invertebrate // species holds promise in identifying the cis-regulatory elements central to the dynamic interplay between a gene and its transcriptional regulators. This cross-species comparison, termed ph...

‘Inflammation Gene’ identified by scientit

A gene on chromosome 15 regulates inflammation according to scientists. Inflammation has a role to play in a wide range of disorders, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, Alzheimer’s besides infections//. John Blangero, Ph.D. and senior author of the study said: “Practically every common disease involves an inflammation component,” The research was done at Sout...

Protein Markers for Identification of Brain Tumor

Professor Waldemar Debinski and his team from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center have found a new treatment for the brain tumor – glioblastoma multiforme. The scientists have found that the inactive form of EphA2 // protein in the brain cells were responsible for spread of cancer cells and the work was published in the Journal Molecular Cancer Research. Glioblastoma multiforme...
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