Tribals in the Brink of Extinction due to Malnutrition and Diseases
In Kumbaribill, a neglected village nestled near the Similipal wildlife sanctuary in Orissa's Mayurbhanj district, deaths due to malnutrition and diseases are// frequent.
"We are dying of government apathy," lamented a villager. "We are poor and helpless because we are locked inside the fores...
Global Warming Will Result In the Extinction Of Amphibians
A fungal disease in frogs caused by global warming is resulting in the death of entire populations, and also driving them closer to extinction. The threat to biodiversity // as a result of emerging infectious diseases may also result in danger to human beings.
The study published by the journ...
Digital Music Project Aims to Save Tibetan Folk Songs from Extinction
An international team of anthropologists have embarked on a project to save Tibetan folk songs from extinction.
Led by anthropology professor Gerald Roche, the volunteer-run Tibetan Endangered Music Project (TEMP) aims at digitalizing and archiving all the songs collected online, and retur...
Humans force yet another species to extinction
Humans are known to damage. And a new study says just that.
Due to deforestation and genetic evidence the study points to a catastrophic collapse in orangutan populations// living in the fragmented forests of the Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary in Sabah, Malaysia. Benoit Goossens, Lounès Chikhi, ...
Poisonous Gas Caused Mass Extinction
The largest ever mass extinction
on earth may have been triggered by poisonous volcanic gas which erupted in Siberia 250 million years ago // , according to a new research. This must have happened before dinosaurs came into existence, towards the Permian era's end, when over two-thirds of amphibian...
Cancer Endangers Some Wildlife Species
...ancer , noted that cancer threatens the survival of some species, including the Tasmanian devil. The world's largest marsupial carnivore is at risk of extinction
due to a contagious cancer called Tasmanian devil facial tumor disease. In an effort to save the species, cancer-free Tasmanian devils are being reloc...
Wildlife faces cancer threat
... In certain situations, cancer threatens the survival of entire species. The Tasmanian devil, the world's largest carnivorous marsupial, is at risk of extinction
due to a cancer known as devil facial tumor disease. This form of contagious cancer spreads between individual Tasmanian devils through direct contact...
Inbreeding May Have Doomed Spain's Habsburg Dynasty
...Habsburgs to oblivion via infertility, scientists report in a research paper released last month.
"Inbreeding was a major cause responsible for the extinction
of this dynasty" and also contributed to the deaths of many Habsburg children, said study co-author Francisco C. Ceballos, a researcher at the Univers...
Treating addiction by eliminating drug-associated memories
...ssociated environment during subsequent tests."
This is a process called extinction
learning, whereby the compound helps the brain to create new associations i...ther mGluR5 agonists [like CDPPD] might play a role in the treatment of the extinction
of other forms of maladaptive learning, such as the traumatic memories asso...
Bed Bug Infestation an Epidemic; Bugs Found in Cell Phone, TVs and Keyboards
...bugs after spring break is over this year," he says. Frequent international travel and hotel stays have helped bed bugs to make a comeback after near extinction
in the U.S. The bugs find their way into suitcases and end up being carried home here to the States. Another reason bed bugs are back with a vengean...
Ecstasy could help patients with post-traumatic stress disorder
...learn the appropriate response to the trigger situation, a process known as extinction
But this approach can take some time, and 40% of patients cont...py for PTSD relies. But, caution the authors, while these compounds enhance extinction
learning they may also temporarily increase anxiety in people with PTSD bec...
Ten new amphibian species discovered in Colombia
... "Without a doubt this region is a true Noah's Ark. The high number of new amphibian species found is a sign of hope, even with the serious threat of extinction
that this animal group faces in many other regions of the country and the world," said Jose Vicente Rodriguez-Mahecha, Scientific Director of CI-Colom...
Chemical come-on successfully lures lovesick lampreys to traps
...conditions, only one of seven fish attacked by a sea lamprey will survive.
A sea lamprey can kill 40 or more pounds of fish, and they've caused the extinction
of three species of whitefish in the Great Lakes. The U.S. and Canadian governments together spend about $10 million to $15 million per year on lampre...
HIV Outbreak Began Decades Earlier Than Thought
...ities and associated high-risk behaviors may have been a principal cause of the rapid spread of the virus.
Worobey is optimistic about the eventual extinction
of the HIV virus.
"I think the picture that has emerged here, where changes the human population experienced may have opened the door to the spread...
Study offers new insights into teenagers and anxiety disorders
...resented without the loud noise. They found an increase in sweat gland activity during the conditioning phase in anxiety-disordered children, and less extinction
of this response in the at-risk children to cues that signaled the loud noise and also cues that did not signal the loud noise.
These findings sugg...
Cocaine addiction linked to voluntary drug use and cellular memory, UCSF study shows
...subset of rats in the active group also underwent behavioral extinction. In extinction
training, depression of the lever was no longer accompanied by cocaine lead...he behavior, LTP remained just as high as in rats that had not received the extinction
training, indicating that the cellular memory produced by cocaine-seeking b...
Rutgers research identifies brain cells related to fear
...ehavioral studies have demonstrated, however, that extinction
training does not completely abolish the initial f...is presented in a context other than the one where extinction
training took place.
For example, suppose a rat is trained for extinction
in a grey box smelling of roses, and later hears t...
Rat study suggests why teens get hooked on cocaine more easily than adults
...dolescent rats required around 75 percent more trials to extinguish a preference for the place where they were given the drug.
After each rats last extinction
trial, the researchers waited 24 hours, injected a low 5 mg/kg priming dose of cocaine, and put it back in the apparatus to test for place preference....
Fish devastated by sex-changing chemicals in municipal wastewater
...e to recreate concentrations measured in municipal wastewater.
During that period, they observed that chronic exposure to estrogen led to the near extinction
of the lakes fathead minnow population as well significant declines in larger fish, such as pearl dace and lake trout.
Generally, the smaller the f...
MIT's McGovern Institute honors Emory neuroscientist for contributions to psychiatry
...ons such as fearful memories eventually disappear. extinction
is not merely the gradual decay of memory. Instead, Davis has shown that extinction
involves an active process that, like the acquisit... Understanding the balance between acquisition and extinction
of fearful memories is of great importance for psy...
Very young found to process fear memories in unique way
...rchers concluded that the age at which the initial extinction
training occurred was critical to whether or not t...emory could still exist and be called on again.
in the young brain might forever erase early traum... brain develops is where and how fear learning and extinction
are stored and how they can be retrieved.
Corals added to IUCN Red List of Threatened Species for first time
...ption that marine species are not as vulnerable to extinction
as land-based species, said Roger McManus, CIs vic...species are likely to be listed as threatened with extinction
when more detailed information becomes available. ...y 20,000 marine species to determine their risk of extinction
according to the IUCN Red List Categories and Crit...
Size and Position of Floral Anther Plays a Vital Role in Pollination
Scientists are beginning to understand just how intimate and important these interactions are, as both plants and pollinators are threatened by extinction
due to habitat loss and pollution from human activities.
The recent alarm over the collapse of honeybee colonies has underscored the importanc...
First Drug for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
... that change proteins) called Cdk5 facilitates the extinction
of fear learned in a particular context.
"Remarkably, inhibiting Cdk5 facilitated extinction
of learned fear in mice. This data points to a pro...tinct, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the extinction
process are not well understood.
Tuberculosis Drug Increases OCD Therapy Progress
... a tuberculosis drug D-Cycloserine, may help people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) by enhancing progress of therapy sessions by accelerating extinction
The researchers are also working to see whether the drug helps people who want to quit smoking.
The study was conducted by...
Nemcova Turns Veggie to Save Fish
...ned vegetarian to help save the lives of fish.
The 28-year-old gave up meat and dairy products in February after reading an article about the extinction
"I read that if we fish the way we fish, in 2048 there will be no more fish left, which is pretty soon. So it's a statement," Conta...
Extinction Risk of Grazing Animals Depends on Reproductive Speed
...oss and living in a limited geographic area does pose significant risks for extinction
of a species, but under pressures of hunting, it's reproductive speed with ...t really matters; the slower the reproductive cycle, the higher the risk of extinction
for large grazing animals, said evolutionary biologist Samantha Price, a po...
Climate Change Threatening to Wipe Out Wild Relatives of Key Crops
...y to be more pronounced in some species than in others but that, in general, all three groups of species would suffer.
Jarvis further said the extinction
of crop wild relatives threatened food production as they contained genes for traits such as pest resistance and drought tolerance, which plant breede...
One-sixth of Europe's Mammals Face Extinction, Warns Conservation Experts
...according to the IUCN's criteria. This means that they face a "high risk of extinction
in the wild" if action is not taken, reports the Nature magazine.
T...there are some success stories. The Alpine ibex, which was hunted almost to extinction
during the nineteenth century, has now rebounded to number more than 30,000...
Protecting Oceans is Important to Keeping Planet Cool
...ng to an IUCN estimate.
An example of an area threatened with virtual extinction
is the Republic of Maldives, a chain of 26 atolls about 700 km southwest of...t of its islands are no more than one metre above sea level, and face total extinction
within 100 years at the current rate of ice melt that is raising sea levels...
Madhya Pradesh Gets Tough on Sex Determination Tests
...villages of Morena, there are as few as 400 to 700 females for every 1,000 males.
"If conditions do not improve, girls will be on the brink of extinction
at these places," said another official, pointing out that the state's ratio (920 girls per 1,000 boys) was far below the national ratio of 933 girls ...
PM Stress the Need to Protect Health of Children
"Global warming threatens famines, floods, epidemics and ecological disarray that will severely compromise human health and may even lead to extinction
of life on this planet. There are also a growing number of conflicts and terrorist attacks that threaten the peace and well-being of people in many pa...
Strong Evidence Suggests Incidence Of Mating Of Ancestors With Neanderthals
...tion may not be all about unprompted mutations that occurred on the spur of a moment but because of interbreeding with related species on the verge of extinction
that resulted in the introduction of variant genes called alleles which has remarkably contributed to successful evolution of humans.
Many other res...
Test Tube Koalas !
...technique can be made use of in genetic management and animal welfare. Though,the koala is not among endangered species, it is listed as vulnerable to extinction
in two Australian states, Queensland and New South Wales.
The programme next aims to create the world's first koala sperm bank and this would enab...
Pre-Clinical Study Suggests How Steroid Can Reverse Post-Traumatic Stress
...al or human is exposed to or relives an aversive scenario, a process called extinction
creates a competing memory.”
“We’re not erasing memories,” said Dr. R...
“Our studies show that glucocorticoids work specifically to enhance the extinction
of fear memory, as opposed to other mechanisms affecting recall, such as el...
Will The Tropical Forests Survive The Deforestation Scenario?
... the growing needs// of the human population. This has resulted in complete extinction
of the forest species. Humans in rural settings contribute most to deforest...n are the two main reasons that accelerate deforestation and result in mass extinction
of the tropical forest species says S.J. Wright, Smithsonian Tropical Resea...
PHC Doctors Tricked Tribal Women To Undergo Sterilization
...nticed with money to undergo the operation.
Shoba belongs to the Mal Pahari community, one of the nine primitive tribes of the state facing an extinction
When Shoba's husband Umesh Pujhar came to know about it, he informed government officials and social organisations.
"My wife wa...
Oceans May Turn More Acidic and Threaten Marine Life
...ould take millions of years. Ocean acidification has the potential to cause extinction
of many marine species."
The oceans had been subject to drastic chang...cided with the time the dinosaurs went extinct. The pattern that caused the extinction
in the ocean was found to be around the same time when ocean acidification ...
Neanderthals Vs. Early Modern Humans
...nt Anthropology, comes up with a different conclusion for their disappearance. It said that they shared similar hunting behavior but what led to their extinction
was attributed to the nature’s process of evolution.
it is said that individual set of population has its own distinct ability to acquire and ...
Earth Will Feel The Impact Of Global Warming
...ocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), emerged in less than 5,000 years and set in motion a host of important changes around the globe, including a mass extinction
of deep-sea bottom-dwelling marine life.
Fossil records indicate key migrations of terrestrial mammal species during this time-including eviden...