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PCR emerging as a promising technique for Diagnosing Urinary Tuberculosis

Urinary Tuberculosis is often difficult to diagnose and many a times the diagnosis is made by exclusion. Urine polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is emerging as a promising technique for early diagnosis of Urinary Tuberculosis. The technique involves detection of bacteria by facilitating rapid amplification of small amounts of a genome sequence, Dr Narmada P Gupta told the Millennium Interna...

How to diagnose heart failure?

Researchers at the University of Texas say that physical examination gives two distinct signs that signal heart failure. Generally the power of the simple physical examination is forgotten by many. But doctors at the Heart Failure Research Unit at the University of Texas now reveal that two signs in a physical exam are highly relevant to heart failure.// In a healthy adult, only two h...

Effective Diagnosis Of Spinal Cord Injuries

Patients with spinal cord injuries could benefit from early magnetic resonance imaging, according to the findings of a new study. According to neuroscientists in Canada MRI technology could determine //if performing surgery would benefit patients. They say they found that trauma-induced spinal cord compression on MRIs predict a poorer neurological recovery. Surgery can relieve spinal cor...

Diagnosis of Alzheimer's years before clinical signs emerge

Brain researchers are developing tests that can identify the beginnings of Alzheimers years before the first clinical signs of the disease emerge. The researchers, who presented their results on 14 // November at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience in Washington DC, say the tests allowed them to single out people who went on to develop the condition. If those results ar...

Photographs for Diagnosis

Retinal snapshots could help identify with precision people at high risk of suffering a stroke, say US researchers. They say their technique is cheap enough to be used by opticians and GPs to mass-screen patients.Strokes are caused by brain cell death due to bleeding from damaged blood vessels. Over 500,000 people suffer strokes every year in the Asia alone. Retinal scans are simple,...

New technique to diagnose heart disease

A new technique is used to diagnose heart problems. A new method of scanning based on magnetic resonance imaging is proving to be a useful alternative to conventional methods for diagnosing heart problems.//The usual technique for diagnosing blocked arteries that are the cause of heart disease involves injecting a dye into the vessels and then taking X-rays. But researchers at University...

Blood test diagnoses heart failure in short time

Generally, doctors diagnose heart disease by taking a history of symptoms, a physical exam, an electrocardiogram, an ultrasound scan and blood tests to rule out other causes, such as kidney disease.// Even with all this, they are often wrong. A 15-minute blood test allows doctors to accurately find out whether patients with severe shortness of breath are suffering from congestive heart fa...

New diagnostic marker for prostate cancer

Researchers of the University of Michigan, have found a gene which acts as a specific diagnostic marker for prostate cancer. Using a technique called DNA microarray analysis, which allows investigation of the activity of thousands of different genes in tissue samples. //The gene is called a-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) and it's never before been seen in association with cancer. In...

Combined scan gives exact cancer diagnosis

A new device makes detection more easier. A combined scanner detects more lesions in cervical and ovarian cancer than the conventional method. It is notoriously difficult to get an accurate picture of ovarian and cervical tumours,// because the tissue is dense and so it's not always possible to detect the border between malignant and normal areas. Doctors at the University of Texas now sa...

Quit smoking after cancer diagnosis

According to a new study it is observed that motivating people to give up smoking, after a cancer diagnosis, is not necessarily more effective than just ordering them to quit. When someone is diagnosed with cancer,// they may well be more responsive than ever before to the idea of giving up smoking. Researchers at the Royal Adelaide Hospital Cancer Centre, in Melbourne, have been consider...

Heart disease diagnosed by dentist?

A dentist may be the first one to suspect health problems, including heart disease. New research is suggesting that people with gum disease are at higher risk for heart attacks. A sore or painful jaw is one indicator of heart disease, notes the Academy of General Dentistry. There's also a connection between gum disease and heart problems. "I've helped patients with heart conditions by d...

Cancer Risk From Exposure To Diagnostic X-Rays

Diagnostic X-rays are the largest man made source of radiation exposure to the general population. Although there are // many benefits to these X-rays, it’s also believed exposure during the test is responsible for a small number of cancers. A new study attempts to calculate the risk of cancer from exposure to diagnostic X-rays. Researchers at the University of Oxford and Cancer Research...

A Simple Exercise Can Uncover Undiagnosed Asthma

Researchers from the Coalition of Health for Asthmatics in Sports and Exercise and the Center for Asthma and Allergy Care, gave an exercise test // to 127, 6- to 18-year olds who had at least one risk factor for asthma. Risk factors were determined by a 10-item questionnaire. The most common risk factor noted by children was a family member having allergies or asthma. For the exercise t...

Screening Test For Early Diagnosis Of Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States, partly because it is often detected at advanced stages. // Screening reduces death by detecting cancers earlier when they are more curable. A new study shows primary care providers do not screen all eligible patients for colorectal cancer. Researchers attribute the limited use of these tests to four fact...

Breast Cancer Diagnosed Late In Men

Breast cancer on the rise among men, report researchers who conducted a study, which includes data from 1973 to 1998. It shows that // the incidence of breast cancer in men climbed from 0.86 cases per 100,000 men over age 25 to 1.08 cases during the 25-year study. Researchers say that breast cancer in men is poorly understood, mainly because the disease is so rare among males, accounting...

Imaging Modality That Might Help Diagnose Depression

Researchers say they may have found a way to diagnose melancholic depression using an imaging technology that allows them to observe // levels of certain substances in the brain. Melancholia is a relatively common form of depression marked by insomnia, loss of appetite, and loss of pleasure. Results of the study show low levels of the inhibitory transmitter GABA and high levels of the e...

Pain-Free Heart Attacks Often Misdiagnosed

New research shows heart attacks without chest pain are more often fatal. Chest pain is just one sign of a heart attack. Instead of chest pain //, some patients experience symptoms like fainting, shortness of breath, excessive sweating, or nausea and vomiting. Researchers conducted a study to see how patients who have a heart attack without chest pain are treated and how they recover. Th...

Early Diagnosis Of Lung Cancer

Diagnosing lung cancer before it’s in a more advanced stage is key to survival of patients say researchers based on findings of a recent study.// While a CT scan can detect early lung cancer, researchers wanted to determine if it is a cost-effective option. A new study conducted by researchers who wanted to look at the cost-effectiveness of a CT scan for high-risk patients. The research...

Being Obese Increases Ones Risk Of A wrong Diagnosis During Medical Imaging

In addition to being at-risk for various health conditions, obese people may also be cutting their chance of being accurately diagnosed // during medical imaging. According to a recent study researchers say obesity can limit the ability and accuracy of imaging equipment scans, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The number of problems with imag...

Diagnosing Sleep Apnea By Overnight Sleep Testing Method

After studying 100 patients at an ear , nose and throat clinic researchers say people who go to the doctor complaining of snoring // shouldn't expect to receive a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome ( OSAS ) based on a routine examination alone instead an overnight sleep testing needs to be done inorder to reach a diagnosis of the same . For the study, physicians evaluated the...

Single gene analysis for diagnosis of a range of blood disorders

A single mutation that causes a number of blood disorders ahs been found out .This may lead to a more accurate diagnosis//, according to a new study. Researchers were able to develop a diagnostic test, which could pinpoint a gene mutation found in most patients with myeloproliferative blood disorders. These disorders are characterized by an overproduction of blood cells and can cause hem...

Early diagnosis for autism from blood tests may be possible

Scientists from UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute had reported that the blood samples of autistic children have revealed altered proteins// and components of the immunity system. This may be the first test to be developed that can detect autism from the blood tests of children. Autism spectrum disorder is a range of disorders that can be seen in a mild to the most sever form. The characteristi...

Going to GP may delay cancer diagnosis, says new study

Going to your general practitioner may delay your chances of getting treated// for cancer early. According to a study published in the British Journal of Cancer, valuable time is lost when cancer patients goes to a GP first and diagnosis gets delayed. Patients with suspected prostate cancer might be diagnosed three times later than those with breast cancer patients who straight away g...

Cancer diagnosis easier from microRNA

MicroRNA profile analysis has been developed as a tool to diagnose cancer by scientists of Broad Institute// of MIT and Harvard. Researchers have also been able to develop a technology that will be able to test the microRNA profile through an easy and not expensive diagnostic test. MicroRNA (miRNA) are small RNA molecules that control the level of proteins made from transcribed genes....

Restless leg syndrome may remain under-diagnosed in many

A large multinational population study had brought into focus that restless leg syndrome// may remain under-diagnosed and untreated in people and in turn severely hamper the quality of life for them. Restless leg syndrome is a disorder of neurological origin. This condition happens when the urge to move one’s legs becomes strong even if the person is stationary. The people suffering fr...

Diabetes diagnosis may be the signal for psychiatric illness in children

Children who are being diagnosed for diabetes type 2 may have increased risk of suffering// from psychiatric illness at the onset of the disease. A study done by the researchers of The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia have shown that among the children who are newly diagnosed for diabetes type 2 disease, two out of five of them have showed tendencies of being afflicted by psychiatri...

Fragile X-Associated Tremor /Ataxia Syndrome Need Guidelines For Diagnostic Tests

Fragile X-associated tremor /ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) needs guidelines to have diagnostic// tests designed for early detection, as it is difficult to diagnose. According to a study published in the July 26 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology, diagnosis of the disease early is required as the disease is often confused with other similar disor...

Molecular markers for early diagnosis of breast and ovarian cancer

Scientists from Ludwig Institute of Cancer Research and Lviv Regional Oncology center//, Ukraine has developed a new simple and affordable blood test for early detection of breast and ovarian cancer. However, they did not find the proteins in women without cancer. "Attempts to find a single reliable early protein, or 'marker', for breast or ovarian cancer diagnosis have not been very s...

Stroke In The Right-Brain Can Remain Undiagnosed

It may be easier to diagnose strokes affecting the left-brain than the right brain, said a report in the recent issue of The Lancet.// The authors state that discrepancy could be due to difficulties in recognizing the symptoms of right-brain stroke. Cerebrovascular events are frequently accompanied by characteristic neurological deficits, depending on the side of the brain the l...

Diabetes and heart attack diagnosis now made simple with twin magic

Good things come in small packages. So are the twin electroneedles, which is targeted at diabetics and high-risk cardiac patients to confirm heart attack episodes. The two arrays of micron-sized needles operate similarly by penetrating painlessly into the skin. Good thing come in small packages. So are the twin electroneedles, which is targeted at diabetics and also said to benefit hi...

Schizophrenia Gets A New Diagnostic Tool

Researchers from University of New South Wales may be one of the first scientists to develop a tool for diagnosing schizophrenia and bipolar disease. Currently there is no single test that could exactly identify the disease.// The researchers who had their paper published in the latest issue of the journal Psychiatry Research said that this may make the diagnosis of these disease muc...

Blood test for diagnosis of heart attacks

Casualty departments could diagnose heart attacks more quickly and with greater accuracy if they used a simple blood test, according to research. At the moment, the blood test is usually the fourth and final stage of diagnosis. If it were used earlier on, the researchers argue, it would also save hospitals money. Dr Dennis. Roberts, of Baltimore University in Maryland, led the resea...

Magnetic Resonance Spectrometry for speedy diagnosis of Brain disorders

Imaging modality has yet another discovery to its credit. Magnetic Resonance Spectrometry (MRS) as is it called is a safe, non-surgical method of identifying brain infections such as brain abscess, and an accurate// and rapid way of diagnosing meningitis. The new method will also help distinguish between brain tumor and other types of brain infection in a simple but effective way. Severa...

Eye Diseases Diagnosed Through Genetical Testing

Researchers from the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center had developed a rapid genetical testing to diagnose eye diseases in people. Scientists have created a first-of-its-kind test on a // microchip array that will help physicians hone their diagnoses for patients with the blinding disease known as retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The screening technique has proven to be reliable and...

45 Percent Of Errors In Cancer Diagnosis Harm The Patient

The frequency of errors in the diagnosis has crept up lately and this is causing harm to the patients either in the form of unnecessary treatment or repeat diagnostic tests, says a new study that was published online today by the journal Cancer//. Stephen S. Raab, M.D., of the University of Pittsburgh and colleagues studied 24,000 cases in four unnamed institutions in the Pittsburgh a...

MRI as a diagnostic tool for breast cancer

Mammography has been proven to be a sensitive screening tool for the detection of early breast cancer; however, the increased tissue density// of young women can complicate mammographic interpretation. As the sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of breast cancer is high and virtually uncompromised by increased breast density, there is, an interest in using b...

A New Diagnostic Approach To Pediatric Interstitial Lung Disease

Chronic interstitial lung disease (ILD) comprises a large, heterogeneous group of rare pulmonary disorders //characterized by diffuse infiltrates, restrictive lung disease, and abnormal gas exchange with considerable mortality and morbidity. ILD presents enormous diagnostic challenges because the differential diagnosis includes more than 100 conditions in both adults2 and children. Rese...

Urine testing for telomerase enzyme for bladder cancer diagnosis

Dr Maria Aurora Sanchini and her colleagues from Italy have found a new urine test which detects bladder cancer// in people with high-risk of cancer occurrence. The test which is proved to be 90% accurate is used to measure the level of the enzyme telomerase in urine of patients. The results of the study have been published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The study wou...

Ovarian Cancer Presents ‘Target Symptoms’ Six Months Before Diagnosi

A new study says that symptoms associated with ovarian cancer start much earlier before the diagnosis// is made and being alert to these symptoms could make a huge difference in the rapid treatment of the cancer. Ovarian cancer is more curable if detected early enough. The study team led by Dr. Lloyd H. Smith from the University of California Davis Health System in Sacramento says that t...

Misdiagnosis of cataplexy

Cataplexy, transient episodes of bilateral muscle weakness with areflexia provoked by emotions, is a state highly specific to narcolepsy. Cataplexy is diagnosed based on clinical interview. Two screening tools have been // developed recently but their usefulness has been limited because of length or current lack of psychometric data. Used effectively even these screening tests require...
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