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Is Diabetes the Leading Cause of Kidney Failure in India

No one knows the answer to this one as we do not have collective data, however diabetes is the number one cause of kidney failure in the United States, accounting for more than 40 percent of the new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD)each year. People with ESRD require regular dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive. Almost 25% of patients suffering from diabetes will get kidney...

Kidney Stones - Interesting New Research implicates bacteria as its cause

In India Kidney Stones are not uncommon problem due to the hot and often humid weather. Most of these stones are made up of Calcium, Oxalate and phosphates. The cause of stone disease is debatable, however it is well known that drinking less water is a risk factor for stone disease. New research by the National Kidney foundation suggests that the culprit is a tiny bacteria called N...

Moderate Use of Analgesics - Not Associated With Kidney Dysfunction

According to a new study, occasional use of aspirin, acetaminophen, or other pain relievers for everyday aches and pains is not associated with kidney dysfunction among healthy men. As analgesic use is so common, even small increases in the relative risk of renal dysfunction could have a significant impact on rates of renal disease. Some earlier studies have suggested that regul...

A treatment for blindness

A surgical technique to correct a blinding condition in premature babies appears to have long-term benefits. Children born with retinopathy in prematurity (ROP) have an abnormal growth of blood vessels along the surface of the retina.If this is not treated , the condition can lead to legal blindness in about 60 percent of patients. A surgical procedure Cryotherapy, is emplo...

Blindness can be stopped with drug for acne treatment

Stargardt's macular degeneration, also called juvenile macular degeneration, is an inherited disease which affects one in 10,000 people. This condition results from a defect in the ABCR gene, which is responsible for coding for a protein that removes all-trans-retinaldehyde, a vision byproduct, from retinal rods and cones. Rods and cones are supported by retinal-pigmented epithelium (RPE...

Angiotensin-II-receptor blockers - Treat kidney failure

Drugs used to treat high blood pressure have been found to also help slow the progress of kidney failure. Three separate drug trials reveal that the angiotensin-II-receptor blockers, which include losartan and irbesartan, can be used to treat kidney failure, one of the commonest complications in diabetes. // In the first trial, carried out by doctors in Boston, USA, 1500 patients...

Helping the neurology of kidney failure

Antioxidants may be able to treat the neurological problems that are common in kidney failure.More than 300,000 people in the US suffer from kidney failure, which is usually caused by diabetes, high blood pressure or infection. Kidney failure often leads to neurological complications like fatigue, apathy, emotional instability and even convulsions and coma. // Researchers at the Uni...

Woman gets cancer from transplanted kidney

For a person with failing kidneys, receiving a transplanted kidney can be a lifesaver. But in rare cases, the transplanted organ may pass on cancer to the recipient. Wisconsin researchers report that a transplant recipient whose donor had previously had lung cancer developed cancer herself several years after her transplant. // The woman has made a full recovery, but her case unders...

Cure for blindness

A new ray of hope for visually- impaired patients.Retinal cell transplants can restore vision in blind rats, thereby opening up new possibilities for them. Researchers at the University of Texas, have transplanted human retinal cells into rats born with a predisposition to blindness.// Experiments showed that the rats were then able to distinguish patterns as well as animals with normal v...

New Dietary Approach To Manage Kidney Stones

Kidney stones, which are often extremely painful to excrete, cost billions of dollars each year in medical care and lost productivity. While the stones can sometimes be prevented by drinking plenty of water, avoiding infections and emptying the bladder frequently,// medication to reduce the excretion of calcium in urine may be prescribed. These drugs may increase cholesterol and can cause...

Diet plays a role in kidney stones

According to a few researchers, lessening calcium in the diet does not help prevent the return of kidney stones. Kidney stones are made of a chemical called calcium oxalate and one approach to preventing this painful condition// is to reduce the amount of calcium in the diet. But since calcium is important for keeping a healthy level of bone density and controlling blood pressure, there n...

Kidney cancer on the rise

The incidence of kidney cancer in the UK has risen by 68 per cent over the last two decades and now affects almost 6,000 people a year. Research in UK says that 5,700 people each year are affected by kidney cancer and survival rates are among the lowest in Europe.// The disease accounts for an estimated 95,000 worldwide deaths each year, 3,000 of which are in the UK. According to Dr Ni...

Vitamin E decreases high blood pressure in kidney failure

The antioxidant vitamin E was able to reduce high blood pressure in rats who had kidney failure. Researchers at the University of Texas, find that rats with impaired kidneys// and high blood pressure produce large amounts of damaging free radicals. This process, known as oxidative stress, now looks to play a key role in high blood pressure. In the latest study, they also show that giving...

FDA Approves New surgery Treatment for Farsightedness

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved a new treatment for farsightedness known as conductive keratoplasty. The technique uses radiofrequency energy to// shrink small areas of the cornea, the transparent coat on the surface of the eyeball. Unlike laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), in which the surface of the eye is reshaped using a laser, conductive keratoplasty does not requ...

Filtration treatment assigns more live kidney donation

According to a new study, filtering out the antibodies that can cause donor kidney rejection allows a higher success rate with live donor transplants. Many patients need a kidney transplant but are denied one because no donor organ can be found. Body organs, from dead bodies, are in short supply, and to have a kidney from a live donor //means they must be of a compatible blood group....

Nightlights could ward diabetic blindness

According to researchers, illumination during the hours of darkness might prevent retinal damage in diabetes. One of the major complications of diabetes is a form of blindness called diabetic retinopathy. This results from damage to the retina //- the layer of tissue at the back of the eye which responds to light.In diabetes, the blood supply to the eye is impaired and this has an impact...

New operation for kidney cancer

According to researchers, that three years on, a group of kidney cancer patients have had no recurrence of their disease, thanks to a new procedure. Researchers at the University of Mississippi have developed a new operation for kidney cancer, called interventional-MRI renal cryosurgery. //The procedure relies on magnetic resonance imaging to guide a surgical probe while removing cancerou...

Kidney function can be affected by lead exposure

Earlier studies have shown that exposure to lead may lead to deterioration of kidney function. Researchers in Taiwan, in a new study, have now shown that kidney function in people with chronic kidney problems may be adversely affected due to environmental lead exposure. The researchers studied a group of people with chronic kidney disease in which there were some who had a normal body bur...

Osteoporosis and kidney stones gene marker identified

A new study by researchers at the University of Texas has found a gene mutation in people with a family history of kidney stones, which makes them absorb too much calcium. They reported on six gene mutations which increase the risk of kidney stones, because they cause too much calcium absorption - a condition known as absorptive hypercalciuria (AH). They also added that people with kidney...

Baltimore doctors perform three simultaneous kidney transplants

BALTIMORE, Johns Hopkins University surgeons performed three simultaneous kidney transplants in a complex piece of medical choreography that had nurses rushing organs in labeled coolers among six operating rooms. "We each have a piece of each other inside us," said one of the recipients.The six synchronized operations -- three to remove the kidneys, three to implant them -- became possibl...

Kidney Failure after Non-Kidney Transplants

Doctors have long known that kidney failure is a complication of organ transplantation. Now, they know more about //which types of transplants are most likely to lead to chronic kidney failure. Researchers from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, report patients who have intestine transplants are more likely to have kidney failure compared to those who receive heart-lung transplants....

Kidney Patients Risk Heart Attacks

A new study shows kidney patients have far more to be concerned about than only their kidneys. The American Heart Association-sponsored study shows people with chronic kidney disease are in the highest risk group for heart disease. //Doctors say the most surprising finding was that this also applies to people who are in the very early stages of kidney disease. Doctors have known patie...

Kidney Patients Risk Heart Attacks

A new study shows kidney patients have far more to be concerned about than only their kidneys. The American Heart Association-sponsored study shows //people with chronic kidney disease are in the highest risk group for heart disease. Doctors say the most surprising finding was that this also applies to people who are in the very early stages of kidney disease. Doctors have known patien...

Urine Test for Kidney Cancer

Scientists believe they’ve found a simple new test to detect kidney cancer in its earliest and most curable stage.// In a report published in this week’s Cancer Research, researchers outline a method based on an analysis of a person’s urine. Kidney cancer accounts for about 3 percent of all cancers. About 32,000 cases were identified in the United States in 2003. Doctors...

New Hope for Kidney Failure

A recently discovered molecule may have the potential to protect the kidneys from failing after injury, according to new research.// For the study, mice were genetically engineered to express higher-than-normal levels of the natural molecule hepatic growth factor (HGF) or another natural factor called parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP). Both groups of mice developed normal ki...

Hope for Patients With Kidney Failure

Kidney failure commonly occurs in intensive care units following a major surgery, and currently, patients who experience it have a mortality rate of about 50 percent and according to researchers it is one of the major causes of death in seriously ill patients. // A recently discovered molecule may have the potential to protect the kidneys from failing after injury, according to new rese...

Groundbreaking Study Gives Hope For Patients With Kidney Cancer

German researchers have developed what appears to be an effective vaccine against recurrent kidney cancers.// Kidney cancer accounts for about 3 percent of all cancers and causes about 12,000 deaths in the United States every year. The disease most often strikes those in their 50s and 60s. Standard treatment involves removal of all or part of the kidney. Unlike some other cancers, however...

Smoking Linked to Blindness

Age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of adult blindness, which results in irreversible loss of central vision. // A recent study shows smokers are up to four-times as likely to become blind later in life from age-related macular degeneration. The study showed quitting smoking slows the development of the blinding condition. On the other hand, continued smoking can aff...

The Role Of Calcium In The Formation Of Kidney Stones

Latest research shows that by adding more calcium to the diet may help reduce the risk of developing kidney stones in younger women.// In a study of more than 95,000 women who never had kidney stones, researchers documented 1,223 new kidney stones over the eight years of the study. Women who consumed the most calcium had a 27-percent lower risk of developing kidney stones compared to wom...

The Role Of Calcium In The Formation Of Kidney Stones

Latest research shows that by adding more calcium to the diet may help reduce the risk of developing kidney stones in younger women.// In a study of more than 95,000 women who never had kidney stones, researchers documented 1,223 new kidney stones over the eight years of the study. Women who consumed the most calcium had a 27-percent lower risk of developing kidney stones compared to wom...

The Role Of Calcium In The Formation Of Kidney Stones

Latest research shows that by adding more calcium to the diet may help reduce the risk of developing kidney stones in younger women.// In a study of more than 95,000 women who never had kidney stones, researchers documented 1,223 new kidney stones over the eight years of the study. Women who consumed the most calcium had a 27-percent lower risk of developing kidney stones compared to wom...

Urine Test for Kidney Cancer

Each year in the United States, about 35,000 people will be diagnosed with kidney cancer. About 12,000 will die. Now, a new test gets closer to an earlier and more// accurate diagnosis. Mike Frozzitta found a lump that turned out to be kidney cancer. Currently, the only way to detect kidney cancer is with a computed axial tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging, but Frozzitta's t...

Age Matters in Kidney Matching

Over the years kidney transplantation has come a long way. The number of successfully transplanted kidneys has been able to help more and more people lead a normal lifestyle. //However, a recent study looking into the issue, “If Age matters when matching donor and recipient kidneys,” gave not only the researchers a whole new perspective but also the transplant community. Researchers fr...

New Kidney Transplantation procedure

A transplantation procedure that will most likely help patients with renal failure to receive kidneys from unmatched donors has been implemented by a team of Chennai doctors.// The procedure which is called , `Splenic Radiation and Plasmapheresis,' enables patients with renal failure to accept kidneys from donors whose blood group does not match. "Through this technique we temporarily...

Identifying The Risk For Kidney Infection

Many of the factors that put women at risk for urinary tract infections also put them at risk for kidney infections, say researchers // according to a new study. Researchers interviewed 242 women who were treated for kidney infections. They also collected information about the women’s treatment from automated databases. They then compared data from these cases to those of 546 similar wom...

Being Obese Could Lead To Kidney Stone Formation

According to findings of a recent study researchers say obesity and weight gain may increase the risk of kidney stone formation.//Researchers believe larger body size causes increased urination of calcium and uric acid, resulting in a higher risk for calcium-containing kidney stones. The association between the formation of kidney stones and weight, weight gain, body mass index, and wais...

Blindness may be genetic by nature

Your kind of immunity may lead you to blindness. According to a new research to be published in the Science journal, //scientists had been able to find out a genetic component that may lead to loss of sight. In search of what is commonly known as blindness due to age, scientists have come up with a gene that may cause macular degeneration in elderly people. This is a variety of gene t...

Early test to detect kidney failure

Nephronologists at University of Cincinnati College of Medicine had been successful in developing an early test for detecting kidney failure.// Their research had led to finding of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as an early biomarker to detect ischemic renal injury after the patient had a cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Of the 71 children surveyed who...

Moderate drinking can be good for the kidneys

A drink a day may reduce the risk of kidney failure in men.// The researchers had taken 473 healthy males, who had moderate consumption of alcohol weekly (about a glass a day) and compared their elevated creatinine levels and reduced glomerular filtration rates with men who drank less than a glass a day of alcohol. The research had moderated the drinking pattern and renal function of t...

New kidney test a better predictor of health

Scientists have developed a new blood test called Cystatin-C for predicting cardiovascular risk and death amongst //elderly from kidney malfunction. Earlier test that was used was creatinine, and researchers say that the new test will be more effective and better predictor than the earlier one. The new test distinguishes three types of cardiovascular risks: low, medium and high. The ne...
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