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Cortisol level

Cortisol level Definition: A cortisol level is a blood test that measures the amount of cortisol , a steroid hormone produced by the ad renal cortex. Cortisol level Powered by: This information is provided by an independent source. Merck & Co., Inc. is not responsible for this co...

Triglyceride level

High triglyceride level s may be associated with a higher risk for heart disease and stroke . A triglyceride level of 150 or lower is considered normal. A triglyceride level of 150 to 199 mg/dL is considered borderline high. A triglyceride level of 200 to 499 mg/dL is considered high...

Vitamin B-12 level

Vitamin A Test Vitamin B12 Absorption Test (Schilling Test) Vitamin B-12 Level VLDL VMA ( Catecholamines - Urine ) ... bone marrow examination (only needed if diagnosis is unclear) serum LDH below normal serum vitamin B-12 level Schilling test measurement of serum holo...

Abdominal girth

... Abdominal girth Definition: Abdominal girth is the measurement of the distance around the abdomen at a specific point, usually at the level of the belly button (navel). Abdominal girth can be an objective measurement of abdominal swelling . Ovarian neoplasm s may have abdominal pai...

Acne

... Specific changes in the growth pattern of your hair or the development of acne may be enough for your doctor to determine that you have a high level of androgen hormone s. So you're considering showing off the baby and her face erupts with the worst case of acne you've seen since high scho...

ACTH

...at is being produced by an ad renal gland tumor ( adenoma ). The adrenal glands release their hormone s into the blood in response to the level of the regulating hormone ACTH , produced by an organ at the base of the brain called the pituitary gland . Adrenocorticotropic hormone ( A...

Adenocarcinoma

...ay This chest X-ray shows adenocarcinoma of the lung. There is a rounded light spot in the right upper lung ( left side of the picture) at the level of the second rib. Adenocarcinoma : Nearly all breast cancer s start in gland ular tissue (such as in ducts or lobules of the breast ) and, t...

ADH

...easingly recognized in adult populations. ADH level - This test measures the amount of ADH in the s...It is used to detect disorders that may affect the level of ADH in the serum . Normal values are: 0 to...that the areas are less active. The lower activity level seems to cause inattention. Dilutional hyponatr...

ADHD

...the brain that control attention use less glucose than the brains of other people. This indicates that the areas are less active. The lower activity level seems to cause inattention. ADHD , combined type - This, the most common type of ADHD , is characterized by impulsive and hyperactive behavior s...

Aerobic

...ic activity can be helpful in raising your energy level and reducing discomfort. However, more vigorous...cteria (Peptostreptococcus, Bacteroides). This level of physical activity is called " aerobic " becau...y at least three days a week to maintain a healthy level of physical fitness. Necrotizing subcutaneous ...

Albumin

... Sitz Bath , 15-30 minutes (p. 209). albumin level A sample of blood is obtained from your child's ...els. Having a low blood albumin ( protein ) level (below 4). Having a low hemoglobin level (below 10.5). Being male. Being aged 45 years or...

Alcohol Abuse

..., it's a form of alcohol abuse . : Alcohol Abuse , Alcohol Dependence Definition An illness marked by consumption of alcoholic beverages at a level that interferes with physical or mental health , and social, family, or occupational responsibilities. Definition of National Institute on Alcoho...

Alcoholism

...coholism is an illness marked by consumption of alcoholic beverages at a level that interferes with physical or mental health , and social, family, or oc...ay also change blood sugar levels. family history of high triglyceride level s in the blood ... Alcohol dependence ( alcoholism ) means that you ...

Aldosterone

...han in women who are not pregnant. Alternative Names: Aldosterone - urine How the test is performed: Text Continued Below ... Aldosterone level test Definition: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia refers to a group of inherited disorders relating to the adrenal glands , characterized by a def...

Alpha

...ally undetectable in the blood of healthy nonpregnant adults. An elevated level of AFP suggests the presence of either a primary liver cancer or ger... alpha chains are overabundant. Unexplained high alpha -feto protein level in the second trimester Untreated disease or infection (such as urinar...

Alpha fetoprotein

... increased risk for certain problems in the baby such as spina bifida or Down syndrome . Tests of the mother's blood , including a check of the level of alpha fetoprotein (AFP). AFP is a protein made by the baby. The AFP test is done between the 15th and 18th weeks of pregnancy . AFP ( Alpha...

Anemia

...red blood cells are not providing adequate oxygen to body tissue s. There are many types and causes of anemia . Anemia is an abnormally low level of red blood cells. Hemolytic anemia is the general name for any type of anemia that occurs because red blood cells are being destroyed too ...

Androgen

... Specific changes in the growth pattern of your hair or the development of acne may be enough for your doctor to determine that you have a high level of androgen hormone s. Dehydroepiandrosterone ( DHEA ) is the most abundant androgen (male steroid hormone ) secreted by the adrenal glands ...

Anemias

...ell anemia and thalassemia . These conditions produce red blood cells that do not live as long as normal red blood cells. A high serum iron level may be caused by too much iron in your diet , vitamin B6 therapy, or some anemias caused by an inability to use iron. FOLIC ACID : A crystall...

Antibody

...munoglobulin s (antibodies) are protein s produced by plasma cells (or B-Cells , a type of lymphocyte ), ... Antibody Titer The antibody level in the blood is a reflection of the body's past experience or exposure to an antigen , or something that the body does not recognize as self. A...

Antibody titer

...eign. This leads to an immune response against that tissue type, cell , or substance that is part of the body. Antibody Titer The antibody level in the blood is a reflection of the body's past experience or exposure to an antigen , or something that the body does not recognize as self. FL...

Antigen

...roduced by the cells of the prostate gland . The PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood . The doctor takes a blood sample, and the amount ...ostate specific antigen , which is a blood test. And in general, a high level of PSA will indicate the potential for there to be cancer present. C...

Arrhythmia

...o be given intravenous ly to stop heart arrhythmia s . It belongs to the families of drugs called local anesthetic s and antiarrhythmics. The level drops if the kidney s excrete potassium into urine instead of returning it to the blood supply. Since potassium helps regulate nerve and m...

Arrhythmias

...lso be given intravenous ly to stop heart arrhythmias . It belongs to the families of drugs called local anesthetic s and antiarrhythmics. The level drops if the kidney s excrete potassium into urine instead of returning it to the blood supply. Since potassium helps regulate nerve and m...

Artery

...al activity of the heart . increased carotid artery wall thickness raised white blood cell levels However, the researchers found that the level of bacteria that cause gum disease was not linked to levels of C-reactive protein in the blood .1 ... syndrome ; pallium; pall-mall; pallom...

Asthma

..."triggered" by vigorous physical activity . Exercise -induced asthma tends particularly to affect children and young adults (because of their high level of physical activity ) but can occur at any age. Asthma Related Category: Pathology (z´m, s´-), chronic inflammatory respiratory ...

Atelectasis

...ients who smoke are at a greater risk for developing these complications. Low blood oxygen levels (hypoxemia) and possibly an increased blood level of carbon dioxide (hypercapnia). Decreased ability to cough effectively. Respiratory infection and collapse of the lung ( atelectasis ). ...

Atrophic vaginitis

...is ? Atrophic vaginitis is shrinkage, irritation, and dryness of the vagina caused by a change in vagina l tissue . This change happens when the level of estrogen in your body decreases. The condition also is called atrophic vaginitis . Estrogen , which is produced by the ovaries, plays a vita...

Barium

...ed through a vein (IV), by injection , or taken orally. Abdominal x-ray s after lactose - barium meal Allergy Skin Test Breath Hydrogen level (BHL) Test Breath Methane Test Fecal pH and reducing substances Intestinal biopsy for lactase activity Intestinal perfusion studies Lactose ...

Bilirubin

... in your blood . Enzyme levels. bilirubin level A sample of blood is taken from your child's ve...ms or if a blood test shows that you have a high level of bilirubin . CAUSES"When, for various reason...er to be excreted in the bile . It is the raised level of bilirubin in the blood that gives the yello...

Blackout

... are taught about the symptoms to look out for that indicate their sugar level may be low and to always have some sugar available to raise the level ... Depression ; blackout s; hangovers; vehicle, and other, arrests; ...

Bleeding time

...pecial needle is placed into the lower back, into the spinal canal. Normal platelet count Prolonged bleeding time Reduced von Willebrand factor level Reduced platelet aggregation ( platelet aggregation test) Ristocetin co-factor is reduced ... A blood platelet count and bleeding time a...

Blood culture

...ition typically improves without treatment . In most cases, antibiotics aren't an effective treatment for mesenteric lymphadenitis . The next level of diagnosis is to look for infection that might have caused the HHS. Blood culture s, urine culture s, and a chest x-ray are the usual first...

Blood gases

...ood . Usually, blood gases are used to analyze the arterial blood . In rarer cases, venous blood may be used. Arterial blood gases (at sea level and breathing room air) Partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2): 70-100 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) ... Blood gases Blood glucose test ...

Bone tumors

...lting from a decrease in red blood cells; high levels of calcium in the blood because of damaged bones; more than three bone tumors ; or a high level of M- protein in the blood , ... ...

Brace

...d to be fit for a brace . Crutches or a cane can help take the weight off a sore or unsteady ankle. For swelling , keep your foot elevated above the level of the heart , even while sleeping. All latex sensitive individuals should wear a medical alert brace let and have available an epinephrine sel...

Brain Injury

... Avoiding the causes of brain injury that may result in dysphasia is important. For example, not smoking and keeping blood pressure at a safe level will reduce the risk of stroke . Over time varying degrees of improvement occurs. Most are traceable to brain injury related to physical trauma...

Brain surgery

... Harvard and Yale he was noted for his great contributions to brain surgery an... In many cases, finding the proper medication and correct dosage level takes some time. Recent developments in specific types of brain surgery for intra ctable seizures offer new hope for very severe cases of epilep...

Brittle nails

...d all the time feeling depressed or anxious trouble sleeping if you are a woman, not having monthly periods when your weight drops below a certain level fasting or eating very little ... Too much selenium (selenosis) may cause reversible balding and brittle nails , give a garlic odor to the brea...

Bruising

... joints ), skin laxity, and weakness of tissue s. Elevation helps to minimize bruising and swelling . The foot should be kept above heart level as often as possible during the first 48 hours. Myocardial contusion refers to a bruising of the heart . It is usually due to an injury to...
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