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Trauma in Medical Dictionary

Trauma

Trauma : Any injury , whether physically or emotionally inflicted. " Trauma " has both a medical and a psychiatric definition. Medically, " trauma " refers to a serious or critical bodily injury , wound, or shock . Trauma of the genitourinary system is defined as injury resulting from ...

Acoustic trauma

Acoustic trauma Definition: Acoustic trauma is injury to the hearing mechanisms within the inner ear, caused by excessively loud noise . Acoustic Trauma (Occupational Hearing Loss ) Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Jet Lag Median Nerve Compress ion OR Entrapment ( Carpal Tunnel Syndrome )...

Chest trauma

Chest trauma , such as a crush injury , can cause fluid to build up in the pericardium . The accumulated fluid consists of blood or other body fluids. Trauma tic rupture of the lower esophagus can occur with significant blunt chest trauma , during CPR, or in some conditions of forcefu...

Facial trauma

Facial trauma Definition: Facial trauma is any injury of the face and upper jaw bone. Facial Tics Facial Trauma Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (Landouzy-Dejerine) Facioscapulohumeral (Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (Landouzy-Dejerine)) Factitious Hyperthyroidism ...

Spinal cord trauma

Spinal cord trauma can be caused by any number of injuries to the spine that can result from motor vehicle accidents , falls , sports injuries (particularly diving into shallow water), industrial accidents , gunshot wounds , assault, and others. Syringomyelia is caused by a formation...

Abscess

... open my behind and drain the abscess and said I'd be better in a few days. He was correct. breast abscess (most common in lactating women) trauma can cause discharge from both breasts drugs such as cimetidine, methyldopa, metoclopramide, oral contraceptives, phenothiazines, reserpine, tricyc...

Abrasion

... infection is called, is the mildest and most common form of the disease . Indication: management of full-thickness skin injuries , including trauma wounds such as second-degree burns , abrasion s, laceration s, and skin tears; pressure, venous , diabetic, and chronic vascular ulcers ...

Abuse

...in and in a sesamoid fracture , the onset of pain usually results from trauma tic injury to the ball of the foot. Chronic pancreatitis occurs eith... Partial or total loss of memory, usually as the result of psychological trauma or stress , or physical damage to the brain from injury , disease , or ...

Accidents

...ution accidents or accidents involving direct trauma to the heart Ventricular fibrillation is the ...be caused by minor accidents to the head, major trauma , or the spontaneous bursting of a blood vessel ...ubdural hematoma s are usually due to severe head trauma . Most concussion s are caused by motor vehicl...

Acetaminophen overdose

... a Concussion Health Tip: Treating a Burn Menstrual Cramps : Ease Symptoms Supplements Don't Help Mild Arthritis Sufferers: Study Tailbone trauma Is Where it Really Hurts ... Signs of severe acetaminophen overdose may not appear until 2 to 4 days after the overdose is taken, but treatment...

Acne vulgaris

...e acne can arise at any age, it usually begins at puberty and worsens during adolescence. Acne Vulgaris ( Acne ) Acoustic Neuroma Acoustic trauma Acquired Aplastic Anemia (Secondary Aplastic Anemia ) Acquired Bronchiectasis ( Bronchiectasis ) ... Webster, GF. Acne Vulgaris : State of t...

Acoustic

...ople per year. Acoustic neuroma Acoustic trauma Acromegaly Acute (sub acute ) subdural hemat...elin olysis Cerebral aneurysm ... Acoustic trauma (Occupational Hearing Loss ) Carpal Tunnel Synd...rce: Hood Labor atories - 3/07/99. Acoustic trauma is a common cause of sensory hearing loss . Dama...

Acoustic neuroma

...t they are one of the most common types of brain tumors . They affect approximately 1 out of 100,000 people per year. Acoustic neuroma Acoustic trauma Acromegaly Acute (sub acute ) subdural hematoma Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Arteriovenous malformation (cerebral) Benign positional v...

Acute arterial occlusion

... Acute arterial occlusion of the kidney may occur after injury or trauma to the abdomen , side, or occasionally the back. Emboli ( blood clots that travel through the blood stream) may lodge in the renal artery . ...

Acute pancreatitis

...lammation in other parts of the body, such as acute pancreatitis prolonged or severe shock surgery , such as cardio pulmonary bypass severe trauma to other parts of the body ... Deficiency of pancreatic enzyme s can interfere with the ability to digest fat while the lack of insulin c an...

Age-related hearing loss

...all treatment options with your healthcare professional. Age-related hearing loss ( presbycusis ). This process usually begins around age 60. trauma -related damage to your inner ear. This erosion of your hearing ability may result from excessive exposure to loud noise over a long period of t...

Aging

... include heredity , or a debilitating disease . But there can be other reasons. Aging Alzheimer 's disease Neurodegenerative illness Head trauma or injury Hysteria often accompanied by confusion Seizures General anesthetic s such as halothane, isoflurane, and fentanyl Alcoholism St...

AIDS

... or NS AIDS (e.g., ibuprofen, naproxen, aspirin)? Have you ingested black licorice, lead , Pepto-Bismol, or blueberries? Have you had any abdominal trauma or swallowed a foreign object accidentally? Pregnancy Diabetes mellitus , AIDS , herpes simplex Sugar intake Tight clothing Allergic r...

Airway

...Obstruction of the airway can be due to different causes including foreign bodies, allergic reactions , infections , anatomical abnormalities and trauma . Airway Obstruction - Prevention Programs related to this topic This Health Topic is not associated with any programs or procedures. Airwa...

Alcohol Abuse

...eelings and attitudes. Almost all anorexics are women, typically between the ages of 12 to 18. May be associated with diabetes , alcohol abuse , trauma ( nerve injury ), and the use of anticholinergic medications. Chronic pancreatitis occurs either when repeated episodes of acute pancreatitis...

Alcohol use

... Accompanying symptoms may include a low-grade fever , nausea , and vomiting . Pancreatitis in men is commonly associated with alcohol use , trauma , and peptic ulcer ; in women, with gallstones and disease of the bile duct . Emotional neglect includes such actions as marked inattention...

Alcohol withdrawal

...es may develop as a result of a head injury , brain infection , brain tumor , drug or alcohol withdrawal or intoxication , stroke , birth trauma or metabolic imbalance. In most cases, the underlying cause of a child's epilepsy is never discovered. methadone for heroin and other opiate wi...

Alzheimer

...ing out of Alzheimer disease in patients as well as for use in autopsy applications. Alzheimer 's disease Neurodegenerative illness Head trauma or injury Hysteria often accompanied by confusion Seizures General anesthetic s such as halothane, isoflurane, and fentanyl Alcoholism St...

Ambiguous genitalia

...at birth , because genital s may not appear clearly male or female, the child is said to have ambiguous genitalia . Ambiguous genitalia can be a trauma tizing experience for parents. Ambiguous genitalia Endoscopy , abdominal X-ray , abdominal or pelvic ultrasound , and similar tests may be nee...

Amnesia

...e traceable to brain injury related to physical trauma , disease , infection , drug and alcohol abus...of memory, usually as the result of psychological trauma or stress , or physical damage to the brain from... injury , or it can be caused by severe emotional trauma . Alternative Names: Forgetfulness; Amnesia ; Imp...

Amputation

...rs the main artery and veins. Amputation - trauma tic Definition: trauma tic amputation is the loss of a body part -- usu...leg-- that occurs as the result of an accident or trauma . Amputation What is amputation ? Amputatio...

Amputee

...ties(including going to the bathroom at night). The long-term outcome for amputee s has improved due to better understanding of the management of trauma tic amputation , early emergency and critical care management, new surgical techniques, early rehabilitation , and new prosthetic designs. ...

Anal fissure

...nal infection (such as bacterial entero colitis) Vascular malformation Inflammatory bowel disease Tumor Colon polyps or colon cancer trauma or foreign body ... Question: My grown daughter, age 26, was recently diagnose d with an anal fissure . The doctor prescribed a stool softener...

Anal fissures

...nal infection (such as bacterial entero colitis) Vascular malformation Inflammatory bowel disease Tumor Colon polyps or colon cancer trauma or foreign body ... Anal fissures , which are narrow tears that extends from the muscle s that control the anus (anal sphincter s) up into th...

Androgen

...ffects make them unacceptable for most women. Androgen ic alopecia - The most common type of hair loss , also called male pattern baldness trauma tic alopecia - Hair loss from hair being torn out Drug -induced alopecia - Hair loss caused by one of many medications ... Androgen ic ...

Aneurysm

... Aneurysm s can be formed by the following: high blood pressure over a long period of time plaque buildup poorly understood genetic factors trauma to the blood vessel, such as surgery or a gunshot wound ... " Aneurysm s and Other Vascular Disorders." In Cardiovascular Disease s and Dis...

Anosmia

...lting from colds or allergy ). Anosmia occurs in about 10% of head trauma injuries , and head trauma is a leading cause of anosmia in young adults. In older adults, the diso...

Antepartum

...s a part of antepartum testing. Extensive vascular ( blood vessel) trauma or surgery Hereditary deficiency of fibrinogen Leukemia Obstetri... Thrombocytopenia purpura ... Extensive vascular ( blood vessel) trauma or surgery Hereditary deficiency of fibrinogen Leukemia Obstetric ...

Apgar score

...ebruary 15, 2000): 467-71. Other ... The main outcome measures were operative delivery rates, duration of labour, analgesic requirements. perineal trauma and Apgar score s at 1 and 5 minutes. An abnormal evaluation immediately after birth (low Apgar score s). A low birth weight and evidence o...

ARDS

...n the air sacs ( alveoli ) leads to low blood oxygen levels. ARDS is usually brought on by some other serious condition in the body, such as trauma or infection , that directly or indirectly injures the lung. When a person has ARDS , the lungs and tiny blood vessels around the lungs becom...

Arthroscopy

... suppress the immune system , rheumatoid arthritis , intravenous drug abuse , sickle cell disease , artificial joint implants, recent joint trauma , or recent joint arthroscopy or other ... Arthritis - rheumatoid arthritis Arthroscopy - knee Assertiveness (improving) Assisted c...

Asphyxia

...y low oxygen levels ( asphyxia ) or poor circulation , infection , and trauma . Initially cerebral palsy was thought to be related to birth asphy...gulation during birth , which leads to lack of oxygen to the brain) and trauma , but in a study of 45, ... perinatal asphyxia cold stress (a con...

Asymptomatic

...matic (that is, no symptoms) boxers found angle recession in 19%, with 8% having angle recession in both eyes . Worldwide, the incidence of eye trauma is similar to that found in the United States. This condition, known as asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis , may be diagnose d when men are...

Ataxia

...y appear as a congenital defect, or following a simple viral infection such as chicken pox . It may also appear following encephalitis , head trauma , and disease s affecting the central nervous system or spinal cord. Friedreich's ataxia is an inherited ( genetic ) disorder that causes cert...

Atherosclerosis

...sion . Abdominal aortic aneurysm may be caused by infection , congenital weakening of the connective tissue component of the artery wall, or trauma . Charcot foot Coronary heart disease (CHD; e.g., atherosclerosis ) Diabetic nephropathy Diabetic neuropathy Diabetic retinopathy ... ...
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