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Thyroid in Medical Dictionary

Acromegaly

...occurs in smaller bones, such as those in the jaw , hands and feet. Giantism or acromegaly (excess growth hormone ) Hyperthyroidism (excess thyroid stimulating hormone ) Cushing's syndrome (excess adrenocorticotropic hormone ) ... Acromegaly Acute (sub acute ) subdural hematoma Amyot...

ACTH

...the adrenal glands to produce cortisol ; Thyrotropin which signals the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormone ; Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone which ...

Acute pancreatitis

...th if not treated quickly. Extremely sharp abdominal pain , perhaps with other acute symptoms. the blood can be caused by an underactive para thyroid gland ( hypoparathyroidism ), problems that prevent the intestine s from absorbing calcium and other nutrients from food ( malabsorption syndr...

Adenoids

... or adenoids . People who have received high-dose radiation for acne or swollen adenoids as a child are at increased risk. The incidence of thyroid cancer also is higher in countries where diets are low in iodine. Snoring may indicate some obstruction to nasal breathing such as enlarged ...

Adrenaline

... thyroid. Ad renal tumor s that produce adrenaline ( pheochromocytoma ) cause the parathyroids to grow; medulla ry carcinoma of the thyroid, a thyroid cancer , ... ...

Alcoholism

...m , aging , candidiasis , stress , allergies , thyroid problems, hypoglycemia , diabetes , and poor ci...depression seizures alcoholism diabetes thyroid disorder others in which birth defects may be a... in people with , alcoholism , diabetes , and/or thyroid problems. Some studies indicate that as little ...

ALT

...ancer ous growth of immune cells that are recruited to secretory tissue such as the gastrointestinal tract, salivary gland s, lungs , and the thyroid gland . A test that measures the amount of ALT in serum . Alternative Names: SGPT; Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase; Alanine transaminase...

Amphetamine

...ucing the dose is not possible. Less frequent causes include high or low thyroid hormone levels and various consumed substances. These can range from tox...in response to exercise , exertion, excitement, pain , fever , excessive thyroid hormone , low blood oxygen ( hypoxia ), stimulant drugs (such as caff...

Anaplastic thyroid cancer

... Anaplastic thyroid cancer grows very rapidly and is an invasive type of thyroid cancer . It occurs most often in people over age 60. The cause is unknown. thyroid function tests are usually normal. Anaplastic...

Angioedema

... results of an elimination diet and of the taking of nickel salts in adults suffering from chronic urticaria or angioedema , ... Underlying thyroid disease , cancer or autoimmune disease such as lupus can provoke urticaria . Occasionally an inherited deficiency of the C1 esterase inhibito...

Anterior

...umflex (LCX) branch supplies the left lateral and back side of the heart . The front ( anterior ) portion produces hormone s that affect the thyroid gland , ad renal cortex, ovaries, testes , and the breasts (in women). This gland reaches its maximum size in middle age and then gradually beco...

Antibody

...dy Test ( ELISA and Western Blot) What is the HIV -1 antibody test? thyroid peroxidase antibody test: What is it? Q. What is a thyroid peroxidase antibody test? Kelly/ New York ... Monoclonal antibody th...

Apathy

...nfusion , and stupor. In the 17th cent. the term was synonymous with insanity, and the term dementia praecox was used in the 19th cent. Decreased thyroid function ( hypothyroidism ) can result in apathy , depression or dementia . Hypoglycemia , a condition in which there isn't enough sugar in the...

Aplastic

...cause of the disorder is unknown. An aplastic thyroid cancer grows very rapidly and is an invasive type of thyroid cancer . It occurs most often in people over age 60. The cause is unknown. thyroid function tests are usually normal. In aplast...

Apnea

...dure stabilizes the base of the tongue , preventing it from collapsing and obstructing the airway . Non-infectious illnesses, such as diabetes , thyroid disorders, sleep apnea or even malignancies, can cause night sweats. They are also linked to pheochromocytoma s -- usually benign tumor s that...

Aspiration

...rease in the production of blood cells. If a patient or doctor finds a thyroid nodule, a type of biopsy known as a fine needle aspiration should be pe...determine whether the nodule is cancer ous—and, if so, what type of thyroid cancer it is. Surgery is another treatment for ganglion cyst s and...

Autoimmune disease

...s . A degenerative autoimmune disease of the thyroid gland that ultimately results in a marked reduction in the amount of thyroid hormone produced. hay fever ... Many other ...tozoals. In the case of Grave's disease , the thyroid gland produces too much...

Autoimmune disorders

...ell as other conditions such as Bell's palsy and thyroid dysfunction. Symptoms ... Neil Williams and col... This test is performed to confirm the cause of thyroid problems or other autoimmune disorders . The body...es in response to microsomes escaping from damaged thyroid cells. Children with acquired hypothyroidism ...

Autoimmune hepatitis

...o immune polyendocrinopathy Auto immune polyendocrinopathy syndrome Auto immune polyglandular syndrome (APS) Auto immune process Auto immune thyroid disease Autoimmune thyroiditis ... person has SLE; if the test is positive, more tests are done to confirm whether the person has SLE or another...

Beckwith

... ( low blood sugar in a newborn with macroglossia and other enlarged organ s) Congenital hypothyroidism (newborn with decreased or, rarely, no thyroid hormone production) Down's syndrome Primary amyloidosis ... Beckwith -Wiedemann Syndrome Bedwetting Beef Tapeworm (Taeniasis) Bell's ...

Beta

...hat can damage normal body tissue s. This organ ism also contains a substance that resembles protein s found in the heart . Medications such as thyroid pills, asthma drugs, beta blockers for high blood pressure or heart disease , or anti -arrhythmics (medications to treat an irregular heart...

Birth Control

...OULD SPELL TROUBLE FOR READER] ... birth control pills Bromocriptin (which blocks prolactin in the hypothalamus ) Danazol, a male hormone thyroid hormone s Tamoxifen., an estrogen blocker ... Birth control pills may be prescribed to alleviate menstrual pain . If not needed for birth c...

Biopsy

...nder a microscope or do other tests. Biopsy - parathyroid How the test is performed: The parathyroid glands are located in the throat near the thyroid gland . They secrete parathyroid hormone ( PTH ), which helps control the body's calcium levels. A biopsy is a diagnostic test that involves ...

Blood flow studies

...tremity - Duplex/Doppler Ultrasound Exam of Extremity, Vascular Ultrasound - Echocardiogram - Pregnancy Ultrasound - Testicle Ultrasound - thyroid Ultrasound - Transvaginal Ultrasound ... FloWire Doppler guide wire Guide wire used in intra vascular blood flow studies for evaluation and ...

Bone cancer

...uts from distant nuclear bomb tests. Both are especially found in milk products. The first causes bone cancer and leukemia ; the second causes thyroid cancer . Any condition of bone growth will cause alkaline phosphatase levels to rise. The condition may be normal, such as a childhood growth spurt...

Bone scan

... trauma s such as stress fractures . Sometimes the doctor may advise a bone scan . Radioisotope therapy is widely used in the treatment of thyroid disease and is also used in diagnostic procedures such as bone scan s. Bone Mineral Density Test Bone Pain or Tenderness Bone Scan Bone Short...

Botulism

...s , and botulism . Other conditions causing worsening of bulbar and skeletal muscle s must be considered, including drug -induced myasthenia, thyroid disease , Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome , botulism , and inherited muscular dystrophies . ...

Breast

... such as Pedialyte, until symptoms subside. Breast Disease s Gonad al Disorders - Disease of the ovaries and testes of any etiology . Para thyroid Diseases ... Breast feeding : Do you need to wean to get pregnant? Can pregnancy "cure" depression ? Closely spaced siblings: A good idea? ...

Breast Ultrasound

... Breast Ultrasound ) Ultrasound Ultrasound - Abdomen ( Abdominal Ultrasound ) Ultrasound - Pregnancy ( Pregnancy Ultrasound ) Ultrasound - thyroid (Thyroid Ultrasound ) ... If necessary, your doctor may recommend further testing to determine the cause of asymmetric, or uneven, breasts , incl...

Caffeine

...set. It may also be a sign of overactivity of the thyroid gland or underlying disease . Propoxyphene/As...e alcohol excess, stress , caffeine , overactive thyroid or excessive thyroid hormone intake, and certain drugs. ...

Calcitonin

...in is a hormone produced in the C cells of the thyroid gland . Its role in humans is unclear. In animals,...citonin A hormone formed by the C cells of the thyroid gland . It helps maintain a healthy level of calc...onin ) (Nasal- Systemic ) ... Calcitonin , a thyroid hormone , is administered in some cases. Nonhormo...

Calcium

... Calcium is usually measured to screen for or monitor disease s of the bone or calcium regulation disorders (that is, disease s of the para thyroid gland or kidney s). Calcium deficiency : A low level of calcium in the blood ( hypocalcemia ) which can make the nervous system highly i...

Carcinoid syndrome

...e caused by abnormal cells of the lungs and gut which produce hormone s thyroid storm -- a condition caused by excessive production of thyroid hormone ... Carcinoid Syndrome and Carcinoid Tumor - Carcinoid tu...

Carcinoma

...of the picture) at the level of the second rib. thyroid carcinoma is a cancer that occurs in the thyro...ted in the neck, just below the Adam's apple. The thyroid gland makes and stores hormone s that regulate g...nt in childhood. PAPILLA RY CARCINOMA OF THE thyroid - The most common ...

Cardiomyopathy

...thy (thickening of heart muscle ). Restrictive cardiomyopathy (stiffening of the heart muscle ). Metabolic problems, such as diabetes or thyroid disease . Some disease s of the heart valves. The result is often cardiomyopathy , a condition in which the heart muscle becomes weakened....

Cartilage

... cartilage alone are available to consumers. CRICOID CARTILAGE - The lower most of the laryngeal cartilage s; may be palpate d just below the thyroid prominence Adjacent the cricoid cartilage and the first trachea l ring is the cricothyroid membrane , ... Articular cartilage is a complex,...

Chest pain

...using chest pain and accumulation of fluid around the heart (pericardial effusion ). Search All of MedicineNet For: search help 1 ... Too much thyroid hormone . Symptoms include weight loss , chest pain , cramps , diarrhea , and nervousness. Also called overactive thyroid. hyperuricemia ... ...

Childbirth

...y occurs in nursing mothers between the first and third weeks after childbirth , usually of the first child. Hormonal changes (for example, thyroid disease , childbirth , or use of the birth control pill) A serious illness (like a tumor of the ovary or adrenal glands ) or fever Medicat...

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

...BT) Colds and flu Colic Colon cancer Colonoscopy ... Diagnosing FMS usually focuses first on eliminating other conditions such as a thyroid disturbance, Lyme disease , chronic fatigue syndrome , or other similar conditions. Lyme disease may mimic other conditions, including chronic...

Chronic thyroiditis

... Chronic thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid gland that frequently results in hypothyroidism (lowered thyroid function). Chronic Thyroiditis (Hashimoto's ...n as chronic thyroiditis ( inflammation of the thyroid gland ). These antibodies are present in a high...
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