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Infection in Medical Dictionary

Infection

Vagina l infection s are frequent causes of di stress and discomfort in adult women. The most common vagina l infection s are bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis , and vulvovaginal candidiasis . Infection , urinary tract ( UTI ): An infection in the urinary system that begins w...

Acute HIV infection

Acute HIV infection Definition: Acute HIV infection is caused by the human immuno deficiency virus ( HIV ), a virus that gradually destroys the immune system . Acute HIV infection can resemble infectious mononucleosis or other viral flu syndrome s. Typical symptoms include fe...

Asymptomatic HIV infection

Asymptomatic HIV infection Definition: Asymptomatic HIV infection is a phase during chronic infection with HIV (human immuno deficiency virus ) during which there are no symptoms of HIV infection . Asymptomatic HIV infection is, by definition, characterized by the absence of sympt...

Bone infection

Bone infection ( osteomyelitis ), usually following pelvic surgery Pelvic trauma or surgery Sports-related injury or overuse Spondyloarthropathies (spondylo arthritis ), a group of inflammatory conditions ... Bone infection ( osteomyelitis ) Back pain Occult fracture (s) ...

Breast infection

Breast Infection Overview Mastitis is an infection of the tissue of the breast that occurs most frequently during the time of breastfeeding . This infection causes pain , swelling , redness, and increased temperature of the breast . Breast infection s usually occur in women wh...

Chest infection

Alternate Names : Chest Infection Definition Mediastinitis involves inflammation of the mediastinum , the cavity between the lungs . The mediastinum contains the heart , the large vessels, the trachea , the esophagus , the thymus , and connective tissue s. Chest infection Tre...

Fungal Infection

Fungal Infection s of Human and Animals Many fungal infection s, or mycoses, of humans and animals affect only the outer layers of skin , and although they are sometimes difficult to cure, they are not considered dangerous. Fungal infection s are caused by microscopic plants (fungi) that can...

Hiv infection

HIV infection Definition: HIV infection is a viral infection caused by the human immuno deficiency virus ( HIV ) that gradually destroys the immune system , resulting in infections that are hard for the body to fight. Dementia Due to HIV Infection Overview Decline in mental pro...

Hookworm Infection

Symptoms of hookworm infection include an itchy rash called ground itch at the point where the larvae entered the skin . When in the lungs , hookworm s can cause a dry cough , difficulty breathing , a low-grade fever and sputum tinged with blood . Hookworm infection in humans is ...

Kidney infection

Kidney infection ( pyelonephritis ) Alternative Names: Urinary tract infection - complicated; Infection - kidney ; Complicated urinary tract infection ; Pyelonephritis Symptoms: ... Pyelonephritis ( Kidney Infection ) in Adults Pyelonephritis is a kidney infection , usually from ...

Lung infection

Lung infection s and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ) Credits Email this article Print this article Lung infection s and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ) ... Lung infection - In industrialized nations, bacterial pneumonia ( lung infection ) resulting from...

Sinus Infection

Sinus infection s are usually curable with self-care measures and medical treatment . If you are having recurrent attacks, you should be evaluated for underlying causes (such as nasal polyps or another structural problem). ^ Top ... Symptoms of sinus infection include a feeling of pressur...

Skin infection

Staph skin infection s are contagious . They may spread to other areas of the body, and may spread to other people. It is not uncommon for several family members to be affected at the same time. Skin infection - bacterial Causes, incidence , and risk factors: The skin normally has many ...

Streptococcal Infection

Streptococcal infection s have been found to be reduced when sunlight regularly reaches the skin . In 1929, Dr. Ude introduced sunbathing into America for the treatment of erysipelas (a streptococcal infection of the skin ). Group A Streptococcal Infection s - Source:Government cont...

Tapeworm Infection

Tapeworm infection is usually caused by the ingestion of tapeworm eggs or larvae. Tapeworm eggs are generally ingested through food , water or soil contaminated with human or animal feces . Tapeworm infection is acquired by eating raw or undercooked meat of infected animals. Beef gener...

Testicular infection

Testicular infection or torsion Definition: Testicular infection or torsion is a group of disorders in which testicular pain is a primary symptom. Reproductive organ s (In women, infection or injury of ovaries, uterus , or vagina may cause abdominal pain . In men, prostate or ...

Trichomonas Infection

It is sometimes called trichomonas infection , trichomonal infection , or simply trich (pronounced "trick"). Trichomoniasis can produce discharge from the vagina that is yellowish green, foamy, and foul- smell ing. False positive tests can be produced by contamination with vagina l secret...

Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection s Overview A urinary tract infection ( UTI ) is an infection involving the kidney s, ureter s, bladder , or urethra . These are the structures that urine passes through before being eliminated from the body. Urinary Tract Infection s in Children On this pa...

Vaginal yeast infection

Vaginal yeast infection s are common. Yeast infection is the second most common kind of vagina l infection after bacterial vaginosis, which can have similar symptoms. Vaginal yeast infection s, also called " Candida vagina l infections ," typically are caused by the Candida albican...

Yeast infection

Yeast infection s Yeast infection s occur when certain internal or external factors change the normal environment of your vagina and trigger an overgrowth of a microscopic fungus — the most common being a fungus called Candida albicans (C. Yeast Infection s and Diabetes :...

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

...nts with uncontrollable bleeding disorders . About one percent of back pain is caused by potentially serious conditions such as osteoporosis , infection of the spine or nervous system, tumor s, abdominal aortic aneurysm or kidney problems. Aorta (the major artery from the heart ) -- see ...

Abdominal bloating

...g , and pain can point to colitis , appendicitis , or an intestinal obstruction . - Black or red stools can indicate bleeding or a parasitic infection . - White or pale stools can signify disease of the liver . Recurring abdominal bloating Weight loss Fatigue Infertility , lack of ...

Abdominal CT scan

...o high risk of complications Liver scan Liver function tests may show abnormalities A CBC shows elevated white blood cell count, indicating infection . A serology for amebiasis is positive ... Diagnostic tests include upper GI series, abdominal CT scan , and endoscopy . The treatment is s...

Abdominal mass

...ost abdominal mass es develop slowly. abdominal mass that can be seen or felt acute pain in the back or abdomen febrile urinary tract infection blood in the urine ( hematuria ) urinary incontinence urolithiasis (stone formation within the urinary tract ). An abdominal mass can ...

Abdominal Pain

... is common among teenagers. Sometimes there is an obvious cause such as an infection (often with diarrhea and vomiting ), a reaction to a medication, lacto...g too much of a certain type of food . Sometimes a viral or bacterial infection is responsible. In other cases, the pain may be an early warning sign of...

Abscess

...iotics . This allows the pus to escape, and the infection to heal. An abscess is a pus -filled sore, usually caused by a bacterial infection . The pus is made up of both live and dead orga... cells that were carried to the area to fight the infection . Abscess es When an ...

Abortion

...llowing abortion , childbirth , and surgery . Skin and soft tissue . a history of using super-absorbent tampons surgical wounds a local infection in the skin or deep tissue history of using a diaphragm or contraceptive sponge history of childbirth or abortion ... Zwillich has wri...

Abdominal ultrasound

...s elevated white blood cell count, indicating infection . Abdominal ultrasound Abdominal CT scan Ab...am Gallbladder radionuclide scan A CBC shows infection by an elevated white blood cell count. ab...y gall bladder radionuclide scan A CBC shows infection by an elevated white blood cell count ... ...

Abrasion

...cut or abrasion , causing a skin ( cutaneous ) infection at the site. Cutaneous anthrax , as this infection is called, is the mildest and most common form of...edication against bacteria and secondary fungal infection s should be used. Superficial cornea l injuri...

Abuse

...buse : practices and attitudes of primary care physician s. JAMA. 1999, 282:468-474. Research activities are focused on the prevention of HIV infection , violence , substance abuse , teen pregnancy , cardiovascular disease , and cancer . Service activities range from a rodent control project to...

Abstinence

...f drugs or alcohol, or from having sexual intercourse . acclimation ... Total abstinence is the only way to completely avoid the possibility of infection with a sexually transmitted disease . Monogamous sex with a healthy partner is lower risk, and protected sex using condoms also dramatically reduc...

Accidents

...ix times more people in the UK than road traffic accidents , other accidents , poisoning and overdose, murder and manslaughter, suicide and HIV infection , all put together. Accidents like these are particularly pervasive in younger men with little sexual activity. Another reason that this method c...

Acne

...les and the buildup of sebum, which may lead to infection and inflammation . Acne is caused by inflammation or infection of the oil glands in the skin and at the base...form of acne which results from the bacterial infection of cysts deep within the skin . Generally requ...

Acoustic

... following treatment , the outcome was not statistically significant. " Other causes of tinnitus include disorders such as middle- or inner-ear infection , jaw problems (e.g, TMJ disorder), tumor s of the acoustic nerve , hardening of the arteries or other blood vessel abnormalities, ... ...

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

...troys the host 's immune system resulting from infection with human immuno deficiency virus ( HIV ). [ ...f symptoms and illnesses that can happen when HIV infection significantly depletes the body's immune defens...DROME ( AIDS ): The most severe manifestation of infection with HIV . The CDC lists numerous opportunistic ...

Actinomycosis

...k´´tnmk´ss), chronic suppurative infection that occurs around the face and neck. Actinomycosis is a relatively rare infection occurring in one out of 300,000(1/300,000) people...ies, lung nodules , and pleural effusion s. The infection can cross the normal tissue boundaries of the c...

Acute bronchitis

... called the bronchi . It is usually caused by an infection . Symptomsof acute bronchitis may last several w...chitis generally follows a viral respiratory infection , initially affecting your nose, sinus es, and th...ou may get what is called a secondary bacterial infection . ...

Acupuncture

...he body. acute ... Acupuncture and vitamin C can boost the body's infection -fighting ability. A variety of other vitamins and herbs may improve gene...ain ) Acute Abdomen ( Peritonitis ) Acute Acquired Cytomegalovirus infection (Infectious Mononucleosis (CMV)) ... In some instances, acupuncture ...

Acute

... called the bronchi . It is usually caused by an infection . Symptomsof acute bronchitis may last several...efinition Acute lymphangitis is a bacterial infection in the lymph atic vessels which is characterized...ividuals in the Far East. acute , generalized infection caused by Salmonella typhi. The main sources of...

Acute lymphoblastic

...to 80 percent of the childhood leukemia s. In this form of the disease , the lymphocyte cell line is affected. The lymphocyte s normally fight infection . acute lymphoblastic leukemia (lim-fo-BL AST -ik loo-KEE-mee-a) ALL. A quickly progressing disease in which too many immature white blood ...
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