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Immune in Medical Dictionary

Immune

Immune hemolytic anemia is a disorder characterized by anemia due to premature destruction of red blood cells by the immune system . Alternative Names: Anemia - immune hemolytic Causes, incidence , and risk factors: Text Continued Below ... Immune System Immune Networks...

Abdomen

...rarely contain intestine . The spleen is located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen . It has two main functions acting as part of the immune system and as a filter. There are two distinct components of the spleen , the red pulp and the white pulp. The large organ in the upper right ...

Abdominal bloating

...problems. The effects of stress on weight can vary. Some people lose their appetite and lose weight. Coeliac disease occurs due to a delayed immune reaction to gluten in wheat. This causes intestinal membrane damage with resultant diarrhoea, abdominal bloating and malabsorption resulting in...

ABO incompatibility

...alo hematoma polycythemia ... Disease - ABO incompatibility Jaundice infant Antibodies Definition: ABO incompatability describes an immune reaction that occurs in the body if two blood samples of different, incompatible ABO types are mixed together. It is most important to determine...

Acne

...ve submental lymphadenopathy below the chin. It is enlarged from draining the severe acne skin lesion s. Immunosuppressants can weaken your immune system , which can lead to infections . Some drugs may also change your appearance. Your face may get fuller; you may gain weight or develop acne ...

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

...E - A fatal disease that destroys the host 's immune system resulting from infection with human immu... HIV infection significantly depletes the body's immune defenses is called acquired immunodeficiency syn...eficiency syndrome AIDS . An acquired defect in immune system function caused by human immuno deficiency...

Acute

... acute tinea infections can develop similar symptoms on their hands, typically on the palms. This reaction, also known as tinea s manuum, is an immune system response to fungal antigen s (i.e., antibodies that fight the fungal infection ). lymph node s; pancreatic plexus ; pancreatic polyp e...

Acute HIV infection

...ute HIV infection Definition: Acute HIV infection is caused by the human immuno deficiency virus ( HIV ), a virus that gradually destroys the immune system . Acute HIV infection can resemble infectious mononucleosis or other viral flu syndrome s. Typical symptoms include fever , heada...

Acute nephritic syndrome

...fically, the glomeruli). Acute nephritic syndrome is the result of inflammation of the internal structures of the kidney , often caused by an immune response triggered by infection (typified by acute post -streptococcal glomerulonephritis ) or other disease . Acute nephritic syndrome ...

Acute pancreatitis

... Acute Pancreatitis Definition Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation (irritation and swelling with presence of extra immune cells) of the pancreas . Acute pancreatitis Powered by: This information is provided by an independent source. Merck & Co., Inc. is not res...

Adenoids

...that enter the naso pharynx . Jump to another image ... Adenoids Dr Trisha Macnair The adenoids normally play an important part in the body's immune defence against invading micro- organ isms. Here, we take a look at why they become enlarged. Adenoids are the small masses of lymph atic tiss...

Adenoviruses

...tory tract, gastrointestinal , and eye infections . Other viral vector s, like the adenoviruses , are often recognized and destroyed by the immune system so their therapeutic effects are short-lived. Maintaining gene expression so it performs its role properly after vector delivery is diff...

Adenovirus

...esvirus , Adenovirus , Pox virus , and Myxo virus . Other viral vector s, like the adenovirus es , are often recognized and destroyed by the immune system so their therapeutic effects are short-lived. Maintaining gene expression so it performs its role properly after vector delivery is diff...

Adrenal glands

...adrenal glands are very important manufacturers of different hormone s. They help to control blood pressure , salt and water balance, and help our immune system to fight off infection and deal with stress and illness. The adrenal glands are located just above the kidney s. The ad renal corte...

Adrenoleukodystrophy

...e ( ARDS ( Acute Respiratory Di stress Syndrome )) Adult Still's Disease Afferent Loop Syndrome (Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) ... immune deficiencies (severe combined immuno deficiency disorder, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome ) sickle cell disease thalassemia Blackfan-Diamond anemi...

AIDS

... AIDS Definition Acquired immune deficiency syndrome ( AIDS ) is an infectiou...y HIV ---an insidious virus that attacks the immune system , weakening the body's ability to fight off...us ( HIV ), which attacks and weakens the body's immune system . The ...

Agranulocytosis

... ALL ( Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia ) AML ( Acute Nonlymphocytic Leukemia ) Anemia Aplastic Anemia A PTT ( Partial Thromboplastin Time) Auto immune Thrombocytopenia ( Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura ) Bleeding Disorders Blood Transfusion ... Neutropenia is sometimes called agr...

Albinism

... such as xeroderma pigmentosum , albinism , and basal cell nevus syndrome Radiation therapy Medical conditions or drugs that suppress the immune system Personal history of one or more skin cancer s ... Albinism , a genetic pigment deficiency that results in milky skin , white hair ...

Albumin

... for the blood , notably albumin (which regulates the exchange of water between blood and tissue s) and complement (which plays a part in the immune system ) ... If the globulins are elevated and albumin is decreased, hepatic cirrhosis or chronic active hepatitis may be present. Specia...

Alcoholic liver disease

...us system, as opposed to the brain and spinal cord). Chronic hepatitis B and C Disease s of the bile ducts Alcoholic liver disease Auto immune liver diseases Buildup of fat in the liver ... For example, within a certain range of values , a ratio of 2:1 or greater for AST : ALT ...

Allergic reactions

...allergic reactions should consider wearing a medical alert identification necklace ... Allergic reactions involve a special set of cells in the immune system known as mast cells. Allergic reactions . One of the most common symptoms of an allergic reaction is an itchy rash . Allergic reactio...

Allergen

...lergen s are substances that, in some people, the immune system recognizes as "foreign" or "dangerous" but... cause problems by the same basic mechanism. Your immune system , sensing more danger than these allergen ... avoidance. ALLERGY : An immediate or delayed immune reaction caused by exposure to an antigen ( all...

Allergic rhinitis

... Allergic rhinitis (often called hay fever ) is an overreaction of the immune system to particles in the air that you breathe. The immune system normally protects the body from virus es and bacteria by produci...

Allergy

... Allergy desensitization : Stimulation of the immune system with gradually increasing doses of the sub...s allergic, ... Allergy is a reaction of the immune system . Normally, the immune system responds to foreign microorganism s and p...

Allergies

...Allergies are an abnormal reaction of the body's immune system to a substance that for most people is har...s ? Allergies are caused by an oversensitive immune system , leading to a misdirected immune response . The ...

Alopecia

... Alopecia areata is thought to be an auto- immune disease of the hair , initially appearing as a rounded bare patch about...r . Alopecia areata : Patchy areas of baldness resulting from an auto immune disorder with a probable genetic predisposition. Alopecia simply me...

Alopecia areata

... Alopecia areata is thought to be an auto- immune disease of the hair , initially appearing as a rounded bare patch about an inch across. Alopecia areata affects both men and women equally and i...

ALP

...or stage IIIA NSCLC were randomly assigned to receive mitomycin C, vindesine, ... Mutation s in the FAS gene have been found in ALP S (the auto immune lymph oproliferative syndrome ), a disease in which there is failure of lymphocyte s to die on schedule. For example, ALP is also made by t...

ALT

... lymphoma s are solid tumor s that originate from cancer ous growth of immune cells that are recruited to secretory tissue such as the gastrointestin... Labor atory test, when positive suggests the presence of some form of auto immune illness. ALT ERNATIVE MEDICINE : A broad category of treatment syst...

Alveoli

...ny air sacs in the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged with the blood . Autoimmune disease A disease that develops when the immune system attacks normal cells or organ s. alveoli The sacs in the lungs at the ends of the smallest airway s where oxygen is exchanged for ...

Amino acids

...the building blocks of protein s) that has sugar molecules attached to it. Some glycopeptides have been studied for their ability to stimulate the immune system . glyco protein ... The free amino acids and monosaccharides that are found in meats are converted into complex chemicals called "heteroc...

Anaphylactic shock

...g of body tissue s (including the throat) and a sudden decline in blood pressure . anaphylactic shock A severe and sometimes life-threatening immune system reaction to an antigen that a person has been previously exposed to. The reaction may include itchy skin , edema , collapsed blood vesse...

Anaphylaxis

...ersensitivity reaction to a previously encountered antigen . Antibody An immune system protein made to fight infection . Antigen A foreign substance detected that provokes an immune reaction. Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening al...

Anastomosis

... anastomosis , a pouch is constructed from the end of your small intestine ( ileum ) that attaches directly to your anus . They compromised his immune system . And he literally came apart surgically at the site of the anastomosis . Peritonitis set in and then it was all downhill from that point. H...

Anatomy

...just discussed or ask your gynecologist to point out the anatomy . The immune system plays a role in the control of cancer and other disease s, but i...f transplanted organ s, tissue s and medical implants. Anatomy of the immune System ... pathogen etic; pathogen ic; pathogen icity; pathogen ic ...

Anemia

...ur body stops producing enough new blood cells. This means you're fatigue d and at higher risk of infections and uncontrolled bleeding . AUTO immune HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA - A condition that results from the cellular destruction ( hemolysis ) of red blood cells due to antibodies formed to components...

Ankylosing spondylitis

...nd treatment options Source:MedicineNet ... Ankylosing spondylitis . immune system induced degeneration of the joints and soft tissue of the spine. Vasculitis . A group of autoimmune disorders in which the immune system attacks and destroys blood vessels. ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS (...

Anti

... Labor atory test, when positive suggests the presence of some form of auto immune illness. ASCITES - Fluid accumulation around the liver and other abdom...inflammation of the lung and heart linings). Anti -Pr-3 ELISA auto immune test Diagnostic test detects the presence of antibodies associated with We...

Antibiotics

... by antibiotics involves the passage of frequent, loose stools along with a variety of other symptoms. What is going on in the body? HE ALT HY immune SYSTEM S CONQUER TB, IF NOT, ANTIBIOTICS NEEDED Question: I have been around someone who might have tuberculosis and I am concerned that I may hav...

Antibody

...ibody -dependent cell -mediated cytotoxicity: An immune response in which antibody , by coating target cells, makes them vulnerable to attack by immune cells. Antibody -dependent cell -mediated cytot... as being non-self, or foreign. This leads to an immune response against that tissue type, cell , or s...
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