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Heart in Medical Dictionary

Heart

Heart and Lung Transplant Overview A pioneering heart surgeon, Dr Christiaan Barnard, performed the first successful human-to-human heart transplant operation in 1967 in Cape Town, South Africa. A heart attack is an event that results in permanent heart damage or death . It is...

Hypoplastic left heart

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome ; HLHS Treatment : Once the diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart is made, a nunber of things are done. First , the patient is put on a ventilator to assist with breathing if necessary. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a congenital (presen...

Racing heart

dark-colo red urine ; decrease in height; difficulty breathing ; difficulty in speaking; difficulty in swallowing; discharge from eye ; dizziness ; double vision ; ear pain ; excessive tearing ; fainting ; fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heart beat or ... Bacteremia , the presence ...

Abdomen

...ed skin . Abdomen (e.g., liver , kidney s, spleen ) Chest (e.g., heart , lungs , major blood vessels) Joints (e.g., shoulder s, hips, knees...om the lower extremities) and returns blood to the right atrium of the heart . [ Med Help International ] [ Search ] [ Ask the Doctor Forums ] ... An...

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

... repair or remove an aneurysm in the aorta (the main artery from the heart to the body). An aneurysm is a weak spot that balloons out from the wall...ic aneurysm or kidney problems. Aorta (the major artery from the heart ) -- see abdominal aortic aneurysm and thoracic aortic aneurysm ) Bra...

Abscess

...ss es pneumonia ( lung infection ) septicaemia ( blood poisoning ) osteomyelitis ( bone infection ) septic arthritis ( joint infection ) heart valve infections urinary tract infections ... paisano; pajaroello; Pajot, Charles; Pajot's manoeuvre; PAK2 kinase; Palade, George; Palade gra...

Abdominal ultrasound

...child is also having an abdominal ultrasound that morning. Please encourage your child to have a glass of water before leaving home. The fetal heart beat is assessed with a doppler stethoscope, and diagnostic blood and urine tests of the mother may also be performed, including labor atory anal...

Absorption

...nfections , such as trichinosis , which is caused by uncooked pork ... Areas of abnormal absorption , or uptake, may indicate that some areas of heart muscle are not receiving adequate blood supply ( ischemia ). The breakdown and absorption of food involve the blood stream, the nervous s...

Accidents

...rior to exercise , athletic practice, or competition in contact sports. electrocution accidents or accidents involving direct trauma to the heart Ventricular fibrillation is the main cause of sudden cardiac death , which in turn affects nearly 300,000 people each year in the U.S. Motor ...

Acid

...in, folate , and vitamin B 9. Folic acid , a type of B vitamin , along with vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 , are also important for a healthy heart . Folic acid has been shown to reduce the incidence of spina bifida when taken before conception and in early pregnancy . This article p...

Acromegaly

...els include blockage of the urinary tract (such as by a kidney stone), heart failure , dehydration , excessive blood loss that causes shock , gout ... acromegaly . Swollen ankles may indicate edema due to a kidney or a heart problem. The medical and dental history should be reviewed before the ex...

Acupuncture

...es of traditional Chinese medicine.2 According to practitioners it channels energy that flows around the 12 main organ s in the body - including the heart , liver , lungs , kidney and stomach . What is acupuncture ? The 5,000-year-old Chinese art of acupuncture involves the stimulation of spec...

Acute kidney failure

...lure Chronic kidney failure Chronic glomerulonephritis Congestive heart failure High blood pressure Nephrotic syndrome ... acute kidney fa... severe cases may be fatal from acute kidney failure and disturbances in heart rhythm secondary to increased potassium levels. There are 2 kinds of ...

Acute lymphocytic leukemia

...phocytic leukemia and is abbreviated ALL (spoken not as the word "all", but as the three letters A-L-L). Other congenital abnormalities include heart defects, esophageal atresia , and an increased incidence of acute lymphocytic leukemia . All of these findings are secondary to trisomy (an ext...

Adenitis

...clude impetigo ( skin lesion s with itching and encrustment) and lymph adenitis (red-streaked, painful skin lesion s with fever , racing heart , and lethargy .) Both infections require treatment with ... Answer: What you're calling cat scratch fever goes by some other tongue -twist...

Adolescents

...and thus are vulnerable. Many of these disease s can be particularly severe in adolescents and adults. Adolescents Diabetes Brings Earlier heart Disease , Death Diabetes Drug Might Prevent the Disease No Link Between Diabetes , Aggressive Prostate Cancer Combo of Tests Predicts Ty...

Adolescent pregnancy

... Adolescent Pregnancy (Teenage Pregnancy ) Breast Infection Chlamydia Infection in Females Complex Partial Seizure Fast heart beat ( Rapid Heartbeat ) Female Infertility Gonorrhea in Females Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome ... - Adolescent Pregnancy Jump to another sec...

Adrenal glands

...the body. The adrenal glands produce hormone s that help control the heart rate, blood pressure , the way the body uses food , and other vital func...omerulonephritis and polycystic kidney disease ... To evaluate the heart , lungs , liver , reproductive organ s, other organ s (e.g., spleen , ...

Adrenaline

...of hormone s that include adrenaline and epinephrine . an increase in heart rate and blood pressure , as the heart and lungs work harder. The rate of breathing also increases and the l...

Aerobic

...r your body Aerobic exercise strengthens your heart and lungs and improves blood flow. Health ben...ise : Brisk physical activity that requires the heart and lungs to work harder to meet the body's inc...rcise Particularly important to prevent coronary heart disease is aerobic or cardiovascular exercis...

Aging

... Aging changes in the heart and blood vessels COMMON PROBLEMS heart and blood vessel disease s are fairly common in older people. Common di...

Aging changes

... Aging changes in the heart and blood vessels COMMON PROBLEMS heart and blood vessel disease s are fairly common in older people. Common di...

Agitation

...longed Neutral Bath; special exercise s. ENDOCARDITIS "Ice Bags over the heart . Tremor s, agitation , a rapid heartbeat , and hypertension are al... the blood , is characterized by a high fever , shaking chills , racing heart , pallor , agitation , and joint pain . It may progress to confusion a...

Air Embolism

...esthesia also apply to this procedure. This means your blood can re-circulate into arteries without first getting oxygen . An opening in the heart can also allow a relatively large air bubble (called an air embolism ) to circulate into your arteries. An air embolism can cause a stroke . ...

Airway

...reduce airway ... they may have ordered a chest X-ray and tests for heart and lung function, as well. This helped them rule out such serious possibilities as congestive heart failure , lung or esophageal cancer , emphysema , infection or a foreig...

Alcohol withdrawal

...emulousness), insomnia , agitation , confusion , hearing voices or seeing images that are not really there ( hallucinations ), seizures , rapid heart beat, ... It is important to have medical support during alcohol withdrawal . How to stop drinking alcohol If you have stopped drinking, seek hel...

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy

...ch excessive, habitual use of alcohol weakens the heart muscle . Cardiomyopathy - Alcoholic ( Alcoh...rtrophic Cardiomyopathy ) ... Directly damage heart muscle ( alcoholic cardiomyopathy ), which may weaken the heart , leading to ...

Aldosterone

...ugs, including diuretics used to treat congestive heart failure such as spironolactone or eplerenone ... ...owth of normal cells, or other disorders, such as heart failure or kidney disease , cause the adrenals t... the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure . aldosterone - an overproduction of ...

Allergic reactions

...sleeping pattern, colds and flu , alcohol, caffeine , certain foods and medicines, and weather changes. Some serious side effects, including heart muscle damage and allergic reactions , are associated with Herceptin (see Question 5). Adrenaline , a hormone produced in the core of the a...

ALT

...T (alanine aminotransferase): An enzyme normally present in liver and heart cells that is released into the blood stream when the liver or heart is damaged. M ALT lymphoma Definition M ALT lymphoma s are solid ...

ALS

...ct and spares the senses of sight, hearing , smell , taste and touch. It doesn't affect involuntary muscle s, such as the muscle s that control heart beat and bladder and bowel function. PREVIOUS NEXT: Causes ... ALS is a progressive, disabling, usually fatal disease . Walking , speaking,...

Altitude sickness

... 'Cutting' weight: A safe practice for youth wrestlers? Altitude sickness : Can it cause memory loss ? Beta blockers : How do they affect target heart rate? BMI: Is it accurate for weightlifters? Broken collarbone ( fracture d clavicle ) ... High altitude cerebral edema ; Altitude anoxia; Al...

Ambulatory

...mbulatory Normal Values : Normal variations in heart rate occur with activities. No significant altera... Holter monitor ing, this procedure records your heart rhythms for an entire 24-hour period. That means ...nd. Arrhythmia or dysrhythmiaAbnormal rhythm in heart s that contract in an irregular way. * Ambulato...

Aminophylline

...hould be avoided in people taking on warfarin, phenytoin and other drugs for epilepsy , theophylline or aminophylline , and some drugs for abnormal heart rhythms because it can affect the way the body breaks them down. ...

Amputation

...r health care provider. In fact, amputation , heart attack and stroke all stem from the same arter...e affects the major arteries, the result may be a heart attack or stroke . ebullioscope; ebullism; eb...ugar ) put people who have diabetes at risk for heart disease , stroke , amputation , and eye and k...

Amphetamine

...m (CNS) stimulants -- drugs that increase your heart rate and give you more energy and stamina. Am...confidence, talkativeness, faster breathing and heart rate, more energy, and sleeplessness. Ampheta... ) node which is the natural pacemaker of the heart . Sinus tachycardia occurs in response to exe...

Amyloidosis

...in the body. Amyloid deposition may occur in the kidney , brain, liver , heart , skin , and lungs . Amyloidosis is a progressive, incurable, metabo...n Pulmonary valve stenosis Restrictive cardiomyopathy Right -sided heart failure Secondary systemic amyloidosis Senile cardiac amyloidosis ...

Anaphylaxis

... or angioedema , respiratory di stress , and a drop in blood pressure . anaphylaxis The most severe form of allergy , in which the person's heart and lungs are unable to keep working, and death occurs unless prompt medical attention is obtained. androgen ... Anaphylaxis Increased sen...

Anastomosis

... of Left Coronary Artery to Aorta - 797 KB medium sized file ... heart flo automated anastomosis system Suturing device for automated anastomos... He died on December 12th. The procedure joined an artery leaving the heart to an artery leading to the lungs to give the blood a second chance ...

Anatomy

... catheter Indication: Use in visualization of vascular anatomy , cardiac and great vessel anatomy and physiology , or other devices in the heart as well as measurement of blood flow. For additional information, see AcuNav. Acidosis African Americans and Kidney Disease Fact Sheet Alpo...
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