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Glands in Medical Dictionary

Glands

Lymph glands (also called nodes) are a part of your lymphatic system , which is one of your body's barriers to infection and plays a role in the immune response s. When lymph glands become swollen, it may signal an infection . Endocrine glands release hormone s (chemical messen...

Adrenal glands

Adrenal Glands Definition Adrenal glands are triangular-shaped glands located on top of the kidney s. When adrenal glands produce excessive amounts of certain hormone s, they are called overactive. Symptoms and treatment depend on which hormone s are being overproduced, including th...

Endocrine glands

Endocrine glands Definition: Endocrine glands produce hormone s into the blood or lymph system s. Endocrine glands release hormone s (chemical messengers) into the blood stream to be transported to various organ s and tissue s throughout the body. Endocrine glands Pelvic lap...

Exocrine glands

(ss´tk fbr´ss), inherited disorder of the exocrine glands (see gland ), affecting children and young people; median survival is 25 years in females and 30 years in males. SJOGREN'S SYNDROME - An immunologic disorder characterized by progressive destruction of the exocrine glands ...

Parathyroid glands

PARATHYROID GLANDS - Four small endocrine glands lying close or embedded in the posterior surface of the thyroid gland . They secrete the hormone parat hormone . [ Med Help International ] [ Search ] [ Ask the Doctor Forums ] ... Parathyroid glands Several approaches are available to ...

Parotid glands

The parotid glands (the salivary gland s between the ear and the jaw ) are often swollen. Unvaccinated children between the ages of 2 and 12 are most commonly infected, but the infection can occur in other age groups. Any swelling of the parotid glands increases over two to three days ...

Sebaceous glands

Sebaceous glands are located in the dermis (the middle layer of skin ) and secrete oil onto the skin . Acne is a chronic disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands . In acne , the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts . sebaceous glands Small ...

Abscess

...of tissue that contains pus . A breast abscess forms when germs enter the breast tissue through the nipple and infect the milk ducts and glands . The abscess can prevent deeper tissue s from functioning properly. The infection may spread locally or throughout the body. The spread of i...

Acid

...ic or astringent. Acne : An inflammatory skin disease that effects the tiny pores thats cover the face, arms, back and chest as well as the oil glands attached to them. STOMACH ACID IN ESOPHAGUS A HE ALT H RISK, ME DIC ATIONS HELP Question: I've been taking Prilosec for reflux for about s...

Acne

...eatment is thought to damage the oil (sebaceous) glands , causing them to produce less oil. Acne vul...y disease of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands characterized by blackheads , whitehead s, pus...ve these as well as boys) stimulate the sebaceous glands to increase production of sebum. Acne is a t...

Acne vulgaris

... teenagers get the type of acne called acne vulgaris , which can show up on the face, neck, shoulder s, back, and chest. Skin pores contain oil glands which naturally lubricate your skin and hair . Bromides: Usually like acne vulgaris . Sometimes erythema . Chloral: Papular erythema . Iodid...

Acromegaly

... Cushing's syndrome ... Acromegaly Acro phobia Addiction --see Alcohol; Drug abuse Addison's Disease Adenovirus Adhesion Adrenal glands and indications for surgery Ad renal surgery , pre and post -operative instructions Adrenalectomy, discharge instructions (pdf file) ... When...

ACTH

... hormone ( ACTH ), which stimulates the adrenal glands to make glucocorticoids. When the body makes to...e pituitary gland , which stimulates the adrenal glands to secrete hormone s. actinic keratoses ... ...enal gland tumor ( adenoma ). The adrenal glands release their hormone s into the blood in resp...

Adenitis

... Hidr adenitis is a chronic inflammation of the apocrine glands , a type of sweat gland found on certain parts of the body. Lymph ade... causes include stress , constipation and inflammation of the lymph glands known as mesenteric adenitis - a harmless condition linked to viral inf...

Adenoma

... made up of gland ular tissue . For example, an adenoma of the pituitary gland may cause it to produce abnormal amounts of hormone s. Adrenal glands Two small organ s near the kidney s that release hormone s. Non- cancer ous tumor s, called adenoma tous polyp s, may grow in the colon or...

Adenocarcinoma

... : These cancer s form from cells that make up glands . glands are specialized structures that produce and relea...nal cancer s are adenocarcinoma s, which affect glands in the anal area. Vitamin D inhibition of p...

Adenoid removal

...emoval , also called adenoidectomy, is the surgical removal of the adenoid glands from the area between the nasal airway and the back of the throat (naso ...illectomy ) Pharyngeal Culture (Throat Culture ) Removal of the Adenoid glands ( Adenoid Removal ) Throat Swab (Throat Culture ) ... A surgeon also r...

Adenovirus

... kit for the detection of adenovirus in stool samples. Mfg: Trinity Biotech. Source: Business Wire - 1/8/98. Adenovirus Adhesion Adrenal glands and indications for surgery Ad renal surgery , pre and post -operative instructions Adrenalectomy, discharge instructions (pdf file) Adult immu...

Adhesion

... tissue ( adhesion s), or a very large uterus make the uterus difficult to remove, or when cancer might be present. Adhesion Adrenal glands and indications for surgery Ad renal surgery , pre and post -operative instructions Adrenalectomy, discharge instructions (pdf file) Adult immu...

Adrenal Hyperplasia

...up of inherited disorders relating to the adrenal glands , ... Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Powere.... An overgrowth of normal cells in the adrenal glands (called adrenal hyperplasia ) or a tumor of the adrenal glands can cause a form of aldosteronism called prima...

Adrenaline

..., a hormone produced in the core of the adrenal glands that's sometimes used to treat asthma and alle...drug so that it will work faster. The adrenal glands ' These glands in the abdomen produce the hormone adrenalin...

Adrenoleukodystrophy

...al closely related inheritable disorders of the breakdown ( metabolism ) of certain fats (long chain fatty acids). These disorders affect the adrenal glands , nervous system, and testes . Alternative Names: ... Adrenoleukodystrophy Dr Trisha Macnair Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a rare inherited di...

Aerobic

...t in the open air. It helps lose weight; build strength; strengthen the heart , arteries, and veins; and invigorate the vital organ s and endocrine glands . Skin Care Aerobic Oxygen This page was last updated on 04 December 2006 23:15:07 Internet Health Library 1999-2006 ... Get regular a...

Aldosteronism

...blood pressure . aldosteronism A condition resulting when the adrenal glands produce too much of the hormone aldosterone , which regulates fluids an...ficiency of the hormone aldosterone , which is produced by the adrenal glands . Sodium loss (such as from excessive sweating or dehydration ). ...

Aldosterone

...up of inherited disorders relating to the adrenal glands , characterized by a deficiency in the hormone ...progesterone , and testosterone . The adrenal glands are located just above the kidney s. The ad rena...alance. A condition resulting when the adrenal glands produce too much of the hormone aldosterone , ...

Allergic reactions

...le damage and allergic reactions , are associated with Herceptin (see Question 5). Adrenaline , a hormone produced in the core of the adrenal glands that's sometimes used to treat asthma and allergic reactions . episiotomy ... Treatment for allergic contact dermatitis usually involves ...

Allergy

... lead to more knowledge about the history of the patient and about future treatment plans. Some asymmetries may be due to swollen lymph node s or glands . This condition, called acute urinary retention, may be triggered by taking over-the-counter cold or allergy medicines. Such medicines conta...

Androgen

...s, control the production of oil by the sebaceous glands in the skin . Higher relative levels of androge...f but with side effects. Your ovaries and adrenal glands produce androgen s, so-called male hormone s. G... (male steroid hormone ) secreted by the adrenal glands (small hormone producing ...

Anesthetic

...nto the skin to numb the area. There will be a pricking sensation as the needle enters the skin . Tylenol may help reduce the pain of swollen glands and sore throat , and an anesthetic gargle may relieve throat pain and increase the child's tolerance for eating and drinking. An injection ...

Anomaly

... hole in the wall between the left and right atrium. Ebbinghaus test; Eberth, Karl; Eberth's bacillus; Eberth's lines; eblanin; eblis; Ebner's glands ; Ebner's reticulum; ebola haemorrhagic fever ; ebola virus ; ebonation; ebonite; ebonize; ebony; ebracteate; ebracteolate; ebranlement; eb stein ...

Anterior

...ovulation in the female and testosterone production in the male. Lyme disease ... It is called the master gland because the other endocrine glands depend on its secretions for stimulation. The pituitary has two distinct lobes, anterior and posterior . The anterior lobe secretes at least s...

Anus

...the anus is about an inch and a half long, and it has a lining that contains blood vessels, sensitive nerve endings and six to eight small anal glands . The anus is either not present or it is in the wrong place. Description ... elephantiasis vulva e; elephantine; elephant leg; elephant ma...

Areola

...s called Montgomery's tubercle s (enlarged sweat glands ). Veins become more prominent on the surface of ...sect ion). The breast is composed of several glands and ducts that lead to the nipple and the surro... bridge of the nose, or cheekbones), ... The glands located in the skin of the underarms, genital ...

Apnea

...lignancies, can cause night sweats. They are also linked to pheochromocytoma s -- usually benign tumor s that are most often found in the adrenal glands . Sleep disorders (e.g., restless leg syndrome , sleep apnea ) Gastrointestinal (e.g., abdominal pain , bloating , gas, cramps , alterna...

Appetite

...ing. Dry eyes and a dry mouth may result from inflammation of the tear glands and saliva glands . fenfluramine hydro chloride An adrenergic agonist agent, appetite s...

Asthma

...... Asthma occurs when irritation causes the smooth muscle s surrounding the airway s to constrict. Increased mucus comes from irritated mucus glands lining the airway . Excess mucus clogs the airway and prevents air from circulating. ASTHMA "1 SYMPTOMS"Difficult breathing , cough ing, wh...

Atrophy

...h the stomach muscle s shrink and become weak. The digestive ( peptic ) glands may also shrink, resulting in a lack of digestive juices. gastrinoma (ga... spots. Rarely, heavy long-term use can cause a suppression of the adrenal glands . atrophy of the vagina , which is thinning and drying of the lining ...

Axilla

...y's immune system mistakenly fights and rejects the body's own tissue s. Axilla The armpit. Axilla ry nodes Lymph node s - also called lymph glands found in the armpit ( axilla ). Breast cancer begins in the breast and spreads first to the lymph node s of the armpit ( axilla ). They...

Bacterial Infections

... frequent friction on the skin are also associated with psoriasis flare-ups. Most anorectal abscess es begin as bacterial infections of the glands in the anus that produce mucus. Infection can cause inflammation . Inflammation creates a wall around the bacteria and forms an abscess . ...

Biopsy

...is sent to a lab where technicians view it under a microscope or do other tests. Biopsy - parathyroid How the test is performed: The parathyroid glands are located in the throat near the thyroid gland . They secrete parathyroid hormone ( PTH ), which helps control the body's calcium levels. A...
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