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Diseases in Medical Dictionary

Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases are disorders in which the body's immune system reacts against itself and produces antibodies to attack its own healthy cells and tissue . Autoimmune Diseases . People with many autoimmune diseases have a higher risk for hypothyroidism . Type 1 ( insulin -dependent) ...

Bone Diseases

Bone Diseases Cartilage Disease s Fasciitis - Inflammation of the fascia . There are three major types: 1) Eosinophil ic fasciitis, an inflammatory reaction with eosinophil ia, ... 7 bone scan - a nuclear im aging method to evaluate any degenerative and/or arthritic changes in the ...

Communicable Diseases

Communicable Diseases Related Category: Pathology illnesses caused by microorganism s and transmitted from an infected person or animal to another person or animal. Dr David Heymann, WHO executive director of communicable diseases , added that a fourth hypothesis also exists. "It is possib...

Contagious diseases

Contagious Diseases Can't find what you want? Ask your question here Home ... These highly contagious diseases are caused by virus es from four distinct families and range in severity from relatively mild to life-threatening. Around the turn of the century, doctors began numbering conta...

Heart Diseases

Heart Diseases Hyperemia - The presence of an increased amount of blood in a part or organ . (Stedman, 25th ed) Vascular Diseases ... heart diseases that cause shunt ing of extra blood through the lungs , such as patent ductus, ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect H...

Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases Can't find what you want? Ask your question here Home ... Infectious diseases and travelers; Avoiding infectious diseases when traveling Information: ... Infectious Diseases Proper care of your pet may prevent him/her from becoming ill and infecting the household....

Intestinal Diseases

Intestinal Diseases , Parasitic - Infections of the INTESTINE S with PARASITES , commonly involving PROTOZOA or PARASITIC WORMS . Infections with roundworms ( NEMATODE INFECTIONS ) and TAPEWORM S (CESTODE INFECTIONS ) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS. Fortunately, unlike more seriou...

Kidney Diseases

Kidney Diseases Dictionary Index This dictionary defines words that are often used when people talk or write about kidney diseases . It is designed for people who have kidney diseases and their families and friends. Kidney Diseases , National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and (NIDD...

Liver Diseases

Liver Diseases , Parasitic - Infections of the liver with a parasite . They are caused most commonly by trematodes (flukes). Lung Disease s, Parasitic - Infections of the lungs with a parasite . They are caused most commonly by nematode s ( roundworms ). Pediatric liver diseases a...

Metabolic Diseases

Metabolic Diseases - Generic term for disease s caused by an abnormal metabolic process. Metabolic diseases Malnutrition (inadequate amounts of a vitamin , protein , calcium , or other nutrients) Genetic disease s and chromosomal abnormalities ... Inherited metabolic diseases ...

Neurological Diseases

Physical causes include low testosterone levels, diabetes , arteriosclerosis , prostate cancer surgery , and neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson 's disease . Motor neuron disease : A group of neurological diseases characterized by steadily progressive...

Prion Diseases

Prion diseases have both infectious and hereditary components. The gene that codes for prion s can mutate and be passed on to the next generation. All prion diseases are fatal. Animals and humans who develop a prion disease will die of it. There is no effective treatment . It is impo...

Pulmonary Diseases

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease s, such as emphysema . Connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma . Sleep apnea . Congenital heart disease . Mohsenifar is board certified in Internal Medicine and Pulmonary Diseases . He is a Fellow in Pulmonary Medicine. Blinkhorn RJ ...

Skin Diseases

Musculo skeletal and Skin Diseases , National Institute of Arthritis and (NIAMS): One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. Skin Diseases , Viral - Skin diseases caused by virus es. Slow Virus Disease s - Disease s of viral origin, characterized by incubation periods o...

Thyroid diseases

Thyroid diseases Definition: The thyroid gland is located in the base of the neck on both sides of the lower part of the larynx (voice box) and upper part of the trachea ( wind pipe). Thyroid Diseases Endocrine Disease s Definitions and Terms MedicalGlossary.org is designed as a fr...

Tropical Diseases

Farley, Dixie. " Tropical Diseases : Travelers Take Note." Consumer Research Magazine, May 1997, 27+. Gradoni, L., et al. " Treatment of Mediterranean Viscera l Leishmaniasis." World Health Organ ization 73 (Mar./Apr. 1995): 191+. (lsh´´mn´ss), any of a group of tropical disea...

Vascular diseases

Vascular Diseases Cardiovascular Disease s Definitions and Terms MedicalGlossary.org is designed as a free, browsable resource for all. Cardiovascular disease s include arteriosclerosis , coronary artery disease , heart valve disease , arrhythmia , heart failure , hypertension , orth...

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

...uired, such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS ). A person who has one of these disorders is prone to develop infections . autoimmune diseases , such as juvenile diabetes , rheumatoid arthritis , and anemia immuno deficiency disease s, such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AID...

Actinomycosis

...sicular; papyraceous; papyraceous scars; papyrine; papyrograph; papyrography; papyrus; par; para; para- actinomycosis ; ... The list of infectious diseases goes on-- diphtheria , listeriosis, botulism , gas gangrene , actinomycosis , dysentery , cholera , poliomyelitis , Colorado tick fever , Rock...

Aerobic bacteria

...ons of both aerobic and an aerobic bacteria than do animal bites . In addition to bacterial infection , they may transmit serious infectious diseases such as the HIV virus and hepatitis . Invanz (ertapenem sodium ) Pronounced "in vance." A once-a-day injectable antibiotic for the treatm...

Alcoholic liver disease

...pposed to the brain and spinal cord). Chronic hepatitis B and C Disease s of the bile ducts Alcoholic liver disease Auto immune liver diseases Buildup of fat in the liver ... For example, within a certain range of values , a ratio of 2:1 or greater for AST : ALT might indicate th...

Allergen

...r ) or allergies to milk ; dairy products; or, less likely, wheat. Allergen s (e.g., foods , pollen s, pet dander, insect stings) Autoimmune diseases Infections Irritants (e.g., cosmetics) Other factors (e.g., extremes in temperature s, sunlight, tight-fitting clothing) ... Allergen s & ...

Allergy

...and Immunology (1966-1970) Immunologic Disease s Categories. Autoimmune diseases - Disorders that are characterized by the production of antibodies that re... A study sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious diseases (NIAID) in Uganda found a highly effective and safe drug regimen for pre...

Alopecia

...r to fall out in one or more small patches . The cause of this condition is unknown, although it is more common in people who have other autoimmune diseases . Alopecia areata - Patchy, usually reversible, hair loss Hair loss varies widely with race. Japanese men develop baldness less commonly ...

Alopecia areata

...r to fall out in one or more small patches . The cause of this condition is unknown, although it is more common in people who have other autoimmune diseases . Alopecia areata with pustules Alopecia totalis - back view of the head Alopecia totalis - front view of the head ... Alopecia areata ...

Anaerobic

...ons of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria than do animal bites . In addition to bacterial infection , they may transmit serious infectious diseases such as the HIV virus and hepatitis . Necrotizing subcutaneous infection or fasciitis can be caused by a variety of bacteria including ...

Anaerobic bacteria

...tions of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria than do animal bites . In addition to bacterial infection , they may transmit serious infectious diseases such as the HIV virus and hepatitis . Some antibiotics work against aerobic bacteria , that is organ isms that need oxygen to live, whi...

Ankylosing spondylitis

...ation include a disorder of the body's connective tissue s (Marfan's syndrome ), a type of arthritis ( ankylosing spondylitis ), some autoimmune diseases , and syphilis . When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling , redness and pain . There are over 100 types of arthr...

Antibiotic

...m mold or bacteria that inhibits the growth of other microorganism s (such as bacteria or fungi). Antibiotic s are used to treat infectious diseases . Antibiotic s weaken the body more. The more frequently this infection occurs, the more difficult it is to eliminate. The tonsils become sc...

Antibiotics

...rom mold or bacteria that inhibits the growth of other microorganism s (such as bacteria or fungi). Antibiotics are used to treat infectious diseases . Sudden growth of a different type of bacteria than the type originally diagnose d and treated. This is a common cause of treatment failure b...

Antigen

...mean you currently have an acute hepatitis A infection . Our lab is engaged in the study of molecular and cellular immunology of infectious diseases , with particular interests in patho physiology and protective antigen s for vaccine s. A group of genes on chromosome 6 code for HLA antig...

Atrial fibrillation

...atic mitral valve disease (see rheumatic fever ) in young people or hypertensive heart disease (see hypertension ) and arteriosclerotic heart diseases (see arteriosclerosis ) in older people. Cardioversion - In this procedure, a small, electrical shock is delivered to the heart through the...

Autoimmune hepatitis

...on similar to the inflammation that occurs in viral hepatitis . Autoimmune hepatitis sometimes occurs in relatives of people with autoimmune diseases , suggesting a genetic cause. This disease is most common in young girls and women. Prevention : ... Autoimmune Hepatitis Autoimmune Thyroi...

Bacteremia

..... Gonococcal bacteremia Causes, incidence , and risk factors: Gonorrhea is one of the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infectious diseases . It is transmitted through vagina l, oral, and anal intercourse . Blood poisoning ( bacteremia ) Blood pressure , definition and guidelines ...

Blister

... blister s generally contain serum , the liquid component of blood . Blister s can form as a reaction to trauma to the skin or certain skin diseases , which may include the following: ... A blister is medically termed a vesicle . One that is more than 5 mm in diameter with thin walls and is f...

Blood disorders

... Raynaud's can also be seen in occlusive vascular diseases , or it can be due to certain medications -- like ...rs), hematology ( blood disorders ), infectious diseases , gastroenterology ( disease s of the gut), nephrology ( kidney diseases ), ... Lupus is an autoimmune disease , trig...

Bone marrow

...gin to decline. bone marrow failure (for example, due to infection , tumor , fibrosis) presence of cyto toxic substance collagen - vascular diseases (such as lupus erythematosus ) disease of the liver or spleen radiation ... BONE MARROW SUPPRESSION: A side effect of many anti cancer ...

Bone tumors

...ne tumors , a pathologist, radiation oncologists, pediatric oncologists, rehabilitation specialists, ... High ALP levels can be caused by bone diseases , such as Paget's disease , osteomalacia , rickets , bone tumors , or by overactive parathyroid glands ( hyperparathyroidism ). Normal healing o...

Bowel

...ry important to be consi stent in the time of day bowel training is performed. Bowel disease , inflammatory: A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by inflammation of the bowel -- the large or small intestine . The most common types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are ...

Botulism

...eview Date : 8/15/2003 Reviewed By : Daniel Levy, M.D., Ph.D., Infectious diseases , Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriM...e method of relaxing muscle s under the skin . The list of infectious diseases goes on-- diphtheria , listeriosis, botulism , gas gangrene , actinomyc...
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