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Cord in Medical Dictionary

Umbilical cord

Umbilical cord : The cord that connects the developing embryo or fetus with the placenta and through which run the umbilical arteries and vein . The umbilical cord is the baby's lifeline to the mother during pregnancy . However, it is no longer needed once the baby is born. Within a few...

Abdomen

...lained weight loss , skin rashes , tiredness, or joint pain . The muscle s of the abdomen must have a small gap through which the sperm atic cord passes. The most common type of hernia in men, and therefore the type you probably have, results from this gap being larger than it should be. We...

Abscess

...ted (confined within its own area) and localized to one or more areas inside of the brain. This condition may cause problems with the brain and spinal cord function. ALVEOLAR ABSCESS - A pocket of pus adjacent to, or within (apical abscess ) the tooth 's root caused by plaque and calculus invas...

Abscess scan

...he risks are: ... Abscess - Skin ( Skin Abscess ) Abscess - Spinal cord ( Spinal cord Abscess ) Abscess - Tooth ( Tooth Abscess ) Abscess Scan - Radioactiv...

Accidents

...ommon causes of liver injuries . Other causes include falls , sports related incidents or assaults. accidents that injure the brain or spinal cord multiple sclerosis heavy metal poisoning ... When accidents happen, you don’t need to be a medical professional to treat an injury or...

Adrenaline

...ication side effects, illicit use of stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamine (which enhance the effects of adrenaline in the body), spinal cord injuries , ... Increase in blood lactic acid and failure to increase blood sugar when adrenaline or glucagon are administered High bl...

Afterbirth

... afterbirth The placenta , which is attached to the fetus by the umbilical cord and must be delivered after the baby. AIDS ... Abortion is the removal of pregnancy tissue , products of conception or the fetus and p...

ALS

... motor neuron s, those nerve cells reaching from the brain to the spinal cord (upper motor neuron s) and the spinal cord to the peripheral nerve s (lower motor neuron s) that control muscle ...

Amphetamine

...ication side effects, illicit use of stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamine (which enhance the effects of adrenaline in the body), spinal cord injuries , ... A combination of drugs that is used as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD ) and narcolepsy (a s...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

... progressive chronic disease s of the nerve s that come from the spinal cord responsible for supplying electrical stimulation to the muscle s. AMYO... nervous system. Nerve cells, called neuron s, are located in the spinal cord and brain and normally give signals to muscle s. Amyotrophic lateral s...

Anatomy

...small bones called phalanges. The anatomy of the optic nerve makes it a sensitive marker for problems inside the brain. This nerve is a thick cord that connects the back of each eyeball and its retina to the brain. Ear anatomy Definition: An audiology exam tests your ability to hear sou...

Angioma

...) Spider Vein ( Spider Angioma ) Spider Angioma Spina Bifida Spinal Dysraphism ( Spina Bifida ) Spinal Rachischisis ( Spina Bifida ) Spinal cord Abscess Spondylolisthesis Spontaneous Abortion ( Miscarriage ) Sporotrichosis ... Hepatic Hem angioma Hemochromatosis ( Iron Overload ...

Aplastic anemia

...plant s can result in " graft Vs host " reactions. Immunosuppressive drugs are necessary in allogeneic transplants. The injection of umbilical cord blood to restore an individual's own blood production system suppressed by anti cancer drugs, radiation therapy , or both. It is being studied ...

Arteriovenous malformation

...(AVM): An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder (one present at birth ) of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is characterized by a complex, ... Arteriovenous malformation - cerebral Definition: A cerebral arteriovenenous malformation is a disorder o...

Aspiration

...n causes of death . 4 per 1000 (0.84%) admitted to hospital for special care. Of the admissions for hospital , five were for snapped umbilical cord and two for water aspiration . None of the death s were directly attributable to delivery in water. Deep breaths coupled with yoga stretches and...

Atrophy

... Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a genetic condition in which the muscle s throughout the body are weakened because the cells in the spinal cord and motor nerve s do not work properly. Atrophy Wasting away of a body part. Frozen shoulder A shoulder that becomes scarred and cannot move. ...

Bioterrorism

...ortant to continue treatment so as to avoid potential serious complications, such as inflammation of the membrane s covering the brain and spinal cord ( meningitis ). In the setting of potential bioterrorism , ... ...

Bleeding

...tic ulcers (open sores with dead tissue ) ... The test can also be used to evaluate bleeding and swelling in the brain and to detect spinal cord injury in patients who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). Pregnant women in abusive relationships are at higher risk for medical c...

Blood clots

...ots , varicose veins occasionally lead to blood clots in superficial veins (superficial thrombophlebitis ). This results in a hard, red, tender cord just under the surface of your skin . VTE includes blood clots in the deep veins (DVT) as well as blood clots in the veins of the lungs ( pu...

Blood

...ed me to have several blood screening tests. cord blood banks may be public or commercial. Public cord blood banks accept donations of cord blood and may provide the donated stem cells to...

Blood disorders

... liver problems, heart failure , high blood pressure , or certain blood disorders should not drink any alcohol. The injection of umbilical cord blood to restore an individual's own blood production system suppressed by anti cancer drugs, radiation therapy , or both. It is being studied ...

Blood pressure

...ation of the skin . adenitis Swelling of a gland . dysfunction may be associated with HYPOTHALAMIC DISEASE S; BRAIN STEM disorders; SPINAL cord DISEASE S; and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASE S. Manifestations include impairments of vegetative functions including the maintenance of BLOOD...

Brachial plexus

...opathy ) is a form of peripheral neuropathy . It occurs when there is damage to the brachial plexus , an area where a nerve bundle from the spinal cord splits into the individual arm nerve s. Lower roots of the brachial plexus (a complex network of nerve s that is formed chiefly by the lower 4 ...

Brain abscess

...ted (confined within its own area) and localized to one or more areas inside of the brain. This condition may cause problems with the brain and spinal cord function. Brain abscess es commonly occur when bacteria or fungi infect part of the brain. Inflammation develops in response. Infected brain c...

Brain Injury

...severe, these symptoms may get better over time. The test can also be used to evaluate bleeding and swelling in the brain and to detect spinal cord injury in patients who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). ...

Brain attack

...hich is why a stroke is sometimes described as a ' brain attack '. There are two main types of stroke : ... An example is paralysis of a vocal cord from a stroke , or brain attack . heart conditions, such as congestive heart failure , which can cause an accumulation of fluid in the lungs ....

Brain herniation

... potentially resulting in brain damage and/or death damage to the spinal cord (particularly if the person moves during the test) ^ Top ... Brain her... potentially resulting in brain damage and/or death Damage to the spinal cord (particularly if the person moves during the test) Special considerations: ...

Brain tumor

... treatment of more than 600 nervous system disorders including stroke , epilepsy , multiple sclerosis , Parkinson 's disease , head and spinal cord injury , Alzheimer 's disease , and brain tumor s ." ... ...

Brain Tumors

...ough , tetanus and polio --can also cause vocal cord paralysis . Vocal cord paralysis can also appear as a congenital defe...erosis , Parkinson 's disease , head and spinal cord injury , Alzheimer 's disease , and brain tumor...

Breathing difficulties

...n ranges from mild to severe. Heart and breathing difficulties , high blood pressure , infection , injury to nerve s (usually causing vocal cord paralysis and problems with man aging saliva and tongue movement ), and bleeding within the brain. - Reassure the child that breathing d...

Burn

...ressure sensation when the needle is inserted, and there is usually some brief pain when the needle goes through the tissue surrounding the spinal cord ( meninges ). Activity will " burn " calorie s resulting in the need for additional calorie s from food . 2. A small calorie is the amount of ...

Carbon monoxide

... taste and smell is greatly improved. Carbon monoxide A colorless, odorless, highly poison ous gas. Central nervous system The brain, spinal cord and nerve s throughout the body. Smoking is considered a health hazard because tobacco smoke contains nicotine , a poison ous alkaloid, and ...

Carpal tunnel syndrome

... Infection Paralysis on one side of the body ( hemiplegia ) Radiation therapy Repetitive motion disorder (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome ) Spinal cord disorders Surgery Trauma (e.g. The underlying cause of numbness or tingling should be identified and then treated by your doctor. For example, ...

Carpal

...Infection Paralysis on one side of the body ( hemiplegia ) Radiation therapy Repetitive motion disorder (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome ) Spinal cord disorders Surgery Trauma (e.g. The underlying cause of numbness or tingling should be identified and then treated by your doctor. For example, ...

Cerebrum

...of undifferentiated or poorly differentiated neuroepithelial cells, ... The brain stem is the stalk like portion of the brain that joins the spinal cord to the cerebrum , the thinking and reasoning part of the brain. In adults, astrocytomas most often arise in the cerebrum whereas in children, th...

Cavity

... the neck area. It expands slowly, causing progressive damage to the spinal cord due to the pressure exerted by the fluid. Symptoms result from the spinal cord damage. The cavity of the canal leading from the mouth and nasal passa...

Central nervous system

.... Anaerobic bacteria can cause brain and spinal cord abscess es. Blood stream. Anaerobic bacteria ca...e brain and the nerve s that make up the spinal cord that runs through the bones of the spine ( vertebr... causes lesion s of the gray matter of the spinal cord and brain. The herpes virus may enter the ...

Cerebellum

...tion The cerebellum processes input from other areas of the brain, spinal cord and sensory receptors to provide precise timing for coordinated, smooth mo... at the base of the head. It then travels down the spine, around the spinal cord and nerve s, and back up to the head. CEREBELLAR AST ROCYTOMA - This ...

Cesarean section

...rean section . The incidence ranges from 0.4-1.2%. Surgery on the fetus may be done on the fetus after a Cesarean section , but before the cord is cut, so that the fetus is sustained by the mother's placenta and does not have to breath on its own. One study suggests that delivering HIV...

Cervical spondylosis

...spinal cord), cervical spondylosis (degeneration of the disc spaces between the vertebrae ), hernia tion of a cervical disc, a cervical spinal cord tumor , ... MRI scan of the spine may be used to evaluate patients with back pain , herniated disk s, narrowing of the spinal canal ( spinal s...
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