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Cancer in Medical Dictionary

Cancer

Cancer of the Small Intestine Introduction The small intestine , or small bowel , lies between the stomach and the colon . The small intestine is about 6 m (20 ft) long. Its primary function is to digest and absorb nutrients. Cancer Trends Progress Report: 2005 Update NCAB Working...

Anaplastic thyroid cancer

Anaplastic thyroid cancer grows very rapidly and is an invasive type of thyroid cancer . It occurs most often in people over age 60. The cause is unknown. Thyroid function tests are usually normal. Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Standard treatment options: Surgery : Tracheostomy is freq...

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer spreads by extending into the nearby organ s, including the prostate , uterus , vagina , ureter s, and rectum . It can also spread to the pelvic lymph node s or to other parts of the body, such as the liver , lungs and bones. References: ... Bladder Cancer Overview T...

Bone cancer

Bone cancer : Can it be detected by a bone density scan? Q. Would a DEXA scan for osteoporosis also detect bone cancer ? No name/ No state given ... BONE CANCER - A general term to imply malignant tumor growth in bone. [ Med Help International ] [ Search ] [ Ask the Doctor Forums ] The m...

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer screening and prevention Protect yourself from breast cancer . Mammography and self-care High-risk family history Detection and diagnosis ... Breast Cancer How to Spot the Different Types of Breast Cancer Summary & Participants ... Breast cancer susceptibili...

Colon Cancer

Colon Cancer Related Category: Pathology cancer of any part of the colon (often called the large intestine ). Colon cancer is the second most common cancer diagnose d in the United States. Colon cancer , family history of: The presence of a history of colorectal cancer in a fami...

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer Screening: Questions and Answers Key Points Colorectal cancer is a disease in which cells in the colon or rectum become abnormal and divide without normal control or order, forming a mass called a tumor (see Question 1). Colorectal cancer family history: See: Col...

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial Cancer Overview The endometrium is the tissue lining the uterus (or womb). The uterus , a hollow organ about the size and shape of a pear, is found in a woman’s pelvic region. Endometrial cancer usually begins in the lining of the uterus (endometrium). The uterus ...

Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant ( cancer ) cells form in the tissue s of the esophagus . Smoking , heavy alcohol use , and Barrett's esophagus can affect the risk of developing esophageal cancer . Esophageal cancer is relatively uncommon in the United States, and o...

Gastric cancer

Gastric cancer is a disease in which malignant ( cancer ) cells form in the lining of the stomach . Age, diet , and stomach disease can affect the risk of developing gastric cancer . This year, over 22,000 Americans will be diagnose d with gastric cancer , another name for stomach ...

Gynecological cancer

The cause has not been identified, but a sexually-transmitted disease such as human papilloma virus (HPV, or genital warts ) may play a role. Vulva r cancer is relatively rare, accounting for about 5% of all gynecological cancer s and less than 1% of ... For example, relaxation and co...

Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer seldom causes problems in its early stages. But as a tumor grows, you may notice blood in your urine or experience un intentional weight loss or back pain that doesn't go away. Targeted Kidney Cancer Drugs Show Promise By Amanda Gardner HealthDay Reporter SUNDAY, June ...

Laryngeal Cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant ( cancer ) cells form in the tissue s of the larynx . Use of tobacco products and drinking too much alcohol can affect the risk of developing laryngeal cancer . Laryngeal cancer Dr Rob Hicks Although the precise causes of laryngeal can...

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer Related Category: Pathology cancer that originates in the tissue s of the lungs . Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States in both men and women. Lung cancer - small cell Definition: Lung cancer is a malignant tumor of the lungs . T...

Neck cancer

Head and neck cancer : The common carcinoma s of the oral cavity , pharynx , and larynx as well as other tumor s that affect the head and neck. These include: ... Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary is a disease in which squamous cell cancer spreads to lymph nod...

Oral cancer

Oral Cancer Screening Risk of oral cancer Screening tests for oral cancer Changes to This Summary (06/21/2005) Questions or Comments About This Summary To Learn More About PDQ ... Oral cancer Definition: Oral cancer involves abnormal, malignant tissue growth in the mouth. Oral ca...

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is fairly uncommon, yet it is the 5th leading cause of cancer death in women. It is also the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer s. The cause is unknown. Ovarian cancer occurs when a tumor forms in one or both of a woman's ovaries. The ovaries are a pair of...

Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which malignant ( cancer ) cells form in the tissue s of the pancreas . Smoking and health history can affect the risk of developing pancreatic cancer . Pancreatic cancer : Malignancy of the pancreas . Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" ...

Primary lung cancer

Carcinoma of the Lung ( Primary Lung Cancer ) Carcinoma in Situ Cardiac Conduction Defect ( Heart Block ) Cardiac Disease ( Heart Disease ) Cardiac Tamponade Cardiogenic Shock Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Cataract Catheter Associated UTI CAT Scratch Disease ... Some experts bel...

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a disease in which malignant ( cancer ) cells form in the tissue s of the prostate . Possible signs of prostate cancer include a weak flow of urine or frequent urination . Prostate Cancer Overview The prostate is a gland ular organ present only in males. Only...

Rectal cancer

Stage 0 rectal cancer is the most superficial of all the lesion s and is limited to the mucosa without invasion of the lamina propria. Because of its superficial nature, surgical and other procedures may be limited. Standard treatment options: ... Rectal cancer : A malignant tumor aris...

Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer Related Category: Pathology malignant tumor of the skin . The most common types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma , squamous cell carcinoma , and melanoma . Rarer forms include mycosis fungoides (a type of lymphoma ) and Kaposi's sarcoma . Skin cancer is a ...

Squamous cell cancer

Squamous cell cancer is associated with smoking and alcohol consumption . The incidence of this disease in the United States has remained relatively constant, while the incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus has risen dramatically. Squamous Cell Cancer - Penis ( Cancer ...

Stomach cancer

Stomach Cancer ( Gastric Cancer ) What is stomach cancer ? Stomach cancer , also called gastric cancer , is the abnormal growth of cells in the inner lining of the stomach . Stomach cancer Cancer BACUP As with colorectal ( bowel ) cancer , the embarrassment of talking about the symptom...

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a disease in which malignant ( cancer ) cells form in the tissue s of one or both testicles. Health history can affect the risk of developing testicular cancer . Testicular cancer is highly treatable when diagnose d early. Depending on the type and stage of testicu...

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer occurs more often in people between the ages of 25 and 65 years. Thyroid cancer can occur in all age groups. People who have had radiation therapy to the neck are at higher risk. This therapy was commonly used in the 1950s to treat enlarged thymus glands , adenoids and ...

Uterine Cancer

Uterine cancer : Cancer of the womb (the uterus ). Also called endometrial cancer . Cancer of the uterus occurs most often in women between the ages of 55 and 70 years. It accounts for about 6% of cancer in women. See all Pictures & Images Uterine cancer / endometrial cancer Tak...

Vaginal cancer

Vaginal cancer is a disease in which malignant ( cancer ) cells form in the vagina . Age and exposure to the drug DES ( diethylstilbestrol ) before birth affect a woman's risk of developing vaginal cancer . The prognosis of vaginal cancer depends largely on the stage of disease a...

Abdomen

...tesis Removing fluid from the abdomen using local anesthesia and needle and syringe. Pathological fracture A break in a bone usually caused by cancer or some disease condition. Percutaneous endoscopic gastr ostomy (PEG): A surgical procedure for placing a feeding tube without having to ...

Abdominal Pain

...f symptoms such as gas, bloating , abdominal pain , and diarrhea resulting from the body's inability to properly absorb nutrients. malignancy A cancer ous tumor that can invade and destroy nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body. Gastrointestinal (e.g., abdominal pain , bloatin...

Abscess

... A lump or abscess that may be caused by injury or disease , such as cancer . Leukemia cancer of the blood . White blood cells may be produced in excessive amounts a...

Abortion

... Procedure is Effective in Preventing Preterm Birth (August 29) Cervical cancer Screening: Testing Can Start Later and Occur Less Often Under New ACOG Rec...tal affair, sexually-transmitted disease , or abortion has caused their cancer . unplanned pregnancies abortion s for unwanted pregnancies the compl...

Abuse

...earch activities are focused on the prevention of HIV infection , violence , substance abuse , teen pregnancy , cardiovascular disease , and cancer . Service activities range from a rodent control project to a community computer access initiative. Many people with panic disorder have other pr...

Acid

...e feet and legs. Folic Acid & Cervical cancer Women with cervical dysplasia (especially those...es of folic acid may help decrease colorectal cancer risk. Physical activity : A lack of physical ac...h a diet high in fat , may increase colorectal cancer risk. Folic Acid Hurricane information r...

Acidosis

...icate conditions that prevent carbon dioxide from being exhaled. Diabetes (fruity or "sweet chemical" smell with keto acidosis ) Esophageal cancer Gastric carcinoma Gastrojejuno colic fistula (fruity- smell ing breath) Hepatic encephalopathy Diabetic keto acidosis Lung abscess ...

Acoustic

...teriovenous malformation (cerebral) Benign positional vertigo Throat cancer Central pontine myelin olysis Cerebral aneurysm ... Acoustic Tra...ain tumors (including meningioma s, acoustic neuroma s, and pituitary cancer ). Most people don't need any treatment but surgery may be necessary...

Acoustic neuroma

...teriovenous malformation (cerebral) Benign positional vertigo Throat cancer Central pontine myelin olysis Cerebral aneurysm ... Acoustic neuro...brain tumors (including meningioma s, acoustic neuroma s, and pituitary cancer ). Acoustic neuroma ACP (American College of Physician s) Acquired A...

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

...erous opportunistic infections and neoplasm s ( cancer s) that, in the presence of HIV infection , const...ing the body's protection against infection and cancer s. Symptoms ... Man aging HIV is a resource ...acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS ), and cancer . Living in a warm, damp climate. Cytovene-IV ...

Acoustic trauma

...Acute (sub acute ) subdural hematoma Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Arteriovenous malformation (cerebral) Benign positional vertigo Throat cancer Central pontine myelin olysis Cerebral aneurysm Cushing's syndrome ... Acoustic trauma is a common cause of sensory hearing loss . Damage...

Acromegaly

...Acute (sub acute ) subdural hematoma Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Arteriovenous malformation (cerebral) Benign positional vertigo Throat cancer Central pontine myelin olysis Cerebral aneurysm Cushing's syndrome ... Acromegaly Acro phobia Addiction --see Alcohol; Drug abuse Add...
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