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Anemia in Medical Dictionary

Anemia

Iron deficiency anemia occurs when the body lacks mineral iron to produce the hemoglobin it needs to make red blood cells. In general, there are three stages leading from iron deficiency to anemia : ... Anemia , Cooley's: Better known today as thalassemia (or as beta thalassem...

Aplastic anemia

Aplastic anemia : Anemia due to failure of the bone marrow to produce blood cells, including red and white blood cells as well as platelet s. Aplastic anemia frequently occurs without a known cause. Aplastic anemia occurs when the bone marrow produces too few of all types of blo...

Fanconi Anemia

Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a rare disease characterized by multi ple physical abnormalities, bone marrow failure, and cancer susceptibility. FA is usually discovered between birth and age 10-15 years, however, there have been cases identified in adulthood. Fanconi anemia : A genetic d...

Hemolytic anemia

Hemolytic anemia Definition: Hemolytic anemia is a condition of an inadequate number of circulating red blood cells ( anemia ) caused by premature destruction of red blood cells. Hemolytic anemia is a disorder in which the red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow c...

Immune hemolytic anemia

Immune hemolytic anemia Definition: Immune hemolytic anemia is a disorder characterized by anemia due to premature destruction of red blood cells by the immune system . AUTO IMMUNE HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA - A condition that results from the cellular destruction ( hemolysis ) of red blood ce...

Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia can be caused by: diets low in iron - Iron is obtained from foods in our diet , however, only 1 mg of iron is absorbed for every 10 to 20 mg of iron ingested. Iron deficiency anemia : The most common known form of nutrition al disorder in the world, iron deficiency...

Megaloblastic anemia

Megaloblastic anemia Definition: Megaloblastic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by anemia , with red blood cells that are larger than normal, usually resulting from a deficiency of folic acid or of vitamin B -12. Megaloblastic Anemia - View of Red Blood Cells This pictu...

Pernicious anemia

Pernicious anemia (PA) was first described (although not by that name) in 1855 by the English physician Thomas Addison. He called it an invariably fatal " idiopathic anemia . Pernicious anemia is a type of megaloblastic anemia . Alternative Names: Macrocytic achylic anemia ; Congeni...

Sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia Definition: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disease in which the red blood cells, normally disc-shaped, become crescent shaped. As a result, they function abnormally and cause small blood clots . Sickle cell anemia is most common in people whose ancestors came fr...

Abdominal mass

...gs ) Weight loss or failure to gain weight (called failure to thrive ) anemia (a low number of red blood cells) Fever and irritability Bone pai...nal mass . Other signs and symptoms may include abdominal pain , fever , anemia , hematuria ( blood in the urine ), and hypertension . HOW CAN THE ...

Absorption

...bsorb nutrients. malignancy ... MAL ABSORPTION SYNDROME SYMPTOMS" anemia , diarrhea , and weight loss are frequent. Sometimes there is weight ga...not absorb folic acid in their intestine s, can lead to megaloblastic anemia . The iron in the animal protein enhances absorption of the iron in ...

Acne vulgaris

... Vulgaris ( Acne ) Acoustic Neuroma Acoustic Trauma Acquired Aplastic anemia (Secondary Aplastic anemia ) Acquired Bronchiectasis ( Bronchiectasis ) ... Webster, GF. Acne Vu...

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

...n who has one of these disorders is prone to develop infections . autoimmune diseases , such as juvenile diabetes , rheumatoid arthritis , and anemia immuno deficiency disease s, such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS ) and severe combined immuno deficiency (SCID) What are the symp...

Acute lymphocytic leukemia

...s to acute lymphocytic leukemia or lymphoma . Although a number of factors to predict the survival time have been proposed, advanced age or severe anemia are consistently associated with a poor prognosis . The most common leukemia affecting children is acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), marked b...

Acute myelogenous leukemia

...eukemia ) AML ( Acute Nonlymphocytic Leukemia ) anemia Aplastic anemia ... [5] Myelodysplastic syndrome and acute ...a . is characterized by low red blood cells ( anemia ), low white blood cell count ( leukopenia ) w...

Adhesion

...on X-ray , CT scan and other tests to identify the cause of my problems. adhesion s. Bands of scar tissue that can develop after surgery . anemia . A state in which the number of red blood cells or the hemoglobin is below normal, reducing the amount of oxygen delivered to body tissue s. T...

Adolescents

...ten poor) living in urban areas and Southern states African Americans ... Adolescents -- both boys and girls -- traditionally have been prone to anemia because of rapid growth rates, erratic eating habits, and concerns about body image. Long-distance runners -- demanding exertions may damage red blo...

Adrenoleukodystrophy

...mmune deficiencies (severe combined immuno deficiency disorder, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome ) sickle cell disease thalassemia Blackfan-Diamond anemia metabolic/storage disease s (i.e., Hurler's syndrome , adrenoleukodystrophy disorder) ... ...

Aging skin

...ed by food or drugs ( antibiotics ) Superficial skin infection s such as folliculitis and impetigo Pregnancy Hepatitis Iron deficiency anemia Parasites such as pinworm Pityriasis rosea Psoriasis Seborrheic dermatitis ... The anti aging quest of both women and men reflec...

Agranulocytosis

...( Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia ) AML ( Acute Nonlymphocytic Leukemia ) anemia Aplastic anemia A PTT ( Partial Thromboplastin Time) Auto immune Thrombocytopenia ( I...

Alcoholic liver disease

...( Alcoholic Neuropathy ) Alcoholism Alcoholism - Resources ... It frequently appears in association with alcoholic liver disease , macrocytic anemia ("low blood " with big red blood cells) and peripheral neuropathy ( disease of the peripheral nervous system, as opposed to the brain and spi...

ALP

... Alkalosis Alkalosis - Respiratory ( Respiratory Alkalosis ) Alkaptonuria Alka-Seltzer ( Sodium Salicylate Overdose) ... A CBC may show anemia and other abnormalities. Liver function tests such as ALP are abnormal. Liver biopsy shows alcoholic liver disease . Tests to rule out other...

ALT

...virus , also known as RSV a bacterial infection such as pneumonia ... THE DANGERS OF HIGH- ALT ITUDE TRAVEL If your child has sickle- cell anemia , she will have to be cautious about high altitudes and air travel throughout life. MAKE SURE THAT THE WHOLE FAMILY ADOPTS HE ALT HFUL EATING HAB...

Ambulatory

...stive heart failure , but it can accompany other conditions, including obesity , disease d leg veins, kidney disease , cirrhosis of the liver , anemia , ... SETTING: Ambulatory outpatient facility in an independent research institution. One study [2] evaluated 215 randomly selected hospital ...

Anatomy

... Amyloidosis and Kidney Disease Analgesic Nephropathy : Painkillers and the Kidney s Anatomy of the Kidney s Anatomy of the Urinary System anemia in Kidney Disease and Dialysis ... FIBER OPTICS - A flexible fiber optic scope that is used to directly visualize the internal anatomy of ...

Androgen

... characteristics. Testosterone and androsterone are natural androgen s. anemia ... ANDROGEN : A natural or synthetic hormone , such as androsterone or testosterone , with masculizing effects. anemia : A lower than normal number of red blood cells. androgen ablation ...

Anemias

...orders called hereditary nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia s. Hereditary nonspherocytic anemias are rare g...ct the red blood cells. Symptoms of aplastic anemia tend to be those of other anemias , including f...ding from the gums , ... Intrinsic hemolytic anemia s are often inherited, such as sickle cell...

Anomaly

...t or some endocrine function. [1-3,5] Nuclear abnormalities, such as acquired Pelger-Huët anomaly , may be seen in the neutrophil s. Moderate anemia (often showing changes indicative of dyserythropoiesis) and thrombocytopenia are common. ...

Antigen

...0 different extracts of foods , drugs, chemicals, pollen , mold and animal dander. Antigen The chemical that stimulates an immune response . anemia Reduced oxygen -carrying capacity of the blood , due to too little hemoglobin or too few red blood cells. Collagen - vascular disease Various...

Aplastic

... Aplastic anemia : anemia due to failure of the bone marrow to produce b... blood cells as well as platelet s. Aplastic anemia frequently occurs without a known cause. Apl...

Appendicitis

...dhood disease s include ringworm , lice , and appendicitis . Children also commonly suffer from allergy , dermatitis , middle- ear infections , anemia , asthma , croup , diarrhea , warts , nosebleeds , and impetigo . Your health care provider will review your symptoms. He or she may examine ...

Ascorbic acid

...m paprika. Scurvy is a condition characterized by general weakness , anemia , gum disease ( gingivitis ), and skin hemorrhage s resulting from a l...s now most frequently seen in older, malnourished adults. Correction of anemia and iron deficiency in vegetarians by administration of ascorbic acid ....

Aseptic meningitis

...ollaret meningitis : Benign recurrent aseptic meningitis . The cause of Mollaret meningitis is not known. SYMPTOMS"Sudden fever , chills , anemia , jaundice , sometimes abdominal pain s, and occasionally aseptic meningitis . ...

Asymptomatic

... gastroenteritis are common in summer and fall. asymptomatic carotid stenosis , or narrowing of one of the arteries in the neck sickle cell anemia , a blood disorder that forms abnormal red blood cells high cholesterol levels in the blood , including total cholesterol and LDL or "bad ...

Ataxia

... seizures , ataxia , Guillain-Barre syndrome , and Bell's palsy ) Hepatitis with jaundice (more common in patients older than 35) Hemolytic anemia Orchitis ... - A rare congenital disorder that causes the body to not produce chylomicrons, low density lipoprotein ( LDL ), and very low de...

Autism

... Auto erythrocyte Sensitivity Autoimmune Disorders Auto immune Hemolytic anemia ( Idiopathic Auto immune Hemolytic anemia ) ... eared; earl; earlduck; Earle L fibro sarcoma ; Earle's solution; E...

Autoimmune disease

...s disease is associated with other autoimmune disease s , including the following: Thyroiditis Type 1 diabetes Ulcerative colitis Hemolytic anemia Proliferative glomerulonephritis ... A substance that decreases immune response s in the body. It is used to treat some autoimmune disease s ...

Autoimmune Diseases

...his disease is associated with other autoimmune diseases , including the following: Thyroiditis Type 1 diabetes Ulcerative colitis Hemolytic anemia Proliferative glomerulonephritis ... Allergen s (e.g., foods , pollen s, pet dander, insect stings) Autoimmune diseases Infections Irrita...

Autoimmune disorders

...us (SLE, or lupus ), rheumatoid arthritis , Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome , or ulcerative colitis various tumor s What are the symptoms of hemolytic anemia ? Autoimmune disorders , in which cells from the immune system attack certain tissue s and/or organ s, are one possible cause of liver diseas...

Babesiosis

...animals and can be a serious problem in cattle. Babesiosis A disease caused by protozoa of the genus characterized by a malaria -like fever , anemia , vomiting , muscle pain , and enlargement of the spleen . Babesiosis , like Lyme disease , is carried by a tick. They include Lyme disease...
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