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Acidosis in Medical Dictionary

Acidosis

Acidosis : Too much acid in the body, a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the accumulation of acid or from the depletion of alkaline reserves. In acidosis , the pH of the blood is abnormally low. Acidosis - metabolic Causes, incidence , and risk factors: Many different dis...

Lactic acidosis

Lactic acidosis Definition: Lactic acidosis occurs when lactic acid accumulates in the blood stream at a faster rate than it can be eliminated. Lactic acid is produced when oxygen levels in the body drop. The most common cause is intensive exercise . Lactic acidosis : Acidosis (t...

Metabolic acidosis

Metabolic acidosis Definition: Metabolic acidosis is a disturbance of the body acid -base balance in which there is excessive acidity of the blood . Metabolic acidosis (for example, caused by uncontrolled diabetes ) or alkalosis (for example, caused by excess vomiting ) can affect b...

Renal tubular acidosis

Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is a disease that occurs when the kidney s fail to excrete acids into the urine , which causes a person's blood to remain too acidic. Renal tubular acidosis - distal ; Renal tubular acidosis type I; Type I RTA; RTA - distal ; Classical RTA Prevention ...

Respiratory acidosis

Respiratory acidosis Definition: Respiratory acidosis is a condition that occurs when the lungs cannot remove all of the carbon dioxide produced by the body. This creates a disruption in the body's acid -base balance. There are many possible causes of respiratory acidosis , including: ...

Acetone

...ved from the Greek words "keton" ( acetone ) and "ouron" ( urine ). KETO acidosis - A metabolic derangement that occurs when their is an over abundance of k...ss acetone through the breathing . This is a characteristic sign of keto acidosis (such as diabetic ketoacidosis ), a potentially life-threatening conditio...

Acid-fast stain

...rfusion Test (Bern stein Test) Acid-Fast Stain acidosis acidosis - Metabolic ( Metabolic acidosis ) ... Often a Gram stain is done for bacteria ...

Acute renal failure

...ll like ammonia Diabetes (fruity or "sweet chemical" smell with keto acidosis ) Esophageal cancer ... Acute renal failure Bowel obstruction (ca... like ammonia ) Diabetes (fruity or "sweet chemical" smell with keto acidosis ) Esophageal cancer ... CHOLEMIC NEPHROSIS - Acute renal failure ...

Alkalosis

...dy fluids. This is the opposite of excess acid ( acidosis ), and can be caused by many different conditions....ate with hydrogen ions, resulting in alkalosis . acidosis and alkalosis can be produced by means other th... Environmental Causes Incorrect Water Chemistry acidosis or Alkalosis Osmotic Stress or Shock pH ...

Anatomy

...vessel anatomy and physiology , or other devices in the heart as well as measurement of blood flow. For additional information, see AcuNav. acidosis African Americans and Kidney Disease Fact Sheet Alport Syndrome Amyloidosis and Kidney Disease Analgesic Nephropathy : Painkillers and the ...

Antifreeze

..., de-icing products, detergents , paints , and even cosmetics. Lactic acidosis can be caused by taking large doses of acetaminophen and alcohol and by i... , fructose , or sorbitol. Antifreeze poisoning can also cause lactic acidosis . Notes: Antizol is also known as 4MP (4-methylpyrazole). Ethylene glyc...

Aspirin overdose

...c disease such as congestive heart failure or heart attack severe pain bleeding drugs (such as an aspirin overdose ) pregnancy keto acidosis and similar medical conditions ... ...

Blood gases

...e in the blood -measurements that are especially important if you're having any trouble breathing . Arterial blood gases may reveal metabolic acidosis . Bone x-ray s may show loss of calcium from bones or changes in the shape or structure of the bones. A bone biopsy is rarely performed but wil...

Bone disorders

...tones . Children with this disorder would likely receive large doses of oral alkali, such as sodium bicarbonate or potassium citrate, to treat acidosis and prevent bone disorders , kidney stones , and growth failure. acute trauma of the head and face acute (less than 72 hours) neurologic d...

Bowel

...eces ) Bronchiectasis Chronic renal failure (can cause breath to smell like ammonia Diabetes (fruity or "sweet chemical" smell with keto acidosis ) Esophageal cancer Gastric carcinoma ... This medicine binds some of the phosphorus in the bowel so that it is excreted in the child's ...

Bronchi

..... Bronchi ectasis Chronic renal failure (can cause breath to smell like ammonia Diabetes (fruity or "sweet chemical" smell with keto acidosis ) Esophageal cancer Gastric carcinoma Gastrojejuno colic fistula (fruity- smell ing breath) ... Tiny air sacs at the end of the bronchi...

Bronchiectasis

...PJ. Bronchiectasis Chronic renal failure (can cause breath to smell like ammonia ) Diabetes (fruity or "sweet chemical" smell with keto acidosis ) Esophageal cancer Gastric carcinoma Gastrojejuno colic fistula (fruity- smell ing breath) ... Children who develop chronic lung dise...

BUN

...; Exams > BUN : What do Abnormal Results Mean? BUN - ... BUN increase Creatinine increase Arterial blood gas analysis showing metabolic acidosis Urinalysis showing high protein levels (especially with kidney impairment) or microscopic blood in the urine ) ... SU BUN IT HIV VACCIN...

Calcification

...cation or regurgitation and occasionally aortic dilatation), renal stones, and prostate stones. Arterial blood gases may reveal metabolic acidosis . Bone x-ray s may show de calcification or changes in the shape or structure of the bones. A bone biopsy is rarely performed but will confirm ...

Carbon dioxide

...ser. Each laser has specific uses. Respiratory acidosis develops when there are excessive amounts of car...athing . Other names for this include hypercapnic acidosis and carbon dioxide acidosis . The transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide ...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

...ulmonary Disease ( COPD ) Chest pain Pneumonia or other lung infection Pulmonary embolism Transient tachypnea of the newborn Metabolic acidosis ... Answer: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , or COPD for short, is a condition that produces shortness of breath because the person has ...

Chronic pancreatitis

...nic Renal Insufficiency ( Chronic Renal Failure ) Chronic Respiratory acidosis ( Respiratory acidosis ) ... Because chronic pancreatitis cannot be cured, treatment is dir...

Chronic renal failure

... renal failure (CRF). Chronic renal failure (can cause breath to smell like ammonia Diabetes (fruity or "sweet chemical" smell with keto acidosis ) Esophageal cancer Gastric carcinoma Gastrojejuno colic fistula (fruity- smell ing breath) Hepatic encephalopathy ... The most common...

Coma

...gnosis requires the demonstration of hyperglycemia , hyperketonemia, and acidosis . DKA is established if the patient's urine or blood is strongly positi...ycemia can progress to seizures and coma . You develop symptoms of keto acidosis (a dangerous chemical imbalance in the body). head injury ( amnesia ,...

Confusion

..., weakness , paleness , and a rapid heartbeat . In severe cases, hypoglycemia can progress to seizures and coma . You develop symptoms of keto acidosis (a dangerous chemical imbalance in the body). jeopardised by parents' confusion over room temperature Babies who get too hot are at an increas...

Deficiency

...ltase. This deficiency causes diarrhea if table sugar ( sucrose ) or certain other carbohydrates are eaten. Lactase deficiency Lactic acidosis Lactose intolerance Laennec's cirrhosis Lambert-Eaton Syndrome Lamellar ichthyosis Lancefield group B streptococcus Landouzy-Dejerine ...

Diabetes mellitus

...us ), ... There are several types of metabolic acidosis . Diabetic acidosis (also called diabetic ketoacidosis and DKA) dev...or diabetics * - high in diabetes , causing keto acidosis * - low in diabetes ( insulin -reaction hypog...

Diabetic ketoacidosis

...insulin , or to take any insulin at all. Keto acidosis ( Diabetic Ketoacidosis ) Ketone Bodies - Serum ...than normal carbon dioxide levels are common in acidosis (as in diabetic ketoacidosis , kidney disease ,... breathing . This is a characteristic sign of keto acidosis (such as diabetic ketoacidosis ), a potentially ...

Distal

...distant from the torso. Distal renal tubular acidosis Definition: The term " renal " refers to the kid...ne (middle phalanx). Other causes of metabolic acidosis include severe dehydration -- resulting in decr...ea , kidney disease (see distal renal tubular acidosis and proximal renal tubular...

Fatigue

...Y: Damage to the mitochondria, often characterized by muscular weakness and fatigue . It can lead to life-threatening conditions, such as lactic acidosis . Nucleoside analogs may cause mitochondrial toxic ity. Deficient activity of the pituitary gland causing slowed growth in children, fatigue a...

Feces

...eces ) Bronchiectasis Chronic renal failure (can cause breath to smell like ammonia Diabetes (fruity or "sweet chemical" smell with keto acidosis ) Esophageal cancer Gastric carcinoma ... Impacted feces ( stool ) Gallstones Tumor s blocking the intestine s Granulomatous proces...

Fructose

...ngulf bacteria , but starch ingestion did not have this effect. Lactic acidosis can be caused by taking large doses of acetaminophen and alcohol and by i... , fructose , or sorbitol. Antifreeze poisoning can also cause lactic acidosis . Blood Pressure Improves with Lifestyle Changes Fructose May Alter...

Funnel

...enter of the kidney . Urine collects here and is funnel ed into the ureter , the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder . renal tubular acidosis (REE-nal TOO-bu-lar as-ih-DO-sis) ... There is a characteristic breast bone ( sternum ) deformity with a funnel chest ( pectus excavatum ) belo...

Gland

...an bodies; pacchionian corpuscles; pacchionian depression s; pacchionian gland s ; ... Lacrimal gland tumor Lactase deficiency Lactic acidosis Lactose intolerance Laennec's cirrhosis Lambert-Eaton Syndrome Lamellar ichthyosis Lancefield group B streptococcus Landouzy-Dejerine ...

Heart block

...lure , asthma , high cholesterol , or disorders of the electrical system that regulates the heart rate ( heart block ). encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke , an affected person may be of short stature and suffer problems that include recurrent headaches , seizures , deafness and diabet...

Heartburn

...lux . Heartburn is described as a burning chest pain that begins behind the breast bone and moves upward to the neck and throat. Heartburn ( acidosis , Overacid Stomach ) Hiatal Hernia (Hiatus Hernia ) Vomiting ( Emesis ) Indigestion ( Dyspepsia ) Dyspepsia (Poor Digestion ; Indigest...

Hyperkalemia

...otassium ( hyperkalemia ) may indicate: Crushed tissue from an injury Kidney failure Red blood cell destruction Metabolic or respiratory acidosis Transfusion of hemolyzed blood ... When blood levels of potassium start to measurably rise it is called hyperkalemia . This is usually du...

Hyperventilation

...old air alone may often bring on an attack. Similarly, hyperventilation either from mental/emotional stress or other circumstances ... Lactic acidosis is an accumulation of lactic acid . This can be caused by many conditions, including prolonged lack of oxygen , certain disease s, prolonged exer...

Intoxication

...ethanol intoxication is poisoning caused by ingestion of methanol (often called wood alcohol). Methanol poisoning produces a profound metabolic acidosis that can cause blindness and can destroy the kidney s and other organ s. You are here : Healthopedia.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Disease s ...

Intrinsic factor

...vitamin B12 and takes it to the intestine s to be absorbed. Lack of intrinsic factor Lacrimal gland tumor Lactase deficiency Lactic acidosis Lactose intolerance Laennec's cirrhosis Lambert-Eaton Syndrome Lamellar ichthyosis Lancefield group B streptococcus Landouzy-Dejerine ...
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