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zone in Biological News

Smaller than expected, but severe, dead zone in Gulf of Mexico

NOAA-supported scientists, led by Nancy Rabalais, Ph.D., from the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium (LUMCON), found the size of this year's Gulf of Mexico dead zone to be smaller than forecasted, measuring 3,000 square miles. However the dead zone, which is usually limited to water just abo...

Researchers confirm dead zone off Texas coast since 1985

COLLEGE STATION Researchers at Texas A&M University have confirmed for the first time that a dead zone has existed off the Texas coast for at least the past 23 years and will likely remain there, causing potential harmful effects to marine life in the area. Steve DiMarco, associate professor ...

Gulf of Mexico dead zone to be studied by University of Texas at Austin marine scientists

PORT ARANSAS, Texas University of Texas at Austin marine scientists have been awarded $781,000 by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA) to better understand how nutrient pollution from the Mississippi River affects the large area of low oxygen water called the Dead Zone in the Gu...

Revised theory suggests carbon dioxide levels already in danger zone

New Haven, Conn. If climate disasters are to be averted, atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) must be reduced below the levels that already exist today, according to a study published in Open Atmospheric Science Journal by a group of 10 scientists from the United States, the United Kingdom and Fr...

Scientists launch deep-sea scientific drilling program to study volatile earthquake zone

Shingu Port, Japan- Sept. 21, 2007 - Today, the Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiment (NanTroSEIZE) gets underway, with the Japanese drilling vessel Chikyu departing from Shingu Port with scientists aboard, all ready to log, drill, sample, and install monitoring instrumentation in one of the m...

Researchers to study why dead zone returned to Lake Erie

A $2.5 million grant will fund a 5-year study examining why dead zones have returned to Lake Erie, and researchers hope the findings will allow them to detect the cause and stop the spread before the fishery and tourism industries suffer. "This is a very serious problem," said University of Mich...

Brazil creates buffer zone around coral reefs off Atlantic coast

The Brazilian government has created an official buffer zone around the Abrolhos National Marine Park to protect the biologically richest coral reefs in the South Atlantic. The buffer zone, created by Brazil's Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (IBAMA), encompasses nearly 95,000 squar...

Dead zone area in Gulf could be increasing, researchers say

The "dead zone" area of the Gulf of Mexico ?a region that annually suffers from low oxygen which can result in huge marine life losses ?has appeared much earlier this year, meaning it could be potentially larger in 2005 and affect marine life more adversely than normal, researchers are reporting. ...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... a plate boundary thrust, Nankai Trough subduction zone Harold J. Tobin and Demian M. Saffer, Dept. of G...of a plate boundary fault system from a subduction zone under the Pacific Ocean offshore Japan. Their resu...show that the strength of the plate boundary fault zone remains very low and almost constant for at least ...

Slotted buses keep passengers cool

... than side windows. A similar boost can be obtained with adjustable roof vents. These modifications would allow cooling air to increase the comfort zone of the bus from a mere 11% of the interior volume to more than 50%. This means that all passengers will experience some cooling airflow. In addition t...

NOAA bans commercial harvesting of krill

...d Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) today published a final rule in the Federal Register prohibiting the harvesting of krill in the Exclusive Economic zone (EEZ) off the coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington. The rule goes into effect on August 12, 2009. Krill are a small shrimp-like crustacean ...

New study ranks 'hotspots' of human impact on coastal areas

...ent runoff from upstream farms has caused a persistent "dead zone" in the Gulf of Mexico, where the Mississippi runs into this body of water. The dead zone is caused by an overgrowth of algae that feeds on the nutrients and takes up most of the oxygen in the water. The authors state that they have pro...

Explosive growth of life on Earth fueled by early greening of planet

...pretations of carbon isotope data were correct, there would be no forbidden zone on these cross plots," Knauth said. "The forbidden zone would be full of Neoproterozoic data." "These zones show that the isotop...

Hormone clue to root growth

...arch shows that mutant plants that do not produce gibberellin are unable to increase their cell production rate and the size of the root meristem, the zone of cell proliferation. Plants in which the cells in the meristem were made to express a mutant version of the growth-repressing protein GAI not de...

Hurricane Katrina: Phone home

...providers Cellcom and Pelephone in Israel. Can texting save lives? "Our method provides reliable measurement of moisture fields near the flood zone for the first time," notes Prof. Alpert, who also works with NASA on developing models to study global warming weather patterns. This new tool, he say...

First riser-drilling research operations undertaken

...roximately 58 km southeast of Shingu City, Japan--Deepsea Drilling Vessel CHIKYU has resumed IODP drilling operations in the Nankai Trough Seismogenic zone off the Kii Peninsula of Japan. The scientific drilling expedition's first target is located in water depths of 2,054 meters. Following sea floor surv...

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009

...L TEXT ARTICLE: http://pubs.acs.org/stoken/presspac/presspac/full/10.1021/es802955d CONTACT: Yingjun Chen, Ph.D. Yantai Institute of Coastal zone Research for Sustainable Development Chinese Academy of Sciences Yantai, Shandong Province China Phone: 86-535-2109151 Fax: 86-535-2109000 ...

NOAA forecast predicts large 'dead zone' for Gulf of Mexico this summer

...er could be one of the largest on record. The dead zone is an area in the Gulf of Mexico where seasonal ox...fe-giving oxygen supply in the water. The dead zone size was predicted after researchers observed larg...vestigations and forecast development for the dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico since 1990 and currently ove...

Study highlights massive imbalances in global fertilizer use

...p vast quantities of dissolved oxygen, producing a seasonal low-oxygen dead zone in the Gulf that in some years is bigger than the state of Connecticut. ...nvironment. However, environmental problems have not disappeared. "The dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico persists due to continued fertilizer runoff and anima...

U-M researcher and colleagues predict large 2009 Gulf of Mexico 'dead zone'

...st forecast, released today, calls for a Gulf dead zone of between 7,450 and 8,456 square miles---an area ...ew Jersey. Most likely, this summer's Gulf dead zone will blanket about 7,980 square miles, roughly the...forecasts for the Chesapeake Bay. The Gulf dead zone forms each spring and summer off the Louisiana and...

Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers

...t of the high-elevation disease refuges would disappear," said Atkinson. For example, available high-elevation forest habitat in the low-risk disease zone would likely decline by nearly 60 percent at Hanawi Natural Area Reserve on Maui to as much as 96 percent at Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge o...

InVitria to Unveil Powerful Cell Culture Media Component ZAP-CHO

...ublings; and improved consistency.” InVitria’s other leading cell culture media supplements will also be part of the BIO Process Product zone exhibition in Booth #5120 within the BIO 2009 International Convention from May 19-21.  These supplements include: * Albumin-DX —whether ...

NEWSLETTER: Antibody Fragment Production Breakthrough with 2nd Generation EBA

....com Natalya Clark Marketing/PR Manager Phone:.+4539174337 Mail: nac@upfront-dk.com --> Meet us at Bio2009 Booth number 5123 BioProcess zone   ...

Conservationists seek to identify prime stopover sites for migrating birds

...ighly skilled volunteer ornithologists is helping a team of scientists to identify the best stopover sites for migrating birds in the southern coastal zone of Lake Ontario. The study specifically focuses on Neotropical migrants. These songbirds summer in the subarctic part of Canada through northern New Y...

GSA special paper presents new studies of Western US earth motion

... Boulder, CO, USA The Great BasinSierra Nevada transition zone has received substantial attention over the past decade, due in part to the recognition that nearly 25% of the relative motion between the Pacific and...

Public trust doctrine could aid management of US oceans

... development, fisheries and shipping in the 3.6 million nautical square miles of water included in the nation's territorial sea and Exclusive Economic zone (EEZ), Turnipseed says. Currently, more than 20 different federal agencies, operating under dozens of laws, regulate species and activities in these w...

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev signs collaborative contract with Bayer CropScience

... region comprising more than 60% of Israel. The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research is situated in Sede Boker and is a world leader in arid zone research. BGN Technologies is the Technology Transfer Company of Ben-Gurion University, responsible for the commercialization of know-how and inven...

Stevens hosts 'Green Building: The Bottom Line,' April 8

...eved within the context of a given municipality or site," said Anthony Gude, chief operating officer of Veridian Consulting Group. "Now is the time to zone in on the integration of green practices into local and mainstream building guidelines." Gude graduated from Stevens in 2008, earning a bachelor's...

NOAA report calls flame retardants concern to US coastal ecosystems

...st PBDE mixtures has been voluntarily discontinued. The NOAA Mussel Watch survey found that the highest concentrations of PBDEs in the U.S. coastal zone were measured at industrial and urban locations. Still, the chemicals have been detected in remote places far from major sources, providing evidence o...

April 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...Cochran et al. have found a wide, sustained damage zone along the Calico fault, located in the Mojave Desert, California. The damage zone extends for 1.5 km across the fault, with seismic velocities reduced by up to 50%. This zone of damaged rock has not recovered in the hundreds,...

Professor to measure environmental impact of war

...on. "It is very difficult to determine the exact number of gorillas because they are located in the Virunga national park, which is a trans-border zone controlled by militias," says Bouchard. "This park can only be managed in times of peace, not in times of war." Bouchard acknowledges that conducti...

Children who are dissatisfied with their appearance often have problems with their peer group

...ther children in the study. Overweight children who are bullied can therefore be said to bear a double burden, which means that they are in the risk zone in terms of developing a negative body image. As negative attitudes towards overweight people are formed when children are young, Carolina Lunde fee...

Scientists discover why teeth form in a single row

...oint where it could kick off the next tooth in the row. With these results, Jiang argues that BMP4 cooperates with other factors to create a temporary zone around each tooth where no other tooth can grow. When the tooth gets closer to maturity, Msx1 overwhelms decreasing levels of inhibitory factors to st...

'It takes a genome: How a clash between our genes and modern life is making us sick'

...and the stresses we put on ourselves psychologically," Professor Gibson said. "The rapid cultural change means our genes are no longer in a comfort zone that's pushed us outside of the realm that the genome can normally tolerate. "Because of that, we've gone from one percent of people being suscept...

Ultra-fine coatings on sediment grains influence nitrate and sulfate storage in soil

...ese coatings on sediment grains in the unsaturated zone (i.e., between land surface and the water table) c...common components of fertilizer in the unsaturated zone can affect the quality of shallow groundwater for ... mechanisms of nutrient storage in the unsaturated zone is critical to protecting groundwater resources. ...

Link between unexploded munitions in oceans and cancer-causing toxins determined

...ighest levels of toxicity. In fact, carcinogenic materials were found in concentrations up to 100,000 times over established safe limits. This danger zone covered a span of up to two meters from the bomb and its fragments. According to research conducted in Vieques, residents here have a 23% higher ca...

Weizmann Institute scientists show extra copies of a gene carry extra risk

...t smaller than average. On closer inspection, they discovered a range of subtle changes in cell polarity and movement: Nuclei within the proliferating zone tended to move faster, but with less control; rates of cell death were higher; and various factors in the cell became more disordered. Reiner then...

February 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...cles and the friction value assigned to each. They find that a low-friction zone at the base of the volcanic pile is required, and lateral variations in bas...the respective quadrants. The most likely origin for the basal low-friction zone is in a layer of clay sediment, overpressured by pore water. This layer wou...

Genome of a heat and drought resistant cereal plant analyzed

... something about the molecular basis of the plant's pronounced drought tolerance in order to apply this knowledge to other crop plants in our latitude zone as well. "The first results of the study have been published in the current issue of Nature . What makes sorghum interesting as a model system is ...

More accurate FEMA flood maps could help avoid significant damages and losses

... only floodplain boundaries imply that every building in a designated flood zone may flood and every building outside the zone is safe. The National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Enginee...
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