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wood in Biological News

Queen's scientists discover eco-friendly wood dissolution

Scientists at Queen's University Belfast have discovered a new eco-friendly way of dissolving wood using ionic liquids that may help its transformation into popular products such as bio fuels, textiles, clothes and paper. Dr Hctor Rodrguez and Professor Robin Rogers from the University's School...

Rot's unique wood degrading machinery to be harnessed for better biofuels production

WALNUT CREEK, Calif.An international team led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) have translated the genetic code that explains the complex biochemical machinery...

Alternative to burning: environmentally sound disposal for wood chips

LAS CRUCES, NM Pecan and other hickory woods are the third most popular hardwood group in the United States, behind only black walnut and black cherry. Used in production of beautiful hardwood flooring and furniture, pecan is highly valued for its durability and strength. The pruned wood of pec...

New studies predict record land grab as demand soars for new sources of food, energy and wood fiber

LONDON (14 July 2008) -- Escalating global demand for fuel, food and wood fibre will destroy the world's forests, if efforts to address climate change and poverty fail to empower the billion-plus forest-dependent poor, according to two reports released today by the U.S.-based Rights and Resources ...

Stakeholders use science to find common ground on wood supply from forests

Northern Arizona University has released a report that identifies the potential volume of wood resources available from more than 2 million acres of Arizona forests, representing the first major agreement among groups typically at odds over the issue of forest thinning. The Wood Supply Analysis...

Novel fungus helps beetles to digest hard wood

University Park, Pa. -- A little known fungus tucked away in the gut of Asian longhorned beetles helps the insect munch through the hardest of woods according to a team of entomologists and biochemists. Researchers say the discovery could lead to innovative methods of controlling the invasive pest...

Hantavirus found in African wood mouse

Researchers have discovered the first African hantavirus, a type of rodent-borne virus that can cause life-threatening infections in humans when it is inhaled through aerosolized rodent urine or droppings. A team led by Jan ter Meulen while he was a Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) interna...

Researchers: Treated wood poses long-term threat

Arsenic from treated lumber used in decks, utility poles and fences will likely leach into the environment for decades to come, possibly threatening groundwater, according to two research papers published online Wednesday. Researchers from the University of Miami, the University of Florida and Fl...

Lead-based consumer paint remains a global public health threat

...res to U.S. standards. His team also analyzed the consumer cost of leaded and unleaded paint. Each paint sample was applied in a single layer to a wood block, left to dry and then removed and analyzed in UC laboratories for lead content. Researchers determined that 73 percent of the paint companies' p...

Tires made from trees -- better, cheaper, more fuel efficient

...ss, perform better and save on fuel and energy. wood science researchers at Oregon State University hav...rial," said Kaichang Li, an associate professor of wood science and engineering in the OSU College of Fore...e developed a non-toxic adhesive for production of wood composite panels that has dramatically changed tha...

Wood stoves -- a viable home heat source?

...se rising costs. In Canada and the United States, wood burning stoves have been reevaluated as a potentia... the improvement of the products on the market, as wood heating technology has substantially advanced in r...woodstove use is dependent upon the consumption of wood from sustainably managed woodlots, as the carbon r...

Scientists 'rebuild' giant moa using ancient DNA

...rown plumage for camouflage, some had white-tipped feathers to create a speckled appearance," Mr Rawlence says. A co-author of the study, Dr Jamie wood from Landcare Research, says it is likely that the drab colouring was driven by selection to avoid predation by the extinct Haast's eagle, the largest...

Gene evolution process discovered

... role in the evolution of our intelligence. Says lead researcher Dr Ian wood of the University's Faculty of Biological Sciences: "This is the first stud...present study now completes some significant gaps in this knowledge. Dr wood says: "We were curious to look at REST and see what its functions are becau...

Jungle yeast

...t an attorney. As a home brewer, he understands the importance of yeasts to food processes. He recovered isolates of the new yeast species from rotten wood and fallen leaf debris samples collected near the town of Dayuma, in Orellana province, in the central Amazonian region of Ecuador. Dr Ian Roberts,...

Scientists work to plug microorganisms into the energy grid

...oking at alternate biomasses as food for microorganisms to ferment into ethanol. The most attractive are known as lignocellulosic biomass and include wood residues (including sawmill and paper mill discards), municipal paper waste, agricultural residues (including sugarcane bagasse), dedicated energy cro...

Diuscovery in amber reveals ancient biology of termites

... "Termites live on cellulose, mostly from the dead wood they chew, but they depend on protozoa in their gu...ostly in tropical settings, busily at work chewing wood or other plant fiber that protozoa help to digest....also cause massive amounts of damage every year to wood structures in much of the world. Their dependen...

Biomass as a source of raw materials

... protection of the environment, and because of the limited amount of fossil fuels available, renewable resources, such as specially cultivated plants, wood scraps, and other plant waste, are becoming the focus of considerable attention. Processes such as pyrolysis or liquefaction allow the conversion of b...

UCLA scientists discover ultrasonic communication among frogs

...o Borneo in 2007, and Arch went back last summer. In Borneo, they lived in a camp with a roof and three walls, with one side open. They slept on a wood floor, protected by mosquito nets. Narins was bitten by leeches and woke up several mornings soaked in blood. They ate noodles and peanut butter. ...

Conservationists seek to identify prime stopover sites for migrating birds

...from the lakeshore and the extent and diversity of wood cover. A pilot phase funded with $35,000 from t...ak migration of Neotropical migrant birds, such as wood warblers, vireos and thrush. They will spend 30 mi...from the lakeshore and the extent and diversity of wood cover. The follow-up phase to the site-identificat...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 6, 2009

...rass, corn cob husks, sugar cane waste, and poplar wood to levels with commercial potential. MTS ARTI...ent Environmental Science & Technology wood or concrete? Railroads around the world face that ...consumption of fuel when compared to production of wood sleepers. Crawford studied the greenhouse gas e...

Managing Douglas-fir forests for diversity

...ariety objectives that may include a high level of wood production, a moderate level of wood production with some wildlife habitat features, or low wood production that provides cover and forage for a wi...

Lice can be nice to us

...search, published in the open access journal BMC Biology , links the louse Polyplax serrata to a strong dampening of certain immune responses in wild wood mice. This implies that other mammals, such as modern humans, that develop in artificial environments may have less regulated, overactive immune syste...

Poison: It's what's for dinner

...and disinfectants. It is different than the more commonly known coal tar creosote, which is made of petrochemicals and is the world's most widely used wood preservative, applied to power poles, railroad ties and bridge timbers. Even with detoxification genes, creosote bush is so toxic the packrats can...

Smoke from cigarettes, cooking oil, wood, shift male cardiovascular system into overdrive

...dhand tobacco smoke and smoke from cooking oil and wood smoke affected cardiovascular function of men and ...different types of smoke (tobacco, cooking oil and wood smoke) men respond to environmental tobacco smok...ed the participants to secondhand cigarette smoke, wood smoke or cooking oil smoke in separate trials as t...

Smoke from cigarettes, cooking oil, wood, shift male cardiovascular system into overdrive

...dhand tobacco smoke and smoke from cooking oil and wood smoke affected cardiovascular function of men and ...different types of smoke (tobacco, cooking oil and wood smoke) men respond to environmental tobacco smok...ed the participants to secondhand cigarette smoke, wood smoke or cooking oil smoke in separate trials as t...

Poison: It's what's for dinner

...and disinfectants. It is different than the more commonly known coal tar creosote, which is made of petrochemicals and is the world's most widely used wood preservative, applied to power poles, railroad ties and bridge timbers. Even with detoxification genes, creosote bush is so toxic the packrats can...

Wild bees can be effective pollinators

...he bees found by the authors were solitary bees that nest in the soil or in wood cavities. While soilnesting bees may be difficult to manage, the authors se...to suit a particular species of interest. Drilling different sized holes in wood is another option. If a grower is interested in trying to build up populati...

Highlights from the March editions of ESA journals

...ions at some sites. In addition, a combination of prescribed burns and mechanical thinning increased the incidence of tree death from bark beetles and wood borers. Still, the authors emphasize that a no-treatment option is not sustainable in these fire-prone environments. They recommend caution and case-...

Stanford researchers develop biodegradable substitutes for wood, plastic bottles and other materials

... University researchers have developed a synthetic wood substitute that may one day save trees, reduce gre...nstitute for the Environment to develop artificial wood that is both durable and recyclable. The research ...ce, stable form." Recycling methane Unlike wood scraps that can sit in landfills for months or yea...

Iowa State researchers developing clean, renewable energy for ethanol industry

... technologies will use the synthesis gas a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen produced by the gasification of discarded seed corn, switchgrass, wood chips and other biomass. The burner will be designed to efficiently and cleanly burn biomass-based gas. The catalyst will be designed to convert th...

Climate change affecting Europe's birds now, say researchers

...worst performers across Europe (in order) are: snipe (B); meadow pipit (B); brambling (occasional B); willow tit (B); lapwing (B); thrush nightingale; wood warbler (B); nutcracker; northern wheatear (B); and lesser spotted woodpecker (B). Of the 122 species included (out of 526 species which nest in E...

Story tips from the Departments of Energy's Oak Ridge National Lab -- March 2009

...rgia report in the journal ChemSusChem ( Chemistry and Sustainability ) that by mixing 14 enzymes, one co-enzyme, cellulosic materials isolated from wood chips and water heated to 90 degrees Fahrenheit, they produced hydrogen gas pure enough to power a fuel cell. Cellulosic material from crop waste or s...

Texas Obesity Research Center at UH assembles researchers to discuss obesity

...ir application from the lab to real life. One session brings participants and officials from the NIH, Center for Disease Control and the Robert wood Johnson Foundation together to discuss the kinds of research and science that are being funded. A later session, a mock study section review, allows ...

Names turn preschoolers into vegetable lovers

...en carrots called "X-ray Vision Carrots" ate nearly twice as much as they did on the lunch days when they were simply labeled as "carrots." The Robert wood Johnson-funded study also showed the influence of these names might persist. Children continued to eat about 50% more carrots even on the days when t...

Genome sequencing of fungus with biotechnological applications

...n of the mechanisms with which this fungus attacks wood in order to use the cellulose contained within. Th...esults are important for designing processes using wood to produce bioethanol. For the production of bi... recover the greatest quantity of glucose from the wood in order to use it to produce alcohol. Apart fr...

Defying the disaster: Researcher explores resilient housing

...ssible information about available tools and technologies to homeowners, builders, architects and others says Dr. Dave Tilotta, associate professor of wood products at NC State. In the first part of a multi-phase study examining the resilience of homes in the southeastern United States, Tilotta and his...

Village bird study highlights loss of wildlife knowledge from one

...ommon birds correct for both dates, which were the wood pigeon, feral pigeon and starling in the earlier period, and in 2006 were the wood pigeon, blackbird and starling. In addition, v...gnisable birds - sparrows, starlings, bluetits and wood pigeons - had increased or declined in the village...

U of Minnesota research finds most road salt is making it into the state's lakes and rivers

...eady impaired by chloride. Increases in sodium and chloride have been shown to decrease the biodiversity in wetland areas, altering the development of wood frogs, decreasing the number and types of fish available, and increasing mortality rates of organisms that rely on an aquatic system. Increases in sod...

Biotech scientists team with curators to stem decay of world's art, cultural heritage

...at are fundamental to heritage conservation." Many of the world's cultural treasures are creations made of organic materials such as paper, canvas, wood and leather which, in prolonged warmth and dampness, attract mold, micro-organisms and insects, causing decay and disintegration. New biotechnology...

Global Energy Systems to Acquire WoodTech, LLC, and Affiliated Entities

... Georgia Facility to Recycle wood Waste and Generate Energy from Waste Biomass ...ive agreement to acquire Cherokee County, GA based wood fuel and landscape materials processor, WoodTech, ...ill result in one of Georgia's largest independent wood biomass products producers with capacity to produc...
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(Date:7/9/2014)... With grilling season upon us, many backyard cooks are ... fatty hot dogs. But low fat can sometimes mean ... addressing the texture problem in low-fat wieners that are ... study was published in ACS, Journal of Agricultural ... colleagues note that hot-dog consumers have come to expect ...
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