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Opening a new window on daylight

A new approach to windows that could let in more light and cut indoor lighting needs by up to 99% in buildings in Tropical regions without losing the cooling effect of shades. Details are reported in the International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation this month. Lerdlek...

In vitro antibody production enables HIV infection detection in window period -- key to safer blood

This release is available in Chinese . Researchers in Israel and Kenya have shown that the contribution of variable degrees of immune suppression, either due to existing chronic infections such as parasitemi...

Knock-out drugs: Narrow window for detection

Drug-facilitated sexual crimes are increasing. The Bonn Institute for Forensic Medicine has recorded that the number of examinations on the use of intoxicants in sexual offences within their catchment area increased 10-fold between 1997 and 2006. In the current edition of Deutsches rzteblatt Int...

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev researchers develop new reversible, green window technology

BEER-SHEVA, ISRAEL, March 3, 2009 -- Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers have developed a new, highly energy-efficient window technology, featuring two reversible panes that will save energy all year round in homes and office buildings. "The 'Seasons Window' features the only ...

New giant clam species offers window into human past

Researchers report the discovery of the first new living species of giant clam in two decades, according to a report to be published online on August 28th in Current Biology , a Cell Press publication. While fossil evidence reveals that the new species, called Tridacna costata , once accounted f...

New window opens on the secret life of microbes

Nowhere is the principle of "strength in numbers" more apparent than in the collective power of microbes: despite their simplicity, these one-cell organisms -- which number about 5 million trillion trillion strong (no, that is not a typo) on Earth -- affect virtually every ecological process, from...

Biogeochemistry -- A window into the Earth's ecological health

Humans are fundamentally altering the Earths chemistry. Many of societys most pressing environmental problems, from climate change to acid rain, stem from human activities that disrupt natural chemical cycles. Moving toward a sustainable future will depend on identifying and reversing actions that...

Study offers window into human behavior, brain disease

UCSF scientists have identified a cell population that is a primary target of the degenerative brain disease known as frontotemporal dementia, which is as common as Alzheimer's disease in patients who develop dementia before age 65. Because the cells arose only recently in evolutionary history -...

Creating a window on 'oceans in motion'

Scientists and resource managers could soon have a highly detailed picture of marine conditions and the migrations of fish and ocean animals throughout the world, according to international experts convening a landmark conference in Canada June 27-30. Academics, scientists and technical experts a...

Cord blood cells may widen treatment window for stroke

An experimental treatment that spares disability from acute stroke may be delivered much later than the current three-hour treatment standard ?a potential advance needed to benefit more stroke victims. Researchers at the University of South Florida found that human umbilical cord blood cells admi...

Membrane research opens window to benefits for plants, humans

A wilting, water-starved houseplant and flood-covered crops have something in common. That knowledge, gleaned from spinach and researchers on two continents, potentially could open the gate to advances in both plant and human health. The research, which appeared online this month in advance of re...

A new window into structural plasticity in the adult visual cortex

Neuroscientists have known for decades that the adult brain can reorganize neural pathways in response to new experiences, for example, by changing the firing pattern and responses of neurons. But it has remained an open question whether structural changes accompany this functional plasticity. In a...

'Shifty-eyed' Monkeys Offer Window Into Brain's Social Reflexes

Neurobiologists at Duke University Medical Center have found the strongest evidence yet that monkeys show the same keen 'social reflexes' that humans do -- shifting their attention in response to the direction of gaze of another individual. The researchers said their findings mean that monkeys can ...

Fruit fly studies open new window on cancer research

Scientists studying the humble fruit fly have found a family of proteins that enhances the sensitivity of a cell to a hormone that can trigger abnormal growth and cancer. Their discovery could lead to a completely new approach to tackling some cancers and the development of new drugs to stop uncont...

University has grand designs to build a house of straw

...tol and Integral Structural Design in Bath. Other partners on the research project are Agrifibre Technologies, Lime Technology, Eurban, the Centre for window & Cladding Technology and Willmott Dixon. Some of the building has already appeared in the media spotlight. Last year the team helped Kevin McClou...

Researchers develop 'brain-reading' methods

...y to peer into the brain to uncover a person's mental state and what sort of information is being processed before it reaches awareness. With this new window into the brain, scientists now also are provided with the means of developing a more accurate model of the inner functions of the brain. As reporte...

Slotted buses keep passengers cool

...nical Engineering, at the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India, and colleagues point out that the majority of passenger trips are taken in open window buses. Worldwide, buses are the principal means of commuting within and between cities, the researchers explain. For cost reasons, particularly in ...

Arctic climate under greenhouse conditions in the Late Cretaceous

...ng on the findings, Professor Kemp said: "Although seasonally-resolved records are rarely preserved, our research shows that they can provide a unique window into past Earth system behaviour on timescales immediately comparable and relevant to those of modern concern." ...

Scientists track chemical changes in cells as they endure extreme conditions

... National Academy of Sciences . "We can now follow chemical changes in living bacteria as they respond to extreme environments. This opens up a new window into how bacteria adapt and carry out some of life's most important processes," says Hoi-Ying Holman, a staff scientist in Berkeley Lab's Earth Scienc...

Pitt team first to profile genes in acutely ill idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients

...omarker blood tests that doctors could track to identify patients at risk for sudden deterioration of lung function. "This work opens an important window into the mystery of why patients with lung fibrosis suddenly decompensate and how to identify these patients for more aggressive therapies," said Mark...

MS study offers theory for why repair of brain's wiring fails

... inability of oligodendrocytes to perform their important repair function. "The researchers have made an encouraging finding that could open a new window into the cause of failed neural repair in multiple sclerosis," says Dr. Patricia O'Looney, Vice President of BioMedical Research at the National Multi...

They are young and need the job: A second chance for dangerous T-cells

...lions from the blood of patients. Young T-cells, on the other hand, only exist in the thymus. We will now investigate whether there is a specific time window in the life of a young T-cell that allows negative selection or reprogramming into regulatory T-cells. We are also trying to decode the molecular swit...

Dioxins in food chain linked to breastfeeding ills

...research purposes, it is irrelevant for humans, who cannot really control their exposure to dioxins, Lawrence said. "Our goal is not to find a safe window of exposure for humans, but to better understand how dioxins affect our health," she said. "The best thing people who are concerned about this can do ...

Design input accelerates new technologies' route to market

... Thermo-chromic window films which regulate room temperature; a heart and breathing rate monitor w... the potential to reduce a reliance on air conditioning by utilising unique window coatings that change colour in reaction to external temperature. Internal r...

Temporary infidelity may contribute to the stability of ancient relationships

...Smithsonian short term fellowship while a doctoral student at the University of Copenhagen. "In these experiments, we found that there is a very short window of time--as the young queen establishes a new nest--when partner switching can occur." Ants in the genus Acromyrmex cultivate a single fungal specie...

New study finds lowfat chocolate milk is effective post-exercise recovery aid for soccer players

...illion Americans play soccer, according to American Sports Data, and millions more engage in recreational sports. Many experts agree that the two-hour window after exercise is an important, yet often neglected, part of a fitness routine. After strenuous exercise, this post-workout recovery period is critica...

Capturing the birth of a synapse

...on's social and communication abilities. The disorder affects 1 in every 150 American children, according to the Autism Society of America. The new window opened by Washbourne's team captures the essence of synapse development, which occurs over and over among the estimated 100 billion neurons that make ...

The evolution of gene regulation

...to internal and external signals. The biology of regulation only came into its own as an independent research field when technical progress opened the window to scientific analysis of DNA, the carrier of genetic traits, and to the synthesis of proteins, the most important functional elements of the cell. It...

Are you okay to kiss?

...ding invention is the result of ongoing research in Prof. Rosenberg's laboratory. "All a user has to do is dab a little bit of saliva onto a small window of the OkayToKiss kit," explains Prof. Rosenberg: "OkayToKiss will turn blue if a person has enzymes in the mouth produced by the Gram-positive bacte...

New tool isolates RNA within specific cells

... A team of University of Oregon biologists, using fruit flies, has created a way to isolate RNA from specific cells, opening a new window on how gene expression drives normal development and disease-causing breakdowns. While DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) provides an identical genetic b...

Exhibition showcases the 'art of science'

...ation at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and a lecturer in the Princeton Writing Program. "We hope that this exhibit will serve as a window through which the wider, non-technical audience can appreciate and understand the importance of scientific research," said Adam Finkelstein, associate...

MIT reels in RNA surprise with microbial ocean catch

...oach using a data set of sequences of transcripts from a natural microbial community as opposed to a single cultured microbial strain opens up a new window of discovering naturally occurring sRNAs, which may further provide ecologically relevant implications." "We've found an incredibly diverse set of...

Rabbits on the back foot -- but naturally they're fighting back

...fected areas needed to focus on integrated control, using methods such as the Myxoma virus and warren destruction. "We will need to use any existing window of opportunity to apply the lethal calicivirus more effectively and better target eradication attempts on affected populations," Professor Peacock sai...

Better water use could reduce future food crises

...It also shows that wise water management can lift billions out of water poverty. "This opens a new area of investments for climate adaptation and a window to achieve a much needed new green revolution in poor countries in the world. Our analysis shows that many water-short countries are able to produce e...

First neuroimaging study examining motor execution in children with autism reveals new insights

...luding complex communication and social skills. Researchers at the Kennedy Krieger Institute have been using the study of motor skills as an important window into the neurobiological basis of autism. "When we learn to interact with the world around us, we acquire many skills," said Dr. Mostofsky. "Wheth...

Futronic Launches FS90 USB2.0 Mini Fingerprint Scanner

...Enterprise Edition (EE), SDK and FAS. With a 15x22mm finger scanning window and 300x440 pixel image resolutions, FS90 can capture an un-distorted finge...eristics to optimize the quality of the captured image. The finger scanning window is a 13mm thick crown glass prism which is much more reliable and robust th...

Scaling the wall of deafness

...ered that microRNAs, tiny molecules that regulate cell functions, help us hear. Found in "hair" cells of the ear, this discovery opens an entirely new window for possible treatments, and a cure for all types of deafness, age-related or genetic. "Over the last decade, science has found that microRNAs ar...

Case Western Reserve University receives $1.66m grant from NIH for otoprotection research

... the mutation in and characterize a new mouse deafness model (for Usher 1 syndrome and presbycusis or age-related hearing loss) that provides an ideal window of time for evaluating drug therapy; 2) identify key molecules and mechanisms that lead to hair cell death and hearing loss in the models for the Ushe...

Futronic Launches FS90 USB2.0 Mini Fingerprint Scanner

...Enterprise Edition (EE), SDK and FAS. With a 15x22mm finger scanning window and 300x440 pixel image resolutions, FS90 can capture an un-distorted finge...eristics to optimize the quality of the captured image. The finger scanning window is a 13mm thick crown glass prism which is much more reliable and robust th...

Better living through chemistry

...methane, extended hundreds of meters from the sea floor." Bizarre phenomena abounded in the study area--from dancing eels that seemed to follow the window of the moving submersible, to a 50-foot wide volcano crater that was filled with a sulfur minerals and a reddish-colored microbial ooze. "These are th...
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