$2 million grant aids study of lung cancer in people who never smoked
DALLAS July 21, 2009 Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center are among an elite group of cancer scientists to share a $2 million grant to find biomarkers for lung cancer that develops in people who
have never smoked.
The National Cancer Institute's Early Detection Research Network (EDRN...
Psychiatric disorders are common in adults who have had anorexia
The study was initiated in 1985. A total of 51 teenagers with anorexia nervosa were studied, together with an equally large control group of healthy persons. The groups have been investigated and compared several times as the years have passed.
"This study is unique in an international perspecti...
Children who are dissatisfied with their appearance often have problems with their peer group
Being satisfied with one's appearance is one of the most important prerequisites for a positive self image. However, in today's appearance culture it is the rule rather than the exception that children and young people are dissatisfied with their appearance.
Those children who
are teased or subj...
Teenage boys who eat fish at least once a week achieve higher intelligence scores
Fifteen-year-old males who
ate fish at least once a week displayed higher cognitive skills at the age of 18 than those who
it ate it less frequently, according to a study of nearly 4,000 teenagers published in the March issue of Acta Paediatrica .
Eating fish once a week was enough to increa...
Research finds older women who are more physically fit have better cognitive function
New research published in the international journal Neurobiology of Aging by Marc Poulin, PhD, DPhil, finds that being physically fit helps the brain function at the top of its game. An Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research Senior Scholar, Poulin finds that physical activity benefits ...
Uncultured bacteria found in amniotic fluids of women who experience preterm births
CLEVELANDResearchers from Case Western Reserve University and Yale University have made a significant advancement in understanding the cause behind why some pregnant women suffer from inflammations in the inner womb without any signs of an infection.
Using gene-cloning techniques, researchers d...
Geologist who linked cosmic strike to dinosaurs' extinction takes top prize
Walter Alvarez, the maverick geologist who
convinced a skeptical world that dinosaurs and many other living things on Earth were wiped out by a huge fireball from space, has won the highly esteemed Vetlesen Prize. Considered by many the earth sciences' equivalent of a Nobel, the $250,000 awar...
Rethinking who should be considered 'essential' during a pandemic flu outbreak
Not only are doctors, nurses, and firefighters essential during a severe pandemic influenza outbreak. So, too, are truck drivers, communications personnel, and utility workers. That's the conclusion of a Johns Hopkins University article to be published in the journal of Biosecurity and Bioterror...
Older people who diet without exercising lose valuable muscle mass
BETHESDA, Md. (Sept. 17, 2008) - A group of sedentary and overweight older people placed on a four-month exercise program not only became more fit, but burned off more fat, compared to older sedentary people who
were placed on a diet but did not exercise.
The new study also showed that when old...
Protecting those who heal
Patients are not the only ones at risk during cardiac procedures. Doctors performing heart surgery also face health risks, namely to their eyes.
The IAEA is helping to raise awareness of threats, through training in radiation protection related to medical uses of X-ray imaging systems.
Medical doctors who do research could be a dying breed
The road from disease research to disease cure isn't usually a smooth one. One role which bridges the laboratory and the clinic is that of the "clinician-scientist" a doctor who
understands disease both in the patient and in the Petri dish. Yet an editorial published in Disease Models & Mechan...
Caltech neurobiologists discover individuals who 'hear' movement
PASADENA, Calif.-- Individuals with synesthesia perceive the world in
a different way from the rest of us. Because their senses are
cross-activated, some synesthetes perceive numbers or letters as
having colors or days of the week as possessing personalities, even
as they function normally in ...
Spiders who eat together, stay together: UBC research
The ability to work together and capture larger prey has allowed social spiders to stretch the laws of nature and reach enormous colony sizes, UBC zoologists have found.
The findings, published in this week's edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, may also explain why ...
Adults who eat eggs for breakfast lose 65 percent more weight
Park Ridge, Ill. (August 5, 2008) A study published online today in the International Journal of Obesity shows that eating two eggs for breakfast, as part of a reduced-calorie diet, helps overweight adults lose more weight and feel more energetic than those who
eat a bagel breakfast of equal ca...
Primate's scent speaks volumes about who he is
DURHAM, N.C. -- Perhaps judging a man by his cologne isn't as superficial as it seems.
Duke University researchers, using sophisticated machinery to analyze hundreds of chemical components in a ringtailed lemur's distinctive scent, have found that individual males are not only advertising the...
For some who have lost their sense of smell, a once popular asthma drug could help
SAN DIEGO, CA -- Despite the fact that millions of Americans are believed to have lost their sense of smell (hyposmia), no effective method exists to treat many of these people. That is due in part to the fact that the causes of smell loss are varied and complex, ranging from chronic allergies, vi...
U of M research finds teens who have TV in their bedroom are less likely to engage in healthy habits
University of Minnesota School of Public Health researchers have found that older adolescents who
have a bedroom television are less likely to engage in healthy activities such as exercising, eating fruits or vegetables, and enjoying family meals. They also consumed larger quantities of sweetened ...
U of M finds teens who eat breakfast daily eat healthier diets than those who skip breakfast
University of Minnesota School of Public Health Project Eating Among Teens (EAT) researchers have found further evidence to support the importance of encouraging youth to eat breakfast regularly. Researchers examined the association between breakfast frequency and five-year body weight change in m...
U of M research finds disordered eating less common among teen girls who regularly eat family meals
MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (Jan. 8, 2008) Adolescent girls who
frequently eat meals with their families appear less likely to use diet pills, laxatives, or other extreme measures to control their weight five years later, according to research led by Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.D., lead ...
People who skip meals: are they better off?
ORLANDO, Nov. 6 Foregoing food for a day each month stood out among other religious practices in members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS or Mormons), who
have lower rates of heart disease than other Americans, researchers reported at the American Heart Associations Scienti...
Girls who begin dieting twice as likely to start smoking
GAINESVILLE, Fla. Starting to diet seems to double the odds a teenage girl will begin smoking, a University of Florida study has found.
UF researchers, who
analyzed the dieting and smoking practices of 8,000 adolescents, did not find the same link in boys, who
were also less likely than girls ...
College students who pull 'all-nighters' and get no sleep more likely to have a lower GPA
A common practice among many college students involves "pulling all-nighters", or a single night of total sleep deprivation, a practice associated with lower grade-point averages compared to those who
make time for sleep, according to a research abstract that will be presented Wednesday at SLEEP 2...
Better health twice as likely for nonsmokers who live and work with smoking restrictions
In the first study of its kind to evaluate how smoking restrictions in the workplace and at home affect health status, researchers at the Mailman School of Public Health found that nonsmokers who
live under both a total household and total workplace smoking ban are over two and a half times more li...
Children who sleep more weigh less
sleep more tend to weigh less than children who
sleep less, and they are less likely than their counterparts to be overweight five years later. That’s one of the major findings of a new study published in the January/February 2007 issue of the journal Child Development.
Conducted by ...
Older men treated for early prostate cancer live longer than those who are not
Recent findings from an observational study by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine suggest that men between 65 and 80 years of age who
received treatment for early stage, localized prostate cancer lived significantly longer than men who
did not receive treatment. The st...
Adults who go to bed lonely get stress hormone boost next morning
A new study that takes a rare look at the physiological, social and emotional dynamics of day-to-day experiences in real-life settings shows that when older adults go to bed lonely, sad or overwhelmed, they have elevated levels of cortisol shortly after waking the next morning.
Elevated levels of...
Fire ants: Their true story told by the scientist who loves them
When it comes to fire ants, most people prefer to wipe the venomous little varmints off the face of the Earth ?or at least out of their own back yards. The reviled South American native that invaded the U.S. Sun Belt via 1940s Mobile, Ala., is known in biology circles as Solenopsis invicta and ever...
Nearly half of people who need cholesterol treatment don't get it
Even though treatment for cholesterol disorders can reduce the risk of heart and blood vessel disease by about 30 percent over five years, many at-risk people aren't getting adequate treatment, according to researchers from Wake Forest University School of Medicine and colleagues reporting in Circu...
Major WHO study concludes calcium supplements can reduce complications during pregnancy
For more than a year, researchers watched patiently as a few computer-simulated HIV protease molecules squirmed into more than 15,000 slightly different shapes. In real time, this contortion takes only a fraction of a second. In the end, however, this suspended animation paid off, as the simulation...
2005 AIDS figures released by WHO and UNAIDS
Editor : Be sure to check out the complete report on the HIV situation worldwide , available in several languages.
There is new evidence that adult HIV infection rates have decreased in certain countries and that changes in behaviour to prevent infection—such as increased use of condoms, delay ...
Rush Physicians Using Gene Therapy For Heart Patients With Moderate To Severe Chest Pains Who Do Not Benefit From Other Treatments
Individuals with moderate to severe chest pains (angina) who
have not found relief from medication may benefit from a new gene therapy approach being used by cardiologists at Rush University Medical Center to grow new blood vessels in the heart.
The phase II clinical research study uses vascular...
New insight into people who 'see' colors in letters and numbers
People with a form of synesthesia in which they see colors when viewing letters and numbers really do see colors, researchers, led by Edward M. Hubbard of the University of California San Diego, have found. What's more, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of their brains reveals that they ...
Treating HIV in war zones -- Public health emergencies need rapid advice from WHO
HIV treatment can be delivered even in settings of armed conflict, and humanitarian health agencies should not wait until a conflict is over before launching HIV care programs, say a team from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in this week’s PLoS Medicine.
Heather Culbert and colleagues report thei...
EMBO pioneers pension plan for internationally mobile postdoctoral researchers
...y suits the needs of highly mobile scientists.
Post-doctoral researchers who
are beneficiaries of an EMBO Long-Term Fellowship may begin enrolling in th...leased to now offer a solution to the long-time problem facing EMBO Fellows who
wish to plan for financial security while they are actively mobile early in...
Carbon nanoparticles toxic to adult fruit flies but benign to young
...ine in Environmental Science & Technology , help to show the risks of carbon nanoparticles in the environment, said David Rand, professor of biology, who
specializes in fruit fly evolution.
"The point is these same compounds that were not toxic to the (fruit fly) larvae were toxic to the adults in so...
NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists
Biomarkers for Alzheimer's via magnetic resonance:
Identifying patients who
are developing Alzheimer's disease could help neurologists treat it earlier...iologist John Oshinski to study how cardiac imaging can help doctors decide who
could benefit from a pacemaker. Deshazer uses magnetic resonance imaging an...
AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009
... The doi is found at the end of each Highlight below.
Journalists and public information officers (PIOs) at educational or scientific institutions, who
are registered with AGU, also may download papers cited in this release by clicking on the links below. Instructions for members of the news media, PI...
New cancer drug delivery system is effective and reversible
..., a postdoctoral researcher in the laboratory of chemistry professor Yi Lu, who
led the study. Materials science and engineering professors Gerard Wong and... "integrates the advantages of small molecules and antibodies," said Cheng, who
helped pioneer the use of aptamers as targeting molecules for drug delivery...
Carnegie Mellon's Jean VanBriesen leads research team on Monongahela River
...trategy," said Carol Zagrocki, program director of the Colcom Foundation, established in 1996 by the late Cordelia S. May, a dedicated conservationist who
served as chairman until her death in 2005.
Mary had a lot of lambs: Researchers identify way to accelerate sheep breeding
...d into a new sheep population.
"I think it's very exciting we only have one gene, but it's definitely a tool that farmers can use," said Mateescu, who
is now focusing on placing markers across the sheep's entire genome to more accurately determine which gene or genes directly affect the trait of asea...