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whale in Biological News

UIC biologists use DNA to study migration of threatened whale sharks

Whale sharks -- giants of the fish world that strike terror only among tiny creatures like the plankton and krill they eat -- are imperiled by over-fishing of the species in parts of its ocean range. That threat is underscored in a new study from geneticists led by Jennifer Schmidt, University ...

Right whale sedation enables disentanglement effort

On Friday, March 6, 2009, for the first time ever, a North Atlantic right whale that had been severely entangled in fishing gear, was administered a sedation mixture that made it possible for rescuers to remove 90 percent of the entanglement. The rescue involved the efforts of a multi-institut...

American Library Association names NJIT prof’s Whale Music book a top ten

Thousand Mile Song: Whale Music in a Sea of Sound (Basic Books, 2008) by NJIT humanities professor, author and clarinetist David Rothenberg, has been named one of the ten best science and technology books for 2008 by Booklist on Line, a publication of the American Library Association. http:/...

University professor stresses links between US Navy sonar and whale strandings

Earlier this summer, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review a series of lower court rulings that restrict the Navy's use of sonar in submarine detection training exercises off the coast of Southern California. The court is due to hear arguments in the case this week. For many years, George Mas...

Study shows rise in Cornwall's dolphin, whale and porpoise deaths

Four weeks on from the shocking incident that led to the death of 26 dolphins near Falmouth, research released today (7 July 2008) sheds new light on the extent of the problems facing Cornwall's marine mammals. A study by the University of Exeter and Cornwall Wildlife Trust, published in the j...

New study finds most North Pacific humpback whale populations rebounding

The number of humpback whales in the North Pacific Ocean has increased since international and federal protections were enacted in the 1960s and 70s, according to a new study funded primarily by NOAA and conducted by more than 400 whale researchers throughout the Pacific region. However, some...

New whale detection buoys will help ships take the right way through marine habitat

Researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and the Bioacoustics Research Program (BRP) at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology have teamed up with an international energy company and federal regulators to listen for and help protect endangered North Atlantic right whales in New Eng...

How is that whale listening?

Researchers from San Diego State University and the University of California have been using computer models to mimic the effects of underwater noise on an unusual whale species and have discovered a new pathway for sound entering the head and ears. Advances in Finite Element Modeling (FEM), Co...

Photo-monitoring whale sharks

Up to 20 meters long and weighing as much as 20 tons, its enormous size gives the whale shark (Rhincodon typus) its name. Known as the gentle giant for its non-predatory behavior, this fish, with its broad, flattened head and minute teeth, eats tiny zooplankton, sieving them through a fine mesh o...

Ancient whale fall from California's Ao Nuevo Island one of youngest, most complete known

Berkeley -- A fossilized whale skeleton excavated 20 years ago amid the stench and noise of a seabird and elephant seal rookery on California's A o Nuevo Island turns out to be the youngest example on the Pacific coast of a fossil whale fall and the first in California, according to University of ...

Ancient whale fall from California's Año Nuevo Island one of youngest, most complete known

Berkeley -- A fossilized whale skeleton excavated 20 years ago amid the stench and noise of a seabird and elephant seal rookery on California's A o Nuevo Island turns out to be the youngest example on the Pacific coast of a fossil whale fall and the first in California, according to University of ...

El Nino events affect whale breeding

New research shows that global climate processes are affecting southern right whales (Eubalaena australis) in the South Atlantic. A thirty-year study by an international team of scientists found a strong relationship between breeding success of whales in the South Atlantic and El Nino in the wester...

Genetics links whale to two different ocean basins

For the first time ever, a genetic study has followed a single humpback whale from one ocean basin to another, adding to traditional notions of the migratory patterns of these majestic marine mammals in the process, according to researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), the American...

FSU scientist warns North Atlantic right whale facing extinction

The North Atlantic right whale's future looks grim if the current mortality rates continue, according to Florida State University assistant professor of oceanography Douglas Nowacek and a group of fellow scientists from across the nation. They have co-authored a paper titled "North Atlantic Right...

U-M team recovers ancient whale in Egyptian desert

Scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have, for the first time, induced a state of reversible metabolic hibernation in mice. This achievement, the first demonstration of "hibernation on demand" in a mammal, ultimately could lead to new ways to treat cancer and prevent injury and deat...

University of Hawaii at Manoa professor published in science journal

...ess Series titled, "Biogeochemistry of a deep-sea whale fall: sulfate, reduction, sulfide efflux and metha...etailed study of microbial processes at a deep-sea whale fall. The work evaluated the biogeochemical effects of a 30-ton whale carcass deployed at 1,675 mile depth for seven yea...

All in sight

...e warm breathing cloud. It rises, depending on the whale species and wind conditions, between one metre and...hter a spot, the warmer it is. The warm spout of a whale clearly stands out against the background of the c...e is designed to search the stream of pictures for whale spout", explains Dr. Olaf Boebel, head of the rese...

Dolphins get a lift from delta wing technology

...rsity, to find out more about the hydrodynamics of whale and dolphin flippers. They publish their finding t...slow swimming Amazon River dolphin and pygmy sperm whale to the super-fast striped dolphin, the team made s...a significant role in the evolution of dolphin and whale flipper shapes and their hydrodynamics, Howle and ...

'Bycatch' whaling a growing threat to coastal whales

...ir study found that nearly 46 percent of the minke whale products they examined in Japanese markets origina...ale of bycatch alone supports a lucrative trade in whale meat at markets in some Korean coastal cities, where the wholesale price of an adult minke whale can reach as high as $100,000," Baker said. "Given...

Norway, Japan prop up whaling industry with taxpayer money

...d with whaling and the processing and marketing of whale products, such as whale meat. Researchers conclude that these costs, combined with declining demand for whale meat and the risk of negative impacts such as trad...

Google Earth aids discovery of early African mammal fossils

...rich, an authority on ancient whales, learned of a whale fossil from Egypt that had been discovered in a mo...f Pisa recognized these as fossilized remains of a whale that lived in Egypt 40 million years ago, when the...mystery. Bianucci had reported that the countertop whale came from a site near the Egyptian city of Sheikh ...

Laughing hyenas, wailing levees, the sound of cheese and blaring bagpipes

...0 a.m. on Tuesday, May 19. Abstract: http://asa.aip.org/web2/asa/abstracts/search.may09/asa333.html 12) ICELANDIC SAGA: RETURN OF THE RIGHT whale The North Atlantic right whale, with only about 300-350 animals known to exist, used to inhabit the Cape Farewell Ground, which lies between southw...

UF scientist tapped by Howard Hughes Medical Institute to pursue 'best ideas'

...gram for fin development, shown how this program was modified to form fingers and toes, and identified the molecular basis for the loss of legs during whale evolution. The group has also published widely on the origin of skeletal development. Along the way, Cohn's lab noticed striking similarities betwe...

Marine scientists to assess environment before offshore drilling begins in US arctic waters

...aska's native communities, such as the Inupiat. "This is a sensitive environmental region from many aspects, considering the importance of bowhead whale migration, ice retreats, threats to polar bears, and regional oil, gas and mining operations," says Dr. Steve Lanoux, the grant's project manager and ...

Mama whales teach babies where to eat

...rst time allowed the scientists to determine that whale mothers, their offspring and other extended family...e City," says Rowntree, who also directs the right whale program at the Ocean Alliance's whale Conservation Institute. Adult southern right w...

Ancient geologic escape hatches mistaken for tube worms

...e. Tubeworms, or siboglinids, look like long lipstick tubes and have been observed in warm and cold environments on the ocean floor, as well as in whale carcasses and decomposing organic-rich cargoes in sunken ships. Ecosystems teeming with tubeworm colonies were discovered at hydrothermal vents in the...

Early whales gave birth on land

... end of the day, we realized we had found a female whale with a fetus." It is the first discovery of a fetal skeleton of an extinct whale in the group known as Archaeoceti, and the find re... back and forth." Compared with previous fossil whale finds, Maiacetus occupies an intermediate position...

Older killer whales make the best mothers

...iting the inland and nearshore waters of Washington state (USA) and British Columbia (Canada). They used a 30-year dataset collected by the Center for whale Research and Canada's Department of Fisheries and Oceans. He said, "During annual photographic surveys, nearly every individual in the population has ...

Early whales gave birth on land, fossil find reveals

...e end of the day, I realized we had found a female whale with a fetus." In fact, it is the first discovery of a fetal skeleton of an extinct whale in the group known as Archaeoceti, and the find re... back and forth." Compared with previous fossil whale finds, Maiacetus occupies an intermediate position...

High numbers of right whales seen in Gulf of Maine

...in the Gulf of Maine in recent days, leading right whale researchers at NOAA's Northeast Fisheries Science ...d, began in the 1990s. "Sometimes we will see a whale we haven't seen in years, while other individuals ... members carry a pager to keep up to date on right whale sightings. When a sighting is reported, the mariti...

A BBVA Foundation project comes up with a system enabling detection of cetacean hearing loss

...al in order to determine whether it can correctly use its biosonar system and thus evaluate its survival chances on release. ELUCIDATING THE SPERM whale SONAR AND ITS DETECTION POWERS Cetacean hearing systems are characterized by a series of unique morphological adaptations allowing them to pick up ...

UBC researcher reveals humpback whales' dining habits -- and costs

... of whales called rorquals that includes the fin whale and the blue whale, the largest animal that has ev...fully recorded data over an eight-hour period; one whale performed 43 dives and 362 lunges while the other ...a physical limit on how big, and also how small, a whale can get." ...

The 156th Acoustical Society of America Meeting, Nov. 10-14, Miami, Fla.

...://www.acoustics.org/press/156th/norris.html . whale GUNSHOT' SOUND DISPLAYS "The North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) is a highly endangered species of baleen whale with fewer than 400 individuals left in the North ...

Acoustical Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami, Florida

... Coho or Sockeye. Au's team used simulated killer whale echolocation signals and the measured the structur... of three species of salmon using simulated killer whale echolocation signals" (2pAB2) by Whitlow W. L. Au,... as monitoring a submerged volcano or listening to whale songs, require underwater sensors, but using cable...

156th Acoustical Society of America Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami

...e another but very different from those of most other languages of the world..." http://asa.aip.org/web2/asa/abstracts/search.nov08/asa398.html . whale "GUNSHOT" SOUND DISPLAYS "Current hypotheses for the function of this signal include an agonistic threat signal between males, a male reproductive ad...

Illuminating biology: An evolutionary perspective

...uctions and Overview 8:30-9:40: Session 1: Evolution and Conservation This session will focus on how whaling conservation efforts monitor commercial whale meat based on phylogenetic relationships. 9:40-9:50: Break 9:50-10:25: Small group conversations 10:25-10:45: Report back from group 10:45-12:...

Whale songs are heard for the first time around New York City waters

...ill help New York state policymakers develop management plans to protect them. Knowing the whales' travel paths will help ship traffic managers avoid whale collisions in New York waters. Further, the study will characterize New York waters' acoustic environment and examine whether underwater noises, inclu...

Unique study shows oil, gas seismic work not affecting Gulf sperm whales

...its type ever undertaken and formally titled Sperm whale Seismic Study in the Gulf of Mexico, was conducted... Humans no longer hunt them for their oil, but the whale in Herman Melville's classic novel Moby Dick was a...t regulators thought might negatively affect sperm whale behavior. Also, the sheer volume of work being do...

Whales and dolphins influence new wind turbine design

...e [Session A2]. Some of his observations are already being applied to real life engineering problems, a concept known as biomimetics. The shape of whale flippers with one bumpy edge has inspired the creation of a completely novel design for wind turbine blades. This design has been shown to be more ef...

Census of Marine Life lists 122,500 known species, over halfway to complete inventory by Oct. 2010

...take caught years ago but which still appears in world literature and databases. The World Register will clarify for all time the valid name for that whale and all other marine species for future researchers, census takers and educators alike. Says Philippe Bouchet, a Census scientist involved in WoRMS:...
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