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Marine scientists warn of potential for spring, summer red tide outbreak in Gulf of Maine

The potential for an outbreak of the phenomenon called "red tide" is expected to be moderately large this spring and summer, according to researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and North Carolina State University (NCSU). The finding is based in part on a regional seafloo...

Living sensor can warn of arsenic pollution

Scientists studying arsenic pollution have discovered a living sensor that can spot contamination. They have also discovered new bacteria that can clean up arsenic spills even in previously untreatable cold areas, microbiologists heard today (Monday 8 September 2008) at the Society for General Mic...

Amazon corridors far too narrow, warn scientists

Protected forest strips buffering rivers and streams of the Amazon rainforest should be significantly wider than the current legal requirement, according to pioneering new research by scientists at the University of East Anglia (UEA). Published in the journal Conservation Biology on March 21, t...

Marine scientists warn human safety, prosperity depend on better ocean observing system

Speedy diagnosis of the temper and vital signs of the oceans matters increasingly to the well being of humanity, says a distinguished partnership of international scientists urging support to complete a world marine monitoring system within 10 years. The Partnership for Observation of the Globa...

Scientists warn that species extinction could reduce productivity of plants on Earth by half

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) An international team of scientists has published a new analysis showing that as plant species around the world go extinct, natural habitats become less productive and contain fewer total plants a situation that could ultimately compromise important benefits that humans ...

What we don’t know still hurts us, environmental researchers warn

EAST LANSING, Mich. -- Knowledge gaps continue to hobble scientists' assessments of the environment, a Michigan State University researcher and colleagues warn. Their warning follows sobering conclusions drawn from what they do know and could help set the global agenda for research funding in the ...

Trees won't stop tsunamis, scientists warn

Claims that coastal tree barriers can halt the might of a tsunami are false and dangerous, a team of international marine scientists said today. There are many reasons for preserving the world's dwindling stocks of mangroves, but protecting people from tsunamis is not one of them, they say. ...

More than skin deep: There's no such thing as a 'safe' suntan, researchers warn

There may be no such thing as a 'safe' tan based on ultraviolet (UV) radiation, according to a series of papers published in the October issue of Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research , the official journal of The International Federation of Pigment Cell Societies (IFPCS) and the Society for Melanoma ...

Biofuels and biodiversity don't mix, ecologists warn

Rising demand for palm oil will decimate biodiversity unless producers and politicians can work together to preserve as much remaining natural forest as possible, ecologists have warned. A new study of the potential ecological impact of various management strategies published in the British Ecolog...

Dolphin 'therapy' a dangerous fad, Emory researchers warn

People suffering from chronic mental or physical disabilities should not resort to a dolphin "healing" experience, warn two researchers from Emory University. Lori Marino, senior lecturer in the Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology Program, has teamed with Scott Lilienfeld, professor in the Departm...

Less Arctic ice means higher risks, experts warn

The International Ice Charting Working Group predicts more marine transportation in the Arctic as sea ice continues to diminish and warns of "significant hazards to navigation," according to a statement released yesterday. The statement was released during a five-day conference held at ESRIN, E...

York scientists warn of dramatic impact of climate change on Africa

Scientists at the University of York are warning that dramatic changes may soon occur in Africa's vegetation in response to global warming. They believe the effect may be on a similar scale to the climatic disruption in the last Ice Age and the African forest decline 2,500 years ago. Scientist...

Crisis in African fish supplies looms, experts warn Africa leaders

32% increase of African fish supply needed by 2020 just to maintain consumption levels Calling fisheries critical for nourishing the poor and for helping Africa cope with the health, economic and social devastation of problems like HIV and AIDS, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPA...

Study finds DNA barcoding requires caution without closer examination

...at do not even exist in many groups. Although DNA barcoding is being rapidly accepted in the scientific literature and popular press, some scientists warn that we are being too hasty in wholeheartedly embracing this technique. Dr. David Spooner, a researcher with the USDA and an expert in the potato and...

Scientists urge world leaders to respond cooperatively to Pacific Ocean threats

...llenge countries throughout the Pacific region to improve the health of marine ecosystems by 2020. In the consensus statement, the scientists warn that if left unchecked, the cumulative impacts of overfishing, pollution and habitat destruction--exacerbated by climate change--could have devastatin...

Does mom know when enough is enough?

...nate the feeding when the infant shows satiation cues may be overriding the infant's ability to self-regulate its intake." However, the researchers warn that, "To use this knowledge to better inform low-income/educated mothers, indeed, mothers of any background who have settled on a feeding method, cou...

Tree survival skills

... establishment time. They recommend careful planning to prevent unnecessary movements of trees at both the nursery loading area and landscape site and warn that if trees are placed in mulch or composted material for an extended period of time, burlap may quickly deteriorate in warm, moist substrate. In...

Smithsonian scientist warns that palm oil development may threaten Amazon

...st at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama. Laurance and Rhett A. Butler, founder of environmental science Web site Mongabay.com , warn in the open-access journal Tropical Conservation Science , that oil palm expansion in the Brazilian Amazon is likely to occur at the expense of natur...

American carnivores evolved to avoid each other, new study suggests

...eir noxious spray, Hunter explained, while with some weasel family members -- the notoriously aggressive badgers and wolverines, for example -- it may warn of ferocity. The work provides a body of evidence for why these behaviors have evolved that could not have been obtained in the field, Hunter said....

Biotech scientists team with curators to stem decay of world's art, cultural heritage

... pollution and dust levels. She says fungi and bacteria can be harnessed to warn of significant environmental fluctuations and the impact of too many visito...z Moreira, of the Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil, meanwhile, will warn of the need and challenges of conserving important 20th Century architectur...

Genome Medicine: Bridging the gap between research and clinical practice

... Caulfield and colleagues discuss the practical and ethical challenges of using information relating to ethnicity and ancestry in medical research and warn 'Given the potential for misinterpretation and misapplication of research findings, great care must be used in the characterization of study samples a...

Preventing soil erosion in continuous corn

...ils with adequate rainfall, removal of residue has, at least in the short term, the potential to lower N fertilizer requirements. However, the authors warn that this advantage needs to be balanced against the need to retain adequate residue to maintain soil C and protect against erosion. While no-till con...

Study links ecosystem changes in temperate lakes to climate warming

...ady been crossed, even with temperature increases that are below projected future warming scenarios for these regions," adds Dr. Paterson. The authors warn that if the rate and magnitude of temperature increases continue, it is likely that new ecological thresholds will be surpassed, many of which may be ...

Timetable for Puget Sound restoration suffers setback

...ature and a stiff dose of federal environmental regulations. But, researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory warn that this recovery process may take 10 to 30 years longer than first predicted, because of increased urban growth and its associated untreated runoff....

Study links ecosystem changes in temperate lakes to climate warming

...ady been crossed, even with temperature increases that are below projected future warming scenarios for these regions," adds Dr. Paterson. The authors warn that if the rate and magnitude of temperature increases continue, it is likely that new ecological thresholds will be surpassed, many of which may be ...

Immune cells reveal fancy footwork

...mes, help the cell to move around at a slow pace. As soon as immature dendritic cells detect a problem they must report back quickly to the T cells to warn them of impending danger. The dendritic cells are then hindered by their adhesive feet. This is the reason why at this point the cell undergoes modifi...

Acid soils in Slovakia tell somber tale

...s similar to those projected to occur in parts of Europe by 2050, according to some global change models. On the basis of these results, the authors warn that the high levels of nitrogen deposited in Europe and North America over the past half century already may have left many soils susceptible to this...

NASA-enhanced dust storm predictions to aid health community

... released a report on the study this month. Such forecasting capability is the first step toward a reporting system that health officials could use to warn at-risk populations of health threats and respond quickly to dust-related epidemics. "The program has been successful in its work to improve dust s...

Key to function of dinosaur crests found in brain structure

...ggest that the crests could have been used to make low, eerie bellowing calls that could have been used in communication, perhaps to call for mates or warn others of predators. The CT scans documented a delicate inner ear that confirms that the dinosaurs could hear the low-frequency calls produced by t...

Brain structure provides key to unraveling function of bizarre dinosaur crests

...ggest that the crests could have been used to make low, eerie bellowing calls that could have been used in communication, perhaps to call for mates or warn others of predators. The CT scans documented a delicate inner ear that confirms that the dinosaurs could hear the low-frequency calls produced by the ...

Green coffee-growing practices buffer climate-change impacts

...ents will become increasingly common in the coming decades, as the levels of heat-trapping carbon dioxide gas continue to mount. The U-M scientists warn Latin American farmers of the risks tied to "coffee-intensification programs"---a package of technologies that includes the thinning of canopies and t...

Molecular evolution is echoed in bat ears

...s of hedgehogs and porcupines." Examples of convergence at a molecular level are very rare. Based on their results, Dr Rossiter and his colleagues warn of the potential problems of inferring true evolutionary relationships from genes that may be involved in important functions and, therefore, could be...

Feats of strength begin a lizard's day

...access to several females. The males spend much of the day sitting on tree trunks and displaying head motions, push-ups, and dewlap extensions, all to warn other males away from their territory. These displays of strength help avert actual physical confrontations between male lizards, which can be very...

New research suggests diabetes transmitted from parents to children

... to acquire diabetes, even if the mouse goes off the high-fat diet and its young are never directly exposed. The study used mice so it's not time to warn women to eat differently during pregnancy and breastfeeding but earlier research has shown that this kind of inheritance is at work in humans. For exa...

Tiny invasive snail impacts Great Lakes, alters ecology

...se Formula 409 or something like that to kill the snails." He notes that signs are beginning to mark areas in New York where the snail is found to warn people to clean their gear. The Penn State researcher warns that the snails are difficult to control, noting "I have frozen them for 12 hours at a...

Rising energy, food prices major threats to wetlands as farmers eye new areas for crops

... do not exist. They call on the 158 nations that are party to the Ramsar Convention to help remedy these and other yawning information gaps. They warn against creating energy and food croplands at the expense of natural vegetation and of carelessly allowing agriculture to encroach on wetlands, which ...

USGS to help Chile develop volcano early warning system

...tn Volcano on May 2. Following the eruption, the USGS helped Chile to install monitoring networks at Chaitn to transmit data in real time and help warn the public of further eruptions. On June 13, the USGS signed a letter of intent with President Bachelet of Chile to help the nation establish a volcan...

UNH researchers test sediment-scrubbing technology in NH river

... high on the "green glamour" scale. Yet, he points out, everyone is already feeling its impact through regular advisories that close shellfish beds or warn of eating fish contaminated by heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants like PCBs or PAHs. "You can enjoy a great day of fishing, but if you...

Stem cell researchers give old muscle new pep

...g so we can calibrate the system when we're older. If we can do that, we could rejuvenate tissue repair for a very long time." The researchers also warn against interpreting this research as the cure-all for aging. "We're not at a point where we're ready to inject ourselves with TGF-beta antibodies ...

Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: UN experts

... their continuation endangers ecosystems that support the economies on which over half the worlds population depend, United Nations University experts warn in a new report offering a major prescription for sweeping change. In a blunt assessment, to be presented Weds. June 4 at UN Headquarters, New York...
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