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uses in Biological News

NASA uses satellite to unearth innovation in crop forecasting

Soil moisture is essential for seeds to germinate and for crops to grow. But record droughts and scorching temperatures in certain parts of the globe in recent years have caused soil to dry up, crippling crop production. The falling food supply in some regions has forced prices upward, pushing sta...

Innerscope Research(R) Uses Same-Day Results From Biometric Study to Identify Key Themes, Styles Behind Effective, Engaging Speaker Presentations

CEO Dr. Carl Marci to discuss results March 19 during 12 p.m. Advertising Research Foundation webcast BOSTON, March 17 /PRNewswire/ -- Innerscope Research (R), a revolutionary media research firm, recently conducted a live biometric study of an Advertising Research Foundation (ARF) conferen...

Boehringer Ingelheim uses Genomatix' Next Generation Sequencing data analysis systems

Munich, Germany March 2, 2009 >> Genomatix Software, a leading provider of complete solutions for the analysis of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) data, announced today that Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG installed a Genomatix Mining Station and a Genomatix Genome Analyzer at its Pharm...

Singapore-US scientists first to develop revolutionary microchip that uses 30 times less energy

Leaving your mobile phone charger at home when you go for a two week long vacation may just be the norm one day as scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and Rice University, United States, have successfully created a microchip that uses 30 times less electricity while running seve...

TECNALIA uses artificial vision to improve recycling of electronic scrap metal

This release is available in Spanish . TECNALIA Technological Corporation is studying an innovative method based on multispectral artificial vision systems to enhance the value of electronic scrap which currently represent 4% of urban waste in Europe. The aim of this project, known as...

Spookfish uses mirrors for eyes

A remarkable new discovery shows the four-eyed spookfish to be the first vertebrate ever found to use mirrors, rather than lenses, to focus light in its eyes. Professor Julian Partridge from the University of Bristol, said: "In nearly 500 million years of vertebrate evolution, and many thousand...

Predatory bacterial swarm uses rippling motion to reach prey

Oct. 29, 2008 Like something from a horror movie, the swarm of bacteria ripples purposefully toward their prey, devours it and moves on. Researchers at the University of Iowa are studying this behavior in Myxococcus xanthus (M. xanthus) , a bacterium commonly found in soil, which preys on o...

TB bacterium uses its sugar coat to sweeten its chances of living in lungs

COLUMBUS, Ohio Common strains of tuberculosis-causing bacteria have hijacked the human body's immune response to play tricks on cells in the lungs, scientists say. The results of this takeover are mixed. The cells essentially welcome the bacteria into the lungs and invite them to stay a while,...

Pivotal national trial uses newest interventional radiology treatment to bust blood clots in legs

FAIRFAX, Va.ATTRACTthe first major national trial of a catheter-based treatment for deep vein thrombosiswill evaluate the use of clot-dissolving drugs in combination with clot removal devices to prevent post-thrombotic syndrome in patients with DVT (the formation of a blood clot in a leg vein). PT...

MSU researcher uses grant to study little-known but largely useful microbes

BOZEMAN Montana State University microbiologist Matthew Fields spends his days studying a microscopic world that most people take for granted. Fields studies the physiology and behavior of microbes the tiny organisms that have inhabited virtually every square inch of the earth's surface for t...

Archaeologist uses satellite imagery to explore ancient Mexico

Satellite imagery obtained from NASA will help archeologist Bill Middleton peer into the ancient Mexican past. In a novel archeological application, multi- and hyperspectral data will help build the most accurate and most detailed landscape map that exists of the southern state of Oaxaca, where t...

UCR-led research team uses tiny wasp to wipe out major agricultural pest in Tahiti

RIVERSIDE, Calif. A research team led by Mark Hoddle , a biological control specialist at UC Riverside, has nearly eradicated the glassy-winged sharpshooter , a major agricultural pest, from the island of Tahiti and several other French Polynesian islands in the South Pacific Ocean. To achieve ...

NIA uses Genomatix in stem cell research, suggests novel transcription factors for stemness

Genomatix Software with businesses in Munich, Germany and Ann Arbor, Michigan released today that the group of Kenneth R. Boheler at the National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Md published some remarkable work on embryonic stem (ES) cells. In their work they first...

Technology uses live cells to detect food-borne pathogens, toxins

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Researchers have developed a new technology that can simultaneously screen thousands of samples of food or water for several dangerous food-borne pathogens in one to two hours. The technique, which has potential biosecurity and food safety applications, also can estimate ...

Lensless camera uses X-rays to view nanoscale materials and biological specimens

ARGONNE, Ill. (Feb. 19, 2007) X-rays have been used for decades to take pictures of broken bones, but scientists at the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and their collaborators have developed a lensless X-ray technique that can take images of ultra-small structures bur...

Carnegie Mellon scientist uses mass spectrometer to weigh virus particle, von Willebrand factor

BOSTONWith unprecedented sensitivity, Carnegie Mellon Universitys Mark Bier has characterized large viral particles and bulky von Willebrand factors using a novel mass spectrometer. These exciting results may lead to new biological discoveries and represent a step closer to rapid disease diagnosis...

Novel computed imaging technique uses blurry images to enhance view

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a novel computational image-forming technique for optical microscopy that can produce crisp, three-dimensional images from blurry, out-of-focus data. Called Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Microscopy, ISAM can do for ...

New culture method for hepatitis C virus uses primary hepatocytes and patient serum

Researchers open the way for improved study of hepatitis C virus by devising a novel virus culture system that allows replication of patient-isolated virus in nontransformed hepatocytes, instead of culture-adapted virus strains in transformed cell lines. The related report by Lázaro et al, "Hepati...

NYU scientists identify how development of different species uses same genes with distinct features

Biologists at New York University have identified how different species use common genes to control their early development and alter how these genes are used to accommodate their own features. The findings, which were discovered by researchers in Professor Claude Desplan’s and Steve Small’s labora...

Developing uses for sugar-cane bagasse: Biotechnology applied to the paper industry

The principal raw material used for manufacturing paper pulp is wood. However, growing demand in the paper industry, at a time of dwindling forest resources, have compelled the sector to turn to other sources of raw materials, such as cereal straw, reeds, bamboo or sugar-cane bagasse. This resid...

New book uses ABCs to teach children microbiology

A new children's book from ASM Press uses the familiar genre of the ABC book to introduce readers to the not-so-familiar world of microbes. The Invisible ABCs will delight readers of all ages with its colorful presentation and spectacular selection of illustrations. Intended for school-age childre...

U of MN uses robotic surgery techniques in cardiac cell therapy research

Researchers at the University of Minnesota were successful in using robotic surgery to deliver stem cell treatment to damaged heart tissue in pigs. Using minimally invasive robotic surgery equipment, researchers injected the stem cells into the damaged hearts. The cells were "labeled" with iron ...

Scientist uses dragonflies to better understand flight

If mastering flight is your goal, you can't do better than to emulate a dragonfly. With four wings instead of the standard two and an unusual pitching stroke that allows the bug to hover and even shift into reverse, the slender, elegant insect is a marvel of engineering. Z. Jane Wang, professor o...

Carnegie Mellon scientists show brain uses optimal code for sound

Scientists at Carnegie Mellon University have discovered that our ears use the most efficient way to process the sounds we hear, from babbling brooks to wailing babies. These results represent a significant advance in our understanding of how sound is encoded for transmission to the brain, accordin...

New nanosensor uses quantum dots to detect DNA

Using tiny semiconductor crystals, biological probes and a laser, Johns Hopkins University engineers have developed a new method of finding specific sequences of DNA by making them light up beneath a microscope. The researchers, who say the technique will have important uses in medical research,...

Scientist uses form to explain function of key building blocks of life

University of Wisconsin-Madison biochemists have developed an approach that allows them to measure with unprecedented accuracy the strengths of hydrogen bonds in a protein. The scientists were then able to predict the function of different versions of the protein based on structural information, a...

Prostate cancer uses Wnt signaling proteins to promote growth of bone tumors

Prostate cancer is a cruel disease. Left untreated, prostate cancer cells often metastasize, or spread, to bone where they form fracture-prone tumors that are extremely painful. More than 80 percent of men who die from prostate cancer die with metastatic disease in their bones. But scientists kn...

Virginia Tech football player uses prototype cast

Virginia Tech's starting running back Cedric Humes was able to play against Boston College despite a broken arm (the ulna bone) thanks, in part, to a prototype composite brace designed for him by Virginia Tech engineers. Brian Love, a professor of materials science and engineering in the College ...

Virus uses tiny RNA to evade the immune system

In the latest version of the hide-and-seek game between pathogens and the hosts they infect, researchers have found that a virus appears to cloak itself with a recently discovered gene silencing device to evade detection and destruction by immune cells. The report by Howard Hughes Medical Instit...

Beetle-inspired switch uses water for bonding

Imagine this: A tiny, fast switch that uses water droplets to create adhesive bonds almost as strong as aluminum by borrowing a mechanism found in palm beetles. The new beetle-inspired switch, designed by Cornell University engineers, can work by itself on the scale of a micron -- a millionth of...

Field of beams - Novel system uses polarized light pulses to reveal crop health

Mathematical models have become invaluable decision-making tools for public health officials. As demonstrated during the United Kingdom's foot-and-mouth epidemic of 2001, models can be useful in two ways: they can reveal the underlying characteristics of an infection and they can allow the comparis...

Carnegie Mellon scientists develop tool that uses MRI to visualize gene expression in living animals

In a first, Carnegie Mellon University scientists have "programmed" cells to make their own contrast agents, enabling unprecedented high-resolution, deep-tissue imaging of gene expression. The results, appearing in the April issue of Nature Medicine, hold considerable promise for conducting preclin...

Influenza vaccine uses insect cells to speed development

Using a strategy involving a genetically modified baculovirus and caterpillar cells scientists from Protein Sciences Corporation have been able to speed up a key step in the development of an experimental cell-based influenza vaccine. They report their findings today at the 2005 American Society fo...

Antibiotic Resistant Bacterium Uses Sonar-like Strategy to “See?Enemies or Prey

For the first time, scientists have found that bacteria can use a Sonar-like system to spot other cells (either normal body cells or other bacteria) and target them for destruction. Reported in the December 24 issue of Science, this finding explains how some bacteria know when to produce a toxin th...

Dysentery uses 'sword and shield' to cause infection

Scientists have found that the bacterium that causes dysentery uses a 'sword and shield' approach to cause infection. According to research published today in Science, the team from Imperial College London and Institut Pasteur, Paris, found that shigella, the bacteria which causes dysentery, is ...

Marine microbes creating green waves in industry

...ndustries. The research project, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and the Technology Strategy Board (TSB), uses biochemical techniques to identify potentially useful enzymes in microbes that are found in the sea. This work brings important expertise from indu...

Navigating in the ocean of molecules

... steer their way through this sea of possibilities. The program Scaffold Hunter generates a map of the chemical space based on structural criteria and uses it to identify biologically active compounds, e.g. natural substances. The program can also be used to predict new candidate agents that do not occur ...

Carbon nanoparticles toxic to adult fruit flies but benign to young

...sed adult Drosophila in a control test tube and test tubes containing four different types of carbon nanoparticles corresponding with their commercial uses carbon black (a powder much like printer toner), C60 (spherical molecules known as carbon buckyballs, named for Buckminster Fuller's geodesic designs...

NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists

...zer is working with Emory cardiologist John Oshinski to study how cardiac imaging can help doctors decide who could benefit from a pacemaker. Deshazer uses magnetic resonance imaging and a specialized computer program to analyze how much blood is flowing through a patient's heart from moment to moment. ...

Mary had a lot of lambs: Researchers identify way to accelerate sheep breeding

...e is particularly useful for management under the STAR system, developed by Hogue and Cornell sheep farm manager Brian Magee in the early 1980s, which uses nutrition and conventional breeding techniques to reduce the time between heats. "If a ewe doesn't get pregnant when she is supposed to, instead of a ...
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