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Lungs try to repair damaged elastic fibers

The lungs of patients suffering chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) attempt to repair damaged elastic fibers, a new finding that contradicts the conventional wisdom on the capabilities of the adult lung. The study "Evidence for attempted regional elastic fiber repair in severe emphysema,...

Wastewater produces electricity and desalinates water

...cell releases ions into the outer chambers that help to improve the efficiency of electricity generation compared to microbial fuel cells. "When we try to use microbial fuel cells to generate electricity, the conductivity of the wastewater is very low," said Logan. "If we could add salt it would work ...

Leicester research paves way for first use in Europe of an insect to fight invasive plant

...e plants gave us a clue to the region of origin. Catherine Pashley carried on this work with the intention of applying it to native Japanese plants to try and find out where the particular individuals in Europe had originated. A collecting trip to Japan was arranged and plants collected from a wide ge...

Wildfires set to increase 50 percent by 2050

...c carbon aerosol. This will have important consequences on western US air quality and visibility. "The US government has introduced legislation to try to improve air quality and visibility by 2064. Currently the main focus for environment agencies and campaigners is industry, but this research shows...

Silicon with afterburners: Process developed at Rice could be boon to electronics manufacturer

...mething that has trillions of dollars and millions of person-years invested into it. So we decided it would be good to complement silicon, rather than try to supplant it." He anticipates wide industry interest in the process, in which carbon molecules could be bonded with silicon either through a chem...

Stop and smell the flowers -- the scent really can soothe stress

... Feeling stressed? Then try savoring the scent of lemon, mango, lavender, or other fragrant plants. Scientists in Japan are reporting the first scientific evidence that inhaling ...

Overfishing and evolution

...that these methods may misrepresent the number of fish. A study from the University of Victoria shows that fish avoid the divers and snorkelers who try to count them. Not all types of fish are equally frightened by the divers, and Faculty of 1000 member Helen Yap, who recommended the study, explains t...

New theory gives more precise estimates of large-scale biodiversity

...dy plots to large areas. Census takers have mastered this art, profiling the U.S. population by sampling small representative subsets. When biologists try to profile specific animals, plants or microbes of the Amazon, however, the estimates based on a small number of meter- or acre-size plots can vary by...

LSUHSC research helps link schizophrenia to specific DNA region

...rld, or become convinced that others are plotting to harm them. These experiences can make them fearful and withdrawn and cause difficulties when they try to have relationships with others. The LSUHSC research team, which included LSUHSC Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, Margaret Baier, MD, a...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

...u include transportation, fuel for thinning and other energy expenditures, you are probably looking at a return of more like 60-65 percent. And if you try to produce cellulosic ethanol, the offset is more like 35 percent." "If you take old, existing forests from these regions and turn them into almost...

Pitt team finds molecule that regulates heart size by using zebrafish screening model

...e. "This gives us a better understanding of heart development during the embryonic stage and has implications for adult disease," he noted. "As we try to create treatments that restore normal function to damaged or diseased tissues, it will help us to know the biologic pathways and signals that forme...

ESHRE launches international study of polar body screening

...has shown conclusively whether it works or not. Now the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) Task Force on PGS has decided to try to find out if a novel method of doing PGS using polar body biopsy and chromosome array analysis offers a possible solution. Professor Joep Geraedts...

New trigger for chronic inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis discovered

...ion. The authors plan to work out the precise mechanism by which tenascin-C increases these levels of inflammatory molecules in the human joint and try to find ways to inhibit this action. ...

Study on keeping nuclear bombs from US ports shows misplaced fear over cargo scanning cost

...t MIT in Cambridge, Massachusetts on June 28. http://mitsloan.mit.edu/omg/msom2009/ With continuing concern that Al Qaida or other terrorists will try to smuggle a nuclear weapon into the United States, Congress has mandated that, by 2012, all containers bound for the U.S. be inspected overseas. . ...

How to text message and avoid pain

...e and reduced physical activity', says Gustafsson. ERGONOMICALLY CORRECT TEXT MESSAGING Don't sit in the same position for a long time; instead try to vary your position. Use the chair's backrest. Relieve your forearms by resting them against a desk or your thighs. Use both thumbs. Avoid hunching ...

Toxic molecule may help birds 'see' north and south

...hy humans, who also have cryptochrome in their eyes, do not have the same ability to see Earth's electromagnetic field, Schulten said. "Our bodies try to play it safe," he said. "It might be that human evolution chose longevity over orientational ability." ...

MSU lands $2.1 million grant to take part in national autism study

...igel Paneth, an MSU epidemiologist and co-investigator in the study. "It is very exciting for MSU to play such a key role in the national effort to try to find the causes of autism," Paneth said. BRIC's role includes using a Web-based data collection system created in 2005 that allows investigators...

American Journal of Botany named a top 10 most influential journal of the century

... "This is an enormous honor for the American Journal of Botany , to be in the company of such distinguished journals. Our work is cut out for us, to try to be worthy of this recognition and to continue to improve the quality and stature of this society-supported journal." The President of the BSA a...

Research uncovers clues to virus-cancer link

...gy for cancer prevention and treatment, since it is much more feasible to block viral infection or develop specific inhibitors of the viral genes than try to inhibit all of the genetic changes within a cancer. ...

Powerful nutrient cocktail can put kids with Crohn's into remission

...s is difficult," he says. "You have to persuade the family. Not all physicians know it works, and it's much easier to give someone a prescription than try to work with the child." A Replacement for Steroids "In adults, studies have shown that steroids are more effective in the battle against IBD ...

Why do we choose our mates? Ask Charles Darwin, prof says

...of the plumage, that females usually selected the most colorful males. "That was an important first step, and it's given us models to work from to try to answer other big questions." Those include determining methods to find out the actual criteria used in choosing a mate, what methods work and whi...

Sediment yields climate record for past half-million years

... warming and cooling of the sea surface in the North Atlantic for the last half-million years. Having this information will be useful as scientists try to understand how quickly the major ocean currents shifted as glacial cycles came and went, Rashid said. The researchers were also able to gauge th...

Midge keeps invasive mosquito in check, aiding native mosquitoes

... a drama played out across the southeastern U.S. in containers as small as a coffee cup, native and invasive mosquito larvae compete for resources and try to avoid getting eaten. One of the invasive mosquitoes, the Asian tiger mosquito ( Aedes albopictus ), can carry dengue fever, a viral disease that si...

Women faring well in hiring process for science faculty jobs at research universities

...vidence for stubborn and persistent underrepresentation of women at all faculty ranks." The surveys revealed that most institutional strategies to try to increase the proportion of women in the applicant pool -- such as targeted advertising and recruiting at conferences -- did not show significant ef...

Scholar unconvinced new lie-detection methods better than old ones

...truth-seeking technologies. "This 9/11 kind of hype has allowed and fueled this desire both in scientists and the media, and in popular culture, to try to find something to hold onto for security's sake. But I don't think it's really there" at least not yet, she said. For now, she added, a more ac...

Author says challenging simple concepts can save planet

... empathy, cooperation and fairness. As a society, she said we should simply try to make sure our rules try to bring out the best, not the worst in us. The fourth idea she disputes...

Study shows CGM devices also benefit people with type 1 diabetes

...ol without increasing the near-term risk of hypoglycemia. That's terrific news for people with diabetes and their families." (People with diabetes try to maintain their blood sugar levels between 70 mg/dL and 180 mg/dL. When blood sugar becomes very low, people can become confused, lethargic, and e...

Comprehensive cardiogenetic testing for families of sudden unexplained death victims can save lives

...he researchers found inherited heart disease in 36, or 32% of the families. These results meant that doctors were able to treat affected relatives and try to prevent their succumbing to sudden cardiac death. "The scale of heart disease that we found in such families underlines the necessity for genera...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

...ntified 60 promising plants from the group and found at least 10 active substances that could be turned into promising drugs. Chemists will eventually try to make the most active substances more potent, last longer, and minimize their side-effects, the article notes. ARTICLE #5 EMBARGOED FOR 9 A.M., ...

International team tracks clues to HIV

...one pharmaceutical company taking a shotgun approach -- make a molecule and try it out, then make another molecule and try it out," said Barron, Rice's Charles W. Duncan Jr.-Welch Professor of Chemi...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 13, 2009

... without access to large computer resources, this greatly increases the options to analyze their data. They can now undertake more complex analyses or try different approaches that were simply not feasible for them before," the report states. ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "Low Cost, Scalable Prot...

Bacteria create aquatic superbugs in waste treatment plants

...t designated collection sites so they don't enter the sewer system. The next step, said Xi, is to see how far downstream the superbugs survive and try to understand the link between aquatic and human superbugs. This study did not look past 100 yards. ...

MIT: New tissue scaffold regrows cartilage and bone

... they developed a technique to mineralize the collagen scaffold by adding sources of calcium and phosphate. Once that was done, the team decided to try to create a two-layer scaffold to regenerate both bone and cartilage (known as an osteochondral scaffold). Their method produces two layers with a gra...

Aerosol: A key piece of the climate change puzzle

... and the University of Oxford, aims to design advanced global models of aerosols by identifying specific processes that lead to aerosol production and try and quantify the levels of uncertainty of each. The work will draw heavily on existing data sets from aircraft, surface observatories and satellite...

Study finds homicidal poisoning rising, more likely in infants and elderly

...has been a new parent knows about the long hours and the stress of an inconsolable child," Shepherd says. "In some cases people make bad decisions and try to sedate their children with medication or alcohol. I think there's a role for pharmacists and other health care workers to better educate new parent...

Small molecules might block mutant protein production in Huntington's disease

...he said. "Fifty percent inhibition might be enough, but that remains to be determined," Dr. Corey said. In future studies, the researchers plan to try these RNA mimics in whole animals, using several different mutations of the genes. Laurie Tompkins, who oversees neurogenetics grants at the Nation...

Brain protein central to both Parkinson's, drug addiction identified

...t in the University's Center for Neural Development and Disease. "You would try to lessen its effects in a condition where it makes a toxic molecule availa... model of Parkinson's disease. But in the case of drug addiction, you might try to increase it, to lessen the impact of a drug like methamphetamine." ...

Center to investigate plant cells for better biomass fuels

...ke up wood, paper, cotton and many other everyday materials and globally represent a huge untapped reserve of biorenewable energy. Our new center will try to pry loose the secrets of how these molecules interact to form these substances that have so many practical uses as an energy source and a material....

Findings uncover new details about mysterious virus

... that, like many other viruses, it's capsid possessed a design known as icosahedral symmetry. Xiao discovered the true structure when he decided to try reconstructing the virus assuming it possessed not standard icosahedral symmetry but another configuration called five-fold symmetry. "If you start...

Sexual harassment from males prevents female bonding, says study

... from forming relationships with other females. They believe females from groups with more males may have bonded with females from outside in order to try to establish themselves in a more favourable environment. ...
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