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Fruit and vegetable intake in pregnant women reduces risk of upper respiratory tract infection

(Boston) Boston University School of Medicine researchers (BUSM) have observed in a study of pregnant women that consumption of at least seven servings per day of fruits and vegetables moderately reduced the risk of developing an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). The BUSM study appears o...

NIH funds work at WPI on regenerating heart tissue and preventing urinary tract infections

WORCESTER, Mass. May 28, 2009 Congressman James McGovern, D-Massachusetts, today announced National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards for two researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute's Life Sciences and Bioengineering Center at Gateway Park. Glenn Gaudette, PhD, assistant professor of b...

Texas-sized tract of single-celled clones

HOUSTON -- (March 11, 2009) -- A Rice University study of microbes from a Houston-area cow pasture has confirmed once again that everything is bigger in Texas, even the single-celled stuff. The tests revealed the first-ever report of a large, natural colony of amoebae clones -- a Texas-sized expan...

Bacteria that cause urinary tract infections invade bladder cells

St. Louis, Dec. 17, 2007 Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found definitive proof that some of the bacteria that plague women with urinary tract infections (UTIs) are entrenched inside human bladder cells. The finding confirms a controversial revision of ...

UCLA/VA partners with ASU to advance biosensor technology for urinary tract infections

Researchers from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, the Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, GeneFluidics Inc. and the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University have received a five-year, $3.2 million award from the National Institutes of Health to help rapidly d...

Sulfurous ping-pong in the urinary tract

Transfer of information is a basic property of biological systems. Common examples include transfer of genetic information or nerve impulses. Transmission of signals occurs at an even more fundamental level between and within cells, including signaling molecules, which bear a phosphate or a su...

Bacteria collection sheds light on urinary tract infections

Food of animal origin, contaminated with E.coli, can lead to urinary tract infections in women, according to a team of bacteriologists. “We found out that UTIs may be caused by ingesting food contaminated with E. coli,?said Chobi DebRoy, director of Penn State’s Gastroenteric Disease Center. Pre...

Brain difference in psychopaths identified

...ssociated with emotions, fear and aggression, and the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), the region which deals with decision making. There is a white matter tract that connects the amygdala and OFC, which is called the uncinate fasciculus (UF). However, nobody had ever studied the UF in psychopaths. The team fro...

Sticky protein helps reinforce fragile muscle membranes

...ure. "Considering how essential cell membranes are for life, these barriers are remarkably fragile. In addition, many tissues, including muscle, GI tract and skin, are constantly under mechanical stress, which can rupture cell membranes," Campbell said. "Our findings support the idea that reinforcement ...

New theory on why male, female lemurs same size

...hts with females, male lemurs have evolved to passively guard their mates. They do this by depositing a solid plug inside the female's reproductive tract just as they finish mating. The plug is deposited as a liquid protein but quickly hardens and stays in place for a day or two. Since many female lemur...

New lab test offers better prediction of HIV microbicide safety

...ct circulating T cells. To test this theory, Pedro Mesquita, a postdoctoral fellow in Dr. Herold's lab, developed a model that mimicked the genital tract environment. It was composed of two chambers separated by a barrier of cultured human cells that form tight junctions. After treating the epithelial c...

Key to evolutionary fitness: Cut the calories

...ares are operating at below their maximum capacity and shows that this is not due to any kind of physiological constraint, such as length of digestive tract or maximum capacity of mammary glands. Also, as the hares were provided with plentiful food, there could be no limitation of energy turnover due to f...

NIH expands Human Microbiome Project; funds sequencing centers and disease projects

... patients suffer from immunodeficiency syndromes. Gregory A. Storch, M.D., Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis Nose, digestive tract and blood: Febrile Illness $950,000 This team of investigators will examine if there is a relationship between the immune system and viral microbio...

NIH funds $9.5 million for research on HIV and the human innate immune system

...of oral complications, such as a quadrupled rate of contracting human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus is more frequently associated with the genital tract and is now being seen in the mouth. Warts produced by HPV can lead to cancer and increased oral infections. "What is resolving one problem is se...

American Chemical Society weekly presspac -- June 10, 2009

...ng absorbed into the bloodstream. One promising approach is to use live bacteria, which can survive those harsh conditions and pass easily from the GI tract into the blood. The scientists describe development of a new strain of Listeria monocytogenes, bacteria that normally cause food poisoning, but whi...

Harvard scientist says we are what we eat -- and what we cook

...hed today (June 1) by Basic Books. In it, he makes the case that the ability to harness fire and cook food allowed the brain to grow and the digestive tract to shrink, giving rise to our ancestor Homo erectus some 1.8 million years ago. "Cooking is the signature feature of the human diet, and indeed, of...

The evolution of gene regulation

...nternal and external conditions even in microorganisms. It is known, for example, that the intestinal bacterium Escherichia coli in the digestive tract of young mammals can break down lactose, the sugar abundant in mother's milk. To do this, the bacterium produces the enzyme lactase but only if lacto...

Mothers give interloper's offspring a head start in life

...ul in fertilizing eggs if it is of higher quality (e.g. swims faster), or gets stored in a more advantageous position within the female's reproductive tract such as closer to the site of fertilization. "The differential success of sperm from different males is a fascinating possibility but remains unte...

Breakthrough in the treatment of bacterial meningitis

... for meningitis and could save the lives of hundreds of children. Bacterial meningitis in childhood is almost exclusively caused by the respiratory tract pathogens Streptococcus pneumoniae , Neisseria meningitidis , and Haemophilus influenzae . The mechanism used by these lethal germs to break throug...

Climate change driving Michigan mammals north

...ons, sampled over the past 100 years." One study area proved especially valuable for long-term comparisons. The Huron Mountain Club, an 18,000-acre tract of pristine forest in Michigan's Upper Peninsula owned by a private association, includes a 6,400- acre research area where scientists are allowed to ...

New findings in taste and smell

... placode Odor discrimination in mouse models of schizophrenia Taste responsive multipolar and elongated neurons in hamster nucleus of the solitary tract (NST) project differentially to targets in the brainstem: an in-vivo intracellular recording, labeling, and tracing study Pregnancy and olfactory se...

Translating the conversation between the brain and blood vessels

...he brain uses hormones to orchestrate blood flow to different parts of the body. This helped explain how the brain sends blood to the gastrointestinal tract after eating, but redirects it to the heart and muscles if we start running, for example. Recently, his team has been looking at which genes regula...

Mass Biologic Labs/UMass Med School and Medarex license C. difficile monoclonal antibody to Merck

...tered for other infections, in which the complex microbial makeup of the GI tract is altered, and C. difficile spores may germinate, grow, and produce toxins A and B. The toxins cause damage to the GI tract lining in the colon, resulting in severe diarrhea, and may lead to perforat...

Research could lead to new non-antibiotic drugs to counter hospital infections

...ung infections, it is also found in the intestinal tract of 20 percent of all Americans and 50 percent of h...hat phosphate depletion in the stressed intestinal tract signals P. aeruginosa to become lethal. To t...o a lethal pathogen when present in the intestinal tract of a stressed host," said Alexander Zaborin, lead ...

Gutsy germs succumb to baby broccoli

...gainst H. pylori -induced inflammation and gastritis. Classified a carcinogen by the World Health Organization, H. pylori is a gastrointestinal tract germ that manages to thrive in the lining of the stomach despite the strength of natural acids there that rival that of car batteries. Afflicting se...

Smithsonian scientist warns that palm oil development may threaten Amazon

...nt agricultural activities in Brazilian Amazon. Furthermore, oil palm producers will benefit from a "logging subsidy," whereby timber harvested from a tract of land helps to offset the cost of establishing a plantation. Before the recent run-up in palm oil prices, logging had been a factor in the profitabi...

Penn medicine draws road map for elimination of central line-associated bloodstream infections

...pital system has used this model to attack other hospital-acquired infections such as ventilator-associated pneumonias and catheter-associated urinary tract infections. More recently, several HUP units implemented the Toyota Production System, which applies processes honed in the auto manufacturing ind...

NIH funds research center for women's reproductive health at Einstein

... diabetes, and metabolic syndrome are especially common here in the local community. Each of these conditions is strongly associated with reproductive tract diseases particularly infertility, endometriosis, and endometrial cancer." Endometriosis, the abnormal growth of endometrial tissue outside the u...

K-State researchers help Epitopix license the United States' first E. coli O157 vaccine for cattle

...e market for control of Salmonella in dairy cows." E. coli , like other foodborne pathogens, is a bacteria that is present in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy cattle. Foodborne pathogens can contaminate meat or vegetable products. If food isn't properly cooked, the bacteria can harm the people who...

ABC publishes monograph on scientific and clinical research of Sinupret

...s of Sinupret, a clinically-tested herbal combination for upper respiratory tract health, including conditions associated with sinusitis and bronchitis. A mo...product's overall safety and effectiveness in the area of upper respiratory tract health." "The availability of this product, particularly the version for...

New insights into a leading poultry disease and its risks to human health

...c E. coli (ExPEC). They cause a number of complex brain, lung and urinary tract diseases in human, animals, and birds. There is also considerable concern i...man clinical samples of ExPEC strains isolated from urinary and non-urinary tract infections by Dr. James R. Johnson of the VA Medical Center at the Universi...

Nutritional supplementation program helps prevent weight loss among children in African country

...f severe wasting. The death rate did not differ between groups, and the intervention did not effect the prevalence of malaria, diarrhea or respiratory tract infection. "These results are applicable to other settings of acute food insecurity, where access to food is limited due to emergency or seasonal c...

Uncultured bacteria found in amniotic fluids of women who experience preterm births

...ivate species may play a key role in initiating spontaneous preterm births," said Han. These bacteria either reach the placenta through the genital tract or through the blood to the placenta. Han suspects some originate in the mouth which has hundreds of dozens of bacteria present. Among the oral bact...

Fewer deaths with preventive antibiotic use

... times daily, received antibiotics through a gastric tube in the intestinal tract and by intravenous drip. The third group was the control group and received...hs by 3.5 percent (oral antibiotic paste, and antibiotics in the intestinal tract and by intravenous drip) and 2.9 percent (oral antibiotic paste). The diffe...

6th ESOU Meeting

...lution in the field of oncology in general. These therapies appear to evolve into the mainstay of medical treatment of malignancies of the urogenital tract and are likely to convert the disease from a progressive and lethal one into a chronic, controllable process in many cases. ...

American Library Association names NJIT prof’s Whale Music book a top ten

... of beluga, killer and humpback whales can be heard at http://cdbaby.com/cd/davidrothenberg2 , iTunes or www.thousandmilesong.com . The musical tract includes a never-before-recorded Pete Seeger song, "The World's Last Whale." The CD also won 2008 best cover design from All About Jazz NY Magazine. ...

Irritable bowel syndrome can have genetic causes

...nt role in the complex processes in the diges-tive tract just as it affects sleep, mood, and blood pressure...urface. "The signal transduction in the digestive tract may be disturbed and this may lead to overstimulat...inhibits the serotonin receptors in the intestinal tract and thus slows the movement of the bowels. "Cur...

BioScience tip sheet, December 2008

...eth J. Durhan, Kathleen M. Jensen, Dalma Martinovic, and Leon E. Gray Jr. Androgens are hormones essential to the formation of the male reproductive tract in vertebrates. Environmental androgens have caused adverse effects in several fish species as well as humans. Antiandrogens, which include some pharm...

Winter brings flu, summer brings bacterial infections

...ere found with P. aeruginosa, a common cause of burn, external ear, urinary tract and lung infections; and A. baumannii, an opportunistic pathogen that can c...oor grill" season. Several of these gram-negative bacteria cause urinary tract infections, and a known risk factor for that is recent sexual intercourse ...

Positive results in Phase 2 trial of treatment of C-difficile-associated diarrhea

...ered for other infections, in which the complex microbial make up of the GI tract is altered, and C. difficile spores may germinate, grow, and produce toxins A and B. The toxins cause damage to the GI tract lining in the colon, resulting in severe diarrhea, and may lead to perforat...
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