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Greatest thing since sliced bread: New data offer important clues toward improving wheat yields

Breed a better crop of wheat? That's exactly what a team of researchers from Kansas State University and the U.S. Department of Agriculture hope their research will lead to. In their study, appearing in the March 2009 issue of the journal GENETICS ( http://www.genetics.org ), they analyzed the t...

More than skin deep: There's no such thing as a 'safe' suntan, researchers warn

There may be no such thing as a 'safe' tan based on ultraviolet (UV) radiation, according to a series of papers published in the October issue of Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research , the official journal of The International Federation of Pigment Cell Societies (IFPCS) and the Society for Melanoma ...

Fuel cells help make noisy, hot generators a thing of the past

Two core technologies developed at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - a fuel desulfurization system and a fuel reforming system - were instrumental in the demonstration of an electric power system operating on JP-8, a fuel commonly used in military operations. P...

Laboring without the labor bed: It's a good thing

(Toronto: July 6, 2009) A University of Toronto pilot study that re-conceptualized the hospital labour room by removing the standard, clinical bed and adding relaxation-promoting equipment had a 28 per cent drop in infusions of artificial oxcytocin, a powerful drug used to advance slow labours. ...

Humans may be losers if technological nature replaces the real thing

There are Web cams focused on falcons, ferrets and fish, virtual tours of the Grand Canyon and Yosemite, and robotic dogs, seals and even dinosaurs. But what about the real deal: observing animals in their natural habitat, hiking the John Muir Trail or a playing with a live pet? Modern techno...

Marine microbes creating green waves in industry

... to biological systems that have been finely tuned by evolution to solve problems, rather than starting from scratch every time, might seem an obvious thing to do. It does however, in many cases, require the bringing together of particular niche expertise. The value of this collaboration is in the coincide...

Naming evolution's winners and losers

... of tuataras? "That is one of the big mysteries about biodiversity," Alfaro said. "Why these evolutionary losers are still around is a very hard thing to explain. They have been drawing inside straights for hundreds of millions of years. It's a real mystery to biologists how there can be any tuataras...

Freshwater fish at the top of the food chain evolve more slowly

...hieved a morphology that was good at feeding on fish, they tended not to evolve away from that," he adds. "They were already good at catching the best thing out there. Why should they diversify any more? Life was good." The team's findings were published in the June 2009 issue of Evolution . ...

Common allergy drug reduces obesity and diabetes in mice

... was genetically impaired. Despite three months of a diet rich in sugar and fat, these mice neither became obese nor developed diabetes. "The best thing about these drugs is that we know it's safe for people," says Shi. "The remaining question now is: Will this also work for people?" Shi now intends...

Red List overlooks island species

...tened species is one that is losing ground in terms of the area it occupies, or the number of its individuals. Martn Esquivel says "the most important thing is whether the species' home range is decreasing, stable, or expanding". The researcher suggests rigorously identifying those species that are rea...

Mystery E. coli genes essential for survival of many species

...'ve done experiments that show these genes affect how E. coli cells respond to different messages that tell them when to divide. If they do the same thing in humans then any problems with these genes could easily lead to developmental abnormalities or cancer." Professor Douglas Kell, BBSRC Chief Execu...

Brain malformations significantly associated with preterm birth, Wake Forest research shows

...ch . It is the first to investigate the risk of being born preterm for infants who have a variety of congenital brain defects. "The most important thing about this study is that to-date, it is still unknown why there are so many preterm births. This study suggests that one way to look for the causes of...

Scientists 'rebuild' giant moa using ancient DNA

...nd the South Island giant moa. Their findings were published today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B . "The surprising thing is that while many of the species had a similar, relatively plain brown plumage for camouflage, some had white-tipped feathers to create a speckled ap...

Reading the brain without poking it

... controlling arm movements can be detected accurately using new microelectrodes that sit on the brain but don't penetrate it. "The unique thing about this technology is that it provides lots of information out of the brain without having to put the electrodes into the brain," says Bradley Greg...

Researchers see evidence of memory in the songbird brain

...on overnight before it heard a recording of a new song. The recording was then repeated every 10 seconds for up to three hours. "The most important thing in its whole life is the sound of another bird of its species singing," Clayton said. "And what we found is that 24 hours after the experience its ...

Trio of signals converge to induce liver and pancreas cell development in the embryo

...le to directly reprogram other cells," notes Zaret. "An analogy I use here is if a watch is broken and you want to know how to reassemble it, the best thing is to go the factory and see how it is assembled in the first place. That may not be the solution to fixing it, but it's a good place to start." I...

American Chemical Society weekly presspac -- June 10, 2009

...& Engineering News Those unsightly rooftop solar panels hailed as energy savers but often frowned upon as neighborhood eyesores may soon become a thing of the past, according to an article scheduled for the June 15 issue of Chemical & Engineering News , ACS' weekly newsmagazine. It foresees a new gen...

Nutricia launches Nutra Neocate, weaning product designed for cows’ milk protein allergy

...eact to other foods. Having a weaning product that is totally milk-free and can be used to provide infants with new tastes and textures means one less thing for parents to worry about." said Dr. Adam Fox, Consultant & Honorary Senior Lecturer in Paediatric Allergy, Evelina Children's Hospital, Guy's and St...

Biologist discovers pink-winged moth in Chiracahua Mountains

...ion of an existing species. A DNA barcode later confirmed it as a distinct species. Walsh said he is confident there are bound to be more. "If this thing is flying at the top of the Chiracahuas, it's probably pretty common," he said. Finding it is another matter because moths like Lithophane tend to ...

Dioxins in food chain linked to breastfeeding ills

...e said. "Our goal is not to find a safe window of exposure for humans, but to better understand how dioxins affect our health," she said. "The best thing people who are concerned about this can do is think about what you eat and where your food comes from. We're not suggesting that we all become vegans ...

Researchers shed light on trading behavior in animals -- and humans

...t represents 10 or 20 percent of my calories for the day if I risk getting noting in return. If you don't complete the trade, I've lost a lot." One thing that may separate humans from chimpanzees is our third-party reinforcement mechanisms, Brosnan said. While chimpanzees rely on personal interactions,...

City rats loyal to their 'hoods, scientists discover

... In the rat race of life, one thing is certain: there's no place like home. Now, a study published this week in the journal Molecular Ecology finds the same is as true for rats as f...

Stanford scientists find heat-tolerant coral reefs that may resist climate change

...t grant. The project has expanded and is now being funded by Conservation International and the Bio-X program at Stanford. "The most exciting thing was discovering live, healthy corals on reefs already as hot as the ocean is likely to get 100 years from now," said Palumbi, director of Stanford's H...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 6, 2009

...44 0328 Email: rhcr@unimelb.edu.au ARTICLE #3 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Sweet deception: New test distinguishes impure honey from the real thing Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry Here's some sweet news for honey lovers: Researchers in France are reporting development of a s...

Preclinical work shows how one gene causes severe mental retardation

... findings is that sensory manipulations recovered plasticity, suggesting that the underlying substrates for plasticity are intact in mice. If the same thing holds true for the human disease, there may be a chance to improve brain function." ...

Late motherhood boosts family lifespan

...aving prolonged fertility and longevity. "There is a genetic component to longevity, especially for living to very old ages," Smith says. "The new thing here is what most evolutionary biologists long have argued: that survival and reproduction are intrinsically linked to one another. So the novel find...

Brain protein central to both Parkinson's, drug addiction identified

...e who died of Parkinson's disease and found that oct3 is active in astrocytes in the brain region affected by Parkinson's disease. They found the same thing in mice, where the absence of oct3 correlated exactly to areas of the brain where neurons were not damaged. The team also showed that oct3 plays a ...

Star Trek-like technology offers noninvasive monitor for patients and athletes

...logies being developed for spaceflight are a wise investment. "The neat thing about the work being done is that it is a two-for-one deal," Chiao said. "N...mprove their endurance and performance," she said. "And we suspect the same thing will be true for patients in physical rehabilitation." Currently, Soller...

Evidence of the 'Lost World' -- did dinosaurs survive the end Cretaceous extinctions?

...quite as far fetched as it might sound. Finding conclusive evidence, however, is a difficult matter when the crime scene is 65 million years old. "One thing is certain" continues Polly, "if dinosaurs did survive, they were not as widespread as they were before the end of the Cretaceous and did not persist ...

Laughing hyenas, wailing levees, the sound of cheese and blaring bagpipes

...sounds. "These reactions are influenced by evolutionary forces; it's a good thing to respond a little bit early and, evolutionarily, it doesn't cost much," s...," to convert a taste sensation into everyday language. Can one do the same thing for a piece of music? What are the words most used in describing an aural e...

A genomic CluE for cloud computing

...benefits of using a remote computer cluster. "Even if the analysis doesn't take long, the transfer may take forever and cost too much to make whole thing worthwhile," said Pop. A Different Kind of Puzzle DNA is made up of nucleotide bases that are abbreviated by the letters A, C, G, and T. Line...

Bovine genome provides clues to possible new developments

...breeds, looking for changes called single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs markers that can help researchers identify favorable traits. "The biggest thing that came out of the SNP project was the resource of the SNPs themselves," said Dr. Clare Gill, a Texas AgriLife Research beef geneticist who co-led t...

New method developed by UC San Diego bioengineers gives regenerative medicine a boost

...ady compared fibroblasts with induced pluripotent stem cells, which was to examine what happened when we turned the clock back," he said. "The natural thing we want to do now is follow the entire path. We want to turn the clock forward and differentiate stem cells into multiple tissue and see how the memor...

Case Western Reserve University engineers hit pay dirt with clay mixture

.... When he didn't hear from the student after a week, Schiraldi called and asked what had happened. He says the graduate student replied: "The same thing seven days in a row." While he thought he had made a new discovery, a 1-inch column of copy in an old journal article from the 1940s described a si...

New therapeutic strategy could target toxic protein in most patients with Huntington's disease

... savvy about understanding that scientific progress is always plodding. It's the sum of lots of little steps. From our perspective, the most important thing is to keep taking those steps." ...

Caltech scientists control complex nucleation processes using DNA origami seeds

...bjects--a car, for example, or even a pizza--almost invariably entails what are known as "top-down" processes, in which the structure and order of the thing being built is imposed from the outside (say, by an automobile assembly line, or the hands of the pizza maker). "Top-down approaches have been extr...

Mollusks taste memories to build shells

...elective pressure to drive patterns, so evolution can explore the entire parameter space" of possible shells, Boettiger added. "That was one rewarding thing about this work; it brought some nice aesthetics to the whole project." With their success describing shell patterning, Oster plans to move on to h...

Study unravels why certain fishes went extinct 65 million years ago

...tinction themselves, said Matt Friedman, author of the study and a graduate student in evolutionary biology at the University of Chicago. "The same thing is happening today to ecologically similar fishes," he said. "The hardest hit species are consistently big predators." Studies of modern fishes ...

Tiny but toxic: MBL researchers discover a mechanism of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease

...such as Parkinson's and ALS," says Brady. "It doesn't mean that is the only thing going on, or that it is the triggering feature of the disease. But we do kn...hibit the activation of both CK2 and GSK3. We can't think of it as a single thing going wrong. There are several things going wrong." ...

Stanford scientists find new solutions for the arsenic-poisoning crisis in Asia

... have solved the arsenic mystery and is working with policymakers and government officials to prevent the health crisis from escalating. "The real thing is, how do we help the people who are there?" Fendorf said. "But first, we have to understand the coupling of hydrology-the way the water is flowing-w...
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