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Researchers tap into a new and potentially better source of platelets for transfusion

Clot-forming blood cells, or platelets, can drop to dangerously low levels in diseases such as anemia and in patients undergoing chemotherapy. To replace these critical cells, doctors filter platelets from donated blood, but this approach can increase the risk of transmitting blood infections and ...

NIH funds $9.5 million for research on HIV and the human innate immune system

...ccording to Weinberg, the projects are highly focused and collaborative and tap the expertise of researchers in innate immunity, defensin biology, structur...ccording to Weinberg, the projects are highly focused and collaborative and tap the expertise of researchers in innate immunity, defensin biology, structur...

Mars mission could ease Earth's energy supply crisis

... energy resource and accounts for over 35% of the world's energy consumption. As the demand for oil exceeds supply, focus has now turned to trying to tap unconventional fossil fuels, such as tar sands. However, these unconventional fossil fuels must be extracted and upgraded to match the characteristics...

Engineered pig stem cells bridge the mouse-human gap

... The discovery that adult skin cells can be 'reprogrammed' to behave like stem cells has been a major scientific boon, providing a way to tap the potential of embryonic stem cells without the associated ethical quandaries. Now, in a study appearing online in JBC, researchers have created a l...

Monitoring water through a snake's eyes

... Although most Americans take the safety of their drinking water for granted, that ordinary tap water could become deadly within minutes, says Prof. Abraham Katzir of Tel Aviv University's School of Physics and Astronomy. To combat the threat ...

Preclinical work shows how one gene causes severe mental retardation

...ings suggest that brain cells in Angelman syndrome patients maintain a latent ability to express plasticity. We are now collaborating to find a way to tap into this latent plasticity, as this could offer a treatment, or even a cure, for Angelman syndrome," Philpot said. Ehlers, who is also a Howard H...

Protecting fresh-cut produce

...uce. Three different strengths of harpin were applied to groups at each site 5 days before harvest. A control group at each site was treated only with tap water. Immediately after harvest, six lettuce heads from each group were stored in coolers for 3 hours before being cut into pieces and stored in seal...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- April 29, 2009

... American Chemical Society Scientists in Japan are reporting an advance toward giving artificial cells another hallmark of life the ability to tap an energy source and use it to undergo sustained movement. Their study, published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society , describes the fir...

Laughing hyenas, wailing levees, the sound of cheese and blaring bagpipes

...e structural model made of steel beams and girders connected by bolts. They tap the structure with a hammer, causing it to vibrate. The sounds made by the ...e stethoscopes used by doctors. Then the engineers unscrew the bolts a bit, tap the structure again, and listen for changes in the sounds. "Any slight rela...

Ocera Therapeutics licenses novel treatment for acute hepatic encephalopathy from UCLB

...ner. They specialise in liver and gastrointestinal drug development and have a demonstrated track record. I am excited to enter this relationship to tap into their extensive experience to bring this technology to market." ...

Nanyang Technological University and University of California, Berkeley pursue research alliance

..., Berkeley leads in cross-disciplinary research including in the area of bioengineering and clean energy. "We are excited to work with Berkeley to tap complementary capabilities in the defined topical areas to achieve new peaks in research excellence," said Dr Su. "I am confident our collaboratio...

Researchers capture wave of brain activity linked to anticipation

...e did not have that same neural bustle. "This now explains how it is that, even before an anticipated song is actually heard, a person can start to tap fingers, dance, or sing to the music they imagine is coming next," says Josef Rauschecker, PhD, director of the Program in Cognitive and Computational...

Louisiana Tech physicists highlight top 10 science stories of 2008

...arkus Wobisch led a team from Louisiana Tech that is involved in the commissioning and operation of the ATLAS detector, which will allow scientists to tap into the physics potential of the LHC. "[Louisiana Tech] has three faculty members and two graduate students working on the ATLAS experiment, and o...

Study reveals effects of unconscious exposure to advertisements

...n's mechanisms to modulate preference based on non-conscious exposure. Changizi's research suggests that such advertising tactics work because they tap into our non-conscious mechanisms for optimal preferences, hijacking them for selling a company's products. The research could hold potential for mark...

NIST, NCI bring web 2.0 tools to nanotechnology standards effort

... votes and supporting materials. Wiki-related tools will help in organizing discussions, and standards developing organizations (SDOs) will be able to tap this resource to expedite drafting and validating protocols before they enter the formal approval process. SDOs are developing standards in the fas...

K-State research: Freshwater pollution costs US at least $4.3 billion a year

...uals on a level as basic as how much they spend on bottled water, said Walter Dodds, professor of biology at K-State. If you worry about what's in the tap water, you might be shelling out more money for the bottled variety, he said. If your municipal water plant has to spend more money to treat the wa...

'Arid aquaculture' among livelihoods promoted to relieve worsening pressure on world's drylands

...f new practices to create a feeling of ownership among land managers and to tap into practical traditional experience and expertise. As well, it requi...uture project plans include producing organic chicken and eggs, in order to tap into growing markets in nearby urban centers like Beijing and international...

Acoustical Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami, Florida

..., alters the way musical rhythm and timbre are perceived. He hopes also to tap the inherent musical ability of those who aren't otherwise equipped or trai... ultrasonic crystals to both sides of a steel wall and essentially let them tap out a signal-not unlike two prisoners in adjoining cells talking to each ot...

Polarized light guides cholera-carrying midges that contaminate water supplies

... dusk, they offered them a choice of four trays of tap water to lay their eggs in. Two trays were illumin...ater reflects much more polarized light than clear tap water, they offered midges four more choices of br...e degree of reflected polarization by using either tap or cloudy pond water. The results were even more c...

Indiana University research at American Public Health Association meeting

...insights provided by this study could help with public communication messages that accompany smoke-free air policies. The messages, for example, could tap into the impact societal norms have on smoking behavior. Macy, a researcher in IU's Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, can be reached...

Turning freshwater farm ponds into crab farms

...s fellow researchers discovered that crabs can tolerate a salinity level of only .3 parts per thousand, which is about the same level found in coastal tap water. They did further work to determine the best set of circumstances for raising crab: population density, food rations, and habitat structure in p...

Syntermed licenses Emory ERTb software for enhanced cardiac imaging

...ducts and processes. The company matches the grants dollar-for-dollar. "A major goal of the Georgia Research Alliance is to help Georgia companies tap into the research resources of our universities. This collaboration is an excellent example of how this can lead to new product and market opportunit...

Scientists develop new method to investigate origin of life

... the way back to either cells or viruses, thus settling the debate once and for all over which of these life forms came first. "We have just begun to tap the potential power of this method," said Randen Patterson, a Penn State assistant professor of biology and one of the project's leaders. "We believe...

Yale undergrads' Amazon trip yields a treasure trove of diversity

...pical areas, Strobel said. "The sheer amount of diversity the students discovered surprised everybody,'' Strobel said. "We have only just begun to tap the potential of these microorganisms. Our undergraduates have given us a peek at the treasure these habitats hold and we need to move quickly to pres...

GKSS membranes reduce air pollution in Beijing

...en used at tank farms in Europe. For the recovery of petrol vapour, the gases are returned to the storage tanks of the filling station directly at the tap valve when refuelling the vehicle. The GKSS membrane module cleans the exhaust air of the storage tanks and prevents toxic and environmentally harmful...

Saltwater olives

...rranean countries, then divided into identical subplots: one irrigated with tap water, the second with moderate saline water. "In the study, we aimed to ev... mature yielding trees of the 12 tested olive cultivars drip-irrigated with tap water and moderate saline water in a commercial orchard simulation study in...

US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute announces new genome sequencing projects

... WALNUT CREEK, CAIn the continuing effort to tap the vast, unexplored reaches of the earth's microbial and plant domains for bioenergy and environmental applications, the DOE Joint Genome Institute (...

Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions debuts with focus on drinking water

...ink. Edwards emphasizes that people in the United States generally enjoy tap water of "very good" overall quality. One exception involves relatively sma...ing water, he said. Edwards describes newly emerging concerns, including tap water safety for individuals with weakened immune systems, home plumbing co...

From Canada to the Caribbean: Tree leaves control their own temperature, Penn study reveals

...ostatic temperature considered ideal for photosynthesis and suggests that plant physiology and ecology are important factors to consider as biologists tap trees to investigate climate change. Tree photosynthesis, according to the study, most likely occurs when leaf temperatures are about 21C, with lat...

Rocky water source

...ater molecules, which means gypsum is 20% water by weight. van der Gaag suggests that a large-scale, or macro, engineering project could be used to tap off this water from the vast deposits of gypsum found in desert regions, amounting to billions of cubic meters and representing trillions of liters of...

Brown to host conference on advances in neurotechnology

... tens of millions of Americans are affected by these infirmities. Now imagine being able to stand up and walk, to move your hands or arms enough to tap out an e-mail on a computer, or to see and hear again. These advances are no longer in the realm of imagination. They are real-life examples of bionic...

Turning on cell-cell communication wipes out staph biofilms

... UI assistant professor of microbiology and senior study author. "This is the first report of an existing dispersal pathway in Staph aureus. If we can tap into this mechanism, then that might lead to better treatments." Quorum sensing is the mechanism bacteria use for cell-to-cell signaling. This comm...

Fast AFM probes measure multiple properties of biomolecules or materials simultaneously

...put signal is generated only when there is an interaction force on the probe. In other words, transient interaction forces can be measured during each tap of the tip with high resolution and without any background signal. In the February 27 issue of the journal Nanotechnology, the researchers describ...

At ACS' national meeting, global initiative set to tackle water issues

...king water remains a large issue as well, Means said. This lack of trust in tap water has led to an explosion in the bottled water industry, which drains e...ransportation. Some bottled water, Means said, is no different than regular tap water. Right now, water is not highly valued unless people dont have it...

Language of a fly proves surprising

...he Hun School of Princeton, Princeton University and Indiana University, respectively, in describing the research. The team used tiny electrodes to tap into motion-sensitive neurons in the visual system of a common blowfly. Neurons are nerve cells that emit tiny electric spikes when stimulated. The el...

Unexplored microbes hold incredible potential for science and industry

...onments at work in the body, such as the gut and the teeth," Harwood says. Much more microbial research is needed to understand microorganisms and tap into their potential, and the report offers a number of recommendations related to methodology and research tools, including: Researchers need m...

New way to produce high-vitamin corn could improve nutrition in developing countries

... of developing vitamin A deficiencies and associated health problems. This new method of increasing cultivation of high-vitamin corn is designed to tap the natural genetic diversity of corn. It was developed by a team led by Buckler and Torbert Rocheford of the University of Illinois, and was partiall...

Study shows immigrant children are at increased risk of lead poisoning

... exposure, including exposures in other countries. Wash floors, windowsills, hands, toys, and pacifiers often. Use only cold (not hot) tap water to make baby formula and for drinking and cooking. Run the water for a few minutes first. The Health Department's efforts to prevent lead p...

If you don't want to fall ill this Christmas, then share a festive kiss but don't shake hands

...d of germs because they are the last line of defence, surfaces from which the hands become contaminated, such as food contact surfaces, door handles, tap handles, toilet seats and cleaning cloths also need regular hygienic cleaning. Clothing and linens, baths, basin and toilet surfaces can also play a p...

Between water and rock -- a new science

...rocesses? As a model system for identifying the mineral phase(s) of nanoparticles extracted from treated waters, Virginia Tech researchers examined tap water from Washington, D.C., which had had a significant problem with dangerously high lead concentrations in drinking water, likely due to leaching f...
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