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Pacific Northwest forests could store more carbon, help address greenhouse issues

CORVALLIS, Ore. The forests of the Pacific Northwest hold significant potential to increase carbon storage and help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in coming years, a recent study concludes, if they are managed primarily for that purpose through timber harvest reductions and increased rotation ...

Why do women store fat differently from men?

It's a paradox that has flummoxed women for generations their apparent ability to store fat more efficiently than men, despite eating proportionally fewer calories. While it has long been suspected that female sex hormones are responsible, a University of New South Wales (UNSW) research revie...

Plant studies reveal how, where seeds store iron

Biologists have learned where and how some plant seeds store iron, a valuable discovery for scientists working to improve the iron content of plants. Their research helps address the worldwide problem of iron deficiency and malnutrition in humans. The team found that iron is stored in the develop...

Plant studies reveal how, where seeds store iron

Biologists have learned where and how some plant seeds store iron, a valuable discovery for scientists working to improve the iron content of plants. Their research helps address the worldwide problem of iron deficiency and malnutrition in humans. The team found that iron is stored in the develop...

Gut microbes' partnership helps body extract energy from food, store it as fat

Researchers studying mutually beneficial interactions between members of our vast community of friendly gut microorganisms have shown that two common organisms collude and collaborate to increase the amount of calories harvested from a class of carbohydrates found in food sweeteners. In the stud...

TrueBlue Archive Will Store Raw Life Sciences Data for Proteomics and Drug Testing

A new book, Biological Weapons Defense: Infectious Disease and Counterbioterrorism, deals with the intentional causality of disease. Published by Humana Press, this text is also available in e-Book. Many of the contributors come from the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (...

UCLA scientists store materials in cells natural vaults

In the realm of nanotechnology, or study of the tiny, scientists often aim to safely deliver and leave material in the human body without causing harm. A big challenge is how to design a package for this biomaterial that will be compatible with living cells and will not provoke an immune reaction. ...

Symposium to discuss geoengineering to fight climate change at the ESA Annual Meeting

...CO2 capture and storage, takes CO2 out of the atmosphere and stores it in underground reservoirs. Jackson says that this solution has the potential to store more than a century's worth of electric power emissions at a relatively low cost. He notes, however, that some potential risks of geologic sequestrati...

Humans 'damaging the oceans'

...ind, wave and tide potentially by triggering phytoplankton blooms with fertilisers to absorb more carbon from the atmosphere, or using the seabed to store CO2. However these require far more research to be sure. "It may already be too late to avoid major irreversible changes to many marine ecosystems....

New supercomputer to reel in answers to some of Earth's problems

...d deep under the sea, trapped in a lattice of water molecules. Researchers hope to understand these gas hydrates both as a fuel source and as a way to store fuels. But for such a simple molecule, water has pretty complex chemistry. Researchers are using Chinook to help understand how water molecules form s...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...91 Rfinity An innovation that offers a low-cost, plug-n-play option that enables virtually any wireless telecommunications device to safely store sensitive personal information and perform secure transactions. The technology has been licensed to RFinity of Idaho Falls. Water Sample Concentr...

International conference on CO2 sequestration processes

...nto a carbonate mineral similar to limestone. The process locks CO2 into a solida potential great advantage over the few other current projects, which store CO2 as liquid. The $11 million pilot, which follows several years of experiments and construction, will treat 2,000 tons of CO2 over nine months. Plan...

PNNL scientist garners early career presidential award

...ironment. Tartakovsky develops mathematical models to help researchers clean up nuclear contaminants from past practices or help future waste managers store carbon in the subsurface. The models Tartakovksy works on are of fluids moving through the subterranean environment. He approached the problem not ...

Springer launches SpringerImages

...ages can be used for almost all non-commercial purposes, including integration into presentations and PDF documents. The platform enables the user to store image sets and saved searches. Image sets can be exported to PDF or PowerPoint (including their bibliographic data) with one click. Copyright and li...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

...reduce fire severity if used properly; Such fuel removal almost always reduces carbon storage more than the additional carbon the stand is able to store when made more resistant to wildfire, in part because most of the carbon stored in forest biomass remains unconsumed even by high-severity wildfires; ...

2000-year-old statue of an athlete sheds light on corrosion and other modern challenges

... famed ancient Greek athlete Apoxyomenos may help modern scientists understand how to prevent metal corrosion, discover the safest ways to permanently store nuclear waste, and understand other perplexing problems. That's the conclusion of a new study on the so-called "biomineralization" of Apoxyomenos appe...

UT San Antonio researcher wins $917,000 from NIH to study memory

...ation of episodic, or autobiographical, memory. But how do those neurons store information? And, more importantly, how do they decide which information to store and which to discard? University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) research...

'Canadian excellence' strengthened by extensive adoption of open access

... output is consolidated, thus enabling researchers to broaden their knowledge base through greater collaboration and also providing a central point to store teaching support materials across the Laurier community. Laurier University aims to build a full community structure for their repository within th...

Children's Hospital Oakland scientists first to discover new source for harvesting stem cells

...sted and suffused with a compound that enables the extraction of viable stem cells. The method will make it possible for companies to gather, ship and store placentas in a central location. "We're looking for a partnership with industry to get placenta-derived stem cells in large quantities to the clinic,"...

'The Vision Revolution': Eyes are the source of human 'superpowers'

...-opening efforts is The Vision Revolution: How the Latest Research Overturns Everything We Thought We Knew About Human Vision. The new book, which hit store shelves this month, is published by BenBella Books. "Our brains don't come with user's manuals listing all the powers we're capable of much of wh...

IUPUI study finds living near fast food outlet not a weighty problem for kids

...ric clinics in inner city Indianapolis to determine the effects on body mass of environmental changes, such as the opening or closing of a convenience store or the installation of a playground or opening of a recreational trail. The researchers looked at data for more than 60,000 children between the ...

Trans fats hinder multiple steps in blood flow regulation pathways

... be listed as zero grams, Kummerow said, so people are often getting the mistaken impression that their food is trans fat-free. "Go to the grocery store and compare the labels on the margarines," he said. "Some of them say zero trans fat. That's not true. Anything with partially hydrogenated oils in it...

Fatty foods -- not empty stomach -- fire up hunger hormone

...n fatty foods, mice with more GOAT gain more fat," says Tschp. "Mice without GOAT gain less fat since their brain does not receive the 'fats are here, store them' signal." Tschp says that although his study can't be immediately extrapolated to humans, recent human studies at the University of Virginia...

Researchers engineer metabolic pathway in mice to prevent diet-induced obesity

...student on Liao's team and an author of the study. "We know plants and bacteria digest fats differently from humans, from mammals. Plant seeds usually store a lot of fat. When they germinate, they convert the fat to sugar to grow. The reason they can digest fat this way is because they have a set of enzyme...

UF makes gene therapy advance in severe genetic disorder

...nding a cure for the disorder in children. Called glycogen storage disease type 1A, the genetic disease stops the body from being able to correctly store and use sugar between meals. In order to survive, children and adults with this disease must receive precise doses of cornstarch every few hours. The ...

Stanford's Woods Institute awards new round of Environmental Venture Projects

...ater to 20 million people and 660,000 acres of irrigated farmland. At the headwaters of the watershed are mountain meadows that buffer floodwaters and store and release groundwater, but over the past 150 years virtually all of the meadows have dried up due to human activities. Using airborne and satellite ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

...ds, smart phones, and other devices. Scientists are reporting an advance toward remedying this situation with a new computer memory device that can store thousands of times more data than conventional silicon chips with an estimated lifetime of more than one billion years. Their discovery is scheduled f...

Mothers give interloper's offspring a head start in life

...ions. Females may engage in extra-pair matings to guard against the possibility that their social partner is infertile. "Because females can often store sperm for several weeks, they may typically only copulate with extra-pair males before the start of laying as this may be adequate to fertilise all eg...

Neuroscientists discover long-term potentiation in the olfactory bulb

...ange their strength following brief periods of activity. This process, called long-term potentiation (LTP), is the leading candidate to explain how we store information about specific places, names and events. While laboratories around the world have found LTP in nearly every part of the mammalian brain th...

Study validates means to measure possible leukemia marker

...udy shows that liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) can measure variations in histones, which are spool-like proteins that help support and store DNA. The technology accurately detected differences in the composition of histones in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells compared with their hea...

Drugs needed to preserve eggs for reproduction need to be given in stages

...nly conventional cryoprotectants. That means eggs can be stored and transported much more easily. "With conventional cryoprotectants, you have to store them in liquid nitrogen. With this, you can just put them in a freezer or transport them on dry ice," Dr. Eroglu says. Additionally, the more dramatic...

New study reveals the protein that makes phosphate chains in yeast

...rt of a protein complex called vacuolar transporter chaperone complex (VTC) that is usually found in the membranes of vacuoles pouches in which cells store molecules for later use, transport or destruction. "This protein is like a factory," says Klaus Scheffzek, whose group carried out the research at...

6 young ASU faculty earn NSF Career awards

...t modes, and it would overcome some of the problems associated with traditional databases and methods of information retrieval. Databases typically store highly organized raw data optimized for efficient processing by the database designer. This optimization can make the data difficult for the untrained...

Nutrition experts propose new class of low-sugar drinks to help stem obesity and diabetes epidemics

...ay. A 12-ounce can of soda or juice typically has 10-12 teaspoons of sugar and 150 or more calories; the popular 20-ounce bottle size now prevalent on store shelves and in vending machines carries nearly 17 teaspoons of sugar and 250 calories. According to research at HSPH and elsewhere, sugared beverages ...

American Chemical Society Weekly PressPac -- April 15, 2009

...eaths annually in the United States, the researchers say. In the study, Yuyu Sun and Zhengbing Cao note in the antimicrobial paints already on are store shelves. These paints, however, are only effective against a narrow range of disease-causing microorganisms, limiting their usefulness. The scienti...

Indigenous peoples at world summit to share climate change observations, coping techniques

... Traditional drought-related practices used to hedge against normal climate variation include: Sophisticated small dam systems to capture and store rainfall; Temporary migration; Planting diverse varieties of crops simultaneously; and Using alternative agricultural lands, food preservation tec...

Study reveals potential to amass more carbon in eastern North American forests

... temperate forests also play a role, and new research now suggests they can store more carbon than previously thought. In a study that drew on both histor...l room for them to accumulate more. "There's probably more potential (to store carbon) than people were considering," says Mladenoff. "There's still a big...

Differences among exercisers and nonexercisers during pregnancy

..., "if a pregnant mother does some type of physical activity while watching TV or talking on the phone, or parks her car at the farthest point from the store each time, she will increase her daily physical activity and ultimately improve her health and the health of her baby." Such a small step can provide...

Differences among exercisers and nonexercisers during pregnancy

..., "if a pregnant mother does some type of physical activity while watching TV or talking on the phone, or parks her car at the farthest point from the store each time, she will increase her daily physical activity and ultimately improve her health and the health of her baby." Such a small step can provide...

Harnessing cloud computing for data-intensive research on oceans, galaxies

...hing that's not feasible," Connolly said. Companies such as Google, Microsoft, Amazon and Yahoo! have now created frameworks that make it easier to store and process information in the cloud and make the information available over the Web. "We want to use these frameworks to enable science, and make i...
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