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URI researcher sheds light on 'man-eating' squid; finds them timid, nonthreatening

KINGSTON, R.I. July 23, 2009 News reports last week about scuba divers off San Diego being menaced by large numbers of Humboldt's or jumbo squid have raised the ire of University of Rhode Island biologist Brad Seibel. As a leading expert on the species who has dived with them several times, he...

URI researcher sheds light on 'man-eating' squid; finds them timid, non-threatening

KINGSTON, R.I. July 23, 2009 News reports last week about scuba divers off San Diego being menaced by large numbers of Humboldt's or jumbo squid have raised the ire of University of Rhode Island biologist Brad Seibel. As a leading expert on the species who has dived with them several times, he...

2000-year-old statue of an athlete sheds light on corrosion and other modern challenges

The restoration of a 2,000-year-old bronze sculpture of the famed ancient Greek athlete Apoxyomenos may help modern scientists understand how to prevent metal corrosion, discover the safest ways to permanently store nuclear waste, and understand other perplexing problems. That's the conclusion of ...

Canadian synchrotron conference sheds light on new biomedical research

Science fact surpasses science fiction at the Canadian Light Source (CLS) synchrotron's 12th Annual Users' Meeting Thursday, June 18 at the Radisson Hotel in Saskatoon. Conference participants will hear about some of the newest biomedical results from the CLS, as well as ways that synchrotron tech...

Avian flu research sheds light on swine flu outbreak

AUDIO: Associate Professor Daniel Perez from the University of Maryland talks about the H9N2 virus. Click here for more information. ...

Early brain activity sheds new light on the neural basis of reading

Most people are expert readers, but it is something of an enigma that our brain can achieve expertise in such a recent cultural invention, which lies at the interface between vision and language. Given that the first alphabetic scripts are thought to have been invented only around four to five tho...

Queen's chemist sheds light on health benefits of garlic

Kingston, ON A Queen's-led team has discovered the reason why garlic is so good for us. Researchers have widely believed that the organic compound, allicin which gives garlic its aroma and flavour acts as the world's most powerful antioxidant. But until now it hasn't been clear how allicin ...

Kidney function discovery sheds light on genetic complexity of disease

To find a cure for cancer, haemophilia and other diseases, researchers need to be looking for complex, interacting genetic factors, according to the authors of a new study. A new study, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation by researchers at the Centenary Institute, Royal Prince ...

Study sheds light on genetic differences that cause a childhood eye disease

Medical researchers at the University of Alberta have unlocked part of the mystery underlying a childhood eye disease. New research shows how children with some types of glaucoma end up with missing or extra pieces of DNA. The missing or extra bits of DNA are called copy number variations (CNV...

Study sheds new light on dolphin coordination during predation

CORVALLIS, Ore. Spinner dolphins have long been known for their teamwork in capturing prey but a new study using high-tech acoustics has found that their synchronization is even more complex than scientists realized and likely evolved as a strategy to maximize their energy intake. The study, b...

Scripps research team sheds light on immune system suppression

The work was reported in the October 16 issue of the journal Cell Host & Microbe . The study described the suppression of this immune response in mice infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, pointing to potential new avenues for the development of drug treatments for immunosuppressiv...

New paper sheds light on bacterial cell wall recycling

A new paper by a team of researchers led by Shahriar Mobashery, Navari Family Professor of Life Sciences at the University of Notre Dame, provides important new insights into the process by which bacteria recycle their cell wall. The cell wall is a critically important entity for bacteria and ...

Evolving designer ecosystem sheds light on unintended consequences

Amidst the semi-arid stretches of Phoenix, a visitor might blink twice at the sight of a sailboat cutting across the horizon. Tempe Town Lake, on the northern edge of Arizona State University (ASU), is just one of a multitude of lakes, small ponds, canals and dams combining flood control, water de...

Great Ape Trust graduate student's paper sheds light on bonobo language

Des Moines, Iowa August 27, 2008 What happens when linguistic tools used to analyze human language are applied to a conversation between a language-competent bonobo and a human? The findings, published this month in the Journal of Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science , indicate tha...

Y chromosome study sheds light on Athapaskan migration to southwest US

A large-scale genetic study of native North Americans offers new insights into the migration of a small group of Athapaskan natives from their subarctic home in northwest North America to the southwestern United States. The migration, which left no known archaeological trace, is believed to have o...

Genome sequence of small marine creature sheds light on vertebrate origins

Genome Research is publishing several papers related to analyses of the amphioxus ( Branchiostoma floridae ) genome sequence. The amphioxus, or lancelet, is a cephalochordate residing in shallow regions of tropical and temperate seas, bearing resemblance to a small fish, however lacking pairs o...

Bloodless worm sheds light on human blood, iron deficiency

Using a lowly bloodless worm, University of Maryland researchers have discovered an important clue to how iron carried in human blood is absorbed and transported into the body. The finding could lead to developing new ways to reduce iron deficiency, the worlds number one nutritional disorder. Wit...

Journey to the center of the earth: Discovery sheds light on mantle formation

HOUSTON, April 10, 2008 Uncovering a rare, two-billion-year-old window into the Earths mantle, a University of Houston professor and his team have found our planets geological history is more complex than previously thought. Jonathan Snow, assistant professor of geosciences at UH, led a team...

New radar satellite technique sheds light on ocean current dynamics

Ocean surface currents have long been the focus of research due to the role they play in weather, climate and transportation of pollutants, yet essential aspects of these currents remain unknown. By employing a new technique based on the same principle as police speed-measuring radar guns to ...

480-million-year-old fossil sheds light on 150-year-old paleontological mystery

New Haven, Conn. Discovery of an exceptional fossil specimen in southeastern Morocco that preserves evidence of the animals soft tissues has solved a paleontological puzzle about the origins of an extinct group of bizarre slug-like animals with rows of mineralized armor plates on their backs, acc...

Research sheds light on the mechanics of gene transcription

The molecular machinery behind gene transcription -- the intricate transfer of information from a segment of DNA to a corresponding strand of messenger RNA -- isn't stationed in special "transcription factories" within a cell nucleus, according to Cornell researchers. Instead, the enzyme RNA polym...

Shilatifard Lab sheds light on molecular machinery required for translation of histone crosstalk

The Stowers Institutes Shilatifard Lab has published findings that shed light on the molecular machinery required for the translation of histone crosstalk, or communication between histones. Published in todays issue of Cell, Histone Crosstalk between H2B Monoubiquitination and H3 Methylation...

Massive dinosaur discovered in Antarctica sheds light on life, distribution of sauropodomorphs

CHICAGOA new genus and species of dinosaur from the Early Jurassic has been discovered in Antarctica. The massive plant-eating primitive sauropodomorph is called Glacialisaurus hammeri and lived about 190 million years ago. The recently published description of the new dinosaur is based on part...

Research sheds new light on how diseases jump across species

Researchers at the University of Leeds have made a breakthrough in understanding a virus which poses one of the greatest global disease threats to wild carnivores including lions, African wild dogs and several types of seal. The discovery of how canine distemper Virus (CDV) jumps across and inf...

New study sheds light on Galápagos hawk evolutionary history

Scientists at the University of Missouri-St. Louis used DNA sequences from feather lice to study how island populations of their host, the Galpagos Hawk might have colonized the Galpagos islands, home to the endangered and declining raptor. The study, recently published online in the journal Mo...

CU-Boulder worm study sheds light on human aging, inherited diseases

Microscopic worms used for scientific research are living longer despite cellular defects, a discovery that is shedding light on how the human body ages and how doctors could one day limit or reverse genetic mutations that cause inherited diseases, according to a new University of Colorado at Boul...

UT researcher sheds new light on hybrid animals

KNOXVILLE -- What began more than 50 years ago as a way to improve fishing bait in California has led a University of Tennessee researcher to a significant finding about how animal species interact and that raises important questions about conservation. In the middle of the 20th century, local ...

New research sheds light on 'Hobbit'

An international team of researchers led by the Smithsonian Institution has completed a new study on Homo floresiensis, commonly referred to as the hobbit, a 3-foot-tall, 18,000-year-old hominin skeleton, discovered four years ago on the Indonesian island of Flores. This study offers one of the mo...

UT researcher sheds new light on hybrid animals

KNOXVILLE -- What began more than 50 years ago as a way to improve fishing bait in California has led a University of Tennessee researcher to a significant finding about how animal species interact and that raises important questions about conservation. In the middle of the 20th century, local ...

Pig study sheds new light on the colonisation of Europe by early farmers

The earliest domesticated pigs in Europe, which many archaeologists believed to be descended from European wild boar, were actually introduced from the Middle East by Stone Age farmers, new research suggests. The research by an international team led by archaeologists at Durham University, whic...

Stroke study sheds light on left-right brain divide

Research into the effects of strokes has furthered our understanding of the different roles of the left and right sides of our brains. A study led by the University of Exeter has highlighted differences in the ability of people to perform basic tasks, depending on whether the left or right sides o...

Ancient retrovirus sheds light on modern pandemic

Human resistance to a retrovirus that infected chimpanzees and other nonhuman primates 4 million years ago ironically may be at least partially responsible for the susceptibility of humans to HIV infection today. These findings, reported by a team of researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Researc...

Scripps research team sheds light on long-sought cold sensation gene

The discovery, reported in the May 3 issue of the journal Neuron, might one day lead to the development of drugs that induce cold sensation as an analgesic, or block it to prevent certain forms of chronic pain associated with cold sensation. "This study represents the first demonstration that a s...

New Brandeis research sheds light on memory by erasing it

For years, scientists have studied the molecular basis of memory storage, trying to find the molecules that store memory, just as DNA stores genetic memory. In an important study published this week in the Journal of Neuroscience, Brandeis University researchers report for the first time that memor...

Executable biology -- Computer science sheds light on animal development

By applying the techniques of computer engineering to a mechanistic diagram describing the development of the Nematode C. elegans, a group of researchers in Switzerland has been able to tease out what laboratory experiments have not ?how and when the crucial cross-talk between cellular signaling pa...

New study sheds light on 'dark states' in DNA

Chemists at Ohio State University have probed an unusual high-energy state produced in single nucleotides -- the building blocks of DNA and RNA -- when they absorb ultraviolet (UV) light. This is the first time scientists have been able to probe the "dark" energy state -- so called because it can...

Experience affects new neuron survival in adult brain; study sheds light on learning, memory

Experience in the early development of new neurons in specific brain regions affects their survival and activity in the adult brain, new research shows. How these new neurons store information about these experiences may explain how they can affect learning and memory in adults. A team of resea...

Scientist's persistence sheds light on marine science riddle

When he started compiling an online database of seashells 15 years ago, Dr. Gary Rosenberg did not envision that his meticulous record-keeping would eventually shed light on a 40-year-old evolutionary debate. The debate involves the mechanism underlying the island rule: that small animals isolat...

Nanoscale microscope sheds first light on gene repair

Proteins called H2AX act as "first aid" to DNA, among other roles. For the first time, scientists using the world's most powerful light microscope (the only one of its kind in the Americas) have seen how H2AX is distributed in the cell nucleus: in clusters, directing the first aid/repair after ...

Common carp sheds new light on surviving in extreme environments

The research team found that the protein myglobin - thought to act as an oxygen store in the heart and muscle cells of humans and vertebrate animals - also exists in many other tissues of the common carp, enabling it to survive in low oxygenated environments. Myglobin is found in large quantiti...
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