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Penn medicine draws road map for elimination of central line-associated bloodstream infections

(SAN DIEGO) Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) fell by more than 90 percent during the past three years at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania due to a multi-pronged approach combining leadership initiatives, electronic infection surveillance, checklists to guide l...

U of Minnesota research finds most road salt is making it into the state's lakes and rivers

Research at the University of Minnesota has revealed that road salt used throughout the winter is making the state's lakes and rivers saltier, which could affect aquatic life and drinking water. The research indicates that better training of snow plow drivers and more judicious use of road salt c...

Logging road threatens rare peat dome, tigers

Pekanbaru, INDONESIA In an investigative report published today by Eyes on the Forest, evidence shows that a new logging road in Riau Province -- strongly indicated as illegally built by companies connected to Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) -- is cutting into the heart of Sumatras largest contiguous pea...

Life detection instrument passes key test on road to Mars

The dry, dusty, treeless expanse of Chile's Atacama Desert is the most lifeless spot on the face of the Earth, and that's why Alison Skelley and Richard Mathies joined a team of NASA scientists there earlier this month. The University of California, Berkeley, scientists knew that if the Mars Org...

Growth in biomass could put US on road to energy independence

Relief from soaring prices at the gas pump could come in the form of corncobs, cornstalks, switchgrass and other types of biomass, according to a joint feasibility study for the departments of Agriculture and Energy. The recently completed Oak Ridge National Laboratory report outlines a national ...

Climate change poker: The barriers which are preventing a global agreement

...shed today, 5 August, 2009, in IOP Publishing's Environmental Research Letters . The paper 'Tripping Points: Barriers and Bargaining Chips on the road to Copenhagen' lays bare the main tripping points political barriers and bargaining chips which need to be overcome for countries to reach a consens...

Brain difference in psychopaths identified

...the brain which may provide a biological explanation for psychopathy. The results of their study are outlined in the paper 'Altered connections on the road to psychopathy', published in Molecular Psychiatry . The research investigated the brain biology of psychopaths with convictions that included att...

Biologists rediscover endangered frog population

... the frog's habitat on state Route 330 in the San Bernadino Mountains. "The emergency slope reconstruction project had the dual benefit of opening a road that was about to fail as well as helping to ensure that the last known population of the mountain yellow-legged frog in the San Bernardino Mountains ...

Noise pollution negatively affects woodland bird communities, says CU-Boulder study

...tionary Biology. "Since noise pollution can be a major cause of declining bird diversity in and around urban areas, better noise control using quieter road surfaces and sound-reducing walls and berms should be considered to help preserve such communities." Co-authors on the Current Biology study includ...

Telomeres resemble DNA fragile sites

...that TRF1 brings in two proteins that can take out these structures in the telomeric DNA. In other words, TRF1 and its helpers remove the bumps in the road so that the replication fork can drive through." The work, published in the July 10 issue of Cell , began when Sfeir deleted TRF1 and saw that the...

Nonstick and laser-safe gold aids laser trapping of biomolecules

...g fragile molecules onto a sticky glass surface, producing random spacing and sometimes destroying biological activity. Its like dropping a car onto a road from 100 feet up and hoping it will land tires down. If the molecule lands in the wrong orientation, it wont be active or, worse, it will only partial...

Isolated forest patches lose species, diversity

... the abundance and diversity of native plants in southern Wisconsin forests. The findings highlight the effects of increasing urban development and road density, especially in the southeastern part of the state. Land use changes have a pronounced impact on the islands of forest that remain, even when t...

Equity concerns raised by congestion pricing can be addressed to make approach viable

... people paying less in taxes to fund transportation, although some proportion of the group may pay more. For example, one analysis found that if a road construction bond was paid off with toll revenues rather than sales taxes, people in the lowest-income group would pay less overall, while some in the...

Sweden to host 1.3 billion Euro research center

...ds the construction of what will be Europe's, and the world's, premier neutron facility. This site decision is welcomed as the first major step on the road to securing ESS for the benefit of all of European science and technology. ENSA congratulates the Lund team on their success." Peter Tindemans, Cha...

Tulsa County Sheriff Selects BIO-key(R) Mobile Data System

...perability is really all about," explained Chief Albin. "The criminals we face today easily move across county lines. MobileCop arms the deputy on the road with the information needed to quickly connect the dots between suspicious activity here and an incident in another community." "What's happening...

Healing wounds with lasers, vehicles that drive themselves, other cutting-edge optics

...lenge: if cars and trucks are to drive autonomously, they will need futuristic sensors and advanced computing capabilities to respond to ever-changing road conditions. Perhaps the most extreme example of ever-changing conditions is a war zone, where roads may be reduced to rubble and vehicles are natur...

Reducing the roadworks

...he service they need to work on. This prolongs the road works and increases the risk of damaging other services beneath the road or pavement. The resulting delay to road users, disruption to business, environmental dama...

Tulsa County Sheriff Selects BIO-key(R) Mobile Data System

...perability is really all about," explained Chief Albin. "The criminals we face today easily move across county lines. MobileCop arms the deputy on the road with the information needed to quickly connect the dots between suspicious activity here and an incident in another community." "What's happening...

Climate change driving Michigan mammals north

...rapping grids like those used in the earlier studies. Combining trapping data from Huron Mountain Club and other locations with museum material and road kill reports, the researchers ended up with a total of 50,000 records, 14,614 of which were for the nine mammal species in the study. When those recor...

IPM reduces cockroaches and allergens in schools

...ontrol methods, IPM has long-term economic benefit as well. "The monetary costs for IPM might be higher initially, but it pays for itself down the road and provides a healthier school environment," Nalyanya says. ...

Google Earth aids discovery of early African mammal fossils

...he bluffs, looking for roads branching off the main highway that might lead to quarries. Finally, about 75 miles east of Sheikh Fadl, he came across a road that traveled north to a deeply pocked area that just had to be a cluster of quarries. Through associates in Egypt, Gingerich made arrangements to ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- April 22, 2009

...amihara, Kanagawa, Japan Email: jiro_abe@chem.aoyama.ac.jp ARTICLE #5 EMBARGOED FOR 9 A.M., EASTERN TIME, April 27, 2009 Potholes on the road to ethanol from crop waste rather than food crops Chemical & Engineering News Those highly publicized efforts to produce ethanol fuel from whea...

Field Museum paleontologist leads study on two new dinosaurs from China

...ited States excavated a treasure trove of dinosaur skeletons from Early Cretaceous rocks in the southern part of the Gobi Desert near the ancient Silk road city of Jiayuguan, Gansu Province, China. Two of their discoveries represent new species of theropod dinosaurs, and both are described in technical pu...

University of Kansas graduate student researcher takes aim at deadly brain tumors

...sts could find a way to target the protein and stunt cancerous growths. But Ciaccio's work with ATF5 is still in the basic research stage, and the road toward a useful therapy can be a long one. Ciaccio estimates that it could take at least 10 years for her research to result in a drug that could be a...

Codeine use and accident risk

... data from the Norwegian Prescription Database and road Traffic Accident Register was used to study whethe...injury. During the 33 months of the study, 181 road traffic accidents were registered with personal in... study showed that the risk of being involved in a road traffic accident with personal injury was twice as...

Inhaling a heart attack: How air pollution can cause heart disease

...used to thinking of heart disease as a product of genetic factors or lifestyle choices, such as what we eat and how much we exercise. There is another road to heart disease: breathing. Accumulating evidence indicates that an increase in particulate air pollution is associated with an increase in heart ...

Engineer devises ways to improve gas mileage

...en the gasoline price hit close to four dollars a gallon. Transportation by road or air consumes fuel, which not only increases our vulnerability to foreign...es worldwide. "There are approximately 100 million cars and trucks on the road in the United States alone and hundreds of millions more worldwide. Similar...

Monash scientists debug superbug

...he way for future drugs to try to wipe out this disease. I can't put a time frame on how quickly drugs could be developed, but we're certainly on that road to discovery," Dr Lyras said. ...

Mount Sinai Hospital researcher makes stem cell breakthrough

...macular degeneration, diabetes and Parkinson's disease. The study, to be published by Nature online, accelerates stem cell technology and provides a road map for new clinical approaches to regenerative medicine. "We hope that these stem cells will form the basis for treatment for many diseases and c...

Milestone achieved toward production of malaria treatment using synthetic biology and fermentation

...sling lab and co-founder of Amyris praised the collaboration effort and the potential of the technology. "The enormous amount of work involved on the road from idea through execution is mind-boggling. I'm grateful to the dedicated team of researchers, philanthropists and visionaries that made this happe...

Peptides-on-demand: McGill researcher's radical new green chemistry makes the impossible possible

...tances like water and new ways of making molecules. The environmental benefits of the green approach are obvious and significant, but following the road less travelled is also paying off in purely scientific terms. With these alternative methods, Li and his colleagues have discovered an entirely new wa...

Novel technology could produce biofuel for around 0.50 a liter ($2.49 a gallon)

...uantities of bulky straw and wood to the plant. They estimated that if sufficient plant material was transported on trucks, it would quickly bring the road network around the plant to a halt. So they came up with an alternative set-up. "Biomass is pre-treated in around 50 regionally distributed pyrolys...

Success for first outdoor, large-scale algae-to-biofuel research project in Nevada

... partners Enegis, LLC and Bebout and Associates. The project, using one of two 5,000-gallon ponds at the University's greenhouse complex on Valley road in Reno, produced several hundred gallons of concentrated algal slurry. The research has demonstrated that, with the proper technology and species of ...

Novel technology could produce biofuel for around €0.50 a liter ($2.49 a gallon)

...uantities of bulky straw and wood to the plant. They estimated that if sufficient plant material was transported on trucks, it would quickly bring the road network around the plant to a halt. So they came up with an alternative set-up. "Biomass is pre-treated in around 50 regionally distributed pyrolys...

Molecular mechanism of anaphylactic shock decoded

...for the G proteins Gq and G11 in vessel walls protected the animals from the most severe anaphylactic reactions", stated Professor Offermanns. Now the road is open for developing and testing substances that could be used directly to inhibit the triggering mechanism. ...

Stress disrupts human thinking, but the brain can bounce back

... from color to motion, or to suddenly reverse their choice of a disc in the same category. "It's like the old story about the American crossing the road in England," says Conor Liston, an M.D.-Ph.D. student at Rockefeller and Cornell, who led the research. A response-reversal requires the brain to over...

Big cats, wild pigs and short-eared dogs -- oh, my!

...Ecuador are habitat degradation and loss due to various human activities," said Espinosa. "Bushmeat hunting by local communities has increased due to road development that provides access to otherwise isolated areas. Additionally, people hunt bushmeat to sell commercially in local markets, rather than si...

Scripps scientists develop first examples of RNA that replicates itself indefinitely

...years, researchers have wondered whether there might be some simpler way to copy RNA, brought about by the RNA itself. Some tentative steps along this road had previously been taken by the Joyce lab and others, but no one could demonstrate that RNA replication could be self-propagating, that is, result in...

Avian flu becoming more resistant to antiviral drugs, says University of Colorado study

...r real-time, which should give this project some traction to help governments make decisions on managing potential pandemics." Like the legend of a road map, colors and symbols on the supermap indicate which types of hosts carry the virus or the distribution of genotypes of interest, said Hill. A clic...

Rudolf's kin more than just Santa's ride

...eats, including deforestation, natural resource extraction and accompanying road networks, and climate change. In North America, caribou have lost about one...s like logging, mining and hydro-electric facilities and their accompanying road networks move in, the health of the ecosystem weakens, and caribou disappea...
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