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quit in Biological News

New breastfeeding study shows most moms quit early

While the CDC recently reported that more moms than ever give breastfeeding a try, a new national study shows most moms do not stick with it as long as they should. Although 77 percent of moms nationally start to breastfeed, the new Brigham Young University study found that only 36 percent of b...

Smokers quit after damage to brain region

Smokers with a damaged insula ?a region in the brain linked to emotion and feelings ?quit smoking easily and immediately, according to a study in the Jan. 26 issue of the journal Science. The study provides direct evidence of smoking's grip on the brain. It also raises the possibility that o...

Researchers test new way to quit smoking

Smokers trying to kick the habit might stand a better chance of staying smoke-free if they begin using replacement nicotine patches or gum in the weeks before they quit cigarettes. That's a theory a team led by the Clinical Trials Research Unit (CTRU) at The University of Auckland's School of Pop...

Many smokers fail to quit after cancer diagnosis

A new report says despite a growing body of evidence that continued smoking after a cancer diagnosis has substantial adverse effects on treatment effectiveness, overall survival, risk of other cancers, and quality of life, up to one-half of cancer patients who smoke continue to do so or relapse aft...

$2 million grant aids study of lung cancer in people who never smoked

...eone has stopped smoking, their cancer more closely resembles cancers from never-smokers than from smokers," Dr. Gazdar said. "As more and more people quit smoking, lung cancer will mainly become a disease of former smokers." ...

Skin color clue to nicotine dependence

...acco-related diseases, and report greater difficulty quitting smoking. "One of the questions we want to address is why African Americans have lower quit rates than whites," King said. "This avenue of research may help us explore that question more definitively." Previous studies indicate that even t...

Team identifies a molecular switch linking infectious disease and depression

...more time floating passively, the researchers report. "The mice that we're calling depressed give up more quickly. While physically able, the mice quit trying to escape," said animal sciences professor Jason O'Connor, first author on the study. "But if you give them anti-depressants, the depressiv...

Genetic irregularities linked to higher risk of COPD among smokers

...s come from the first-ever genome-wide association study of COPD and suggest that those who carry the markers may be able to reduce their risk if they quit smoking before the first symptoms of COPD occur. "The public health message would probably be 'quit before it's too late,'" says David Goldstein, P...

Chantix side effects no worse with depression history

...100 Group Health patients receiving behavioral treatment and varenicline to quit smoking. It's the first "real-world" examination of varenicline use since t...y nausea, are relatively common. At 3 weeks and 3 months after their target quit date, people with a likely history of depression tended to report these sid...

Childhood chicken pox could affect oral health years later

...oral hygiene. She recommends that patients consume 1,000 to 1,200 milligrams of calcium a day, add vitamin D to their diet, exercise and weight train, quit smoking and decrease caffeine and alcohol intake. Symptoms of osteonecrosis: Pain, swelling or infection of the gums Loosening of teeth ...

Brupbacher prize to Nubia Munoz and Sir Richard Peto

... to a significant reduction of the risk. Even longstanding smokers who only quit when they are 50 years old can lengthen their average life expectancy by ab... and greatest effect would be achieved if a larger number of adults were to quit smoking. Among other things, Peto has calculated that in the 20th centu...

Why you can't hurry love

...achieve a degree of screening. Because bad males have a greater tendency to quit the courtship game early, as time goes on and the male has not quit it becomes increasingly probable that he is a "good" male. Professor Rob...

Pregnant women with asthma can be more confident about some medicines

...ng is the only effective prevention that has been demonstrated to date", according to Professor Sawicki. This also counts for the father: when parents quit smoking, they can reduce the risk that their child will later develop asthma or allergies. ...

Indiana University research at American Public Health Association meeting

... Kinesiology. Smoking behavior--influenced by what others think A growing amount of research is finding that smoke-free air laws help smokers quit or reduce the amount that they smoke. Rather than changing smokers' own attitudes about smoking, the influence of the policies, particularly the stron...

African-Americans have unique lung cancer risks from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

...threefold increased risk. This decreased risk was confined to those who had quit smoking more than ten years prior to diagnosis; these patients had a 58 percent decreased risk compared with patients who had quit within the previous ten years. Researchers also found that hay fever, p...

If your first cigarette gave you a buzz and you now smoke, a gene may be to blame

...hat the genetic variant explains only a portion of human smoking behavior, and that a more complete explanation of why people smoke and why they can't quit will require much more information about how genes interact with social influences and other environmental factors. Pomerleau predicts that the ab...

Looking for the Founatain of Youth? Cut your calories, research suggests

...e people more prone to weight gain over time. On the other hand, people who lose weight through exercise are not as likely to gain weight back if they quit exercising. The key to maintaining a healthy weight, Weiss says, is keeping a consistent diet and exercising regularly. ...

Weight Watchers vs. fitness centers

... change will likely fail without support and without altering their diets," Ball said. "Nearly 50 percent of people who start an exercise program will quit within six months." "This study attempted to discover what takes place in the real world when overweight women attempt to lose weight." Ball said. ...

Bird watchers, space technology come together in Montana State University study

...at the process and continue until he had stopped 50 times in 24.5 miles for the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Trying to finish before the birds quit singing, he'd ignore the scenery as best he could and try not to let the traffic bother him. "You have to start very early and have to be done abou...

Pacific coast turning more acidic

...elevated levels of carbon dioxide tip the scale for aragonites remains to be seen. But if we somehow got our atmospheric CO 2 level to immediately quit increasing, Hales added, wed still have increasingly acidified ocean water to contend with over the next 50 years. Hales says it is too early to pr...

Fruit fly avoidance mechanism could lead to new ways to control pain in humans

...ey have to migrate from their first habitat to stay alive and flourish, said Shen. What we found was that a molecular timing switch tells them when to quit eating and burrow into the earth. We also found that the same switch can trigger strong cooperative behavior in the flies. Authors of the paper in ...

New genetic research into nicotine addiction shows promise for personalized treatment

...hether a smoking-cessation drug will enable you to quit smoking may depend on your genes, according to new...ls with Bupropion. Of note, this group was able to quit smoking very well in the absence of an active drug...ffectiveness of bupropion treatment and ability to quit smoking in the same way in African Americans as in...

Cigarette smoke alters DNA in sperm, genetic damage could pass to offspring

...A damage throughout the genome,” said Yauk. “So, while some men say they’ll quit smoking after their child is born, this represents a good reason to quit well in advance of trying to conceive.” Among the next steps in gainin...

NIDA study identifies genes that might help some people abstain from smoking

...the first time we’ve been able to identify genes involved in the ability to quit smoking,?says NIDA Director Dr. Nora D. Volkow. “It marks a movement from i... types of nicotine-dependent individuals, one that was able to successfully quit the cigarette- smoking behavior and one that was not. “We identified 2...

Smoking ban dramatically reduces air pollution in Irish pubs

...ent in the health of the nonsmoking bar workers is very welcome, but the findings of the study underline we still need to do much more to help smokers quit and enable them to share the benefits of smoke-free policies," Dr. Godfrey continued. ...

Light wine intake is associated with longer life expectancy in men

... doctor about lowering your cholesterol and blood pressure, controlling your weight, getting enough physical activity and following a healthy diet and quit smoking, if you smoke. There is no scientific proof that drinking wine or any other alcoholic beverage can replace these conventional measures....

New research identifies gene important for nicotine's effects on the brain

...lls in the dopamine system resulting in long-lasting effects," said Picciotto. "We believe that these changes in signaling may explain why people who quit smoking can continue to experience cravings many years later or even start smoking again." Picciotto hopes her findings lead to the development of...

LSD treatment for alcoholism gets new look

...he controlled trial also concluded that less than 25 per cent of alcoholics quit drinking for the same period after receiving group therapy, and less than 12 per cent quit in response to traditional psychotherapy techniques commonly used at that t...

Successful lung cancer surgery not enough to break nicotine dependence in many smokers

... smoking relapse among people who were "forced" to quit due to impending surgery. "These patients are...est that patients who wait until cancer surgery to quit smoking need assistance from the medical community...s reached that conclusion." How long patients quit before surgery may have been influenced by their "...

Smokers invite to test vaccine against nicotine addiction

...keep nicotine away from the brain. The vaccine is designed to help smokers quit and to limit the urge to start smoking again. Called NicVax, the investig...opharmaceuticals to prevent and treat nicotine addiction and to help people quit smoking. Normally when a smoker inhales, nicotine is carried by the bloodst...

Quitting smoking improves lung function considerably

...nd seven associates studied 11 asthmatics who continued to smoke and 10 who quit for six weeks. After only one week of no cigarettes, the researchers said t...x-week study, five used nicotine patches, one employed acupuncture and four quit without any aid. The researchers believe that their findings highlight the ...

Blood test predicts success of quitting smoking using the nicotine patch

...atch. The smokers who participated in the study quit smoking and started using either the patch or the ...e eight-week and six-month intervals following the quit date. Study participants also provided information...el of cravings for cigarettes one week after their quit date. "Using the rate of nicotine metabolism, ...

Nicotine exposure during development leads to hearing problems

... aspect of smoking is so harmful in pregnancy when it comes to cognitive hearing deficits," Metherate said. "Most women who smoke find it difficult to quit during pregnancy. For them, doctors often prescribe a nicotine patch. While that does protect the fetus from the well-known physical under-development...

Ultrasounds show mothers' drinking shrinks fetal brain

...y drinkers. The study compared the fetal growth measures among drinkers who quit after learning of their impending motherhood to those among women who conti...l growth measures were essentially the same among nondrinkers and those who quit when they learned of their pregnancy. "There may have been measures that we...

Hot-spring bacteria flip a metabolic switch

...hotosynthetic bacteria living in scalding Yellowstone hot springs have two radically different metabolic identities. As the sun goes down, these cells quit their day job of photosynthesis and unexpectedly begin to fix nitrogen, converting nitrogen gas (N2) into compounds that are useful for cell growth. ...

OHSU research shows vitamin C counteracts some negative impacts of smoking on unborn babies

...medicine in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, OHSU School of Medicine, and a researcher at ONPRC. "While we strongly encourage all women to quit smoking, this is not always possible. These data suggest that vitamin C may be an important tool in preventing smoking-induced adverse outcomes." W...

Any exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy is risky

... "Moreover, we found similarly increased induced mutation in women who had quit smoking during pregnancy, usually when they found out they were pregnant," ...ertain pharmaceutical warnings, it would be appropriate to caution women to quit smoking if they are pregnant or likely to become pregnant. It is equally im...

Brain Scan Study of Smokers Reveals Signature of Craving

...rticular difficulty quitting smoking and may also be particularly prone to relapse, McClernon said. While experts advise that all people attempting to quit avoid situations or objects that remind them of smoking, the new results suggest that such measures may be particularly important for some smokers, he...

Antiretroviral therapy may prevent excess risk of some cancers in people with HIV

..., but not that of Hodgkin lymphoma or other non–AIDS-defining cancers," the authors write. "Focusing on ways to encourage persons infected with HIV to quit smoking would be effective in reducing lung cancer in these persons." In an editorial, Eric A. Engels, M.D., and James J. Goedert, M.D., of the Nat...
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